Consumer Prices, 1913 and 2013
February 28, 2013
While potatoes are among the cheapest food items today, potato prices have increased over 39-fold from 1913 to 2013, rising from less than 2 cents to over 62 cents per pound—the sharpest rate of increase seen among items in a list of consumer foods for which the Consumer Price Index has price data going back to 1913.
|Item||January 1913||January 2013|
Eggs, per dozen
Fresh milk, per gallon(2)
Note: All average prices are per pound, unless otherwise noted.
Egg prices have increased the least in the last century, up about 5-fold (from 37 cents to $1.93 per dozen) as advances in production, delivery, and storage techniques have outpaced those seen for most other food items.
These price data are from the Consumer Price Indexes program and are featured in "Average Food Prices: a snapshot of how much has changed over a century," Beyond the Numbers, February 2013). Average price of butter shown on the chart is for January 2012. The price of butter for January 2013 is not available.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Consumer Prices, 1913 and 2013 on the Internet at https://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2013/ted_20130228.htm (visited February 16, 2020).
Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics
- Labor Market Activity of Blacks in the United States
Examines data on the labor market and related topics for the Black or African American population.
- Workers’ Access to and Use of Leave from Their Jobs in 2017–18
Examines the reasons for which workers can take leave, their use of leave, and the reasons they did not take available leave even when they needed to.
- A look at employment and wages in U.S. establishments with foreign ownership
Examines employment and wages in U.S. establishments that have at least one foreign owner with at least 10 percent ownership.
- 25 years of Worker Injury, Illness, and Fatality Case Data
Examines detailed historical data on work-related injuries, illnesses, and fatal injuries.