Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

News Release Information

21-484-CHI
Friday, August 20, 2021

Contacts

Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (312) 353-1138

Occupational Employment and Wages in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn — May 2020

Workers in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $27.76 in May 2020, about 3 percent above the nationwide average of $27.07, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Jason Palmer noted that, after testing for statistical significance, wages in the local area were lower than their respective national averages in 11 of the 22 major occupational groups, including legal; computer and mathematical; and life, physical, and social science. Five groups had significantly higher wages than their respective national averages, including construction and extraction, production, and architecture and engineering.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, Detroit area employment was more highly concentrated in 6 of the 22 occupational groups, including production, architecture and engineering, and business and financial operations. Thirteen groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation, including educational instruction and library, construction and extraction, and food preparation and serving related. (See table A.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Detroit metropolitan area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2020
Major occupational groupPercent of total employmentMean hourly wage
United StatesDetroitUnited StatesDetroitPercent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0100.0$27.07$27.76*3

Management

5.75.560.8161.641

Business and financial operations

6.06.7*38.7938.56-1

Computer and mathematical

3.33.7*46.5341.94*-10

Architecture and engineering

1.84.3*43.4144.55*3

Life, physical, and social science

0.90.6*38.1534.53*-9

Community and social service

1.61.3*25.0924.16*-4

Legal

0.80.9*54.0045.73*-15

Educational instruction and library

6.14.2*28.7529.503

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.31.2*30.9628.94*-7

Healthcare practitioners and technical

6.26.6*41.3039.50*-4

Healthcare support

4.64.2*15.5014.96*-3

Protective service

2.41.9*25.1123.45*-7

Food preparation and serving related

8.17.1*13.3012.92*-3

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

2.92.6*15.7515.06*-4

Personal care and service

1.91.8*15.6815.08*-4

Sales and related

9.49.622.0023.03*5

Office and administrative support

13.312.7*20.3820.561

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3(2)16.0216.543

Construction and extraction

4.33.2*25.9328.07*8

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.93.6*25.1725.67*2

Production

6.19.6*20.0821.51*7

Transportation and material moving

8.78.719.0820.698

Footnotes:
(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
(2) Indicates a value of less than 0.05 percent.
* The mean hourly wage or percent share of employment is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—production—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Detroit had 170,250 jobs in production, accounting for 9.6 percent of local area employment, significantly higher than the 6.1-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $21.51, significantly above the national wage of $20.08.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the production group included miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators (46,960); inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers (14,100); and first-line supervisors of production and operating workers (11,630). Among the higher-paying jobs in this group were power distributors and dispatchers and power plant operators, with mean hourly wages of $47.55 and $40.15, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders ($11.04) and pressers, textile, garment, and related materials ($11.62). (Detailed data for the production occupations are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19820.htm.)

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area than it does nationally. In the Detroit area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in some of the occupations within the production group. For instance, tool and die makers were employed at 6.0 times the national rate in Detroit, and cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic, at 3.7 times the U.S. average. Printing press operators had a location quotient of 1.0 in Detroit, indicating that this particular occupation’s local and national employment shares were similar.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.

Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) Name Change

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) program has changed its name to Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) to better reflect the range of data available from the program. Data released on or after March 31, 2021, will reflect the new program name. Webpages, publications, and other materials associated with previous data releases will retain the Occupational Employment Statistics name.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on May 2020 Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics

Due to features of the OEWS methodology, the May 2020 OEWS estimates do not fully reflect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The May 2020 OEWS estimates are based on survey panels collected for May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. Because 5 of the 6 survey panels used to produce the estimates date from before the COVID-19 pandemic, only the most recent (May 2020) survey panel reflects changes in occupational proportions related to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The May 2020 OEWS employment estimates are benchmarked to the average of May 2020 and November 2019 employment from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW). Although the May 2020 QCEW data reflect the early employment effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the November 2019 QCEW employment data precede the pandemic, and therefore do not reflect its impact.

In addition, as a result of the pandemic, response rates for the November 2019 and May 2020 panels were lower in some areas. Lower response rates may negatively affect data availability and data quality. More information is available at www.bls.gov/covid19/effects-of-covid-19-pandemic-on-occupational-employment-and-wage-statistics.htm.

Implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) System

With the May 2019 estimates, the OEWS program began implementing the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system. Because the May 2019 and May 2020 estimates are based on a combination of survey data collected using the 2010 SOC and survey data collected using the 2018 SOC, these estimates use a hybrid of the two classification systems that contains some combinations of occupations that are not found in either the 2010 or 2018 SOC. This is the second and final year that the hybrid occupational structure will be used. The May 2021 estimates, to be published in Spring 2022, will be the first OEWS estimates based entirely on survey data collected using the 2018 SOC. For more information on the occupational classification system used in the May 2019 and May 2020 estimates, please see www.bls.gov/oes/soc_2018.htm and www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm#qf10.

Upcoming Changes to the Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics Methodology

With the May 2021 estimates, to be released in Spring 2022, the OEWS program plans to begin using a new estimation methodology. The new model-based methodology, called MB3, has advantages over the existing methodology, as described in the Monthly Labor Review article at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2019/article/model-based-estimates-for-the-occupational-employment-statistics-program.htm. OEWS estimates for the years 2015-2018 were recalculated using the new estimation methodology and are available as research estimates at www.bls.gov/oes/oes-mb3-methods.htm.


Technical Note

The Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics (OEWS) survey is a semiannual survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OEWS data available from BLS include cross-industry occupational employment and wage estimates for the nation; over 580 areas, including states and the District of Columbia, metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), nonmetropolitan areas, and territories; national industry-specific estimates at the NAICS sector, 3-digit, most 4-digit, and selected 5- and 6-digit industry levels, and national estimates by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/tables.htm.

The OEWS survey is a cooperative effort between BLS and the State Workforce Agencies (SWAs). BLS funds the survey and provides the procedures and technical support, while the State Workforce Agencies collect most of the data. OEWS estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.1 million establishments. Each year, two semiannual panels of approximately 180,000 to 185,000 sampled establishments are contacted, one panel in May and the other in November. Responses are obtained by mail, Internet or other electronic means, email, telephone, or personal visit. The May 2020 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2020, November 2019, May 2019, November 2018, May 2018, and November 2017. The unweighted sample employment of 83 million across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 56 percent of total national employment. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 69 percent based on establishments and 66 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The sample in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area included 7,022 establishments with a response rate of 71 percent. For more information about OEWS concepts and methodology, go to www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_tec.htm.

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area includes Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties.

For more information

Answers to frequently asked questions about the OEWS data are available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_ques.htm. Detailed information about the OEWS program is available at www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data for production occupations, Detroit metropolitan area, May 2020
Occupation (1)EmploymentMean wages
Level (2)Location quotient (3)HourlyAnnual (4)

Production occupations

170,2501.6$21.51$44,740

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

11,6301.534.8072,370

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

(5)(5)19.3640,270

Electrical, electronic, and electromechanical assemblers, except coil winders, tapers, and finishers

3,2500.917.5136,430

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

6800.819.9341,460

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

900.417.4536,290

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

46,9602.920.6342,910

Bakers

2,0901.014.4530,050

Butchers and meat cutters

2,1701.215.8232,910

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

(5)(5)13.7028,500

Slaughterers and meat packers

3100.315.0931,390

Food batchmakers

8000.416.1633,610

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

600.216.5234,350

Food processing workers, all other

2100.414.7230,610

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

5700.715.9833,240

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

4802.720.8143,290

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

6301.421.1043,880

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

8,5803.722.1546,080

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1601.425.6953,430

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,8702.120.4842,590

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

9403.120.0141,620

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

2701.322.8447,510

Machinists

9,3902.023.1248,090

Pourers and casters, metal

(5)(5)21.3644,420

Model makers, metal and plastic

4109.534.9272,620

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

1103.527.1356,430

Foundry mold and coremakers

2801.319.4140,380

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

6,7003.415.3932,000

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

3,1701.821.3544,410

Tool and die makers

4,7006.027.8357,890

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

4,3100.921.3444,390

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,4103.321.0843,850

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

7803.718.7538,990

Plating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

1,4402.918.0737,580

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

(5)(5)22.1045,970

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

3201.218.8539,200

Prepress technicians and workers

2000.623.1148,060

Printing press operators

2,0601.019.1239,760

Print binding and finishing workers

4200.818.7338,960

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

2,4101.113.1627,380

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

2500.611.6224,170

Sewing machine operators

7600.514.6930,550

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

(5)(5)15.1231,450

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

(5)(5)19.5140,590

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

1801.116.5134,340

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5)(5)11.0422,960

Upholsterers

(5)(5)13.2727,600

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

400.214.4930,140

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

5200.422.4446,660

Furniture finishers

(5)(5)18.3638,190

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

1000.217.1935,750

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

4800.516.3834,070

Power distributors and dispatchers

800.647.5598,910

Power plant operators

6001.440.1583,500

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

2300.631.1164,710

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

1,1600.824.1150,150

Gas plant operators

1600.837.2977,560

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

2700.535.2973,400

Plant and system operators, all other

(5)(5)33.6169,910

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

1,1501.028.8660,020

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

4300.718.9339,370

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

(5)(5)19.7841,140

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

(5)(5)16.1833,650

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,2600.820.3742,370

Cutters and trimmers, hand

(5)(5)15.1731,540

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

3200.517.5636,520

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

7100.917.0135,390

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

1400.727.1756,520

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

14,1002.019.9841,560

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

(5)(5)29.1360,590

Dental laboratory technicians

6401.623.9349,770

Medical appliance technicians

2401.326.2854,650

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

3801.218.8039,100

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

3,7700.816.3634,030

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

(5)(5)12.4325,860

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,7301.018.5838,650

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

(5)(5)16.6034,530

Computer numerically controlled tool operators

2,9301.521.1744,040

Computer numerically controlled tool programmers

1,1303.526.3954,890

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

(5)(5)18.9839,480

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

2701.517.2935,970

Etchers and engravers

(5)(5)19.3740,290

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

6401.219.0939,700

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

1,0800.817.3336,040

Tire builders

(5)(5)16.2933,880

Helpers--production workers

2,1900.714.9131,010

Production workers, all other

2,4201.016.2133,710

Footnotes:
(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area, see www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes_19820.htm.
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations may not sum to the totals due to rounding, and because the totals may include occupations that are not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimate not released.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, August 20, 2021