Consumer prices up 1.8 percent over year ended May 2019

June 18, 2019

From May 2018 to May 2019, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 1.8 percent. Over that period, consumer prices for all items less food and energy rose 2.0 percent. Since June 2011, the over-the year percentage increase in prices for all items less food and energy ranged from 1.6 percent to 2.4 percent.

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, 12-month percent change, by expenditure category, May 2019
Expenditure category Percent change

All items

1.8%

Food

2.0

Food at home

1.2

Cereals and bakery products

2.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

0.4

Dairy and related products

1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.7

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

2.9

Other food at home

0.3

Food away from home

2.9

Energy

-0.5

Energy commodities

-0.3

Fuel oil

-0.8

Motor fuel

-0.2

Gasoline (all types)

-0.2

Energy services

-0.7

Electricity

-0.2

Utility (piped) gas service

-2.6

All items less food and energy

2.0

Commodities less food and energy commodities

-0.2

Apparel

-3.1

New vehicles

0.9

Used cars and trucks

0.3

Medical care commodities

-0.7

Alcoholic beverages

1.6

Tobacco and smoking products

4.6

Services less energy services

2.7

Shelter

3.3

Rent of primary residence

3.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences

3.3

Medical care services

2.8

Physicians' services

0.3

Hospital services

1.3

Transportation services

1.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

3.4

Motor vehicle insurance

0.7

Airline fares

0.9

Food prices rose 2.0 percent from May 2018 to May 2019, with prices for food at home increasing 1.2 percent. Prices for all six major grocery store groups increased over the past 12 months, with prices for nonalcoholic beverages (2.9 percent) and for cereals and bakery products (2.2 percent) increasing the most. Prices for food away from home rose 2.9 percent over the past year.

From May 2018 to May 2019, energy prices decreased 0.5 percent. Over that period, gasoline prices decreased 0.2 percent, natural gas prices declined 2.6 percent, and electricity prices fell 0.2 percent.

These data are from the Consumer Price Index program and are not seasonally adjusted. To learn more, see "Consumer Price Index — May 2019." Also see more charts related to the latest Consumer Price Index news release.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer prices up 1.8 percent over year ended May 2019 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2019/consumer-prices-up-1-point-8-percent-over-year-ended-may-2019.htm (visited September 19, 2019).

OF INTEREST
spotlight

Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics