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Labor force participation and time use of Hispanics and Latinos in 2021

October 14, 2022

Foreign-born men who were Hispanic or Latino had higher labor force participation rates in 2021 than native-born Hispanic or Latino men. Conversely, native-born Hispanic or Latino women had higher labor force participation rates than foreign-born Hispanic or Latino women.

Labor force participation rate, people of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity 16 years and older, by nativity, sex, and age, 2021 annual averages
Age Native born Men, native born Women, native born Foreign born Men, foreign born Women, foreign born

Ages 16–24

53.8% 56.2% 51.4% 59.5% 68.8% 49.1%

Ages 25–54

80.3 87.0 73.5 77.2 92.6 60.6

Age 55 and older

39.5 45.6 34.5 44.7 57.4 33.2

On an average day in 2021, native-born Hispanics or Latinos spent more time in leisure and sports (5.2 hours) than did foreign-born Hispanics or Latinos (4.3 hours). Foreign-born Hispanic or Latino men spent 5.2 hours doing work and work-related activities while native-born Hispanic or Latino men spent 4.4 hours doing so.

Average hours spent in selected activities per day, people of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity age 15 years and older, by nativity and sex, 2021
Activity Native born Men, native born Women, native born Foreign born Men, foreign born Women, foreign born

Educational activities

0.68 hour 0.72 hour 0.65 hour 0.15 hour s. s.

Caring for and helping household members

0.44 0.26 0.60 0.57 0.34 0.82

Purchasing goods and services

0.68 0.50 0.86 0.68 0.62 0.75

Eating and drinking

1.12 1.19 1.05 1.19 1.19 1.19

Household activities

1.67 1.11 2.21 2.21 1.27 3.17

Work and work-related activities

3.84 4.35 3.33 3.96 5.19 2.69

Leisure and sports

5.24 5.90 4.59 4.34 4.68 3.99

Personal care activities, incl. sleeping

9.79 9.53 10.05 10.11 9.93 10.29

Note: Estimates for time spent in educational activities among foreign-born Hispanic men and women were suppressed because they did not meet the ATUS publication standards.

Foreign-born Hispanic or Latino women spent 3.2 hours doing household activities while native-born Hispanic or Latino women spent 2.2 hours doing so. These time-use estimates likely reflect higher labor force participation rates among foreign-born Hispanic or Latino men and lower labor force participation rates among foreign-born Hispanic or Latino women.

These data are from the Current Population Survey and and the American Time Use Survey. Also see more charts of Current Population Survey data and American Time Use Survey data. The labor force participation rate is the number of people employed or actively seeking jobs as a percent of the civilian noninstitutional population.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Labor force participation and time use of Hispanics and Latinos in 2021 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2022/labor-force-participation-and-time-use-of-hispanics-and-latinos-in-2021.htm (visited January 27, 2023).

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