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19-110-CHI
Wednesday, March 20, 2019

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Business Employment Dynamics in Illinois — Second Quarter 2018

From March 2018 to June 2018, gross job gains in Illinois totaled 291,226, while gross job losses numbered 287,764, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Charlene Peiffer noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 3,462. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 33,971. (See chart 1.)

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

The 291,226 gross job gains in the 3-month period ended June 2018 were less than the 297,390 gains in the previous 3-month period. During the past 5 years, gross job gains in Illinois peaked at 320,700 in December 2015 and were at a low of 277,696 in September 2015. The 287,764 gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2018, although larger than those seen in the previous quarter, remained below the 5-year peak of 309,933 in the quarter ended September 2017.

Gross job gains represented 5.6 percent of private sector employment in Illinois in the quarter ended June 2018, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 6.1 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) With one exception, Illinois’ rate of gross job gains has been below the national rate each quarter since the series began in 1992. The rate of gross job losses as a percent of private sector employment in Illinois was 5.5 percent, below the national rate of 5.8 percent in the quarter ended June 2018. Since the series inception, the rate of gross job losses in Illinois has been below the U.S. rate each quarter, with two exceptions.

During the second quarter of 2018, gross job gains exceeded gross losses in eight industry sectors in Illinois. For example, within transportation and warehousing, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 2,339. While more than 11,000 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments in the industry, opening and expanding establishments created almost 14,000 jobs. In manufacturing, 19,759 jobs were created in opening and expanding establishments while 17,422 jobs were lost in closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net employment gain of 2,337. In the six other sectors with net employment gains during the quarter, three industries had net job gains ranging between 1,000 and 2,000 and three industries had net job gains of less than 1,000. (See table 1.)

Gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in three industry sectors in the second quarter of 2018. Within professional and business services, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by 4,096. Net job losses in retail trade and information were 1,906 and 1,725, respectively.

Three states in the East North Central Census division, including Illinois, had gross job gains that exceeded gross job losses in the quarter ended June 2018. (See table A.) All five states in the division had rates of gross job gains that were lower than the 6.1-percent national rate and rates of gross job losses that were lower than the 5.8-percent national rate.

Table A. Private sector gross job gains and losses for the United States, East North Central Division, and East North Central states, June 2018, seasonally adjusted
AreaGross job gainsGross job lossesNet changeNet change as
a percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment
TotalAs a
percent of
total
employment

United States

7,639,0006.17,202,0005.8437,0000.3

East North Central (1)

1,047,8641,016,81231,052

Illinois

291,2265.6287,7645.53,4620.1

Indiana

146,1715.4147,0615.5-890-0.1

Michigan

212,8625.6194,5765.118,2860.5

Ohio

260,5285.6250,0635.410,4650.2

Wisconsin

137,0775.4137,3485.5-271-0.1

Footnotes:
(1) Data were calculated for this release using published gross job gains and gross job losses for states located in the East North Central Census Division.

Note: Dash indicates data not available.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for third quarter 2018 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 24, 2019.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the second time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings.  These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions.  These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Illinois, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

Total private (1)

Gross job gains

296,909291,827306,642297,390291,2265.75.66.05.75.6

At expanding establishments

243,256238,696250,030243,235233,8244.74.64.94.74.5

At opening establishments

53,65353,13156,61254,15557,4021.01.01.11.01.1

Gross job losses

285,523309,933273,761263,419287,7645.66.05.35.15.5

At contracting establishments

235,725251,696217,813215,544238,5144.64.94.24.24.6

At closing establishments

49,79858,23755,94847,87549,2501.01.11.10.90.9

Net employment change (2)

11,386-18,10632,88133,9713,4620.1-0.40.70.60.1

Construction

Gross job gains

25,40423,25324,58328,82625,52411.410.611.212.811.1

At expanding establishments

20,28918,14119,48723,92320,5179.18.38.910.68.9

At opening establishments

5,1155,1125,0964,9035,0072.32.32.32.22.2

Gross job losses

26,56224,58725,35221,95924,30111.911.211.59.710.6

At contracting establishments

22,02620,17919,79717,67620,4869.99.29.07.88.9

At closing establishments

4,5364,4085,5554,2833,8152.02.02.51.91.7

Net employment change (2)

-1,158-1,334-7696,8671,223-0.5-0.6-0.33.10.5

Manufacturing

Gross job gains

22,47117,96520,28418,25019,7593.93.23.53.23.3

At expanding establishments

20,74215,83618,06116,77017,7283.62.83.12.93.0

At opening establishments

1,7292,1292,2231,4802,0310.30.40.40.30.3

Gross job losses

16,76020,34116,12214,70017,4222.93.62.82.53.0

At contracting establishments

14,35316,98713,43812,97615,0792.53.02.32.22.6

At closing establishments

2,4073,3542,6841,7242,3430.40.60.50.30.4

Net employment change (2)

5,711-2,3764,1623,5502,3371.0-0.40.70.70.3

Wholesale trade

Gross job gains

12,97919,20815,06611,84711,6024.36.24.83.93.9

At expanding establishments

10,96017,26913,0649,9219,7523.65.64.23.33.3

At opening establishments

2,0191,9392,0021,9261,8500.70.60.60.60.6

Gross job losses

11,21513,08511,16911,25011,2693.74.23.63.83.8

At contracting establishments

8,85610,3018,9358,8179,0552.93.32.93.03.1

At closing establishments

2,3592,7842,2342,4332,2140.80.90.70.80.7

Net employment change (2)

1,7646,1233,8975973330.62.01.20.10.1

Retail trade

Gross job gains

33,45430,54432,13631,54332,1995.45.05.35.25.3

At expanding establishments

28,57425,65128,03427,52227,1804.64.24.64.54.5

At opening establishments

4,8804,8934,1024,0215,0190.80.80.70.70.8

Gross job losses

36,70539,99831,97732,20234,1055.96.65.25.35.6

At contracting establishments

31,19634,71128,04628,46929,8555.05.74.64.74.9

At closing establishments

5,5095,2873,9313,7334,2500.90.90.60.60.7

Net employment change (2)

-3,251-9,454159-659-1,906-0.5-1.60.1-0.1-0.3

Transportation and warehousing

Gross job gains

12,56814,48716,76612,66313,6165.05.86.64.65.0

At expanding establishments

10,25512,33414,05610,95410,9874.14.95.54.04.0

At opening establishments

2,3132,1532,7101,7092,6290.90.91.10.61.0

Gross job losses

13,48410,02311,39514,56411,2775.54.04.55.44.1

At contracting establishments

11,5437,9928,76712,3659,6134.73.23.54.63.5

At closing establishments

1,9412,0312,6282,1991,6640.80.81.00.80.6

Net employment change (2)

-9164,4645,371-1,9012,339-0.51.82.1-0.80.9

Information

Gross job gains

3,8934,6734,1315,4744,5654.04.94.45.84.8

At expanding establishments

3,2503,8753,3854,5373,7053.34.13.64.83.9

At opening establishments

6437987469378600.70.80.81.00.9

Gross job losses

4,8935,4014,6754,4076,2905.15.74.94.66.7

At contracting establishments

4,2284,3633,6883,3135,2874.44.63.93.55.6

At closing establishments

6651,0389871,0941,0030.71.11.01.11.1

Net employment change (2)

-1,000-728-5441,067-1,725-1.1-0.8-0.51.2-1.9

Financial activities

Gross job gains

15,99015,27416,46613,66815,1194.44.14.53.64.0

At expanding establishments

13,06512,50512,50310,99712,0693.63.43.42.93.2

At opening establishments

2,9252,7693,9632,6713,0500.80.71.10.70.8

Gross job losses

14,46115,66215,12613,82214,3623.94.24.03.73.8

At contracting establishments

11,18611,47611,23410,56111,3053.03.13.02.83.0

At closing establishments

3,2754,1863,8923,2613,0570.91.11.00.90.8

Net employment change (2)

1,529-3881,340-1547570.5-0.10.5-0.10.2

Professional and business services

Gross job gains

67,70065,37172,98960,75062,5427.27.07.76.46.6

At expanding establishments

54,63554,44459,70251,10249,8545.85.86.35.45.3

At opening establishments

13,06510,92713,2879,64812,6881.41.21.41.01.3

Gross job losses

62,82871,40761,49259,55966,6386.77.66.56.27.0

At contracting establishments

50,78257,46447,35048,98753,2305.46.15.05.15.6

At closing establishments

12,04613,94314,14210,57213,4081.31.51.51.11.4

Net employment change (2)

4,872-6,03611,4971,191-4,0960.5-0.61.20.2-0.4

Education and health services

Gross job gains

34,40035,76334,47135,58536,4433.83.93.83.94.0

At expanding establishments

28,96930,91829,05531,29029,2343.23.43.23.43.2

At opening establishments

5,4314,8455,4164,2957,2090.60.50.60.50.8

Gross job losses

33,28535,62032,05330,41834,5443.73.93.53.33.7

At contracting establishments

27,99529,50425,86224,65229,7823.13.22.82.73.2

At closing establishments

5,2906,1166,1915,7664,7620.60.70.70.60.5

Net employment change (2)

1,1151432,4185,1671,8990.10.00.30.60.3

Leisure and hospitality

Gross job gains

50,90348,21451,75857,94151,7238.47.98.59.48.3

At expanding establishments

40,10636,02939,46243,20340,3146.65.96.57.06.5

At opening establishments

10,79712,18512,29614,73811,4091.82.02.02.41.8

Gross job losses

49,11055,32249,37144,61050,7048.09.18.27.38.2

At contracting establishments

41,14545,19639,74936,05241,8446.77.46.65.96.8

At closing establishments

7,96510,1269,6228,5588,8601.31.71.61.41.4

Net employment change (2)

1,793-7,1082,38713,3311,0190.4-1.20.32.10.1

Other services (3)

Gross job gains

12,84112,74713,05712,08512,6466.66.66.76.16.5

At expanding establishments

9,6579,2639,7479,4559,7335.04.85.04.85.0

At opening establishments

3,1843,4843,3102,6302,9131.61.81.71.31.5

Gross job losses

12,13813,30110,87611,66912,2786.36.85.66.06.3

At contracting establishments

9,48210,1088,3918,7979,3874.95.24.34.54.8

At closing establishments

2,6563,1932,4852,8722,8911.41.61.31.51.5

Net employment change (2)

703-5542,1814163680.3-0.21.10.10.2

Footnotes:
(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.

Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
CategoryGross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018
June
2017
Sept.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
June
2018

United States(1)

6.26.06.46.06.15.86.15.65.45.8

Alabama

5.66.06.06.05.85.65.85.45.35.7

Alaska

10.98.79.79.810.99.910.810.28.810.7

Arizona

6.26.66.36.06.05.75.25.35.35.9

Arkansas

5.45.86.15.45.05.75.55.15.05.6

California

6.96.56.96.46.76.56.36.05.96.3

Colorado

7.06.76.86.86.86.36.56.16.06.1

Connecticut

5.75.45.35.15.85.25.85.25.25.0

Delaware

6.76.47.07.16.56.66.66.45.96.0

District of Columbia

5.75.45.86.05.65.45.25.04.75.5

Florida

6.65.88.26.16.56.17.55.35.56.1

Georgia

6.26.26.96.56.26.16.15.65.66.4

Hawaii

5.25.45.15.05.25.35.14.74.85.5

Idaho

7.36.77.47.97.36.66.86.65.96.7

Illinois

5.75.66.05.75.65.66.05.35.15.5

Indiana

5.75.45.75.65.45.55.65.05.15.5

Iowa

5.75.55.95.55.75.85.75.35.35.4

Kansas

5.56.35.95.25.76.55.75.25.55.6

Kentucky

6.16.06.16.25.96.06.05.65.95.6

Louisiana

6.36.26.26.56.16.66.16.05.86.5

Maine

7.76.57.27.28.16.87.56.67.07.1

Maryland

6.46.36.26.36.06.16.26.35.75.8

Massachusetts

6.15.45.75.46.15.35.65.45.25.4

Michigan

5.85.35.75.75.65.36.05.44.65.1

Minnesota

5.75.35.85.35.85.35.75.55.05.3

Mississippi

5.95.96.35.55.76.05.95.45.86.0

Missouri

5.65.95.75.45.75.65.95.55.25.7

Montana

7.97.28.57.88.07.77.97.47.17.8

Nebraska

5.55.96.25.65.96.15.95.55.55.8

Nevada

6.26.26.66.56.15.95.85.25.45.8

New Hampshire

6.65.56.76.16.76.06.65.95.96.3

New Jersey

6.76.06.45.66.55.66.35.85.85.7

New Mexico

6.86.66.56.36.56.46.36.15.56.2

New York

6.46.36.26.26.35.86.15.85.65.8

North Carolina

6.36.06.36.26.16.26.05.55.25.5

North Dakota

6.86.76.87.06.76.96.76.86.36.2

Ohio

5.85.35.75.55.65.55.75.25.05.4

Oklahoma

6.66.66.46.16.36.06.05.85.56.5

Oregon

6.76.66.87.86.26.16.46.05.66.2

Pennsylvania

5.55.55.55.25.35.25.25.04.95.1

Rhode Island

6.56.06.66.36.35.96.36.06.16.1

South Carolina

6.15.87.05.97.56.16.25.34.76.5

South Dakota

6.25.86.46.46.16.25.95.75.96.1

Tennessee

5.55.45.95.05.55.25.24.94.85.1

Texas

5.95.96.45.85.95.45.85.35.15.2

Utah

6.87.07.07.46.96.36.35.96.06.3

Vermont

7.96.57.46.47.26.87.86.57.07.3

Virginia

6.45.96.35.86.15.96.25.55.25.8

Washington

7.16.46.97.27.36.26.46.05.76.3

West Virginia

6.46.76.36.86.86.56.36.15.86.4

Wisconsin

5.65.05.65.65.45.55.75.04.75.5

Wyoming

8.68.78.78.48.29.17.98.48.08.3

Puerto Rico

5.44.57.18.48.05.46.811.86.86.2

Virgin Islands

6.74.29.212.012.55.311.628.216.88.6

Footnotes
(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Wednesday, March 20, 2019