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17-528-CHI
Monday, June 26, 2017

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Occupational Employment and Wages in Grand Rapids-Wyoming — May 2016

Workers in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $20.97 in May 2016, about 12 percent below the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages were lower than their respective national averages in 17 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media; and computer and mathematical. Five occupational groups had wages not significantly different from their respective national averages, including personal care and service, healthcare support, and community and social service.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 4 of the 22 occupational groups, including production, transportation and material moving, and architecture and engineering. Conversely, 13 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including office and administrative support, food preparation and serving related, and computer and mathematical. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Grand Rapids United States Grand Rapids Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $20.97* -12

Management

5.1 4.5* 56.74 51.81* -9

Business and financial operations

5.2 4.0* 36.09 29.90* -17

Computer and mathematical

3.0 1.7* 42.25 32.00* -24

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.4* 40.53 33.71* -17

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.3* 35.06 29.97* -15

Community and social service

1.4 1.5 22.69 22.49 -1

Legal

0.8 0.4* 50.95 37.69* -26

Education, training, and library

6.2 5.1* 26.21 23.77* -9

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.7* 28.07 17.55* -37

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 5.8 38.06 35.44* -7

Healthcare support

2.9 2.9 14.65 14.61 0

Protective service

2.4 1.3* 22.03 19.73 -10

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 7.9* 11.47 10.86* -5

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.3 13.47 12.73* -5

Personal care and service

3.2 2.6* 12.74 12.54 -2

Sales and related

10.4 9.4* 19.50 20.04 3

Office and administrative support

15.7 14.0* 17.91 17.52* -2

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.37 12.36* -8

Construction and extraction

4.0 3.0* 23.51 21.45* -9

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.9 22.45 21.14* -6

Production

6.5 14.8* 17.88 16.29* -9

Transportation and material moving

6.9 9.4* 17.34 14.89* -14

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Grand Rapids-Wyoming had 81,820 jobs in production, accounting for 14.8 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $16.29, significantly below the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (17,210); inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (5,120); and helpers--production workers (4,560). Among the higher paying jobs were gas plant operators with mean hourly wages of $34.26 and power plant operators, $31.08. At the lower end of the wage scale were pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($10.77) and tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers ($11.00). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2016/may/oes_24340.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in many of the occupations within the production group. For instance, tool and die makers were employed at 8.5 times the national rate in Grand Rapids, and molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic, at 5.1 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, laundry and dry-cleaning workers had a location quotient of 1.0 in Grand Rapids, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area included 3,868 establishments with a response rate of 75 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Grand Rapids-Wyoming, Mich. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Barry, Ionia, Kent, and Newaygo Counties.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Grand Rapids-Wyoming Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

81,820 2.3 $16.29 $33,880

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

4,280 1.8 28.75 59,790

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

70 1.2 14.77 30,730

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

(5) (5) 14.20 29,540

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

80 0.5 18.40 38,260

Engine and other machine assemblers

(5) (5) 21.87 45,480

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

300 1.0 18.75 39,000

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

60 0.8 15.88 33,020

Team assemblers

17,210 3.9 14.28 29,710

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

1,240 1.4 14.53 30,220

Bakers

590 0.8 11.56 24,050

Butchers and meat cutters

410 0.8 13.73 28,560

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

360 0.6 12.06 25,090

Slaughterers and meat packers

100 0.3 13.34 27,750

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

(5) (5) 14.45 30,050

Food batchmakers

1,660 2.8 15.65 32,540

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

160 1.1 13.93 28,970

Food processing workers, all other

70 0.4 13.22 27,490

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

2,190 3.8 18.25 37,970

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

460 4.7 21.89 45,530

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

420 1.5 16.38 34,080

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

(5) (5) 16.70 34,740

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

340 3.0 16.36 34,030

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3,240 4.3 15.19 31,600

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

180 3.7 21.23 44,170

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

320 1.1 18.35 38,160

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

200 1.5 18.06 37,560

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

210 3.1 19.28 40,110

Machinists

3,340 2.2 20.05 41,710

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

(5) (5) 16.81 34,950

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2,940 5.1 14.48 30,120

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,550 3.4 13.58 28,240

Tool and die makers

2,410 8.5 23.89 49,690

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,940 1.3 17.59 36,590

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

630 3.4 17.81 37,040

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

60 0.8 17.43 36,250

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

540 3.9 13.26 27,590

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

100 2.7 17.52 36,440

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

110 1.2 13.69 28,470

Prepress technicians and workers

260 1.9 16.78 34,890

Printing press operators

840 1.3 16.61 34,550

Print binding and finishing workers

350 1.7 14.21 29,550

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

780 1.0 12.45 25,900

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

(5) (5) 10.77 22,390

Sewing machine operators

420 0.8 13.40 27,870

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

(5) (5) 11.00 22,880

Upholsterers

130 1.0 13.69 28,480

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

670 1.8 17.92 37,280

Furniture finishers

320 4.7 15.99 33,260

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

180 0.9 14.34 29,820

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

990 3.3 13.18 27,420

Power plant operators

170 1.2 31.08 64,650

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

200 0.4 23.07 47,980

Chemical plant and system operators

70 0.5 27.33 56,840

Gas plant operators

70 1.0 34.26 71,270

Plant and system operators, all other

90 2.0 19.43 40,410

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

100 0.3 23.16 48,170

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

330 1.8 17.70 36,810

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

80 0.7 14.32 29,790

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

310 3.0 14.39 29,920

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

750 1.5 16.94 35,240

Cutters and trimmers, hand

80 1.5 (5) (5)

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

520 2.2 15.82 32,900

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

420 1.5 14.51 30,180

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

80 1.0 18.70 38,900

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

5,120 2.5 14.90 30,990

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

120 1.1 21.96 45,680

Dental laboratory technicians

50 0.3 21.12 43,930

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

(5) (5) 15.06 31,320

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

(5) (5) 13.33 27,730

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 14.36 29,870

Painters, transportation equipment

130 0.6 18.97 39,450

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

210 3.5 17.88 37,190

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

(5) (5) 16.16 33,620

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

50 0.8 16.97 35,300

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

360 5.1 15.42 32,080

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

50 1.6 15.54 32,330

Etchers and engravers

(5) (5) 17.21 35,790

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

190 1.2 12.69 26,400

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

540 1.5 17.78 36,990

Helpers--production workers

4,560 2.7 12.34 25,660

Production workers, all other

2,170 2.2 (5) (5)

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_24340.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 26, 2017