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Tuesday, May 30, 2017


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Occupational Employment and Wages in Washington-Arlington-Alexandria – May 2016

Workers in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area had an average (mean) hourly wage of $32.69 in May 2016, 37 percent above the nationwide average of $23.86, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that, after testing for statistical significance, average wages in the local area were significantly higher than their respective national averages in 21 of the 22 major occupational groups.

When compared to the nationwide distribution, local employment shares were significantly higher in 9 of the 22 occupational groups including business and financial operations; computer and mathematical; and management. Conversely, 12 groups had employment shares significantly below their national representation; these groups included production; transportation and material moving; and office and administrative support. (See table A and box note at end of release.)

Table A. Occupational employment and wages by major occupational group, United States and the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area, and measures of statistical significance, May 2016
Major occupational group Percent of total employment Mean hourly wage
United States Washington United States Washington Percent difference (1)

Total, all occupations

100.0 100.0   $23.86 $32.69 * 37


5.1 7.6 * 56.74 68.50 * 21

Business and financial operations

5.2 9.9 * 36.09 44.27 * 23

Computer and mathematical

3.0 7.3 * 42.25 50.13 * 19

Architecture and engineering

1.8 2.0 * 40.53 48.65 * 20

Life, physical, and social science

0.8 2.1 * 35.06 48.42 * 38

Community and social service

1.4 1.3 * 22.69 28.00 * 23


0.8 2.2 * 50.95 68.02 * 34

Education, training, and library

6.2 6.2   26.21 30.75 * 17

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media

1.4 2.4 * 28.07 36.76 * 31

Healthcare practitioners and technical

5.9 4.8 * 38.06 44.74 * 18

Healthcare support

2.9 2.1 * 14.65 16.20 * 11

Protective service

2.4 2.9 * 22.03 27.16 * 23

Food preparation and serving related

9.2 8.3 * 11.47 12.79 * 12

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance

3.2 3.5 * 13.47 14.27 * 6

Personal care and service

3.2 2.9 * 12.74 14.91 * 17

Sales and related

10.4 8.6 * 19.50 21.74 * 11

Office and administrative support

15.7 13.3 * 17.91 21.13 * 18

Farming, fishing, and forestry

0.3 0.1 * 13.37 17.75 * 33

Construction and extraction

4.0 3.7 * 23.51 23.85   1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

3.9 3.0 * 22.45 25.57 * 14


6.5 1.7 * 17.88 20.04 * 12

Transportation and material moving

6.9 4.2 * 17.34 19.58 * 13

(1) A positive percent difference measures how much the mean wage in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area is above the national mean wage, while a negative difference reflects a lower wage.
* The percent share of employment or mean hourly wage for this area is significantly different from the national average of all areas at the 90-percent confidence level.

One occupational group—computer and mathematical—was chosen to illustrate the diversity of data available for any of the 22 major occupational categories. Washington had 223,490 jobs in the computer and mathematical group, accounting for 7.3 percent of local area employment, significantly larger than the 3.0-percent share nationally. The average hourly wage for this occupational group locally was $50.13, significantly higher than the national average of $42.25.

Some of the larger detailed occupations within the computer and mathematical group in the Washington area included application software developers (31,410) and computer systems analysts (28,040). Among the higher paying jobs were computer and information research scientists and systems software developers, with mean hourly wages of $60.48 and $58.14, respectively. At the lower end of the wage scale were computer user support specialists ($29.31) and computer network support specialists ($38.16). (Detailed occupational data for computer and mathematical are presented in table 1; for a complete listing of detailed occupations available go to

Location quotients allow us to explore the occupational make-up of a metropolitan area by comparing the composition of jobs in an area relative to the national average. (See table 1.) For example, a location quotient of 2.0 indicates that an occupation accounts for twice the share of employment in the area as it does nationally. In the Washington metropolitan area, above-average concentrations of employment were found in nearly all of the detailed occupations within the computer and mathematical group. For instance, information security analysts were employed at 5.5 times the national rate in Washington, and statisticians, at 6.4 times the U.S. average. On the other hand, actuaries had a location quotient of 0.8 in Washington, meaning the local employment share in this particular occupation was close to the national share.

These statistics are from the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey, a federal-state cooperative program between BLS and State Workforce Agencies, in this case, the District of Columbia Department of Employment Services, the Virginia Employment Commission, the Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation, and WorkForce West Virginia.

Note on Occupational Employment Statistics Data

A value that is statistically different from another does not necessarily mean that the difference has economic or practical significance. Statistical significance is concerned with the ability to make confident statements about a universe based on a sample. It is entirely possible that a large difference between two values is not significantly different statistically, while a small difference is, since both the size and heterogeneity of the sample affect the relative error of the data being tested.

Technical Note

The Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey is a semiannual mail survey measuring occupational employment and wage rates for wage and salary workers in nonfarm establishments in the United States. The OES program produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations for all industries combined in the nation; the 50 states and the District of Columbia; 432 metropolitan areas and divisions; 167 nonmetropolitan areas; and Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. National estimates are also available by industry for NAICS sectors, 3-, 4-, and selected 5- and 6-digit industries, and by ownership across all industries and for schools and hospitals. OES data are available at

OES estimates are constructed from a sample of about 1.2 million establishments. Forms are mailed to approximately 200,000 sampled establishments in May and November each year. The May 2016 estimates are based on responses from six semiannual panels collected over a 3-year period: May 2016, November 2015, May 2015, November 2014, May 2014, and November 2013. The overall national response rate for the six panels, based on the 50 states and the District of Columbia, is 73 percent based on establishments and 69 percent based on weighted sampled employment. The unweighted employment of sampled establishments across all six semiannual panels represents approximately 58 percent of total national employment. The sample in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area included 16,667 establishments with a response rate of 66 percent. For more information about OES concepts and methodology, go to

The May 2016 OES estimates are based on the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system and the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). Information about the 2010 SOC is available on the BLS website at and information about the 2012 NAICS is available at

Metropolitan area definitions

The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George's Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

Additional information

OES data are available on our regional web page at Answers to frequently asked questions about the OES data are available at Detailed technical information about the OES survey is available in our Survey Methods and Reliability Statement on the BLS website at

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request – Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Employment and wage data from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, by occupation, Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area, May 2016
Occupation (1) Employment (2) Mean wage
Level Location quotient (3) Hourly Annual (4)

Computer and mathematical occupations

223,490 2.5 $50.13 $104,280

Computer and information research scientists

3,400 5.9 60.48 125,800

Computer systems analysts

28,040 2.3 49.18 102,290

Information security analysts

11,660 5.5 52.01 108,170

Computer programmers

9,400 1.6 47.33 98,440

Software developers, applications

31,410 1.8 54.87 114,130

Software developers, systems software

27,400 3.1 58.14 120,930

Web developers

4,910 1.7 41.32 85,950

Database administrators

5,630 2.3 48.06 99,960

Network and computer systems administrators

20,260 2.5 49.46 102,870

Computer network architects

10,580 3.1 56.65 117,830

Computer user support specialists

18,980 1.4 29.31 60,970

Computer network support specialists

8,450 2.1 38.16 79,360

Computer occupations, all other

29,680 5.2 53.74 111,780


340 0.8 72.41 150,610


290 4.9 64.37 133,890

Operations research analysts

7,830 3.3 52.26 108,710


4,660 6.4 49.19 102,310

Mathematical science occupations, all other

(5) (5) 38.47 80,020

(1) For a complete listing of all detailed occupations in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria Metropolitan Statistical Area, see
(2) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.
(3) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.
(4) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.
(5) Estimates not released.


Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 30, 2017