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News Release Information

Wednesday, July 13, 2022

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Consumer Price Index, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson – June 2022

Area prices were up 2.6 percent over the past 2 months, up 10.6 percent from a year ago

Prices in the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 2.6 percent for the 2 months ending in June 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that this was the largest such increase in almost 15 years and was largely due to a 1.7 percent increase in the all items less food and energy index. The energy index rose 13.5 percent since April, while the food index increased 1.8 percent. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U increased 10.6 percent, the largest over-the-year increase since January 1981.  It was mostly due to a series-high 7.9-percent increase in the all items less food and energy index due in part to significantly higher prices for shelter. The energy index and the food index also rose over the year. (See chart 1 and table 1.)


Food prices rose 1.8 percent for the 2 months ending in June. The food at home index was up 2.0 percent, the largest such increase in the more than 24-year history of that series. Among the rising grocery prices was a 5.9 percent increase for other food at home and 6.1 percent for cereal and bakery products. The food at home price increase was tempered by lower prices for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (-1.8 percent) as well as fruits and vegetables (-1.9 percent). The food away from home index increased 1.6 percent in June 2022 following declines in February and April.

Over the year, the food index rose 12.3 percent as prices were up for both food at home (13.6 percent), and food away from home (8.8 percent); this was the largest 12-month increase in the history of the series which began in 1999. The food at home index was led by a 15.2 percent rise in prices for other food at home - the highest since that series began publication in 2018. Other than the meats, poultry, fish, and eggs index, each of the major grocery categories increased more than at any time since they began in 2018.


The energy index advanced 13.5 percent for the 2 months ending in June (see table 1.) The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (25.7 percent). Prices for electricity decreased 5.3 percent, the first decline in nearly a year, while prices for utility (piped) gas service increased 16.3 percent for the same period, the highest rise in nearly 6 years.

Energy prices jumped 40.7 percent over the year, largely due to higher prices for gasoline (64.6 percent – the largest 12-month rise since the series began in 1999). Prices paid for electricity were up 8.7 percent, although that was the smallest such increase in 2022. The utility (piped) gas service index was up 30.2 percent during the past year, the largest increase in over 5 years.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 1.7 percent in the latest 2-month period. Higher prices for shelter (2.3 percent) contributed to the increase as the indexes for owners’ equivalent rent of residences and rent of primary residence both rose, up 2.2 percent and 2.8 percent, respectively. The new and used motor vehicle index rose 3.4 percent, the first increase this calendar year; higher prices for new vehicles (up 2.4 percent) contributed to the increase. Small declines were noted in the indexes for recreation, other goods and services, and household furnishings and operations.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 7.9 percent and accounted for over 60 percent of the increase in the all items index. Components contributing to the rise included shelter (6.9 percent) and new and used motor vehicles (21.8 percent). The 12-month increase in shelter prices is the largest over-the-year increase for the shelter index since January 2007 while the new and used motor vehicles rise was the smallest since August. An increase in the medical care index (6.8 percent) also contributed to the general rise although several of the other categories posted more moderate increases compared with their trends of the past year

The August 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Baltimore-Columbia-Towson area is scheduled to be released on September 13, 2022.

Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index for Baltimore-Columbia-Towson is published bi-monthly. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 5,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the internet at and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. Note: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, Core Based Statistical Area includes Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne’s counties, as well as Baltimore City, in Maryland.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from

All items

290.688   298.273 10.6 2.6  

Food and beverages

304.719   310.322 11.7 1.8  


305.462   311.073 12.3 1.8  

Food at home

274.684 281.455 280.058 13.6 2.0 -0.5

Cereals and bakery products

330.254   350.501 17.2 6.1  

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

290.066   284.705 11.3 -1.8  

Dairy and related products

262.871   268.543 11.7 2.2  

Fruits and vegetables

330.492   324.195 11.7 -1.9  

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials(1)

193.023   197.600 14.2 2.4  

Other food at home

241.348   255.508 15.2 5.9  

Food away from home

344.597   350.140 8.8 1.6  

Alcoholic beverages

289.919   295.340 3.1 1.9  


285.464   290.591 7.5 1.8  


334.945 338.293 342.698 6.9 2.3 1.3

Rent of primary residence

380.335 382.789 391.062 7.6 2.8 2.2

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)

350.827 352.487 358.689 6.0 2.2 1.8

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(2)

350.827 352.487 358.689 6.0 2.2 1.8

Fuels and utilities

265.371   266.149 14.8 0.3  

Household energy

234.265 244.098 235.059 16.7 0.3 -3.7

Energy services

246.008 252.190 241.636 12.3 -1.8 -4.2


228.261 231.215 216.079 8.7 -5.3 -6.5

Utility (piped) gas service

230.983 251.120 268.735 30.2 16.3 7.0

Household furnishings and operations

133.354   132.243 6.4 -0.8  


122.238   126.871 0.6 3.8  


271.552   292.493 26.5 7.7  

Private transportation

275.965   298.396 30.4 8.1  

New and used motor vehicles(3)

134.702   139.319   3.4  

New vehicles(1)

264.693   270.982   2.4  

Used cars and trucks(1)

360.365   371.851 8.0 3.2  

Motor fuel

340.330 391.144 427.544 65.0 25.6 9.3

Gasoline (all types)

332.226 381.451 417.659 64.6 25.7 9.5

Gasoline, unleaded regular(4)

337.465 388.862 425.581 66.0 26.1 9.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(4)(5)

351.702 394.960 434.622 57.7 23.6 10.0

Gasoline, unleaded premium(4)

330.431 368.943 405.244 54.6 22.6 9.8

Motor vehicle insurance(1)


Medical care

474.977   481.527 6.8 1.4  


136.484   135.416 6.4 -0.8  

Education and communication(3)

159.343   160.151 3.0 0.5  

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(1)

1,300.471   1,304.247 2.5 0.3  

Other goods and services

489.310   483.135 5.7 -1.3  

Commodity and service group


223.430   233.452 17.6 4.5  

Commodities less food and beverages

184.474   195.038 20.8 5.7  

Nondurables less food and beverages

231.343   255.778 25.1 10.6  


132.367   134.693 17.3 1.8  


356.112   361.609 6.7 1.5  

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

274.867   282.475 12.7 2.8  

All items less medical care

281.574   289.218 11.0 2.7  

Commodities less food

188.129   198.705 20.2 5.6  


265.366   281.595 18.3 6.1  

Nondurables less food

234.814   258.427 23.7 10.1  

Services less rent of shelter(2)

393.427   395.938 6.5 0.6  

Services less medical care services

344.143   349.489 6.6 1.6  


290.118 318.564 329.428 40.7 13.5 3.4

All items less energy

292.464   297.356 8.4 1.7  

All items less food and energy

290.424   295.218 7.9 1.7  

(1) Indexes on a March 1978=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a November 1982=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(4) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(5) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.


Last Modified Date: Wednesday, July 13, 2022