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News Release Information

22-778-CHI
Wednesday, May 11, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Consumer Price Index, Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area – April 2022

Area prices were up 2.5 percent over the past two months, up 8.3 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 2.5 percent for the two months ending in April 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that food prices increased 3.4 percent, and the energy index rose 10.6 percent from February to April. The all items less food and energy index rose 1.5 percent over the past two months due to increases in the categories for shelter and household furnishings and operations. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, bi-monthly changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U rose 8.3 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) The index for all items less food and energy increased 6.3 percent over the year. Energy prices rose 26.2 percent, largely the result of an increase in the price of gasoline. Food prices advanced 10.8 percent. (See table 1.)


Food

Food prices rose 3.4 percent for the two months ending in April. Prices for food at home (groceries) increased 3.9 percent, and prices for food away from home (restaurant, cafeteria, and vending purchases) advanced 2.6 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices increased 10.8 percent. Prices for food at home rose 14.3 percent since a year ago, and prices for food away from home advanced 5.9 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 10.6 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (18.3 percent). Prices for utility (piped) gas service rose 4.7 percent, and prices for electricity increased 0.9 percent for the same period.

Energy prices were up 26.2 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (42.2 percent). Prices paid for utility (piped) gas service increased 23.3 percent, and prices for electricity rose 3.0 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.5 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for shelter (1.4 percent) and household furnishings and operations (4.0 percent) were contributing factors.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 6.3 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (6.3 percent), used cars and trucks (22.4 percent), and household furnishings and operations (10.5 percent).

Table A. Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, CPI-U 2-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month 2-month 12-month

February

0.3 2.1 0.4 1.2 0.5 2.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 7.5

April

0.9 2.3 0.6 1.0 -2.7 -0.8 1.7 5.4 2.5 8.3

June

1.3 3.6 0.4 0.1 1.7 0.5 1.7 5.4

August

-0.6 2.8 0.6 1.4 1.9 1.8 0.5 3.9

October

0.0 1.9 1.0 2.4 -0.3 0.5 1.2 5.5

December

-0.6 1.2 -0.6 2.5 -0.3 0.7 1.1 7.0

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn area is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000.  Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, Core Based Statistical Area covered in this release is comprised of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties in Michigan.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

Indexes Percent change from-
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
Apr.
2021
Feb.
2022
Mar.
2022

Expenditure category

All items

258.721 - 265.074 8.3 2.5 -

All items (1967=100)

769.027 - 787.909 - - -

Food and beverages

254.803 - 263.154 10.1 3.3 -

Food

256.408 - 265.099 10.8 3.4 -

Food at home

244.955 248.074 254.404 14.3 3.9 2.6

Cereals and bakery products

303.632 - 323.221 20.0 6.5 -

Meats, poultry, fish and eggs

271.916 - 282.307 16.8 3.8 -

Dairy and related products

187.031 - 195.454 13.1 4.5 -

Fruits and vegetables

246.323 - 270.814 16.0 9.9 -

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

232.344 - 235.711 8.4 1.4 -

Other food at home

223.910 - 223.582 11.6 -0.1 -

Food away from home

274.085 - 281.094 5.9 2.6 -

Alcoholic beverages

230.043 - 233.866 1.3 1.7 -

Housing

247.741 - 252.202 7.1 1.8 -

Shelter

283.542 286.488 287.466 6.3 1.4 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

296.470 300.645 300.981 7.3 1.5 0.1

Owners' equiv. rent of residences(2)(3)

281.499 285.468 286.133 5.7 1.6 0.2

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence(2)(3)

281.499 285.468 286.133 5.7 1.6 0.2

Fuels and utilities

290.962 - 297.690 9.2 2.3 -

Household energy

229.740 233.801 236.374 11.6 2.9 1.1

Energy services(2)

231.525 234.907 237.431 11.1 2.6 1.1

Electricity(2)

258.254 258.281 260.568 3.0 0.9 0.9

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

187.882 194.158 196.705 23.3 4.7 1.3

Household furnishings and operations

132.378 - 137.729 10.5 4.0 -

Apparel

104.143 - 106.835 7.2 2.6 -

Transportation

280.060 - 296.262 16.9 5.8 -

Private transportation

288.092 - 303.205 17.5 5.2 -

New and used motor vehicles(4)

- - 132.783 - - -

New vehicles(1)

- - 236.747 - - -

Used cars and trucks(1)

442.123 - 429.918 22.4 -2.8 -

Motor fuel

300.637 364.239 356.036 42.5 18.4 -2.3

Gasoline (all types)

298.789 362.155 353.411 42.2 18.3 -2.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

301.543 366.380 356.952 42.7 18.4 -2.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(5)(6)

351.157 418.762 415.483 41.1 18.3 -0.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

298.003 351.411 348.999 36.3 17.1 -0.7

Medical care

- - - - - -

Recreation(4)

118.328 - 120.642 5.7 2.0 -

Education and communication(4)

153.226 - 152.801 2.6 -0.3 -

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare(1)

1,389.211 - 1,389.009 4.4 0.0 -

Other goods and services

490.400 - 490.694 8.0 0.1 -

Commodity and service group

All items

258.721 - 265.074 8.3 2.5 -

Commodities

199.744 - 207.301 13.3 3.8 -

Commodities less food and beverages

170.899 - 177.895 15.3 4.1 -

Nondurables less food and beverages

197.812 - 212.579 16.9 7.5 -

Durables

134.617 - 135.113 12.7 0.4 -

Services

318.416 - 323.582 5.3 1.6 -

Special aggregate indexes

All items less medical care

250.347 - 257.002 9.2 2.7 -

All items less shelter

252.388 - 259.763 9.2 2.9 -

Commodities less food

173.257 - 180.189 14.7 4.0 -

Nondurables

226.063 - 237.840 13.2 5.2 -

Nondurables less food

199.832 - 213.934 15.6 7.1 -

Services less rent of shelter(3)

370.391 - 377.166 4.2 1.8 -

Services less medical care services

308.244 - 313.729 6.1 1.8 -

Energy

265.797 295.922 293.852 26.2 10.6 -0.7

All items less energy

261.772 - 266.389 7.0 1.8 -

All items less food and energy

263.437 - 267.336 6.3 1.5 -

Footnotes
(1) Index on a December 1977=100 base.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Index on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(6) Index on a December 1993=100 base.

- Data not available.
Note: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date. Data not seasonally adjusted.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, May 11, 2022