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News Release Information

22-1464-CHI
Wednesday, July 13, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area – June 2022

Area prices were up 3.0 percent over the past two months, up 9.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 3.0 percent for the two months ending in June 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the food index increased 2.0 percent, and the energy index advanced 20.8 percent from April to June. The all items less food and energy index rose 1.2 percent over the past two months. Within the all items less food and energy category, prices were higher over the two-month period for shelter and new and used motor vehicles. Apparel prices were lower. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 9.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.1 percent over the year. Energy prices increased 42.0 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices rose 12.3 percent. (See table 1.)


Food

Food prices increased 2.0 percent for the two months ending in June. Prices for food at home (groceries) advanced 3.4 percent as three of the six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the two-month period. The index for other food at home (includes sugar, sweets, fats, and oils, for example) was up 10.0 percent and the dairy and related products index rose 6.2 percent. The index for fruits and vegetables fell 1.7 percent. Prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) were down 0.3 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 12.3 percent. Prices for food at home were up 16.6 percent since a year ago. All six major grocery store food group indexes increased over the year. The index for other food at home was up 22.1 percent over the year and the index for dairy and related products rose 20.4 percent. The index for cereals and bakery products increased 19.3 percent. Prices for food away from home were up 5.6 percent compared to June 2021.

Energy

The energy index advanced 20.8 percent for the two months ending in June. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (28.6 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service rose 21.2 percent, and prices for electricity increased 5.2 percent for the same period.

Energy prices rose 42.0 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (63.9 percent). Prices paid for utility (piped) gas service increased 48.1 percent, and prices for electricity advanced 3.3 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.2 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.0 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (2.8 percent) were only partially offset by lower prices for apparel (-4.0 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 6.1 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (6.2 percent) and household furnishings and operations (14.0 percent).

Table A. Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.3 2.1 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 7.5

April

0.9 2.3 0.6 1.0 -2.7 -0.8 1.7 5.4 2.5 8.3

June

1.3 3.6 0.4 0.1 1.7 0.5 1.7 5.4 3.0 9.7

August

-0.6 2.8 0.6 1.4 1.9 1.8 0.5 3.9

October

0.0 1.9 1.0 2.4 -0.3 0.5 1.2 5.5

December

-0.6 1.2 -0.6 2.5 -0.3 0.7 1.1 7.0

The August 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, September 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Apr.
2022
May
2022
Jun.
2022
Jun.
2021
Apr.
2022
May
2022

Expenditure category

All items

265.074 - 272.911 9.7 3.0 -

All items (1967=100)

787.909 - 811.204 - - -

Food and beverages

263.154 - 268.449 11.7 2.0 -

Food

265.099 - 270.528 12.3 2.0 -

Food at home

254.404 258.983 262.950 16.6 3.4 1.5

Cereals and bakery products

323.221 - 322.691 19.3 -0.2 -

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

282.307 - 281.910 15.4 -0.1 -

Dairy and related products

195.454 - 207.637 20.4 6.2 -

Fruits and vegetables

270.814 - 266.147 8.9 -1.7 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

235.711 - 245.662 12.4 4.2 -

Other food at home

223.582 - 246.006 22.1 10.0 -

Food away from home

281.094 - 280.216 5.6 -0.3 -

Alcoholic beverages

233.866 - 237.340 3.3 1.5 -

Housing

252.202 - 257.977 8.4 2.3 -

Shelter

287.466 288.162 290.358 6.2 1.0 0.8

Rent of primary residence(2)

300.981 301.993 304.065 7.3 1.0 0.7

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

286.133 287.479 289.941 6.1 1.3 0.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

286.133 287.479 289.941 6.1 1.3 0.9

Fuels and utilities

297.690 - 326.888 16.7 9.8 -

Household energy

236.374 240.961 265.164 21.1 12.2 10.0

Energy services(2)

237.431 241.930 266.737 20.8 12.3 10.3

Electricity(2)

260.568 260.568 274.160 3.3 5.2 5.2

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

196.705 205.086 238.489 48.1 21.2 16.3

Household furnishings and operations

137.729 - 141.248 14.0 2.6 -

Apparel

106.835 - 102.610 4.8 -4.0 -

Transportation

296.262 - 320.249 19.0 8.1 -

Private transportation

303.205 - 328.309 19.6 8.3 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

132.783 - 136.500 - 2.8 -

New vehicles(1)

236.747 - 240.711 - 1.7 -

Used cars and trucks(1)

429.918 - 441.093 6.7 2.6 -

Motor fuel

356.036 393.193 457.373 64.1 28.5 16.3

Gasoline (all types)

353.411 390.573 454.639 63.9 28.6 16.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

356.952 395.437 460.908 64.8 29.1 16.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

415.483 449.057 520.192 58.6 25.2 15.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

348.999 375.689 430.548 54.0 23.4 14.6

Medical care

- - - - - -

Recreation(4)

120.642 - 121.738 7.7 0.9 -

Education and communication(4)

152.801 - 152.806 0.8 0.0 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,389.009 - 1,389.009 3.6 0.0 -

Other goods and services

490.694 - 495.668 8.1 1.0 -

Commodity and service group

All items

265.074 - 272.911 9.7 3.0 -

Commodities

207.301 - 216.524 14.5 4.4 -

Commodities less food and beverages

177.895 - 188.446 16.3 5.9 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

212.579 - 233.219 24.8 9.7 -

Durables

135.113 - 137.085 6.8 1.5 -

Services

323.582 - 330.055 6.6 2.0 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

257.002 - 264.542 10.2 2.9 -

All items less shelter

259.763 - 269.619 11.2 3.8 -

Commodities less food

180.189 - 190.576 15.8 5.8 -

Nondurables

237.840 - 251.252 17.8 5.6 -

Nondurables less food

213.934 - 233.529 23.1 9.2 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

377.166 - 388.174 7.0 2.9 -

Services less medical care services

313.729 - 319.464 7.0 1.8 -

Energy

293.852 312.749 354.931 42.0 20.8 13.5

All items less energy

266.389 - 269.861 7.0 1.3 -

All items less food and energy

267.336 - 270.466 6.1 1.2 -

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, July 13, 2022