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Share of employment in professional and business services at all-time high of 14 percent in 2017

August 30, 2018

In 2017, the share of total nonfarm employment in professional and business services (14.0 percent), education and health services (15.8 percent), and leisure and hospitality (10.9 percent) reached their largest on record. All three industries recorded their lowest share of total nonfarm employment in 1943, the year in which the share of total nonfarm employment in manufacturing was at its highest on record.

Percent distribution of total nonfarm employment by industry, 1939–2017
Year Mining and logging Information Nondurable goods mfg. Other services Construction Durable goods mfg. Financial activities Leisure and hospitality Professional and business services Government Education and health services Trade, transportation, and utilities

1939

2.8% 3.7% 15.6% 1.8% 3.9% 15.2% 4.5% 6.2% 6.4% 13.2% 4.6% 22.0%

1940

2.9 3.7 14.9 1.8 4.2 16.2 4.4 6.2 6.4 13.1 4.5 21.7

1941

2.6 3.7 14.6 1.7 5.1 18.5 4.0 5.8 6.2 12.9 4.3 20.6

1942

2.5 3.7 13.7 1.6 5.6 21.1 3.6 5.3 6.0 13.9 4.1 18.9

1943

2.3 3.8 13.1 1.5 3.8 24.9 3.4 5.0 5.9 14.6 3.9 17.9

1944

2.2 3.9 13.2 1.6 2.7 24.7 3.4 5.1 6.0 14.7 4.0 18.6

1945

2.1 3.9 13.6 1.6 2.9 21.6 3.5 5.4 6.2 15.0 4.2 19.9

1946

2.1 3.8 14.3 1.8 4.1 18.0 3.9 6.0 6.4 13.7 4.5 21.4

1947

2.2 3.8 14.1 1.8 4.7 18.4 3.8 6.0 6.4 12.7 4.6 21.5

1948

2.3 3.7 14.0 1.8 5.0 17.9 3.9 6.1 6.4 12.8 4.6 21.6

1949

2.2 3.6 13.8 1.9 5.1 16.5 4.0 6.2 6.5 13.6 4.8 21.8

1950

2.0 3.6 13.7 1.9 5.3 17.2 4.0 6.1 6.5 13.5 4.7 21.4

1951

2.0 3.6 13.2 1.8 5.6 18.2 3.9 6.0 6.4 13.6 4.6 21.0

1952

1.9 3.5 12.9 1.8 5.5 18.4 4.0 6.0 6.4 13.8 4.7 21.1

1953

1.8 3.5 12.8 1.8 5.4 19.3 4.0 6.0 6.4 13.4 4.6 20.9

1954

1.7 3.4 12.7 1.9 5.5 17.9 4.3 6.2 6.5 14.0 4.9 21.1

1955

1.6 3.4 12.5 1.9 5.7 18.1 4.4 6.2 6.5 13.8 4.9 20.9

1956

1.6 3.4 12.2 1.9 5.9 18.0 4.4 6.2 6.5 14.1 4.9 20.8

1957

1.6 3.4 12.0 2.0 5.7 17.8 4.4 6.2 6.6 14.6 5.1 20.7

1958

1.6 3.3 12.0 2.1 5.6 16.5 4.6 6.3 6.7 15.5 5.2 20.7

1959

1.5 3.2 11.9 2.1 5.7 16.8 4.6 6.3 6.7 15.3 5.3 20.5

1960

1.4 3.2 11.7 2.1 5.5 16.7 4.7 6.4 6.8 15.6 5.4 20.5

1961

1.3 3.1 11.6 2.2 5.4 16.1 4.8 6.4 6.9 16.1 5.6 20.4

1962

1.3 3.1 11.5 2.2 5.4 16.3 4.8 6.4 7.0 16.2 5.7 20.1

1963

1.2 3.1 11.3 2.3 5.4 16.3 4.8 6.4 7.0 16.5 5.8 20.0

1964

1.2 3.0 11.1 2.3 5.4 16.1 4.8 6.5 7.1 16.6 5.9 20.0

1965

1.1 3.0 10.9 2.3 5.4 16.4 4.7 6.5 7.1 16.7 5.9 19.9

1966

1.1 3.0 10.7 2.3 5.3 16.9 4.6 6.4 7.1 17.0 5.9 19.7

1967

1.0 3.0 10.5 2.4 5.0 16.6 4.7 6.5 7.2 17.5 6.0 19.6

1968

1.0 2.9 10.4 2.4 5.0 16.4 4.8 6.5 7.2 17.6 6.2 19.6

1969

1.0 2.9 10.2 2.5 5.2 16.2 4.8 6.6 7.3 17.5 6.3 19.6

1970

1.0 2.9 10.0 2.5 5.1 15.2 5.0 6.7 7.4 17.9 6.4 19.9

1971

0.9 2.8 9.7 2.6 5.3 14.3 5.1 6.9 7.5 18.2 6.6 20.1

1972

0.9 2.8 9.5 2.6 5.4 14.4 5.1 6.9 7.5 18.2 6.6 20.0

1973

0.9 2.8 9.3 2.6 5.4 14.8 5.1 6.9 7.5 18.0 6.6 20.0

1974

1.0 2.8 9.0 2.7 5.2 14.6 5.1 7.0 7.6 18.2 6.8 20.0

1975

1.0 2.7 8.6 2.8 4.7 13.3 5.3 7.2 7.8 19.2 7.1 20.2

1976

1.0 2.7 8.7 2.8 4.6 13.4 5.2 7.3 7.9 18.9 7.2 20.3

1977

1.0 2.6 8.5 2.9 4.8 13.5 5.3 7.3 8.0 18.5 7.3 20.3

1978

1.0 2.6 8.2 2.9 5.0 13.6 5.3 7.4 8.0 18.2 7.4 20.3

1979

1.1 2.6 8.0 2.9 5.1 13.6 5.4 7.4 8.1 17.9 7.5 20.4

1980

1.2 2.6 7.8 3.0 4.9 12.9 5.6 7.4 8.3 18.1 7.8 20.3

1981

1.3 2.6 7.7 3.1 4.7 12.7 5.7 7.5 8.5 17.7 8.1 20.4

1982

1.3 2.6 7.5 3.3 4.5 11.8 5.8 7.7 8.8 17.8 8.4 20.6

1983

1.1 2.5 7.4 3.3 4.5 11.4 5.9 7.8 8.9 17.7 8.6 20.7

1984

1.1 2.5 7.3 3.4 4.8 11.7 5.9 7.9 9.0 17.1 8.7 20.8

1985

1.0 2.5 7.0 3.5 4.9 11.3 6.0 8.1 9.1 17.0 8.9 20.9

1986

0.8 2.5 6.8 3.5 5.0 10.8 6.2 8.2 9.3 16.9 9.1 20.9

1987

0.8 2.5 6.7 3.6 5.0 10.5 6.3 8.3 9.4 16.8 9.3 20.9

1988

0.7 2.5 6.6 3.7 5.0 10.4 6.2 8.3 9.6 16.6 9.6 20.9

1989

0.7 2.4 6.5 3.8 4.9 10.2 6.1 8.4 9.8 16.6 9.9 20.8

1990

0.7 2.5 6.4 3.9 4.8 9.8 6.0 8.5 9.9 16.8 10.1 20.7

1991

0.7 2.5 6.3 3.9 4.4 9.4 6.1 8.5 9.9 17.1 10.7 20.5

1992

0.6 2.4 6.3 3.9 4.2 9.1 6.0 8.7 10.1 17.3 11.0 20.3

1993

0.6 2.4 6.2 3.9 4.3 8.9 6.1 8.8 10.4 17.1 11.1 20.2

1994

0.6 2.4 6.0 3.9 4.5 8.9 6.0 8.8 10.6 16.8 11.3 20.2

1995

0.5 2.4 5.8 3.9 4.5 8.8 5.8 8.9 10.9 16.6 11.4 20.3

1996

0.5 2.5 5.6 3.9 4.6 8.8 5.9 9.0 11.2 16.3 11.5 20.2

1997

0.5 2.5 5.5 3.9 4.7 8.7 5.9 9.0 11.7 16.0 11.5 20.1

1998

0.5 2.6 5.3 3.9 4.9 8.6 6.0 8.9 12.0 15.8 11.5 20.0

1999

0.5 2.6 5.0 3.9 5.1 8.4 6.0 8.9 12.3 15.7 11.6 19.9

2000

0.5 2.7 4.8 3.9 5.1 8.2 5.9 9.0 12.6 15.7 11.6 19.9

2001

0.5 2.7 4.6 4.0 5.2 7.8 6.0 9.1 12.5 16.0 12.0 19.7

2002

0.4 2.6 4.4 4.1 5.1 7.3 6.1 9.2 12.2 16.5 12.6 19.5

2003

0.4 2.4 4.3 4.1 5.2 6.9 6.2 9.3 12.3 16.6 12.9 19.4

2004

0.4 2.4 4.1 4.1 5.3 6.8 6.2 9.5 12.4 16.4 13.1 19.4

2005

0.5 2.3 3.9 4.0 5.5 6.7 6.1 9.6 12.6 16.3 13.2 19.4

2006

0.5 2.2 3.8 4.0 5.6 6.6 6.1 9.6 12.9 16.1 13.3 19.3

2007

0.5 2.2 3.7 4.0 5.5 6.4 6.0 9.7 13.0 16.1 13.5 19.3

2008

0.6 2.2 3.6 4.0 5.2 6.2 6.0 9.8 12.9 16.4 14.0 19.2

2009

0.5 2.1 3.5 4.1 4.6 5.5 6.0 10.0 12.6 17.2 14.9 19.0

2010

0.5 2.1 3.4 4.1 4.2 5.4 5.9 10.0 12.8 17.3 15.3 18.9

2011

0.6 2.0 3.4 4.1 4.2 5.5 5.8 10.1 13.1 16.7 15.4 19.0

2012

0.6 2.0 3.3 4.0 4.2 5.6 5.8 10.3 13.4 16.3 15.5 19.0

2013

0.6 2.0 3.3 4.0 4.3 5.5 5.8 10.5 13.6 16.0 15.5 19.0

2014

0.6 2.0 3.2 4.0 4.4 5.5 5.7 10.6 13.7 15.7 15.4 19.0

2015

0.6 1.9 3.2 4.0 4.6 5.5 5.7 10.7 13.8 15.5 15.5 19.0

2016

0.5 1.9 3.2 3.9 4.7 5.3 5.7 10.8 13.9 15.4 15.7 18.9

2017

0.5 1.9 3.2 3.9 4.7 5.3 5.8 10.9 14.0 15.2 15.8 18.8

As a percentage of total nonfarm employment in 2017, manufacturing and information recorded all-time lows. The share of total nonfarm employment in government was 15.2 percent in 2017, its lowest since 1957. Trade, transportation, and utilities represented 18.8 percent of total nonfarm employment in 2017, its lowest share since 1944.

These data are from the Current Employment Statistics program. For additional charts, see Graphics for Economic News Releases: The Employment Situation.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Share of employment in professional and business services at all-time high of 14 percent in 2017 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2018/share-of-employment-in-professional-and-business-services-at-all-time-high-of-14-percent-in-2017.htm (visited November 11, 2019).

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