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News Release Information

20-2008-CHI
Monday, November 16, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in Wisconsin — First Quarter 2020

From December 2019 to March 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in Wisconsin were 126,388, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 132,770, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 6,382 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 11,171. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 5.0 percent of private-sector employment in Wisconsin; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.5 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In Wisconsin, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 108,874 in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 9,182 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 17,514 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 497 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 5.3 percent of private-sector employment in Wisconsin; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In Wisconsin, contracting establishments lost 115,074 jobs in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 9,502 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 17,696 jobs, a decrease of 1,628 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 6 of the 10 industry sectors in Wisconsin in the first quarter of 2020. Leisure and hospitality had the largest over-the-quarter net job decrease with a loss of 8,448 jobs. This was the result of 24,528 gross job gains and 32,976 gross job losses. Wisconsin’s professional and business services industry sector had a net loss of 3,182 jobs. Retail trade had a net gain of 4,628 jobs, and construction gained 1,869 jobs.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Wisconsin, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

128,771 139,554 120,219 136,067 126,388 5.2 5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0

At expanding establishments

109,176 118,892 103,313 118,056 108,874 4.4 4.7 4.1 4.7 4.3

At opening establishments

19,595 20,662 16,906 18,011 17,514 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7

Gross job losses

122,544 135,059 146,059 124,896 132,770 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3

At contracting establishments

106,189 119,085 124,741 105,572 115,074 4.2 4.7 5.0 4.2 4.6

At closing establishments

16,355 15,974 21,318 19,324 17,696 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

6,227 4,495 -25,840 11,171 -6,382 0.3 0.2 -1.1 0.4 -0.3

Construction

Gross job gains

11,474 11,562 10,044 11,560 11,812 9.1 9.2 8.2 9.3 9.1

At expanding establishments

9,422 9,588 8,235 9,477 10,485 7.5 7.6 6.7 7.6 8.1

At opening establishments

2,052 1,974 1,809 2,083 1,327 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.0

Gross job losses

10,274 9,693 11,436 10,632 9,943 8.2 7.7 9.3 8.6 7.8

At contracting establishments

8,660 8,455 9,344 8,937 8,320 6.9 6.7 7.6 7.2 6.5

At closing establishments

1,614 1,238 2,092 1,695 1,623 1.3 1.0 1.7 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

1,200 1,869 -1,392 928 1,869 0.9 1.5 -1.1 0.7 1.3

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

12,102 13,322 10,635 13,181 11,873 2.5 2.7 2.2 2.8 2.5

At expanding establishments

11,457 12,794 10,355 12,783 11,427 2.4 2.6 2.1 2.7 2.4

At opening establishments

645 528 280 398 446 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Gross job losses

12,498 13,256 15,584 13,094 13,943 2.6 2.7 3.2 2.7 2.9

At contracting establishments

11,540 12,847 14,962 12,422 13,202 2.4 2.6 3.1 2.6 2.7

At closing establishments

958 409 622 672 741 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Net employment change (2)

-396 66 -4,949 87 -2,070 -0.1 0.0 -1.0 0.1 -0.4

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

4,884 5,125 5,048 4,940 4,707 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.9

At expanding establishments

4,381 4,468 4,277 4,345 4,273 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5

At opening establishments

503 657 771 595 434 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4

Gross job losses

4,811 4,971 5,229 4,534 4,423 3.9 4.0 4.2 3.6 3.6

At contracting establishments

4,028 4,354 4,623 3,639 3,527 3.3 3.5 3.7 2.9 2.9

At closing establishments

783 617 606 895 896 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7

Net employment change (2)

73 154 -181 406 284 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Retail trade

Gross job gains

15,966 17,249 13,778 15,637 18,184 5.3 5.7 4.6 5.3 6.1

At expanding establishments

14,444 15,791 12,367 14,224 17,497 4.8 5.2 4.1 4.8 5.9

At opening establishments

1,522 1,458 1,411 1,413 687 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.2

Gross job losses

15,502 20,282 19,914 15,578 13,556 5.1 6.7 6.6 5.3 4.6

At contracting establishments

14,218 18,242 17,136 14,374 12,112 4.7 6.0 5.7 4.9 4.1

At closing establishments

1,284 2,040 2,778 1,204 1,444 0.4 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.5

Net employment change (2)

464 -3,033 -6,136 59 4,628 0.2 -1.0 -2.0 0.0 1.5

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

4,942 5,776 5,848 7,559 4,742 4.8 5.7 5.7 7.3 4.5

At expanding establishments

4,398 5,315 5,382 6,763 4,061 4.3 5.2 5.2 6.5 3.9

At opening establishments

544 461 466 796 681 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

6,220 4,758 5,281 4,900 6,984 6.1 4.6 5.2 4.7 6.7

At contracting establishments

5,734 4,301 4,497 4,284 6,505 5.6 4.2 4.4 4.1 6.2

At closing establishments

486 457 784 616 479 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

-1,278 1,018 567 2,659 -2,242 -1.3 1.1 0.5 2.6 -2.2

Financial activities

Gross job gains

6,028 5,853 5,578 5,544 4,685 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.7 3.2

At expanding establishments

5,015 4,997 4,842 4,515 4,149 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.8

At opening establishments

1,013 856 736 1,029 536 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.4

Gross job losses

5,553 5,286 5,795 5,619 4,934 3.7 3.5 3.9 3.7 3.3

At contracting establishments

4,484 4,567 4,914 4,497 4,075 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.0 2.7

At closing establishments

1,069 719 881 1,122 859 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

475 567 -217 -75 -249 0.3 0.4 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

18,992 21,799 17,170 18,508 17,323 5.8 6.7 5.3 5.7 5.4

At expanding establishments

16,022 17,631 14,194 15,467 14,475 4.9 5.4 4.4 4.8 4.5

At opening establishments

2,970 4,168 2,976 3,041 2,848 0.9 1.3 0.9 0.9 0.9

Gross job losses

17,893 21,935 22,053 19,491 20,505 5.5 6.7 6.8 6.0 6.3

At contracting establishments

14,958 18,967 18,824 15,852 17,498 4.6 5.8 5.8 4.9 5.4

At closing establishments

2,935 2,968 3,229 3,639 3,007 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.9

Net employment change (2)

1,099 -136 -4,883 -983 -3,182 0.3 0.0 -1.5 -0.3 -0.9

Education and health services

Gross job gains

15,251 19,042 16,994 17,915 15,464 3.5 4.3 3.9 4.1 3.5

At expanding establishments

12,822 15,093 14,453 14,410 12,878 2.9 3.4 3.3 3.3 2.9

At opening establishments

2,429 3,949 2,541 3,505 2,586 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.8 0.6

Gross job losses

14,286 16,015 16,958 16,597 15,124 3.3 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.5

At contracting establishments

12,082 12,927 13,161 12,626 12,662 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.9

At closing establishments

2,204 3,088 3,797 3,971 2,462 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6

Net employment change (2)

965 3,027 36 1,318 340 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

27,699 28,645 26,092 30,868 24,528 9.6 10.0 9.2 10.9 8.6

At expanding establishments

22,446 23,559 21,432 26,966 20,771 7.8 8.2 7.6 9.5 7.3

At opening establishments

5,253 5,086 4,660 3,902 3,757 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3

Gross job losses

25,376 28,010 32,412 25,072 32,976 8.8 9.8 11.4 8.8 11.6

At contracting establishments

21,808 24,954 27,313 21,005 28,510 7.6 8.7 9.6 7.4 10.0

At closing establishments

3,568 3,056 5,099 4,067 4,466 1.2 1.1 1.8 1.4 1.6

Net employment change (2)

2,323 635 -6,320 5,796 -8,448 0.8 0.2 -2.2 2.1 -3.0

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

5,053 5,767 4,747 5,055 5,229 6.4 7.2 5.9 6.4 6.6

At expanding establishments

4,203 5,104 4,158 4,373 4,362 5.3 6.4 5.2 5.5 5.5

At opening establishments

850 663 589 682 867 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.1

Gross job losses

5,010 4,563 5,738 5,043 5,591 6.4 5.7 7.2 6.4 7.1

At contracting establishments

4,215 3,985 5,035 4,194 4,589 5.4 5.0 6.3 5.3 5.8

At closing establishments

795 578 703 849 1,002 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3

Net employment change (2)

43 1,204 -991 12 -362 0.0 1.5 -1.3 0.0 -0.5

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

United States(1)

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1

Alabama

6.1 5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9

Alaska

10.1 10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 9.0 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5

Arizona

5.7 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9

Arkansas

5.3 5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 5.1 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5

California

6.4 6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7

Colorado

6.6 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0

Connecticut

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9

Delaware

6.5 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.6 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3

Florida

6.2 6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2

Georgia

6.7 6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.7 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9

Hawaii

5.5 4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8

Idaho

7.5 7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.2 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0

Indiana

5.8 5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.8 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0

Iowa

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9

Kansas

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0

Kentucky

5.8 5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1

Louisiana

6.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3

Maine

7.5 7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 6.7 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0

Maryland

6.4 6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7

Massachusetts

6.1 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0

Michigan

5.2 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.6 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7

Minnesota

5.2 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6

Mississippi

5.7 5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2

Missouri

5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7

Montana

7.6 8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 8.1 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1

Nevada

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3

New Hampshire

6.4 6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4

New Jersey

5.7 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3

New Mexico

6.7 6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 5.8 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5

New York

6.0 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4

North Carolina

6.4 6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0

Ohio

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

5.9 6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7

Oregon

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 4.8 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6

Rhode Island

5.9 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5

South Carolina

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6

South Dakota

5.7 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6

Tennessee

5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3

Texas

5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5

Utah

7.3 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4

Vermont

6.9 7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6

Virginia

6.4 6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1

Washington

6.4 6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4

West Virginia

6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8

Wisconsin

5.2 5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3

Wyoming

9.0 8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 7.8 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2

Virgin Islands

12.9 8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 7.6 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, November 16, 2020