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19-1815-PHI
Thursday, October 10, 2019

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Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – September 2019

Regional prices unchanged over the month; up 1.4 percent over the year

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast was unchanged in September, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that while there was an increase in the all items less food and energy index (0.2 percent), the energy index decreased over the month, down 1.6 percent. The food index also decreased since August, down 0.1 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 1.4 percent. (See chart 1 and table A.) This was due almost entirely to an advance in the all items less food and energy index, up 2.3 percent. The food index also rose, up 1.2 percent since September 2018, while the energy index declined 6.3 percent. (See table 1.)

Food

The food index inched down 0.1 percent since August. Prices for food at home were down 0.3 percent, while those for food away from home edged up 0.2 percent.

From September 2018 to September 2019, the food index increased 1.2 percent. Prices for food away from home increased over the year, up 3.1 percent, while those for food at home declined 0.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index, which includes prices for household and transportation fuels, declined 1.6 percent in September, due almost entirely to lower gasoline prices, down 3.3 percent. Prices were also lower for utility (piped) gas service (-1.1 percent) while those for electricity were higher (0.1 percent).

The energy index decreased 6.3 percent since September 2018. The decline reflected lower prices for gasoline (-10.0 percent), electricity (-2.4 percent), and utility (piped) gas service (-2.1 percent) over the year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy edged up 0.2 percent over the month. Higher prices for apparel (3.5 percent) and shelter (0.2 percent) were moderated by declines for new and used motor vehicles (-1.7 percent) and recreation (-1.4 percent), among others.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.3 percent since September 2018, led by higher prices for shelter, up 2.5 percent. Prices also rose over the year for medical care (4.9 percent) and education and communication (2.5 percent), among others.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

-0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7 0.6 2.5 0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5

February

0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.7 0.3 2.6 0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3

March

0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.6 -0.1 2.2 0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7

April

0.1 -0.3 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7

May

0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5

June

0.3 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.0 1.5 0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6

July

-0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.8 -0.2 1.3 0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7

August

-0.2 -0.1 0.1 1.0 0.3 1.6 0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5

September

0.0 -0.1 0.2 1.3 0.5 1.9 0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4

October

-0.2 -0.1 0.2 1.6 -0.1 1.5 -0.1 2.3

November

0.0 0.3 0.0 1.6 0.0 1.6 -0.4 1.9

December

-0.4 0.5 0.0 1.9 0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.7

Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U edged up 0.2 percent in the New England division, while declining 0.1 percent in the Middle Atlantic division.

Over the year, the all items index advanced 1.8 percent in the New England division. (See table B.) Prices also rose in the Middle Atlantic division, up 1.3 percent.

 Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.0 1.4

New England Division

0.2 1.8

Middle Atlantic Division

-0.1 1.3

The Consumer Price Index for October 2019 is scheduled to be released Wednesday, November 13, 2019, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019
Sep.
2019
Sep.
2018
Jul.
2019
Aug.
2019

All items

270.381 270.548 270.563 1.4 0.1 0.0

All items (December 1977 = 100)

425.767 426.030 426.053      

Food and beverages

263.657 264.398 264.364 1.1 0.3 0.0

Food

264.282 265.040 264.884 1.2 0.2 -0.1

Food at home

250.175 250.784 250.048 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

296.600 301.038 296.708 -0.3 0.0 -1.4

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

252.380 250.926 251.040 -0.5 -0.5 0.0

Dairy and related products

228.844 228.880 231.171 1.2 1.0 1.0

Fruits and vegetables

312.912 310.602 308.132 -2.2 -1.5 -0.8

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

175.045 176.897 177.425 1.4 1.4 0.3

Other food at home

223.386 225.010 224.071 -0.1 0.3 -0.4

Food away from home

288.751 289.738 290.422 3.1 0.6 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

254.608 255.136 256.592 0.1 0.8 0.6

Housing

288.869 288.578 289.142 1.8 0.1 0.2

Shelter

359.887 360.222 361.023 2.5 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence

362.099 363.327 364.306 3.2 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

369.958 371.150 372.187 2.3 0.6 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

369.656 370.844 371.881 2.3 0.6 0.3

Fuels and utilities

225.985 224.096 223.836 -2.2 -1.0 -0.1

Household energy

198.572 196.855 196.550 -3.1 -1.0 -0.2

Energy services

196.140 194.676 194.092 -2.3 -1.0 -0.3

Electricity

203.907 201.494 201.717 -2.4 -1.1 0.1

Utility (piped) gas service

168.209 168.411 166.552 -2.1 -1.0 -1.1

Household furnishings and operations

121.195 119.941 120.344 0.5 -0.7 0.3

Apparel

126.511 128.731 133.298 -0.2 5.4 3.5

Transportation

210.070 208.236 205.461 -1.6 -2.2 -1.3

Private transportation

202.161 200.355 197.262 -2.2 -2.4 -1.5

New and used motor vehicles(2)

97.511 97.267 95.594 0.7 -2.0 -1.7

New vehicles

145.271 143.365 142.589 -0.2 -1.8 -0.5

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

100.688 99.368 98.833 -0.2 -1.8 -0.5

New cars(3)

134.019 132.525 131.742 -1.1 -1.7 -0.6

Used cars and trucks

149.210 150.275 144.821 2.9 -2.9 -3.6

Motor fuel

239.743 232.861 225.375 -9.9 -6.0 -3.2

Gasoline (all types)

238.722 231.814 224.264 -10.0 -6.1 -3.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

236.158 228.994 221.232 -10.4 -6.3 -3.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

252.455 247.018 241.042 -8.2 -4.5 -2.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

246.585 241.819 236.103 -7.3 -4.3 -2.4

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

620.674 620.674 620.671 0.3 0.0 0.0

Medical care

526.016 528.447 531.412 4.9 1.0 0.6

Medical care commodities

404.997 409.247 403.746 3.4 -0.3 -1.3

Medical care services

560.760 562.622 568.174 5.3 1.3 1.0

Professional services

394.032 393.389 398.975 3.7 1.3 1.4

Recreation(2)

126.962 127.197 125.380 1.1 -1.2 -1.4

Education and communication(2)

143.618 145.094 145.964 2.5 1.6 0.6

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,258.407 1,276.125 1,289.058 3.9 2.4 1.0

Other goods and services

499.857 502.699 502.159 2.7 0.5 -0.1

Commodity and service group

Commodities

192.355 192.100 191.429 -0.5 -0.5 -0.3

Commodities less food and beverages

153.777 153.149 152.269 -1.5 -1.0 -0.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

199.845 199.319 198.855 -2.5 -0.5 -0.2

Durables

103.196 102.550 101.433 0.1 -1.7 -1.1

Services

345.471 346.016 346.636 2.4 0.3 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

239.495 239.601 239.324 0.9 -0.1 -0.1

All items less medical care

259.133 259.196 259.075 1.1 0.0 0.0

Commodities less food

157.454 156.855 156.038 -1.4 -0.9 -0.5

Nondurables

231.770 231.824 231.553 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1

Nondurables less food

203.026 202.563 202.215 -2.3 -0.4 -0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

341.788 342.571 343.012 2.3 0.4 0.1

Services less medical care services

330.634 331.088 331.370 2.1 0.2 0.1

Energy

215.570 211.696 208.392 -6.3 -3.3 -1.6

All items less energy

278.737 279.332 279.697 2.1 0.3 0.1

All items less food and energy

283.058 283.631 284.084 2.3 0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Thursday, October 10, 2019