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Bureau of Labor Statistics > Office of Survey Methods Research > Publications > Browse Research Papers

Review of Available Programs for Seasonal Adjustment of Weekly Data

Thomas D. Evans, Brian C. Monsell, and Michael Sverchkov

Abstract

There has been a rise in interest for the seasonal adjustment of weekly data over the last
few years. However, standard seasonal adjustment programs, such as X-13ARIMASEATS,
assume constant periodicity, but weekly data can have either 52 or 53 weeks in a
year. Weekly data are also difficult to seasonally adjust for multiple reasons. The week in
which official holidays occur varies from year to year; some holiday effects do not occur
every year; and even if the number of weeks in a year were a constant integer, the seasonal
patterns would still change from year to year since the structure of the days in a month
shift. The Bureau of Labor Statistics currently adjusts two weekly unemployment insurance
claims series using a regression approach developed in the early 1990s, but other
innovative programs are now in various stages of development. This paper will discuss
various attributes of the programs, including ease of use, available diagnostics, and any
technical support.