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19-1509-PHI
Tuesday, August 13, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – July 2019

Regional prices increased 0.1 percent over the month; up 1.7 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast inched up 0.1 percent in July, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that this was due to an increase in the all items less food and energy index (0.2 percent). The energy index and food index both decreased over the month, down 0.4 and 0.1 percent, respectively. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.7 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This was due almost entirely to an advance in the all items less food and energy index, up 2.3 percent. The food index also rose, up 1.3 percent since July 2018, while the energy index declined 3.5 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index decreased 0.1 percent since June. Prices for food at home were down 0.3 percent, while those for food away from home edged up 0.2 percent.

From July 2018 to July 2019, the food index increased 1.3 percent. Prices for both food away from home and food at home increased over the year, up 2.9 and 0.1 percent, respectively.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, declined 0.4 percent in July, due mostly to lower electricity prices, down 1.4 percent. Prices were also lower for utility (piped) gas service (-2.2 percent) while those for gasoline were higher (0.9 percent).

The energy index decreased 3.5 percent since July 2018. The decline reflected lower prices for gasoline, down 4.2 percent, and electricity, down 2.2 percent. Utility (piped) gas service prices also decreased (-2.9 percent) over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent over the month. Prices were higher for shelter (0.2 percent), medical care (0.6 percent), and education and communication (0.6 percent) among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent since July 2018, led by higher prices for shelter, up 2.5 percent. Prices also rose over the year for medical care (4.3 percent) and recreation (2.4 percent), among others.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5

February

0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3

March

0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7

April

0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7

May

0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5

June

0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6

July

-0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7

August

-0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7

September

0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2

October

-0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3

November

0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U inched up 0.1 percent in the Middle Atlantic division, but inched down 0.1 percent in the New England division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 1.8 percent in the New England division. (See table B.) Prices also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.7 percent.

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.1 1.7

New England Division

-0.1 1.8

Middle Atlantic Division

0.1 1.7

The Consumer Price Index for August 2019 is scheduled to be released Thursday, September 12, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
May
2019
Jun.
2019
Jul.
2019
Jul.
2018
May
2019
Jun.
2019

All items

269.744 270.133 270.381 1.7 0.2 0.1

All items (December 1977 = 100)

424.765 425.377 425.767      

Food and beverages

263.180 263.945 263.657 1.3 0.2 -0.1

Food

263.725 264.562 264.282 1.3 0.2 -0.1

Food at home

250.646 251.013 250.175 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

299.438 298.218 296.600 1.0 -0.9 -0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

250.483 251.473 252.380 -0.4 0.8 0.4

Dairy and related products

228.482 227.682 228.844 0.6 0.2 0.5

Fruits and vegetables

316.098 313.129 312.912 0.3 -1.0 -0.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.936 178.917 175.045 1.0 -0.5 -2.2

Other food at home

223.253 224.488 223.386 -0.6 0.1 -0.5

Food away from home

286.691 288.223 288.751 2.9 0.7 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

255.102 254.995 254.608 0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Housing

287.727 288.767 288.869 2.0 0.4 0.0

Shelter

358.234 359.255 359.887 2.5 0.5 0.2

Rent of primary residence

360.075 361.358 362.099 3.0 0.6 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

368.886 369.402 369.958 2.1 0.3 0.2

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

368.586 369.099 369.656 2.1 0.3 0.2

Fuels and utilities

226.355 228.663 225.985 -1.9 -0.2 -1.2

Household energy

199.632 201.520 198.572 -2.9 -0.5 -1.5

Energy services

196.145 199.478 196.140 -2.4 0.0 -1.7

Electricity

201.464 206.863 203.907 -2.2 1.2 -1.4

Utility (piped) gas service

172.217 171.916 168.209 -2.9 -2.3 -2.2

Household furnishings and operations

120.594 120.883 121.195 1.6 0.5 0.3

Apparel

127.941 128.893 126.511 1.4 -1.1 -1.8

Transportation

211.629 209.993 210.070 -0.3 -0.7 0.0

Private transportation

203.615 201.448 202.161 -0.7 -0.7 0.4

New and used motor vehicles(2)

96.771 97.145 97.511 0.1 0.8 0.4

New vehicles

146.834 146.411 145.271 1.4 -1.1 -0.8

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

101.763 101.479 100.688 1.5 -1.1 -0.8

New cars(3)

135.121 134.819 134.019 1.1 -0.8 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

144.998 147.068 149.210 1.8 2.9 1.5

Motor fuel

248.681 237.616 239.743 -4.2 -3.6 0.9

Gasoline (all types)

247.663 236.565 238.722 -4.2 -3.6 0.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

245.346 233.954 236.158 -4.3 -3.7 0.9

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

260.167 250.774 252.455 -3.6 -3.0 0.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

253.334 244.834 246.585 -3.0 -2.7 0.7

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

622.511 621.462 620.674 0.8 -0.3 -0.1

Medical care

521.223 522.800 526.016 4.3 0.9 0.6

Medical care commodities

403.054 402.677 404.997 3.8 0.5 0.6

Medical care services

555.114 557.284 560.760 4.4 1.0 0.6

Professional services

387.893 392.274 394.032 3.5 1.6 0.4

Recreation(2)

126.008 126.575 126.962 2.4 0.8 0.3

Education and communication(2)

143.002 142.817 143.618 1.6 0.4 0.6

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,253.615 1,253.804 1,258.407 3.1 0.4 0.4

Other goods and services

495.913 495.992 499.857 2.2 0.8 0.8

Commodity and service group

Commodities

193.019 192.352 192.355 0.6 -0.3 0.0

Commodities less food and beverages

154.846 153.661 153.777 0.1 -0.7 0.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

202.844 199.965 199.845 -0.4 -1.5 -0.1

Durables

102.667 102.909 103.196 0.9 0.5 0.3

Services

343.671 345.002 345.471 2.3 0.5 0.1

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

239.230 239.388 239.495 1.3 0.1 0.0

All items less medical care

258.686 259.021 259.133 1.5 0.2 0.0

Commodities less food

158.511 157.352 157.454 0.1 -0.7 0.1

Nondurables

233.198 231.969 231.770 0.4 -0.6 -0.1

Nondurables less food

205.873 203.162 203.026 -0.4 -1.4 -0.1

Services less rent of shelter(1)

339.764 341.482 341.788 2.0 0.6 0.1

Services less medical care services

329.098 330.371 330.634 2.0 0.5 0.1

Energy

219.921 216.394 215.570 -3.5 -2.0 -0.4

All items less energy

277.569 278.374 278.737 2.2 0.4 0.1

All items less food and energy

281.782 282.588 283.058 2.3 0.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 13, 2019