News Release Information

17-522-CHI
Monday, June 26, 2017

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia — May 2016

Workers in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division had an average (mean) hourly wage of $24.76 in May 2016, about 4 percent above the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were higher than their respective national averages in 4 of the 22 major occupational groups, including production; construction and extraction; and transportation and material moving. Six groups had significantly lower wages than their respective national averages, including legal; computer and mathematical; and community and social service.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production; architecture and engineering; and healthcare practitioners and technical. Conversely, eight groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including sales and related; construction and extraction; and office and administrative support. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Detroit United States Detroit Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0 $23.86 $24.76* 4

Management

5.1 4.9 56.74 58.08 2

Business and financial operations

5.2 5.3 36.09 36.13 0

Computer and mathematical

3.0 3.0 42.25 39.23* -7

Architecture and engineering

1.8 3.9* 40.53 41.62 3

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 0.5* 35.06 34.52 -2

Community and social service

1.4 1.7* 22.69 21.17* -7

Legal

0.8 (2) 50.95 44.00* -14

Education, training, and library

6.2 4.9* 26.21 25.81 -2

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 1.4 28.07 26.61 -5

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 7.3* 38.06 38.58 1

Healthcare support

2.9 3.2* 14.65 13.92* -5

Protective service

2.4 2.2 22.03 21.85 -1

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 8.5* 11.47 11.34 -1

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 2.6* 13.47 12.93* -4

Personal care and service

3.2 3.0 12.74 12.27 -4

Sales and related

10.4 9.0* 19.50 18.84 -3

Office and administrative support

15.7 14.4* 17.91 18.04 1

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1* 13.37 12.07* -10

Construction and extraction

4.0 2.7* 23.51 26.05* 11

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 4.0 22.45 23.52* 5

Production

6.5 9.4* 17.88 20.52* 15

Transportation and material moving

6.9 7.5* 17.34 19.85* 14

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Estimate not released
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.
 

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia had 67,790 jobs in production, accounting for 9.4 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.5-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $20.52, significantly above the national wage of $17.88.

Some of the largest detailed occupations within the production group included team assemblers (21,470), first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (4,780), and inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (3,990). Among the higher paying jobs were power plant operators with mean hourly wages of $36.14 and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers, $33.98. At the lower end of the wage scale were laundry and dry-cleaning workers ($11.14) and electrical and electronic equipment assemblers ($11.84). (Detailed occupational data for production are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/2016/may/oes_19804.htm .)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic were employed at 9.7 times the national rate in Detroit, and tool and die makers, at 4.7 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders had a location quotient of 1.0 in Detroit, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Michigan Department of Labor & Economic Growth.

Note

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 650 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), metropolitan divisions, nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 200,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division included 3,956 establishments with a response rate of 70 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/news.release/ocwage.tn.htm.

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/soc and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. Metropolitan Division  includes Wayne County.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at www.bls.gov/regions/midwest. Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/oes/current/methods_statement.pdf.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request . Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia Metropolitan Division, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment Mean wages
Level (2) Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Production occupations

67,790 1.5 $20.52 $42,690

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

4,780 1.5 33.98 70,680

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

(5) (5) 11.84 24,620

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

370 0.9 18.92 39,360

Team assemblers

21,470 3.8 21.15 43,990

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

540 0.5 15.09 31,380

Bakers

970 1.1 12.52 26,040

Butchers and meat cutters

660 1.0 14.80 30,790

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

240 0.3 12.74 26,500

Slaughterers and meat packers

(5) (5) 13.60 28,290

Food batchmakers

410 0.5 16.25 33,800

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

170 0.9 13.36 27,790

Food processing workers, all other

50 0.3 10.69 22,240

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

1,260 1.7 15.28 31,780

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

200 1.5 28.27 58,810

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

270 0.7 16.66 34,650

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

270 2.7 15.53 32,290

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,440 9.7 23.08 48,010

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3,150 3.2 20.86 43,390

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

200 3.1 24.65 51,270

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

280 0.7 19.47 40,500

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

240 1.4 19.69 40,960

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

190 2.1 20.46 42,570

Machinists

3,410 1.7 21.35 44,410

Model makers, metal and plastic

220 7.0 33.00 68,640

Foundry mold and coremakers

60 0.9 14.96 31,120

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

840 1.1 16.66 34,660

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

680 1.1 25.00 52,000

Tool and die makers

1,720 4.7 28.80 59,900

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

1,520 0.8 21.26 44,210

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

680 2.8 23.81 49,530

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

130 1.3 17.18 35,730

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

430 2.4 14.51 30,180

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

40 0.8 22.95 47,750

Prepress technicians and workers

(5) (5) 14.86 30,920

Printing press operators

440 0.5 16.23 33,770

Print binding and finishing workers

90 0.4 16.22 33,730

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

1,640 1.5 11.14 23,170

Sewing machine operators

210 0.3 13.42 27,920

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

80 0.7 14.70 30,580

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

140 0.3 13.33 27,720

Furniture finishers

60 0.6 18.09 37,620

Patternmakers, wood

60 12.9 25.45 52,940

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

(5) (5) 19.61 40,780

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

(5) (5) 15.48 32,190

Power plant operators

340 1.9 36.14 75,170

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

230 1.3 29.88 62,160

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

220 0.4 24.33 50,620

Chemical plant and system operators

70 0.4 (5) (5)

Gas plant operators

310 3.5 33.56 69,810

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

360 1.0 26.26 54,630

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 18.68 38,860

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

40 0.3 15.14 31,500

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

760 1.1 19.26 40,070

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

300 0.9 12.84 26,710

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5) (5) 16.38 34,080

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

3,990 1.5 17.93 37,300

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

(5) (5) 15.95 33,180

Dental laboratory technicians

230 1.2 21.12 43,920

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

(5) (5) 26.77 55,680

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

2,310 1.2 13.46 28,000

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

250 0.6 15.09 31,390

Painters, transportation equipment

220 0.8 27.27 56,730

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

60 0.5 19.82 41,230

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

110 1.2 14.18 29,500

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

110 0.5 15.19 31,600

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

490 1.0 14.60 30,360

Helpers--production workers

1,840 0.8 11.87 24,700

Production workers, all other

1,500 1.2 17.71 36,830

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Division, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19804.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, June 26, 2017