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Retail trade employment decreases 4.5 percent in North Dakota for the year ended October 2019

November 26, 2019

As the holiday season approaches, retailers throughout the country typically ramp up hiring to meet the needs of holiday shoppers. While retailers may hire more help for the holidays, their expectations for the current holiday retail season may drive them to hire more or less than they did for the prior year. From October 2018 to October 2019, retail trade employment in North Dakota decreased 4.5 percent, while retail trade employment in Wisconsin increased 2.7 percent.

12-month percent change in retail trade employment by state, October 1991–October 2019
State Oct 1991 Oct 1992 Oct 1993 Oct 1994 Oct 1995 Oct 1996 Oct 1997 Oct 1998 Oct 1999 Oct 2000 Oct 2001 Oct 2002 Oct 2003 Oct 2004 Oct 2005

Alabama

1.5% 2.1% 4.2% 3.0% 3.4% 1.9% 2.6% 0.3% 1.7% -0.3% -2.4% -1.1% 2.5% 0.6% 1.2%

Alaska

2.3 0.4 6.3 7.0 2.6 1.3 1.9 0.0 4.6 -1.5 0.0 2.4 -0.6 3.5 1.7

Arizona

-1.9 -0.5 6.6 7.6 3.4 3.0 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.9 -0.9 0.6 3.7 4.1 6.7

Arkansas

1.3 4.3 3.5 4.5 3.3 1.9 1.8 1.1 3.0 0.2 -2.0 -1.1 0.9 1.0 0.9

California

-4.4 -1.2 -1.0 1.2 1.5 1.4 3.1 2.2 2.9 3.0 -0.7 1.3 2.0 0.8 2.8

Colorado

0.3 1.8 5.2 7.8 5.4 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3 -1.9 -1.1 -0.5 0.9 2.4

Connecticut

-7.3 -1.7 -0.2 2.9 0.8 1.7 3.1 -0.1 2.5 0.5 -0.9 -1.6 0.0 0.3 -0.9

Delaware

-3.7 1.7 1.9 3.0 6.1 0.0 0.2 3.8 5.3 -0.6 -1.6 0.6 2.6 1.3 1.7

District of Columbia

-9.6 -7.6 -3.4 -1.0 -3.5 -6.3 0.0 -5.0 2.9 0.0 -1.7 -2.3 3.0 0.6 1.7

Florida

-2.3 0.4 4.3 3.5 3.3 2.1 2.1 3.9 1.9 2.6 -1.1 -0.9 0.7 2.5 4.8

Georgia

-4.7 2.6 7.0 4.4 5.4 4.0 2.1 2.1 3.6 1.0 -2.7 -1.6 -1.3 0.8 3.5

Hawaii

-0.7 0.1 -0.3 1.0 1.6 -4.2 -0.9 -2.4 2.8 1.5 -2.7 -1.2 0.8 5.6 2.5

Idaho

3.4 3.3 5.2 2.0 5.1 2.5 -2.0 11.0 4.5 6.2 -8.3 0.3 0.8 2.2 4.4

Illinois

-2.2 0.6 1.1 3.3 1.6 0.9 -0.1 -0.1 1.3 1.2 -3.0 -0.5 -0.6 0.0 0.3

Indiana

-1.6 0.7 2.3 4.5 4.4 -0.5 2.0 1.0 0.5 1.9 -4.0 -2.5 -1.2 -0.6 0.4

Iowa

-0.2 0.6 2.5 4.2 1.6 1.6 0.9 3.0 1.2 0.5 -3.2 -1.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Kansas

-2.0 1.0 -0.1 5.2 3.2 1.0 2.9 2.4 3.1 -1.9 -1.5 -1.9 -0.8 -0.6 -1.3

Kentucky

-2.5 3.5 3.7 2.0 3.5 1.5 2.0 2.2 2.0 0.9 -4.7 -1.5 0.7 0.1 -0.6

Louisiana

-0.4 1.1 3.2 2.8 1.8 1.5 2.1 1.2 1.3 0.5 -2.7 -1.4 0.6 0.0 -9.7

Maine

-6.7 1.6 3.6 2.7 -0.4 0.1 4.7 1.3 4.3 2.7 -0.1 -1.5 1.3 1.4 -1.1

Maryland

-5.2 -2.3 0.6 2.4 0.0 1.1 1.4 2.8 2.0 1.7 -1.8 -0.1 0.3 1.2 0.2

Massachusetts

-7.4 -0.5 1.6 3.8 1.2 2.1 2.7 1.4 2.0 1.3 -2.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.5 -1.2

Michigan

-3.5 0.8 2.4 3.0 2.6 1.7 1.0 -0.1 1.2 2.4 -4.0 -2.7 -1.0 -1.8 -1.7

Minnesota

-0.5 2.1 2.1 3.6 3.3 1.1 2.8 1.6 1.7 1.8 -0.8 -2.0 -0.1 0.4 0.6

Mississippi

-3.3 3.7 3.4 4.3 4.4 1.1 2.8 1.2 5.0 -1.0 -2.5 -1.3 -0.2 -0.2 -1.3

Missouri

-1.7 0.6 2.0 3.9 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.6 3.0 -0.3 -0.8 -0.3 1.5 -0.8 1.4

Montana

3.1 4.4 2.9 4.6 4.1 3.6 0.0 1.7 1.3 -0.4 -0.2 0.8 0.9 0.7 2.0

Nebraska

1.3 0.3 3.2 2.5 2.6 1.7 -0.3 2.9 2.1 0.5 -1.2 -1.3 -1.3 0.0 -0.2

Nevada

2.2 0.4 2.7 7.6 6.8 6.9 6.8 4.1 7.0 4.8 2.2 2.3 5.5 4.1 4.3

New Hampshire

-5.8 2.4 6.3 3.9 3.2 1.2 1.7 3.8 5.6 0.3 0.9 1.1 1.3 0.3 0.9

New Jersey

-4.4 -1.2 0.6 2.7 1.4 1.3 0.5 1.2 3.1 2.8 -1.0 0.7 0.7 0.4 -0.4

New Mexico

-1.4 4.7 2.9 4.2 5.7 1.6 1.6 0.8 1.5 0.6 -2.6 1.5 1.2 1.6 1.4

New York

-6.1 -2.3 1.2 1.7 1.6 0.4 0.7 1.5 3.3 2.9 -4.2 0.5 0.2 1.9 0.3

North Carolina

-2.7 -0.7 3.3 3.0 6.6 1.9 3.9 0.2 3.5 0.9 -2.3 -1.8 -0.9 1.2 2.3

North Dakota

2.8 1.4 1.1 4.1 1.6 2.6 0.5 2.0 -0.7 -0.2 -1.2 0.5 1.2 1.0 1.9

Ohio

-1.4 -0.2 0.9 4.5 1.9 2.9 1.0 0.9 1.5 0.8 -3.6 -3.1 -0.5 -1.4 -1.9

Oklahoma

1.1 0.8 3.1 2.6 3.3 1.9 2.6 3.5 1.4 2.5 -3.8 -2.0 0.0 -1.8 2.9

Oregon

-1.0 1.9 3.7 3.3 2.4 5.0 3.0 2.1 2.5 1.5 -3.5 -0.9 0.0 2.3 3.7

Pennsylvania

-4.3 -0.4 1.4 2.3 0.7 1.7 1.3 0.9 2.2 1.8 -2.4 -0.9 0.4 -0.1 -0.9

Rhode Island

-8.0 0.4 2.8 1.1 0.6 0.0 -1.2 4.4 1.6 3.4 -2.3 4.9 -0.6 -0.6 -1.7

South Carolina

-5.7 0.5 2.8 4.1 4.8 3.3 3.4 1.0 1.9 0.3 -4.3 -1.4 0.8 2.1 1.5

South Dakota

0.5 2.0 3.1 4.7 2.4 -0.2 0.7 0.9 2.4 1.0 -0.6 1.5 -1.0 0.8 1.0

Tennessee

-1.1 0.3 3.9 3.3 4.3 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.5 0.8 -2.7 -0.1 1.4 1.7 0.7

Texas

-0.8 1.9 2.3 4.2 2.2 1.8 1.6 2.0 3.6 2.6 -1.0 -1.8 -0.9 1.5 2.3

Utah

2.3 3.8 5.4 6.9 6.3 4.2 3.3 1.9 2.0 2.3 -2.3 0.8 0.0 2.4 2.8

Vermont

-3.3 1.2 4.0 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.8 1.1 2.9 2.6 0.5 -0.5 -0.8 2.3 0.0

Virginia

-5.2 -0.6 2.2 3.6 1.4 3.3 1.8 2.0 2.7 2.2 -1.8 -0.5 1.1 1.5 1.8

Washington

0.4 2.1 1.7 2.7 3.5 1.9 3.6 3.2 3.4 1.9 -2.2 -1.1 0.6 1.6 2.3

West Virginia

-0.6 0.5 4.4 2.9 2.4 0.2 0.1 1.7 2.2 -0.7 -4.8 -0.9 0.8 0.8 0.0

Wisconsin

-0.5 1.0 1.1 4.7 2.1 1.1 1.7 2.2 2.7 2.0 -4.3 -0.8 0.5 -0.5 1.0

Wyoming

-0.4 5.2 1.5 1.9 2.2 1.4 0.4 1.8 2.8 3.4 -2.6 1.3 0.0 -0.3 2.3

[p] = preliminary.

12-month percent change in retail trade employment by state, October 1991–October 2019 (continued)
State Oct 2006 Oct 2007 Oct 2008 Oct 2009 Oct 2010 Oct 2011 Oct 2012 Oct 2013 Oct 2014 Oct 2015 Oct 2016 Oct 2017 Oct 2018 Oct 2019[p]

Alabama

0.6% 1.9% -2.5% -5.5% 1.0% 0.2% -0.5% 0.4% 1.2% 2.2% 0.3% -0.9% -0.8% 1.4%

Alaska

-1.1 0.8 0.8 -1.4 -0.8 1.4 0.0 0.8 2.2 1.6 -1.1 -2.7 -0.8 0.8

Arizona

4.6 2.2 -5.5 -7.8 -0.4 1.8 0.1 2.1 2.7 3.2 1.3 0.6 0.2 0.4

Arkansas

0.8 0.6 -1.9 -2.2 1.2 1.1 0.3 1.7 2.0 3.2 0.6 -1.6 -1.4 0.5

California

0.9 -0.1 -4.0 -6.6 0.8 2.0 1.1 1.8 2.1 2.3 0.7 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Colorado

0.6 1.8 -1.7 -5.8 0.7 1.6 1.7 2.3 2.3 3.3 2.3 0.5 0.5 0.6

Connecticut

0.1 0.1 -2.9 -4.2 1.2 0.1 1.1 1.1 0.1 0.7 -0.3 -1.0 -1.5 -2.5

Delaware

-0.9 1.7 -3.5 -5.5 1.8 -0.2 0.6 3.6 0.2 1.9 0.9 -0.9 -1.5 0.2

District of Columbia

1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 1.6 1.1 7.4 6.4 6.0 -0.4 1.7 -0.4 -3.0

Florida

0.8 -0.1 -4.2 -5.7 1.8 2.6 2.0 3.4 3.7 3.2 2.0 1.0 1.2 0.8

Georgia

2.3 0.8 -4.0 -5.6 1.1 1.0 1.0 3.0 2.4 2.7 1.3 0.4 -0.2 1.2

Hawaii

-0.3 0.4 -1.9 -3.6 -0.3 2.1 2.2 0.9 0.7 1.3 0.1 0.4 -0.7 -3.9

Idaho

5.3 2.3 -2.7 -7.5 -0.4 1.3 2.2 2.2 2.3 4.2 2.2 0.3 0.9 1.6

Illinois

0.3 0.6 -1.8 -5.1 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.7 1.2 2.1 -0.1 -1.9 -1.2 -1.3

Indiana

-1.0 -1.1 -2.1 -4.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.3 -0.2 2.1 1.3 -0.3 0.1 -2.0

Iowa

0.1 -1.1 0.1 -2.3 -0.6 1.2 0.9 1.4 -0.7 2.0 0.9 -0.9 -1.9 -1.0

Kansas

-0.3 0.4 -1.8 -3.0 -0.1 0.6 0.8 1.3 1.1 2.3 -0.3 -1.9 -1.2 0.5

Kentucky

0.1 0.7 -2.1 -3.6 0.5 -0.2 0.8 0.5 0.9 2.2 2.8 -0.5 -1.3 1.7

Louisiana

10.0 2.1 -1.1 -2.4 -0.4 0.7 1.4 1.0 1.5 2.6 0.3 -2.3 -1.9 0.8

Maine

0.9 -0.1 -0.8 -3.5 -0.9 0.4 -0.4 0.7 -0.1 0.4 -0.2 -1.0 0.0 2.2

Maryland

0.2 -0.2 -3.5 -5.2 1.8 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.0 -1.2 -2.3 -0.7

Massachusetts

-0.9 -0.3 -0.8 -3.3 1.9 1.4 0.3 0.3 1.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 -1.1 -1.0

Michigan

-1.6 -1.5 -3.3 -5.2 0.4 0.4 -0.2 1.9 1.3 1.0 1.3 -0.2 -0.8 -0.7

Minnesota

-1.2 0.4 -3.3 -4.7 0.1 1.5 0.9 1.4 0.5 2.1 1.4 -0.3 -0.1 0.6

Mississippi

3.4 0.2 -3.2 -3.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.3 1.9 2.2 -0.9 -1.9 1.7

Missouri

-0.2 -0.3 -1.8 -2.9 -0.6 0.8 0.2 0.5 1.4 2.3 0.4 -1.1 -1.2 1.4

Montana

1.3 4.4 -1.2 -5.3 -1.3 0.9 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.8 0.0 -0.5 0.8 0.5

Nebraska

-0.1 0.7 -0.7 -2.7 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.6 1.2 0.5 -1.4 -2.2 -1.0

Nevada

3.2 1.4 -2.3 -6.5 0.5 1.3 2.3 2.8 3.6 2.4 0.8 1.0 1.9 0.6

New Hampshire

-0.4 -0.5 -0.7 -4.0 0.2 1.0 0.9 0.3 0.7 -0.4 1.3 -0.9 -1.2 0.3

New Jersey

-0.3 -0.6 -2.2 -4.3 1.6 0.1 0.5 1.7 1.1 1.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.9 -0.5

New Mexico

0.2 2.2 -1.0 -4.9 -1.1 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.8 -0.2 -2.4 0.2 -0.3

New York

0.9 0.7 -0.3 -3.2 2.4 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.3 -0.1 0.2 -0.9 -0.4 1.4

North Carolina

2.5 2.4 -2.1 -5.0 0.1 2.0 2.0 2.6 2.1 3.1 1.9 0.2 -0.1 2.5

North Dakota

2.9 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 1.9 2.8 5.4 4.2 2.2 -0.4 -2.4 -3.3 -1.7 -4.5

Ohio

-1.0 -0.4 -2.6 -5.1 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 -0.9 -1.6 -0.9

Oklahoma

-1.5 1.5 0.6 -2.7 0.4 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.5 2.4 -0.4 -2.7 0.3 0.4

Oregon

1.0 1.9 -3.8 -6.2 1.5 0.4 1.6 2.8 2.4 3.0 1.6 1.4 0.5 -1.6

Pennsylvania

-0.8 -0.1 -1.6 -3.3 0.8 0.3 0.9 0.0 0.3 0.0 -0.1 -1.5 -1.4 -0.2

Rhode Island

-1.0 -1.4 -3.7 -4.7 -0.6 0.9 0.0 -0.2 1.5 1.7 0.0 0.8 0.8 -1.8

South Carolina

2.1 1.4 -3.3 -4.5 0.7 0.5 1.1 3.2 1.4 3.1 0.2 0.7 2.1 1.5

South Dakota

0.6 1.2 0.6 -1.8 0.6 1.4 1.4 0.8 1.2 2.1 0.8 -1.3 -1.1 1.3

Tennessee

1.0 0.7 -3.2 -4.8 1.0 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.5 2.1 2.1 0.1 0.6 0.8

Texas

2.1 2.8 0.0 -3.3 0.9 2.1 2.5 3.3 2.3 3.8 1.5 -0.3 0.2 0.0

Utah

3.7 3.4 0.1 -5.7 -1.7 2.1 3.4 3.0 3.1 4.2 3.6 2.1 2.7 1.1

Vermont

0.0 -0.7 -1.0 -4.8 1.6 -2.1 -0.3 0.8 0.5 -0.5 0.5 -0.3 -2.4 0.0

Virginia

0.7 0.7 -2.5 -4.8 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.6 0.4 1.9 0.1 -0.7 -1.4 -1.4

Washington

1.2 2.1 -1.2 -5.6 0.7 1.6 2.5 3.8 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.4 1.2 1.5

West Virginia

1.8 0.7 -3.1 -2.0 0.0 0.5 0.7 -0.2 -1.6 1.4 -1.1 -1.7 -3.5 -1.1

Wisconsin

-2.0 -0.3 -1.5 -4.0 -0.3 0.3 0.1 1.5 1.1 1.3 0.9 -0.7 -2.2 2.7

Wyoming

0.7 4.2 0.0 -5.9 -3.6 0.0 1.0 0.7 1.0 3.3 -1.9 -3.9 2.1 2.0

[p] = preliminary.

Over the year ended October 2019, other states with at least a 2.0-percent decrease in retail trade employment included Hawaii (−3.9 percent), Connecticut (−2.5 percent), and Indiana (−2.0 percent). Over that period, retail trade employment also decreased 3.0 percent in the District of Columbia.

Other states with at least a 2.0-percent increase in retail trade employment from October 2018 to October 2019 included North Carolina (2.5 percent), Maine (2.2 percent), and Wyoming (2.0 percent).

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics (State and Metro Area) program and are seasonally adjusted. Data for the most recent month are preliminary. See "State Employment and Unemployment — October 2019" to learn more. Also see charts and maps of state employment and unemployment.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Retail trade employment decreases 4.5 percent in North Dakota for the year ended October 2019 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2019/retail-trade-employment-decreases-4-point-5-percent-in-north-dakota-for-the-year-ended-october-2019.htm (visited December 09, 2019).

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