News Release Information

18-1890-PHI
Monday, November 26, 2018

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Washington Area Employment – October 2018

Area’s Rate of Employment Similar to the National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,353,400 in October 2018, up 60,700, or 1.8 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.7 percent. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the Washington area has had consecutive over-the-year employment increases for over four years. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area is made up of two metropolitan divisions¾separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division, with 82 percent of the area’s employment, gained 47,200 jobs over the year. The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, MD Metropolitan Division, which represented the remaining 18 percent of area employment, added 13,500 jobs since October 2017.

Industry employment

In the greater Washington metropolitan area, professional and business services had the largest employment gain from October 2017 to October 2018, adding 20,300 jobs. The Washington area’s 2.7-percent growth in professional and business services employment was similar to the 2.6-percent increase nationally. (See chart 2.) Eighty percent of the local job gains in this industry were in the Washington division.

Leisure and hospitality (+9,700) and trade, transportation, and utilities (+9,600) had the next largest over-the-year local job gains. The local rate of job growth in leisure and hospitality (3.0 percent) was almost double the 1.6-percent gain for the nation. Trade, transportation, and utilities employment grew 2.4 percent in the Washington area, compared to 1.1 percent nationally.

From October 2017 to October 2018, local job gains among the remaining eight supersectors ranged from 6,100 in mining, logging, and construction to 1,200 each in manufacturing and information. From October 2017 to October 2018, no supersector in the Washington area lost jobs.

Employment in the 12 largest metropolitan areas

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in October 2018. All 12 areas had over-the-year job growth during the period, with the rates of job growth in 7 areas exceeding the national increase of 1.7 percent. Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land (+3.9 percent), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (+3.7 percent), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (+3.0 percent) had the fastest rates of job growth. Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (+0.9 percent), New York-Newark-Jersey City (+1.1 percent), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim (+1.2 percent) had the slowest rates of job growth. (See chart 3 and table 2.)

Houston added the largest number of jobs over the year, 117,800, followed by Dallas (+109,000) and New York (+108,500). Chicago had the smallest employment gain over the year, 41,300, followed by San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward (+41,700) and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (+43,600). Annual gains in the remaining six  metropolitan areas ranged from 76,700 in Phoenix to 53,100 in Boston-Cambridge-Nashua.

Over the year, professional and business services added the most jobs in six areas: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Boston, Dallas, Houston, San Francisco, and Washington. Construction gained the most jobs in three areas: Chicago, Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Palm Beach, and Phoenix.

The other services sector recorded the largest employment loss in three areas: Atlanta, Chicago, and San Francisco. Information lost the most jobs in three other areas: Houston, New York, and and Philadelphia. Dallas, Phoenix, and Washington were the only metropolitan areas to record no losses in any supersector.

Metropolitan area employment data for November 2018 are scheduled to be released on Friday, December 21, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical criteria.

For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample survey and administrative data and thus are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for the total private employment series are available for metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of sampling error for more detailed series at the area and division level are available upon request. Measures of sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/web/laus/benchmark.pdf.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on July 15, 2015. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

  • The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Culpeper, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Rappahannock, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.
  • The Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division includes Frederick and Montgomery Counties in Maryland.

Additional information

More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings, which is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm. Industry employment data for states and metropolitan areas from the Current Employment Statistics program are also available in the above mentioned news releases and from the Internet at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, Washington metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Oct
2017
Aug
2018
Sep
2018
Oct
2018 (p)
Oct 2017 to
Oct 2018 (p)
Net
change
Percent
change

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area

Total nonfarm

3,292.7 3,334.0 3,339.6 3,353.4 60.7 1.8

Mining, logging, and construction

162.5 169.7 169.2 168.6 6.1 3.8

Manufacturing

54.9 55.8 55.9 56.1 1.2 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

406.0 414.2 413.8 415.6 9.6 2.4

Information

73.2 74.0 73.7 74.4 1.2 1.6

Financial activities

158.1 161.4 161.6 160.6 2.5 1.6

Professional and business services

749.8 777.7 768.3 770.1 20.3 2.7

Education and health services

448.4 439.1 446.1 449.8 1.4 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

328.8 349.6 339.5 338.5 9.7 3.0

Other services

207.4 211.0 209.5 210.7 3.3 1.6

Government

703.6 681.5 702.0 709.0 5.4 0.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

2,700.3 2,724.0 2,735.1 2,747.5 47.2 1.7

Mining, logging, and construction

127.0 130.8 130.7 130.1 3.1 2.4

Manufacturing

37.0 37.5 37.6 37.8 0.8 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

328.7 336.2 337.1 339.1 10.4 3.2

Information

60.5 61.2 61.1 61.8 1.3 2.1

Financial activities

120.6 125.0 125.4 124.5 3.9 3.2

Professional and business services

620.2 641.6 635.9 636.5 16.3 2.6

Education and health services

355.5 345.7 353.3 356.3 0.8 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

274.2 288.9 281.8 282.5 8.3 3.0

Other services

182.4 186.0 184.7 185.9 3.5 1.9

Government

594.2 571.1 587.5 593.0 -1.2 -0.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville, Md. Metropolitan Division

Total nonfarm

592.4 610.0 604.5 605.9 13.5 2.3

Mining, logging, and construction

35.5 38.9 38.5 38.5 3.0 8.5

Manufacturing

17.9 18.3 18.3 18.3 0.4 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

77.3 78.0 76.7 76.5 -0.8 -1.0

Information

12.7 12.8 12.6 12.6 -0.1 -0.8

Financial activities

37.5 36.4 36.2 36.1 -1.4 -3.7

Professional and business services

129.6 136.1 132.4 133.6 4.0 3.1

Education and health services

92.9 93.4 92.8 93.5 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

54.6 60.7 57.7 56.0 1.4 2.6

Other services

25.0 25.0 24.8 24.8 -0.2 -0.8

Government

109.4 110.4 114.5 116.0 6.6 6.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area

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Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and 12 large metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Back
data
Oct
2017
Aug
2018
Sep
2018
Oct
2018 (p)
Oct 2017 to
Oct 2018 (p)
Net
change
Percent
change

United States

Total nonfarm

148,203 149,406 149,738 150,753 2,550 1.7

Mining and logging

700 763 759 764 64 9.1

Construction

7,182 7,529 7,474 7,500 318 4.4

Manufacturing

12,509 12,823 12,791 12,800 291 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,604 27,797 27,715 27,910 306 1.1

Information

2,784 2,787 2,753 2,776 -8 -0.3

Financial activities

8,499 8,654 8,606 8,616 117 1.4

Professional and business services

20,815 21,217 21,185 21,352 537 2.6

Education and health services

23,515 23,430 23,691 24,018 503 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

16,100 17,076 16,530 16,360 260 1.6

Other services

5,808 5,910 5,864 5,886 78 1.3

Government

22,687 21,420 22,370 22,771 84 0.4

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga.

Total nonfarm

2,752.2 2,789.6 2,796.5 2,813.0 60.8 2.2

Mining and logging

1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

124.8 132.2 133.5 135.1 10.3 8.3

Manufacturing

167.8 169.1 169.3 169.0 1.2 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

607.7 616.9 620.1 621.6 13.9 2.3

Information

99.7 96.5 97.6 98.1 -1.6 -1.6

Financial activities

170.9 170.0 169.0 169.8 -1.1 -0.6

Professional and business services

503.1 507.0 508.5 519.0 15.9 3.2

Education and health services

346.5 356.2 358.3 359.8 13.3 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

290.7 308.1 302.9 301.3 10.6 3.6

Other services

100.5 98.6 98.4 97.8 -2.7 -2.7

Government

338.9 333.4 337.3 339.9 1.0 0.3

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (NECTA)

Total nonfarm

2,767.5 2,805.7 2,800.6 2,820.6 53.1 1.9

Mining, logging, and construction

118.6 125.2 124.2 125.3 6.7 5.6

Manufacturing

187.3 192.2 190.5 191.8 4.5 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

427.2 426.5 424.6 428.9 1.7 0.4

Information

79.3 81.7 79.7 80.2 0.9 1.1

Financial activities

185.0 186.4 184.1 183.5 -1.5 -0.8

Professional and business services

489.0 515.6 511.9 515.6 26.6 5.4

Education and health services

586.0 585.1 588.1 597.5 11.5 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

275.4 298.2 279.9 276.0 0.6 0.2

Other services

105.0 108.4 104.8 105.3 0.3 0.3

Government

314.7 286.4 312.8 316.5 1.8 0.6

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.

Total nonfarm

4,754.6 4,766.3 4,751.5 4,795.9 41.3 0.9

Mining and logging

1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0

Construction

182.6 191.8 191.1 193.2 10.6 5.8

Manufacturing

416.2 423.0 423.7 424.8 8.6 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

955.6 953.0 944.7 959.1 3.5 0.4

Information

77.9 74.9 74.2 76.1 -1.8 -2.3

Financial activities

305.8 312.5 309.6 310.0 4.2 1.4

Professional and business services

842.3 844.0 838.0 844.9 2.6 0.3

Education and health services

735.5 720.5 726.2 738.7 3.2 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

482.6 507.5 490.2 486.0 3.4 0.7

Other services

195.2 194.5 191.7 191.6 -3.6 -1.8

Government

559.3 543.0 560.5 569.9 10.6 1.9

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas

Total nonfarm

3,643.4 3,714.1 3,720.8 3,752.4 109.0 3.0

Mining, logging, and construction

216.6 231.5 229.9 231.1 14.5 6.7

Manufacturing

273.8 279.3 279.5 281.1 7.3 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

778.1 787.4 786.7 791.1 13.0 1.7

Information

82.6 83.9 83.6 84.2 1.6 1.9

Financial activities

296.8 299.8 302.8 303.8 7.0 2.4

Professional and business services

600.3 626.7 623.5 629.5 29.2 4.9

Education and health services

446.6 456.8 457.3 461.1 14.5 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

382.9 397.5 392.4 396.3 13.4 3.5

Other services

124.0 128.0 126.8 127.4 3.4 2.7

Government

441.7 423.2 438.3 446.8 5.1 1.2

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas

Total nonfarm

3,041.0 3,122.1 3,135.2 3,158.8 117.8 3.9

Mining and logging

77.1 80.7 80.4 81.6 4.5 5.8

Construction

220.2 243.9 243.7 245.8 25.6 11.6

Manufacturing

216.7 231.2 232.6 232.8 16.1 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

619.9 634.5 629.8 635.9 16.0 2.6

Information

31.2 31.1 30.8 31.0 -0.2 -0.6

Financial activities

160.4 164.3 164.6 165.2 4.8 3.0

Professional and business services

488.8 518.0 517.0 519.4 30.6 6.3

Education and health services

386.3 394.6 394.1 395.1 8.8 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

319.9 325.9 324.1 323.6 3.7 1.2

Other services

108.5 111.9 112.5 114.6 6.1 5.6

Government

412.0 386.0 405.6 413.8 1.8 0.4

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif.

Total nonfarm

6,121.5 6,105.4 6,135.3 6,193.9 72.4 1.2

Mining and logging

2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0 0.1 3.4

Construction

246.0 249.3 248.0 249.7 3.7 1.5

Manufacturing

505.4 504.9 504.7 501.8 -3.6 -0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,109.2 1,101.1 1,097.2 1,106.2 -3.0 -0.3

Information

247.1 248.5 244.4 246.6 -0.5 -0.2

Financial activities

339.8 340.9 341.0 340.4 0.6 0.2

Professional and business services

931.7 946.3 946.3 961.2 29.5 3.2

Education and health services

1,027.1 1,027.8 1,036.6 1,046.8 19.7 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

752.5 781.8 780.7 783.4 30.9 4.1

Other services

205.2 201.9 203.3 205.4 0.2 0.1

Government

754.6 700.0 730.1 749.4 -5.2 -0.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, Fla.

Total nonfarm

2,636.0 2,664.1 2,668.6 2,700.0 64.0 2.4

Mining and logging

0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.1 14.3

Construction

132.5 144.8 145.6 147.3 14.8 11.2

Manufacturing

90.4 98.0 96.1 97.5 7.1 7.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

595.5 601.5 600.3 607.3 11.8 2.0

Information

50.0 50.5 50.2 51.0 1.0 2.0

Financial activities

177.1 182.2 181.1 182.2 5.1 2.9

Professional and business services

440.6 434.6 437.9 446.1 5.5 1.2

Education and health services

396.2 395.6 398.0 404.0 7.8 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

314.2 321.6 321.7 325.6 11.4 3.6

Other services

124.1 125.2 126.6 127.6 3.5 2.8

Government

314.7 309.3 310.3 310.6 -4.1 -1.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.

Total nonfarm

9,770.9 9,795.8 9,782.2 9,879.4 108.5 1.1

Mining, logging, and construction

408.0 416.4 415.6 415.5 7.5 1.8

Manufacturing

364.2 365.0 364.9 365.5 1.3 0.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,759.1 1,748.2 1,746.8 1,764.0 4.9 0.3

Information

288.6 286.9 285.1 286.4 -2.2 -0.8

Financial activities

780.7 787.7 779.7 778.9 -1.8 -0.2

Professional and business services

1,560.8 1,582.3 1,571.6 1,580.4 19.6 1.3

Education and health services

1,956.4 1,922.1 1,965.7 2,017.2 60.8 3.1

Leisure and hospitality

917.9 1,000.0 953.1 929.7 11.8 1.3

Other services

424.0 430.2 424.7 431.8 7.8 1.8

Government

1,311.2 1,257.0 1,275.0 1,310.0 -1.2 -0.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.

Total nonfarm

2,947.4 2,942.9 2,968.2 2,991.0 43.6 1.5

Mining, logging, and construction

118.4 123.0 122.2 122.8 4.4 3.7

Manufacturing

180.7 181.0 181.6 181.9 1.2 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

525.5 525.3 525.7 531.9 6.4 1.2

Information

44.9 44.7 44.1 43.7 -1.2 -2.7

Financial activities

215.0 218.5 218.4 217.1 2.1 1.0

Professional and business services

476.0 481.7 483.1 488.2 12.2 2.6

Education and health services

658.2 644.8 662.3 671.4 13.2 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

268.4 286.2 270.7 267.6 -0.8 -0.3

Other services

118.9 121.6 120.0 120.6 1.7 1.4

Government

341.4 316.1 340.1 345.8 4.4 1.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Ariz.

Total nonfarm

2,067.1 2,101.6 2,123.8 2,143.8 76.7 3.7

Mining and logging

3.2 3.2 3.2 3.2 0.0 0.0

Construction

117.2 130.4 131.0 133.9 16.7 14.2

Manufacturing

125.2 131.0 131.8 132.3 7.1 5.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

396.5 400.5 400.7 401.1 4.6 1.2

Information

35.5 37.0 37.8 38.3 2.8 7.9

Financial activities

188.3 190.8 191.2 192.3 4.0 2.1

Professional and business services

353.8 358.2 361.8 368.0 14.2 4.0

Education and health services

313.3 318.6 321.5 325.1 11.8 3.8

Leisure and hospitality

223.0 228.4 229.0 233.0 10.0 4.5

Other services

64.9 65.3 65.0 65.8 0.9 1.4

Government

246.2 238.2 250.8 250.8 4.6 1.9

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, Calif.

Total nonfarm

2,418.3 2,442.6 2,448.9 2,460.0 41.7 1.7

Mining and logging

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0

Construction

121.4 125.0 124.7 124.9 3.5 2.9

Manufacturing

141.9 143.7 143.6 142.1 0.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

385.4 389.1 387.3 386.3 0.9 0.2

Information

107.7 112.3 111.9 111.9 4.2 3.9

Financial activities

142.9 144.7 143.6 143.4 0.5 0.3

Professional and business services

482.1 499.4 496.7 502.4 20.3 4.2

Education and health services

354.5 352.3 356.1 359.5 5.0 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

272.5 278.6 278.7 277.0 4.5 1.7

Other services

86.9 85.7 85.0 85.4 -1.5 -1.7

Government

322.5 311.3 320.8 326.6 4.1 1.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.

Total nonfarm

3,292.7 3,334.0 3,339.6 3,353.4 60.7 1.8

Mining, logging, and construction

162.5 169.7 169.2 168.6 6.1 3.8

Manufacturing

54.9 55.8 55.9 56.1 1.2 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

406.0 414.2 413.8 415.6 9.6 2.4

Information

73.2 74.0 73.7 74.4 1.2 1.6

Financial activities

158.1 161.4 161.6 160.6 2.5 1.6

Professional and business services

749.8 777.7 768.3 770.1 20.3 2.7

Education and health services

448.4 439.1 446.1 449.8 1.4 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

328.8 349.6 339.5 338.5 9.7 3.0

Other services

207.4 211.0 209.5 210.7 3.3 1.6

Government

703.6 681.5 702.0 709.0 5.4 0.8

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

SOURCE: Current Employment Statistics - National - State and Metropolitan Area

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Last Modified Date: Monday, November 26, 2018