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Employment in Idaho and Utah over 6.0 percent higher than pre-recession levels

August 25, 2022

In July 2022, there were 18 states that were at or above 100 percent of their employment levels of February 2020, the month before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic and the recession that resulted from it. The remaining 32 states and the District of Columbia had nonfarm employment levels lower than their pre-recession levels.

Index of total nonfarm employment, by state, January 2020–July 2022 (February 2020 = 100.0)
Month United
States,
total
Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District
of
Columbia

Jan 2020

99.8 100.0 99.9 99.8 99.9 99.8 100.0 100.1 99.9 100.0

Feb 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2020

99.0 99.6 99.7 99.5 99.6 98.9 99.5 99.1 99.1 99.5

Apr 2020

85.6 88.3 85.9 88.7 90.1 84.4 86.7 83.0 85.5 89.5

May 2020

87.3 90.7 86.0 91.4 92.3 85.4 89.3 84.8 86.7 89.1

Jun 2020

90.3 93.0 86.4 93.7 94.3 88.2 91.1 88.2 91.0 89.3

Jul 2020

91.2 94.0 86.6 93.2 94.9 88.6 92.0 90.0 92.3 89.9

Aug 2020

92.3 95.1 88.0 94.1 96.0 89.1 93.0 91.5 93.6 90.7

Sep 2020

92.9 95.6 89.7 94.6 96.2 90.0 93.8 92.8 94.5 90.7

Oct 2020

93.3 96.3 92.7 95.5 96.9 91.1 94.6 93.4 95.0 90.7

Nov 2020

93.5 96.6 93.5 95.9 97.3 91.5 94.6 93.2 95.0 90.6

Dec 2020

93.4 96.9 93.7 96.2 97.0 90.9 93.7 93.0 94.9 90.5

Jan 2021

93.8 96.9 93.9 96.5 97.7 90.5 94.6 93.2 94.9 90.3

Feb 2021

94.2 97.1 93.7 96.9 97.4 91.8 95.4 93.6 95.2 90.2

Mar 2021

94.7 97.3 94.2 97.5 98.2 92.4 95.9 94.1 95.4 90.5

Apr 2021

94.9 97.2 93.8 97.7 98.3 93.4 96.5 94.2 95.7 90.7

May 2021

95.2 97.4 92.6 98.1 98.4 94.0 96.9 94.5 95.5 91.2

Jun 2021

95.5 97.7 92.4 98.7 98.5 94.2 97.4 94.9 95.7 91.8

Jul 2021

96.0 98.1 93.6 99.5 99.2 95.4 98.0 95.7 96.1 92.4

Aug 2021

96.3 98.0 93.8 99.5 99.4 95.9 98.1 95.6 96.1 92.7

Sep 2021

96.6 97.7 94.0 99.8 99.3 95.8 98.2 95.5 95.7 93.0

Oct 2021

97.0 98.4 95.8 100.0 100.0 96.2 98.8 96.0 96.3 94.3

Nov 2021

97.5 98.3 95.9 100.0 100.4 96.5 99.3 96.3 96.4 94.4

Dec 2021

97.9 98.3 96.1 100.5 100.7 96.9 99.5 96.3 96.6 94.6

Jan 2022

98.2 98.5 96.1 100.9 101.0 97.2 99.8 96.3 96.7 94.6

Feb 2022

98.7 98.9 95.8 101.2 101.0 98.0 100.3 96.6 97.1 94.7

Mar 2022

98.9 99.0 96.1 101.1 101.0 98.4 100.5 96.9 97.2 94.8

Apr 2022

99.2 99.0 96.1 101.5 101.0 98.7 101.1 96.9 97.4 95.1

May 2022

99.4 99.6 95.0 101.8 100.7 98.9 101.2 97.1 97.8 95.0

Jun 2022

99.7 99.7 94.1 102.1 101.1 99.1 101.5 97.3 98.3 95.0

Jul 2022

100.0 100.0 94.9 102.9 102.0 99.6 101.5 97.6 98.7 95.3
Index of total nonfarm employment, by state, January 2020–July 2022 (February 2020 = 100.0)
Month Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana  Iowa  Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine

Jan 2020

99.9 99.9 100.2 99.9 100.1 99.9 100.1 100.1 99.9 100.0 100.1

Feb 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2020

99.2 99.4 98.7 99.9 99.0 99.2 99.6 99.5 99.2 98.8 99.4

Apr 2020

85.9 86.9 76.7 89.7 86.5 84.4 88.9 89.0 84.9 85.8 85.1

May 2020

88.4 89.7 76.5 92.8 86.8 88.3 89.4 90.9 86.4 86.9 87.2

Jun 2020

91.7 92.0 79.1 95.6 88.7 92.0 92.0 92.6 90.9 89.0 88.9

Jul 2020

92.3 92.4 79.8 96.8 90.6 93.9 93.4 93.9 92.3 90.0 89.9

Aug 2020

92.6 93.5 79.6 97.8 91.8 94.5 93.8 94.8 93.7 90.8 91.5

Sep 2020

93.3 94.0 77.0 98.2 92.1 94.8 94.6 94.7 94.1 90.9 94.0

Oct 2020

94.3 94.8 80.1 99.2 92.8 95.7 95.6 95.0 94.6 92.1 94.9

Nov 2020

94.5 95.3 81.8 99.6 92.2 95.7 95.2 94.9 94.6 92.5 95.3

Dec 2020

94.9 95.8 83.1 100.1 92.1 95.7 95.6 95.1 94.5 92.8 95.3

Jan 2021

95.4 96.0 83.6 100.6 92.6 96.3 95.9 95.6 95.9 92.8 95.8

Feb 2021

95.8 96.3 84.0 101.1 93.2 96.1 95.8 95.0 95.7 92.7 96.3

Mar 2021

96.2 96.6 85.0 101.7 93.7 96.6 96.3 95.9 96.5 93.3 96.8

Apr 2021

96.7 96.7 86.9 102.1 93.9 96.6 96.2 95.9 96.2 93.5 96.9

May 2021

97.3 97.3 87.6 102.2 93.8 96.8 96.2 96.1 96.4 93.8 96.8

Jun 2021

98.0 97.6 88.7 102.6 94.2 97.0 96.2 96.3 96.4 93.7 96.7

Jul 2021

99.1 98.5 90.6 103.3 94.8 98.3 96.9 97.0 96.6 94.6 97.3

Aug 2021

99.2 98.5 90.0 103.5 94.9 98.0 96.8 96.8 97.3 94.6 97.4

Sep 2021

99.6 98.7 89.6 103.6 95.1 97.8 96.8 96.2 97.0 92.3 97.4

Oct 2021

100.1 99.3 89.6 103.7 95.9 98.4 96.8 96.1 97.5 94.3 97.4

Nov 2021

100.7 99.7 89.6 103.8 96.4 98.9 97.0 96.4 97.7 94.7 97.5

Dec 2021

100.7 100.2 89.9 104.2 96.7 99.4 97.7 96.2 98.1 95.1 98.0

Jan 2022

101.1 100.7 90.0 105.1 96.8 99.5 97.9 96.9 98.5 95.4 98.7

Feb 2022

101.6 101.3 90.4 105.0 97.3 99.9 98.4 97.4 98.8 95.6 99.2

Mar 2022

101.7 101.7 90.6 104.9 97.5 100.2 98.2 97.4 99.0 95.6 99.9

Apr 2022

102.3 102.1 91.1 105.3 97.6 100.2 98.4 97.5 99.1 95.8 99.7

May 2022

102.6 102.5 90.9 105.2 97.9 100.7 98.6 97.4 98.9 95.8 99.3

Jun 2022

103.1 102.9 91.1 105.7 98.1 100.4 98.8 97.7 99.5 95.7 98.9

Jul 2022

103.9 103.1 92.3 106.3 98.6 100.7 99.0 98.0 98.9 96.4 99.3
Index of total nonfarm employment, by state, January 2020–July 2022 (February 2020 = 100.0)
Month Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada

Jan 2020

99.8 99.6 99.9 100.0 99.8 99.9 100.0 100.1 99.6

Feb 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2020

98.9 99.0 99.2 99.3 99.3 99.4 99.5 99.4 99.2

Apr 2020

85.5 81.6 76.3 86.1 87.2 87.7 87.0 90.5 77.0

May 2020

86.5 82.8 79.2 86.8 90.0 89.6 91.7 91.4 76.2

Jun 2020

88.5 85.0 86.7 89.2 93.2 92.0 94.1 93.2 82.3

Jul 2020

90.7 87.2 89.3 90.6 94.2 94.2 94.8 94.4 84.8

Aug 2020

91.7 89.0 90.7 91.8 95.3 94.7 95.6 95.2 85.7

Sep 2020

92.4 89.9 91.5 92.5 95.7 94.8 97.0 95.8 87.0

Oct 2020

92.8 90.9 92.4 93.6 96.6 95.5 97.8 96.1 88.5

Nov 2020

93.1 91.3 92.4 93.4 96.8 95.7 97.7 96.4 88.9

Dec 2020

93.3 91.2 90.9 92.0 97.0 95.8 98.2 96.7 89.0

Jan 2021

93.7 91.7 91.7 93.4 96.9 96.0 98.7 96.8 89.2

Feb 2021

93.8 92.2 93.0 93.9 96.6 95.7 98.9 96.6 90.2

Mar 2021

94.2 92.6 93.3 94.4 97.1 96.5 99.7 97.1 91.0

Apr 2021

94.4 93.1 93.3 94.7 97.0 96.5 100.0 97.1 92.3

May 2021

94.7 93.3 93.4 94.8 97.1 96.6 99.9 97.2 93.1

Jun 2021

94.5 93.6 93.9 94.7 97.2 97.0 100.6 97.5 94.0

Jul 2021

95.3 94.8 94.7 95.7 98.3 98.3 100.7 97.9 95.4

Aug 2021

95.8 95.1 94.8 95.5 98.0 98.0 101.1 97.8 96.0

Sep 2021

95.5 94.6 94.8 95.1 98.1 97.6 101.3 97.6 96.3

Oct 2021

96.1 95.4 95.6 95.2 99.2 97.8 101.5 97.8 97.7

Nov 2021

96.5 95.8 96.0 95.5 99.2 98.0 102.2 97.9 97.9

Dec 2021

96.7 96.2 96.3 95.6 99.4 98.6 102.7 97.9 98.1

Jan 2022

96.5 96.5 96.6 95.8 99.7 99.0 102.9 98.0 98.5

Feb 2022

97.0 97.1 96.9 96.2 99.9 99.3 103.1 99.2 99.0

Mar 2022

97.2 97.6 97.2 96.7 99.6 99.3 103.2 99.3 99.4

Apr 2022

97.2 97.9 97.2 97.1 99.5 99.1 103.6 99.5 99.6

May 2022

97.6 97.9 97.0 97.3 99.5 99.1 102.9 99.5 99.7

Jun 2022

97.7 98.0 97.1 97.3 99.8 99.2 103.8 100.0 100.3

Jul 2022

98.1 98.4 97.7 98.0 99.8 100.1 103.6 100.0 100.8
Index of total nonfarm employment, by state, January 2020–July 2022 (February 2020 = 100.0)
Month New
Hampshire
New
Jersey
New
Mexico
New
York
North
Carolina
North
Dakota
 Ohio  Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode
Island

Jan 2020

99.8 99.8 100.3 99.9 99.9 100.0 100.0 100.1 99.8 99.9 99.7

Feb 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2020

99.0 99.2 99.6 98.8 99.4 99.6 99.1 99.4 99.1 99.1 98.9

Apr 2020

82.9 82.7 88.0 79.8 87.9 87.8 84.3 90.1 85.7 81.4 78.7

May 2020

85.6 83.1 87.9 81.4 89.5 89.8 87.4 91.9 86.6 84.7 81.6

Jun 2020

88.6 84.5 89.9 83.8 92.6 90.4 91.4 94.0 89.5 88.1 86.0

Jul 2020

90.1 87.6 90.4 85.1 93.7 91.5 92.3 94.4 91.0 90.1 88.1

Aug 2020

92.2 89.3 90.5 87.2 94.7 92.3 93.1 94.8 92.0 91.0 90.1

Sep 2020

93.6 91.5 91.6 89.1 95.5 92.8 93.9 95.1 92.4 91.9 91.2

Oct 2020

93.8 92.2 92.3 89.8 96.4 93.1 94.3 95.5 92.8 92.5 92.5

Nov 2020

94.2 92.2 92.1 89.8 96.7 92.4 94.5 95.6 92.9 92.6 92.4

Dec 2020

93.2 92.3 90.9 89.6 97.2 92.8 94.6 95.7 92.0 92.0 91.4

Jan 2021

94.6 92.9 91.2 89.7 97.3 93.3 95.0 95.8 92.0 92.5 92.2

Feb 2021

94.5 93.2 91.8 90.0 97.5 93.3 95.1 95.2 92.7 93.0 92.8

Mar 2021

95.0 93.6 92.7 90.6 98.0 93.7 95.4 96.2 94.0 93.6 93.5

Apr 2021

95.4 94.1 93.0 91.0 98.3 94.2 95.4 96.2 94.3 93.6 93.8

May 2021

95.8 94.4 93.5 91.1 98.8 94.1 95.4 96.3 94.4 93.9 94.3

Jun 2021

95.9 94.7 93.8 91.4 99.6 94.3 95.7 96.7 94.5 94.2 94.6

Jul 2021

97.1 95.5 95.3 92.2 100.3 94.8 96.2 96.7 96.3 94.8 95.2

Aug 2021

97.2 95.7 95.5 92.4 100.1 94.8 96.3 96.6 96.2 94.9 95.1

Sep 2021

96.9 96.2 95.3 92.7 99.9 94.7 96.0 96.6 96.3 94.8 95.5

Oct 2021

97.2 96.4 96.3 93.6 100.3 95.4 95.9 97.1 96.2 95.4 95.2

Nov 2021

97.4 97.0 96.6 94.0 100.4 96.1 96.1 97.2 96.8 95.7 95.7

Dec 2021

97.5 97.4 96.8 94.4 100.8 96.0 96.2 97.2 97.1 95.8 96.1

Jan 2022

97.4 97.6 97.0 94.6 101.0 96.4 96.8 97.5 97.4 96.1 95.9

Feb 2022

98.2 98.3 97.8 95.0 101.6 96.7 97.1 98.2 97.9 96.6 96.8

Mar 2022

98.6 98.8 98.1 95.2 102.1 96.5 97.3 98.4 98.2 96.9 97.1

Apr 2022

99.2 99.1 98.3 95.5 102.2 96.4 97.5 98.4 98.5 97.1 97.7

May 2022

98.7 99.4 98.2 95.7 102.4 96.3 97.6 98.6 98.8 97.3 97.8

Jun 2022

98.8 99.6 98.3 96.0 103.0 97.0 97.6 99.1 99.2 97.6 97.7

Jul 2022

99.0 99.8 98.9 96.4 103.6 97.0 97.7 99.3 99.4 98.1 97.7
Index of total nonfarm employment, by state, January 2020–July 2022 (February 2020 = 100.0), continued
Month South
Carolina
South
Dakota
Tennessee Texas  Utah  Vermont Virginia Washington West
Virginia
Wisconsin Wyoming

Jan 2020

100.1 99.8 100.0 99.9 99.9 100.0 99.9 99.8 100.2 100.0 100.3

Feb 2020

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Mar 2020

99.4 99.4 99.5 99.5 99.7 99.1 99.4 99.4 99.2 99.4 99.6

Apr 2020

86.1 89.9 88.0 88.8 90.9 79.2 88.3 88.0 85.6 86.5 91.2

May 2020

89.1 91.2 89.9 90.7 93.8 83.4 88.7 87.8 87.1 88.3 90.7

Jun 2020

92.3 93.4 93.2 92.4 95.4 86.8 90.5 90.1 92.1 91.2 91.0

Jul 2020

92.5 94.4 93.4 92.6 96.6 88.2 91.8 91.2 91.4 92.6 91.6

Aug 2020

94.1 96.0 94.3 93.3 97.6 89.6 93.5 92.1 92.2 93.8 93.0

Sep 2020

94.8 96.7 95.0 93.9 98.0 91.3 94.2 92.6 92.7 94.5 93.7

Oct 2020

95.6 97.8 96.2 94.5 99.2 91.6 94.6 92.9 93.4 94.9 93.9

Nov 2020

96.0 97.6 96.6 95.0 99.5 91.5 94.8 93.1 93.7 94.7 94.3

Dec 2020

96.4 97.5 97.1 95.3 99.7 90.1 95.0 92.6 93.8 94.9 94.8

Jan 2021

96.7 97.9 97.0 95.6 100.4 90.5 95.3 92.6 93.7 95.4 94.4

Feb 2021

97.0 97.9 97.1 95.3 100.9 91.1 95.4 93.3 94.2 95.3 94.9

Mar 2021

97.1 98.5 97.5 96.2 101.1 91.7 95.6 94.0 95.0 95.7 95.4

Apr 2021

97.1 98.9 97.2 96.7 101.8 93.2 95.6 94.5 94.9 96.1 95.7

May 2021

97.3 99.0 97.7 97.1 102.1 93.1 95.8 94.8 94.9 96.1 95.7

Jun 2021

97.3 99.2 98.8 97.6 102.6 93.1 95.8 95.2 94.9 96.3 95.8

Jul 2021

98.0 99.8 99.1 98.5 103.1 94.3 96.5 95.8 95.4 96.9 95.9

Aug 2021

98.1 99.9 99.2 98.7 103.2 93.6 96.9 96.3 95.3 96.6 95.9

Sep 2021

97.8 99.8 98.8 99.1 102.8 93.4 96.7 96.6 95.0 96.4 96.0

Oct 2021

98.2 100.2 99.5 99.8 103.4 93.9 97.1 96.9 95.6 96.4 96.6

Nov 2021

98.6 99.8 99.8 100.4 103.8 94.2 97.4 97.3 95.9 96.6 97.2

Dec 2021

98.8 99.8 100.4 100.7 104.0 94.3 97.6 97.7 96.3 96.8 97.5

Jan 2022

99.1 99.8 100.6 101.1 104.5 94.7 97.6 97.8 96.2 96.9 97.7

Feb 2022

100.0 100.0 101.2 101.6 105.1 94.9 98.2 98.6 96.7 97.7 98.5

Mar 2022

99.7 100.5 101.6 102.0 105.1 95.2 98.3 98.8 96.9 97.7 98.4

Apr 2022

100.0 101.0 101.8 102.4 105.4 95.1 98.6 99.3 97.3 97.8 98.5

May 2022

100.5 101.3 101.9 102.9 105.6 94.7 98.9 99.3 98.7 97.8 97.6

Jun 2022

100.9 101.1 103.0 103.7 105.8 95.2 99.0 99.4 97.6 97.7 97.5

Jul 2022

101.6 101.6 102.6 104.2 106.2 95.7 99.5 99.6 98.0 98.1 98.1

Note: These data are seasonally adjusted.

Employment in Idaho in April 2020 was 89.7 percent of its February 2020 level. It was back to 100.0 percent before the end of 2020. In July 2022, it was 106.3 percent of its level 15 months earlier. In Utah, employment reached 106.2 percent in July 2022, after decreasing, in April 2020, to 90.9 percent of its February 2020 peak. Montana, North Carolina, Florida, and Texas also had July 2022 employment of over 103.0 percent of their February 2020 levels.

In July 2022, Alabama and Nebraska both matched the nation as a whole, at 100.0 percent of their February 2020 employment levels. In April 2020, their employment levels were 88.3 and 90.5 percent, respectively, of their February 2020 levels.

In May 2020, employment in Hawaii decreased to 76.5 percent of its February 2020 level; in July 2022, it was 92.3 percent. Alaska, the District of Columbia, and Vermont were also below 96.0 percent of their pre-recession employment levels.

In February 2020, total nonfarm employment in the United States was 152.5 million, which was its peak at the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic and recession. Two months later, in April 2020, U.S. employment had decreased to 130.5 million, or 85.6 percent of its February level. July 2022 is the first month in which national employment has returned to 100.0 percent of its February 2022 level.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary and subject to revision. To learn more, see "State Employment and Unemployment — July 2022." For more charts and maps related to state employment and unemployment, see the state chart package.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Employment in Idaho and Utah over 6.0 percent higher than pre-recession levels at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2022/employment-in-idaho-and-utah-over-6-0-percent-higher-than-pre-recession-levels.htm (visited November 29, 2022).

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