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News Release Information

20-2010-CHI
Monday, November 16, 2020

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Business Employment Dynamics in North Dakota — First Quarter 2020

From December 2019 to March 2020, gross job gains from opening and expanding private-sector establishments in North Dakota were 24,097, while gross job losses from closing and contracting private-sector establishments were 24,502, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that the difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses yielded a net employment loss of 405 jobs in the private sector during the first quarter of 2020. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 135. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all private businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private-sector establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See Technical Note.)

Gross job gains

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job gains represented 6.8 percent of private-sector employment in North Dakota; nationally, gross job gains accounted for 5.5 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment due to expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. In North Dakota, gross job gains at expanding establishments totaled 20,511 in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 1,500 jobs compared to the previous quarter. (See table 1.) Opening establishments accounted for 3,586 jobs gained in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of 955 jobs from the previous quarter.

Gross job losses

In the first quarter of 2020, gross job losses represented 7.0 percent of private-sector employment in North Dakota; nationally, gross job losses accounted for 6.1 percent of private-sector employment. (See chart 2.) Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. In North Dakota, contracting establishments lost 21,135 jobs in the first quarter of 2020, an increase of 1,746 jobs from the prior quarter. Closing establishments lost 3,367 jobs, a decrease of 661 jobs from the previous quarter.

Industries

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in 4 of the 5 industry sectors in North Dakota in the first quarter of 2020. Professional and business services had the largest over-the-quarter net job decrease with a loss of 760 jobs. This was the result of 2,634 gross job gains and 3,394 gross job losses. Retail trade had a net gain of 178 jobs, the only increase of any sector in the state.

For more information

The BED data series include gross job gains and gross job losses by industry subsector, for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands, as well as gross job gains and gross job losses at the firm level by employer size class. BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. Additional information is available online at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2020 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2021.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Effect on First Quarter 2020 Business Employment Dynamics

Data collection and processing methods have been impacted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. More detail can be found at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-business-employment-dynamics.htm.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). The BED data are compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) from existing QCEW records. Most employers in the U.S. are required to file quarterly reports on the employment and wages of workers covered by unemployment insurance (UI) laws, and to pay quarterly UI taxes. The QCEW is based largely on quarterly UI reports which are sent by businesses to the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). These UI reports are supplemented by two additional BLS data collections to render administrative data into economic statistics. Together these data comprise the QCEW and form the basis of the Bureau’s establishment universe sampling frame.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding units and jobs lost at closing and contracting units.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either units with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either units with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are units with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

The full Technical Note for the Business Employment Dynamics program, which includes information on coverage, concepts, and methodology, can be found in the current quarterly news release online at www.bls.gov/news.release/cewbd.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, North Dakota, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

24,889 23,563 23,085 23,552 24,097 7.1 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8

At expanding establishments

21,415 19,912 18,373 19,011 20,511 6.1 5.7 5.2 5.4 5.8

At opening establishments

3,474 3,651 4,712 4,541 3,586 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3 1.0

Gross job losses

22,444 23,630 24,976 23,417 24,502 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0

At contracting establishments

18,845 20,139 21,335 19,389 21,135 5.4 5.7 6.1 5.5 6.0

At closing establishments

3,599 3,491 3,641 4,028 3,367 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0

Net employment change (2)

2,445 -67 -1,891 135 -405 0.7 0.0 -0.6 0.1 -0.2

Construction

Gross job gains

4,639 4,450 4,757 4,319 4,450 16.6 15.9 17.2 15.5 15.7

At expanding establishments

3,716 3,584 3,337 3,073 3,481 13.3 12.8 12.1 11.0 12.3

At opening establishments

923 866 1,420 1,246 969 3.3 3.1 5.1 4.5 3.4

Gross job losses

3,786 4,725 4,589 4,309 4,790 13.6 16.8 16.7 15.4 16.9

At contracting establishments

3,131 3,685 3,821 3,311 4,044 11.2 13.1 13.9 11.8 14.3

At closing establishments

655 1,040 768 998 746 2.4 3.7 2.8 3.6 2.6

Net employment change (2)

853 -275 168 10 -340 3.0 -0.9 0.5 0.1 -1.2

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

1,372 1,198 1,252 1,212 1,158 5.7 5.0 5.1 5.0 4.8

At expanding establishments

1,161 1,062 1,120 1,061 1,014 4.8 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.2

At opening establishments

211 136 132 151 144 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6

Gross job losses

1,119 1,201 1,104 1,300 1,278 4.6 5.0 4.5 5.4 5.3

At contracting establishments

971 965 951 1,109 1,115 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.6 4.6

At closing establishments

148 236 153 191 163 0.6 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.7

Net employment change (2)

253 -3 148 -88 -120 1.1 0.0 0.6 -0.4 -0.5

Retail trade

Gross job gains

2,683 2,337 2,343 2,429 2,632 5.9 5.1 5.1 5.4 5.8

At expanding establishments

2,414 2,104 2,067 2,128 2,423 5.3 4.6 4.5 4.7 5.3

At opening establishments

269 233 276 301 209 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5

Gross job losses

2,523 2,807 2,552 2,454 2,454 5.5 6.2 5.6 5.4 5.3

At contracting establishments

2,224 2,368 2,236 2,179 2,204 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.8

At closing establishments

299 439 316 275 250 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.5

Net employment change (2)

160 -470 -209 -25 178 0.4 -1.1 -0.5 0.0 0.5

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

2,875 3,120 2,696 2,982 2,634 8.8 9.5 8.2 9.0 8.0

At expanding establishments

2,195 2,547 2,014 2,338 2,079 6.7 7.8 6.1 7.1 6.3

At opening establishments

680 573 682 644 555 2.1 1.7 2.1 1.9 1.7

Gross job losses

2,870 2,578 2,830 2,764 3,394 8.9 7.9 8.6 8.4 10.3

At contracting establishments

2,229 2,132 2,268 2,042 2,818 6.9 6.5 6.9 6.2 8.6

At closing establishments

641 446 562 722 576 2.0 1.4 1.7 2.2 1.7

Net employment change (2)

5 542 -134 218 -760 -0.1 1.6 -0.4 0.6 -2.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

3,200 3,821 3,591 3,458 3,291 7.9 9.4 8.9 8.5 8.2

At expanding establishments

2,732 3,015 2,772 2,520 2,930 6.7 7.4 6.9 6.2 7.3

At opening establishments

468 806 819 938 361 1.2 2.0 2.0 2.3 0.9

Gross job losses

3,546 3,623 3,871 3,522 3,671 8.7 8.9 9.6 8.7 9.2

At contracting establishments

2,916 3,167 3,231 2,944 3,158 7.2 7.8 8.0 7.3 7.9

At closing establishments

630 456 640 578 513 1.5 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.3

Net employment change (2)

-346 198 -280 -64 -380 -0.8 0.5 -0.7 -0.2 -1.0

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020
Mar.
2019
June
2019
Sept.
2019
Dec.
2019
Mar.
2020

United States(1)

6.0 6.1 5.9 6.2 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.1

Alabama

6.1 5.9 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.9 5.5 5.9

Alaska

10.1 10.7 9.6 10.3 9.2 9.0 10.1 10.1 10.2 9.5

Arizona

5.7 5.7 6.3 6.4 5.6 5.5 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.9

Arkansas

5.3 5.0 5.6 6.5 5.1 5.1 5.7 5.8 4.9 5.5

California

6.4 6.6 6.3 6.8 6.1 6.1 6.4 6.0 6.0 6.7

Colorado

6.6 7.0 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2 7.0

Connecticut

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.6 5.9

Delaware

6.5 6.0 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.6 6.6 6.3 6.2 6.6

District of Columbia

5.5 5.4 5.5 5.4 5.2 5.0 5.5 5.3 4.7 5.3

Florida

6.2 6.5 6.6 6.6 5.4 5.6 6.3 5.8 5.9 6.2

Georgia

6.7 6.1 6.2 6.5 5.6 5.7 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.9

Hawaii

5.5 4.8 5.6 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.8

Idaho

7.5 7.1 7.0 7.7 7.6 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.3 6.1

Illinois

5.2 5.6 5.0 5.6 5.0 5.2 5.3 5.6 5.2 6.0

Indiana

5.8 5.1 5.4 6.0 4.9 4.8 5.9 5.6 5.1 6.0

Iowa

5.1 5.8 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.9

Kansas

5.6 5.7 5.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.7 6.0

Kentucky

5.8 5.8 5.9 6.2 5.3 5.5 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1

Louisiana

6.1 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.3 6.1 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.3

Maine

7.5 7.4 6.5 7.3 6.4 6.7 7.4 7.3 6.9 7.0

Maryland

6.4 6.4 6.2 6.4 5.7 5.7 6.5 6.3 5.9 6.7

Massachusetts

6.1 6.0 5.3 5.8 5.2 5.2 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0

Michigan

5.2 5.5 5.1 5.8 5.0 4.6 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.7

Minnesota

5.2 5.8 5.4 5.8 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.6

Mississippi

5.7 5.8 5.7 6.2 5.6 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.2

Missouri

5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.7

Montana

7.6 8.1 7.4 8.6 7.7 8.1 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.7

Nebraska

5.7 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.5 5.8 6.1

Nevada

6.1 6.0 6.1 6.8 5.4 5.4 6.2 5.5 5.0 6.3

New Hampshire

6.4 6.4 5.8 6.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.4

New Jersey

5.7 6.2 6.0 6.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3

New Mexico

6.7 6.3 6.8 7.0 6.1 5.8 6.5 6.1 6.3 6.5

New York

6.0 6.1 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.4

North Carolina

6.4 6.0 5.8 6.3 5.8 5.1 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.7

North Dakota

7.1 6.7 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.4 6.7 7.1 6.6 7.0

Ohio

5.6 5.7 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.9 5.3 5.6

Oklahoma

5.9 6.0 6.4 6.5 5.4 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.7

Oregon

6.4 6.3 6.2 6.7 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.5

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.3 5.2 5.4 4.9 4.8 5.4 5.1 4.9 5.6

Rhode Island

5.9 6.3 6.0 6.5 6.1 5.7 6.5 6.2 5.9 6.5

South Carolina

6.6 6.4 6.0 6.5 5.5 6.5 6.2 5.9 5.9 6.6

South Dakota

5.7 6.2 5.9 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.6

Tennessee

5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.3

Texas

5.6 5.8 5.9 6.0 5.0 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.5

Utah

7.3 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.4

Vermont

6.9 7.1 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 7.1 7.6 6.4 7.6

Virginia

6.4 6.1 5.5 6.5 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.3 5.5 6.1

Washington

6.4 6.6 6.1 6.6 7.4 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.8 7.4

West Virginia

6.1 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.7 6.6 6.7 7.1 6.8

Wisconsin

5.2 5.5 4.8 5.4 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3

Wyoming

9.0 8.5 8.6 9.4 8.6 7.8 9.5 8.9 8.7 9.3

Puerto Rico

7.2 6.4 5.9 5.4 5.0 5.2 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.2

Virgin Islands

12.9 8.9 12.0 10.3 7.2 7.6 6.9 6.4 7.3 8.3

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, November 16, 2020