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News Release Information

22-1192-PHI
Friday, June 10, 2022

Contacts Technical information: Media contact:

Consumer Price Index, Northeast Region – May 2022

Area prices were up 0.9 percent over the past month, up 7.5 percent from a year ago

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) in the Northeast rose 0.9 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Alexandra Hall Bovee noted that higher prices for energy, up 7.4 percent, was responsible for over two-thirds of the overall increase as gasoline prices rose 10.8 percent over the month. Increases were broad based: the food index, up 1.1 percent, and the all items less food and energy index, up 0.2 percent, also contributed overall increase. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect the impact of seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the Northeast all items CPI-U increased 7.5 percent, the largest increase since December 1981. (See chart 1 and table A.) The all items less food and energy index, up 4.6 percent, was responsible for nearly half of the over-the-year increase but the energy index jumped 40.2 percent, largely the result of higher gasoline prices. The food index advanced 9.0 percent over-the-year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices rose 1.1 percent for the month of May representing the 15th consecutive month of increases, ranging from 0.2 to 1.1 percent. (See table 1.) Of the two major components within the food index, prices for food at home increased 1.4 percent, matching the April increase, while prices for food away from home rose 0.5 percent for the same period. Food at home prices were higher for other food at home (1.9 percent); meats, poultry, fish, and eggs (1.9 percent); and cereals and bakery products (1.8 percent), among other categories.

From May 2021 to May 2022, the food index increased 9.0 percent – the highest 12-month change since April 1981. Prices for food at home advanced 10.4 percent since a year ago, the greatest such increase in over 41 years. The food away from home index increased 6.3 percent.

Energy

The energy index increased 7.4 percent over the month mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (10.8 percent) and fuel oil (18.4 percent). Electricity and utility (piped) gas service advanced 1.5 percent and 2.4 percent, respectively.

Energy prices advanced 40.2 percent over the year, the 16th consecutive increase and the largest since May 1980. Gasoline prices rose 51.9 percent, below the November peak of 57.1 percent. Fuel oil prices jumped 112.5 percent while electricity prices were up 15.3 percent. The utility (piped) gas service index was up 31.1 percent, the largest increase since October 2005.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in May, the smallest increase in 2022. The shelter index (up 0.4 percent after increases of 0.5 percent in March and April) was pushed by a 0.4 percent increase in owners' equivalent rent of residences which accounted for more than two-thirds of the shelter rise.  For more than 7 years, over-the-month changes in owners' equivalent rent of residences have ranged from 0 to 0.4 percent and rent of primary residence has had a similar pattern for the last 3 years. Public transportation prices were up since April. Other components posted declines: new and used motor vehicles prices were down 1.7 percent, the largest drop since September 2019; the other goods and services index was down 0.4 percent; and education and communication prices edged down 0.1 percent.

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy increased 4.6 percent, moderating slightly after rises of 4.9 and 5.0 in the previous 3 months. The shelter index advanced 3.2 percent as owners’ equivalent rent of residences was up 3.1 percent, the largest increase since November 2016. Household furnishings and operations prices increased 9.0 percent, down slightly from April’s historical high of 9.3 percent. The new and used motor vehicles index increased 12.5 percent – the smallest increase in the last year - as prices for used cars and trucks and new vehicle generally moderated.

Table A. Northeast region CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, not seasonally adjusted
Month 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month 1-month 12-month

January

0.5 1.6 0.3 1.5 0.7 2.3 0.4 1.1 0.8 6.3

February

0.4 1.7 0.2 1.3 0.3 2.4 0.4 1.2 0.7 6.6

March

0.1 2.0 0.5 1.7 -0.2 1.7 0.6 2.1 1.3 7.3

April

0.4 2.1 0.4 1.7 -0.4 0.8 0.7 3.3 0.6 7.2

May

0.4 2.5 0.3 1.5 0.0 0.6 0.6 3.9 0.9 7.5

June

0.0 2.6 0.1 1.6 0.3 0.8 1.0 4.6

July

0.0 2.7 0.1 1.7 0.4 1.1 0.2 4.3

August

0.2 2.7 0.1 1.5 0.1 1.1 0.1 4.4

September

0.1 2.2 0.0 1.4 0.1 1.2 0.3 4.6

October

-0.1 2.3 -0.1 1.5 -0.2 1.1 0.6 5.4

November

-0.4 1.9 0.1 1.9 0.1 1.1 0.6 6.0

December

-0.1 1.7 -0.1 1.9 0.2 1.4 0.2 5.9
Geographic divisions

Additional price indexes are now available for the two divisions of the Northeast. Over the month, the all items CPI-U was 1.1 percent higher in the New England division, while prices in the Middle Atlantic division rose 0.8 percent.

Over the year, prices rose 7.9 percent in the New England division and in the Middle Atlantic division, prices increased 7.3 percent. (See table B.)

Table B. CPI-U 1-month and 12-month percent changes, all items index, Northeast region and divisions, not seasonally adjusted
Area 1-month change 12-month change

Northeast

0.9 7.5

New England Division

1.1 7.9

Middle Atlantic Division

0.8 7.3

The June 2022 Consumer Price Index for the Northeast Region is scheduled to be released on July 13, 2022.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 93 percent of the total U.S. population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers approximately 29 percent of the total U.S. population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 75 urban areas across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail establishments—department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date; for most of the CPI-U the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. An increase of 7 percent from the reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and services rising from $100 to $107. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the CPI section of the BLS Handbook of Methods available on the internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/cpi/.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Northeast region is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The New England division is comprised of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

The Middle Atlantic division is comprised of New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Information in this release will be made available to individuals with sensory impairments upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Telecommunications Relay Service: 7-1-1.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods, Northeast Region, (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted) (not seasonally adjusted)
Expenditure category Indexes Percent change from
Historical
data
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022
May
2022
May
2021
Mar.
2022
Apr.
2022

All items

298.403 300.325 302.939 7.5 1.5 0.9

All items (December 1977 = 100)

469.894 472.920 477.036      

Food and beverages

297.203 300.047 303.241 8.7 2.0 1.1

Food

298.883 301.840 305.074 9.0 2.1 1.1

Food at home

282.730 286.582 290.648 10.4 2.8 1.4

Cereals and bakery products

335.526 340.416 346.685 11.4 3.3 1.8

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

297.267 300.953 306.537 11.7 3.1 1.9

Dairy and related products

253.603 262.070 262.471 10.6 3.5 0.2

Fruits and vegetables

345.908 350.638 352.857 8.0 2.0 0.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

192.256 195.044 197.754 9.7 2.9 1.4

Other food at home

252.079 253.600 258.328 10.8 2.5 1.9

Food away from home

325.521 326.649 328.173 6.3 0.8 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

273.704 275.062 277.710 4.9 1.5 1.0

Housing

313.196 315.371 317.975 6.2 1.5 0.8

Shelter

380.887 382.640 384.343 3.2 0.9 0.4

Rent of primary residence

382.076 383.169 384.670 2.8 0.7 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(1)

394.432 395.373 397.064 3.1 0.7 0.4

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(1)

394.084 395.028 396.712 3.1 0.7 0.4

Fuels and utilities

279.655 285.467 296.645 26.3 6.1 3.9

Household energy

251.512 257.473 269.073 30.9 7.0 4.5

Energy services

236.042 241.446 245.800 20.1 4.1 1.8

Electricity

235.572 240.543 244.127 15.3 3.6 1.5

Utility (piped) gas service

219.386 225.203 230.683 31.1 5.1 2.4

Household furnishings and operations

137.074 138.292 138.564 9.0 1.1 0.2

Apparel

134.447 129.657 130.543 3.7 -2.9 0.7

Transportation

252.063 255.695 261.073 16.9 3.6 2.1

Private transportation

251.301 253.535 257.749 18.4 2.6 1.7

New and used motor vehicles(2)

121.692 124.792 122.678 12.5 0.8 -1.7

New vehicles

163.078 164.492 166.089 11.7 1.8 1.0

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

113.060          

New cars(3)

154.520 156.487 157.871 13.6 2.2 0.9

Used cars and trucks

219.614 217.988 219.444 16.9 -0.1 0.7

Motor fuel

357.632 348.980 386.955 52.2 8.2 10.9

Gasoline (all types)

356.041 347.219 384.786 51.9 8.1 10.8

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

354.027 344.584 382.731 52.6 8.1 11.1

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(4)

371.363 366.408 400.533 49.0 7.9 9.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

355.314 350.883 383.206 46.9 7.8 9.2

Motor vehicle insurance(5)

           

Medical care

563.166 568.472 568.877 3.4 1.0 0.1

Medical care commodities

383.644 386.322 386.503 1.5 0.7 0.0

Medical care services

616.008 622.123 622.597 3.8 1.1 0.1

Professional services

423.664 428.561 427.073 1.7 0.8 -0.3

Recreation(2)

135.923 136.369 136.352 5.6 0.3 0.0

Education and communication(2)

152.753 152.381 152.249 1.8 -0.3 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and child care(5)

1,342.234 1,342.634 1,343.876 2.2 0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

552.074 552.518 550.577 6.0 -0.3 -0.4

Commodity and service group

Commodities

223.384 223.370 227.659 13.1 1.9 1.9

Commodities less food and beverages

182.158 181.058 185.510 16.0 1.8 2.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

236.826 234.083 244.700 21.0 3.3 4.5

Durables

123.348 123.360 123.593 11.3 0.2 0.2

Services

370.184 374.044 374.918 4.4 1.3 0.2

Special aggregate indexes

All items less shelter

270.076 272.061 275.001 9.7 1.8 1.1

All items less medical care

286.740 288.517 291.218 7.8 1.6 0.9

Commodities less food

185.784 184.742 189.175 15.6 1.8 2.4

Nondurables

266.941 266.906 273.947 14.0 2.6 2.6

Nondurables less food

238.860 236.376 246.481 19.7 3.2 4.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

371.135 377.423 377.399 5.7 1.7 0.0

Services less medical care services

353.256 356.960 357.858 4.5 1.3 0.3

Energy

293.911 294.285 316.107 40.2 7.6 7.4

All items less energy

302.683 304.768 305.705 5.2 1.0 0.3

All items less food and energy

305.285 307.228 307.765 4.6 0.8 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1977=100 base.

 

Last Modified Date: Friday, June 10, 2022