March is Women's History Month and this year's theme celebrates women of courage, character, and commitment. How much time do women commit each day to primary activities? Time use among women varies with the presence and age of children in the household. In 2012, women with their youngest household child ages 6 to 17 spent the most time per day on working and work-related activities (3.4 hours) compared to women with children under the age of 6 and women with no household children under the age of 18 (3.0 hours each, respectively).
|Activity||Average hours per day spent in primary activities|
|Youngest household child under age 6||Youngest household child ages 6-17||No household children under age 18|
Personal care activities
Leisure and sports
Working and work-related activities
Eating and drinking
Caring for and helping household members
Purchasing goods and services
Organizational, civic, and religious activities
Other activities, not elsewhere classified
Caring for and helping nonhousehold members
Telephone calls, mail, and email
Regardless of the presence or age of a child in the house, women spent about the same amount of time on personal care activities each day, between 9.6 and 9.7 hours. On average, women with no household children under the age of 18 spent the most time on leisure and sports (5.6 hours per day). Women with household children under 6 years old spent almost 2 hours less on leisure and sports (3.7 hours per day). Time spent on leisure and sports includes socializing and communicating, watching television, and sports participation.
Women with the youngest household child under the age of 6 spent an average of 2.5 hours per day caring for and helping household members. This was about 1.5 hours more per day than women with children ages 6 to 17.
These data are from the American Time Use Survey. For more information, see "American Time Use Survey — 2012 Results" (HTML) (PDF), news release USDL‑13‑1178. Note that a primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Daily time use among women with household children in 2012 at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2014/ted_20140307.htm (visited October 04, 2023).