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Hispanics made up 44.7 percent of the labor force in New Mexico in 2019

October 13, 2020

Every year from September 15 to October 15, Americans celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month to honor the history and culture of Hispanic and Latino Americans and their contributions to society. In 2019, New Mexico had the largest share of the labor force identifying as Hispanic or Latino, 44.7 percent, followed by California and Texas at 37.2 percent each.

 Percentage of labor force of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, by state, 2019
State Labor force, total Labor force, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Percent

New Mexico

952,000 426,000 44.7%

California

19,345,000 7,205,000 37.2

Texas

14,043,000 5,221,000 37.2

Arizona

3,539,000 1,138,000 32.2

Florida

10,294,000 2,901,000 28.2

Nevada

1,556,000 425,000 27.3

Colorado

3,135,000 671,000 21.4

New Jersey

4,518,000 862,000 19.1

Illinois

6,452,000 1,146,000 17.8

New York

9,475,000 1,676,000 17.7

Connecticut

1,914,000 285,000 14.9

Rhode Island

554,000 82,000 14.8

Idaho

882,000 128,000 14.5

Utah

1,607,000 233,000 14.5

Washington

3,947,000 541,000 13.7

Kansas

1,482,000 190,000 12.8

Oregon

2,102,000 262,000 12.5

Nebraska

1,043,000 123,000 11.8

Oklahoma

1,842,000 216,000 11.7

Virginia

4,418,000 493,000 11.2

North Carolina

5,086,000 563,000 11.1

Massachusetts

3,816,000 413,000 10.8

Georgia

5,079,000 538,000 10.6

Maryland

3,300,000 332,000 10.1

District of Columbia

411,000 41,000 10.0

Wyoming

293,000 26,000 8.9

Arkansas

1,367,000 117,000 8.6

Delaware

488,000 40,000 8.2

Hawaii

661,000 54,000 8.2

Indiana

3,388,000 274,000 8.1

Iowa

1,752,000 126,000 7.2

Louisiana

2,097,000 144,000 6.9

Wisconsin

3,084,000 193,000 6.3

Tennessee

3,358,000 207,000 6.2

Pennsylvania

6,498,000 400,000 6.2

South Carolina

2,397,000 142,000 5.9

Alaska

344,000 20,000 5.8

Minnesota

3,100,000 168,000 5.4

Michigan

4,950,000 242,000 4.9

Alabama

2,263,000 105,000 4.6

Kentucky

2,062,000 91,000 4.4

Ohio

5,840,000 201,000 3.4

Mississippi

1,272,000 37,000 2.9

Among the ten states with the largest percentage of Hispanics and Latinos in the labor force in 2019, Florida had the highest representation in management, professional, and related occupations, at 29.3 percent. In Nevada, 33.7 percent of Hispanics in the labor force were employed in service occupations. 26.0 percent of the Hispanic labor force in Illinois worked in production, transportation, and material moving occupations. Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations made up 23.4 percent of the Hispanic labor force in Colorado.

 Percent distribution of Hispanic or Latino population by occupation, 2019
State Management, professional, and related Service Sales and office Natural resources, construction, and maintenance Production, transportation, and material moving

Arizona

21.2% 24.8% 25.6% 14.3% 14.1%

California

21.8 24.0 22.6 15.8 15.7

Colorado

21.1 25.2 18.0 23.4 12.4

Florida

29.3 21.0 25.0 13.8 10.9

Illinois

19.8 22.1 22.5 9.6 26.0

Nevada

18.6 33.7 20.5 15.7 11.4

New Jersey

28.7 26.4 16.7 11.2 17.2

New Mexico

26.9 24.8 21.8 15.9 10.7

New York

23.9 32.6 18.1 12.2 13.2

Texas

23.8 22.3 21.1 18.7 14.3

These data are from the Current Population Survey. For more information, see The Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment, 2019. State data are not shown when the labor force base does not meet the BLS publication standard of reliability for the area in question, as determined by the sample size. People whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Hispanics made up 44.7 percent of the labor force in New Mexico in 2019 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2020/hispanics-made-up-44-point-7-percent-of-the-labor-force-in-new-mexico-in-2019.htm (visited October 19, 2020).

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