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Occupational Employment and Wage Statistics
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OEWS OEWS Program Links

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates by ownership

Cross-industry, private ownership only


These national ownership occupational employment and wage estimates are calculated with data collected from employers of all sizes, in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas in every state and the District of Columbia, in the Cross-industry, private ownership only ownership group.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages, is available in the downloadable XLS files.

Links to OEWS estimates for other ownership groups

SOC Major Groups in Cross-industry, private ownership only:

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header


Cross-industry, private ownership only

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view its profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Percent of total employment Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 119,690,040 0.0% 100.00% $18.97 $27.51 $57,210 0.1%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 7,754,600 0.2% 6.48% $49.41 $60.31 $125,450 0.3%
11-1000 Top Executives minor 3,006,050 0.4% 2.51% $47.35 $58.35 $121,360 0.5%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 166,060 1.9% 0.14% (5) $110.37 $229,580 0.8%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 2,839,990 0.5% 2.37% $46.84 $55.30 $115,030 0.4%
11-2000 Advertising, Marketing, Promotions, Public Relations, and Sales Managers minor 820,940 0.8% 0.69% $61.77 $70.13 $145,870 0.4%
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers detail 22,230 3.4% 0.02% $61.13 $68.91 $143,340 2.0%
11-2020 Marketing and Sales Managers broad 726,610 0.9% 0.61% $62.32 $70.64 $146,930 0.4%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 274,040 1.1% 0.23% $66.08 $74.15 $154,220 0.5%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 452,570 1.2% 0.38% $61.34 $68.52 $142,520 0.4%
11-2030 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers broad 72,100 1.9% 0.06% $59.30 $65.38 $135,990 0.8%
11-2032 Public Relations Managers detail 51,600 2.6% 0.04% $61.13 $68.44 $142,350 1.0%
11-2033 Fundraising Managers detail 20,510 1.9% 0.02% $49.06 $57.69 $119,990 0.9%
11-3000 Operations Specialties Managers minor 1,878,700 0.5% 1.57% $61.41 $68.88 $143,270 0.2%
11-3010 Administrative Services and Facilities Managers broad 250,900 1.0% 0.21% $47.76 $53.98 $112,280 0.4%
11-3012 Administrative Services Managers detail 171,650 1.0% 0.14% $48.48 $55.92 $116,320 0.5%
11-3013 Facilities Managers detail 79,240 1.5% 0.07% $47.18 $49.78 $103,540 0.7%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 442,480 1.0% 0.37% $77.79 $80.11 $166,630 0.3%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 618,840 0.6% 0.52% $64.57 $75.36 $156,760 0.3%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 189,650 0.6% 0.16% $49.61 $56.67 $117,860 0.3%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers detail 59,150 1.1% 0.05% $61.13 $65.62 $136,480 0.5%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 126,920 1.2% 0.11% $47.08 $50.79 $105,650 0.6%
11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers detail 13,550 2.9% 0.01% $61.60 $69.06 $143,650 1.0%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 144,800 1.7% 0.12% $60.98 $67.10 $139,570 0.6%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers detail 32,400 1.3% 0.03% $59.59 $63.24 $131,540 0.7%
11-9000 Other Management Occupations minor 2,048,910 0.4% 1.71% $45.52 $51.40 $106,920 0.4%
11-9013 Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers detail 4,590 6.4% (7) $35.58 $38.12 $79,290 2.2%
11-9021 Construction Managers detail 272,500 1.6% 0.23% $47.57 $52.20 $108,580 0.8%
11-9030 Education and Childcare Administrators broad 194,760 0.9% 0.16% $36.31 $41.64 $86,610 0.5%
11-9031 Education and Childcare Administrators, Preschool and Daycare detail 53,100 2.8% 0.04% $22.63 $25.25 $52,520 1.0%
11-9032 Education Administrators, Kindergarten through Secondary detail 45,090 1.5% 0.04% (4) (4) $93,440 0.9%
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary detail 66,470 0.7% 0.06% $45.54 $52.05 $108,270 0.4%
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other detail 30,100 2.2% 0.03% $37.24 $42.63 $88,670 1.1%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 170,620 0.9% 0.14% $75.45 $77.44 $161,080 0.3%
11-9051 Food Service Managers detail 203,090 1.9% 0.17% $28.57 $30.60 $63,640 1.5%
11-9070 Entertainment and Recreation Managers broad 15,530 3.5% 0.01% $29.02 $34.97 $72,740 1.6%
11-9071 Gambling Managers detail 2,130 5.6% (7) $36.76 $43.37 $90,210 2.4%
11-9072 Entertainment and Recreation Managers, Except Gambling detail 13,390 3.9% 0.01% $28.90 $33.63 $69,960 1.8%
11-9081 Lodging Managers detail 35,510 2.5% 0.03% $28.57 $32.55 $67,690 1.8%
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers detail 371,410 0.6% 0.31% $48.05 $57.47 $119,550 0.4%
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers detail 56,050 2.1% 0.05% $77.96 $81.74 $170,030 0.9%
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers detail 226,320 2.7% 0.19% $28.33 $33.50 $69,680 1.4%
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers detail 120,360 1.3% 0.10% $31.09 $35.14 $73,090 0.6%
11-9161 Emergency Management Directors detail 2,020 5.5% (7) $47.13 $51.74 $107,610 2.0%
11-9170 Personal Service Managers broad 19,660 6.8% 0.02% $29.02 $35.66 $74,180 2.5%
11-9171 Funeral Home Managers detail 12,710 3.4% 0.01% $35.58 $39.86 $82,910 1.8%
11-9179 Personal Service Managers, All Other detail 6,950 22.8% 0.01% $29.02 $27.99 $58,210 2.1%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 356,480 0.9% 0.30% $60.69 $64.91 $135,000 0.5%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 7,688,520 0.3% 6.42% $36.80 $40.07 $83,340 0.3%
13-1000 Business Operations Specialists minor 5,118,350 0.3% 4.28% $36.39 $38.73 $80,550 0.3%
13-1011 Agents and Business Managers of Artists, Performers, and Athletes detail 12,480 8.5% 0.01% $37.70 $55.97 $116,420 4.0%
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents broad 372,020 0.7% 0.31% $30.21 $34.17 $71,060 0.4%
13-1030 Claims Adjusters, Appraisers, Examiners, and Investigators broad 235,040 1.7% 0.20% $30.09 $33.17 $69,000 0.6%
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators detail 223,610 1.7% 0.19% $30.06 $33.19 $69,040 0.6%
13-1032 Insurance Appraisers, Auto Damage detail 11,430 4.0% 0.01% $30.13 $32.78 $68,180 1.0%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 196,670 2.5% 0.16% $33.72 $36.77 $76,480 0.8%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 208,160 1.1% 0.17% $31.32 $35.44 $73,710 0.5%
13-1070 Human Resources Workers broad 699,400 0.9% 0.58% $29.85 $34.04 $70,800 0.5%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 638,570 1.0% 0.53% $29.74 $33.77 $70,250 0.5%
13-1074 Farm Labor Contractors detail 440 24.9% (7) $22.97 $26.16 $54,400 7.2%
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists detail 60,380 1.7% 0.05% $36.94 $36.92 $76,790 1.1%
13-1080 Logisticians and Project Management Specialists broad 857,690 0.7% 0.72% $39.58 $45.79 $95,240 0.4%
13-1081 Logisticians detail 154,310 1.3% 0.13% $36.57 $36.87 $76,690 0.6%
13-1082 Project Management Specialists detail 703,380 0.9% 0.59% $46.34 $47.75 $99,310 0.4%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 601,750 1.2% 0.50% $47.06 $50.28 $104,580 0.5%
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners detail 88,030 2.1% 0.07% $23.89 $28.05 $58,340 1.0%
13-1131 Fundraisers detail 74,590 1.4% 0.06% $29.02 $30.87 $64,200 0.7%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists detail 69,700 2.0% 0.06% $34.42 $36.42 $75,750 0.7%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 299,730 1.1% 0.25% $29.60 $32.62 $67,850 0.7%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 712,740 1.0% 0.60% $30.89 $36.67 $76,270 0.4%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 690,350 0.8% 0.58% $31.98 $37.43 $77,850 0.6%
13-2000 Financial Specialists minor 2,570,170 0.5% 2.15% $37.24 $42.74 $88,900 0.3%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 1,176,850 0.7% 0.98% $37.22 $40.76 $84,780 0.4%
13-2020 Property Appraisers and Assessors broad 30,620 3.6% 0.03% $30.30 $36.37 $75,640 2.5%
13-2031 Budget Analysts detail 21,090 2.7% 0.02% $38.49 $41.42 $86,150 0.9%
13-2041 Credit Analysts detail 68,450 1.5% 0.06% $37.24 $42.36 $88,120 0.8%
13-2050 Financial Analysts and Advisors broad 698,110 0.8% 0.58% $39.66 $51.46 $107,050 0.5%
13-2051 Financial and Investment Analysts detail 276,240 1.6% 0.23% $45.69 $50.10 $104,220 0.9%
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors detail 262,280 1.6% 0.22% $45.43 $57.76 $120,140 1.0%
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters detail 106,880 2.8% 0.09% $36.75 $38.47 $80,010 0.9%
13-2054 Financial Risk Specialists detail 52,720 2.1% 0.04% $48.57 $53.62 $111,520 0.9%
13-2061 Financial Examiners detail 49,260 1.7% 0.04% $38.51 $44.86 $93,300 0.8%
13-2070 Credit Counselors and Loan Officers broad 357,920 1.2% 0.30% $29.93 $37.86 $78,750 0.8%
13-2071 Credit Counselors detail 25,660 4.3% 0.02% $22.87 $24.33 $50,600 1.3%
13-2072 Loan Officers detail 332,260 1.2% 0.28% $30.50 $38.91 $80,930 0.8%
13-2080 Tax Examiners, Collectors and Preparers, and Revenue Agents broad (8) (8) (8) $22.26 $24.56 $51,080 1.4%
13-2082 Tax Preparers detail (8) (8) (8) $22.26 $24.56 $51,070 1.4%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 84,730 2.6% 0.07% $31.24 $38.51 $80,100 2.2%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 4,207,090 0.5% 3.51% $47.43 $48.85 $101,610 0.3%
15-1200 Computer Occupations minor 3,973,100 0.4% 3.32% $47.43 $48.74 $101,370 0.3%
15-1210 Computer and Information Analysts broad 600,840 1.0% 0.50% $48.35 $51.29 $106,670 0.4%
15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts detail 450,030 1.1% 0.38% $47.79 $50.03 $104,070 0.5%
15-1212 Information Security Analysts detail 150,810 2.1% 0.13% $49.56 $55.03 $114,460 0.6%
15-1221 Computer and Information Research Scientists detail 20,170 5.9% 0.02% $73.53 $77.10 $160,360 2.3%
15-1230 Computer Support Specialists broad 709,260 0.9% 0.59% $27.43 $29.02 $60,350 0.4%
15-1231 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 148,430 2.1% 0.12% $30.26 $34.83 $72,450 0.8%
15-1232 Computer User Support Specialists detail 560,840 1.0% 0.47% $23.67 $27.48 $57,150 0.5%
15-1240 Database and Network Administrators and Architects broad 553,390 1.3% 0.46% $47.85 $50.37 $104,770 0.8%
15-1241 Computer Network Architects detail 158,860 1.5% 0.13% $59.24 $58.86 $122,420 0.7%
15-1242 Database Administrators detail 74,830 1.7% 0.06% $47.35 $47.32 $98,430 1.0%
15-1243 Database Architects detail 48,530 5.7% 0.04% $59.85 $59.08 $122,890 2.6%
15-1244 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 271,170 1.3% 0.23% $40.53 $44.69 $92,950 0.9%
15-1250 Software and Web Developers, Programmers, and Testers broad 1,820,710 0.6% 1.52% $49.53 $55.06 $114,530 0.4%
15-1251 Computer Programmers detail 136,970 2.2% 0.11% $45.80 $47.24 $98,250 1.2%
15-1252 Software Developers detail 1,336,100 0.7% 1.12% $58.74 $58.46 $121,590 0.4%
15-1253 Software Quality Assurance Analysts and Testers detail 187,330 1.7% 0.16% $47.27 $47.05 $97,860 0.8%
15-1254 Web Developers detail 80,280 2.8% 0.07% $37.09 $39.33 $81,800 1.1%
15-1255 Web and Digital Interface Designers detail 80,030 2.8% 0.07% $38.52 $46.32 $96,350 2.3%
15-1299 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 268,730 1.6% 0.22% $41.78 $46.71 $97,160 1.0%
15-2000 Mathematical Science Occupations minor 233,990 2.0% 0.20% $47.62 $50.80 $105,660 0.9%
15-2011 Actuaries detail 22,120 4.3% 0.02% $50.92 $60.57 $125,990 2.5%
15-2021 Mathematicians detail 460 10.9% (7) $58.10 $59.18 $123,090 3.3%
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts detail 85,690 3.7% 0.07% $40.14 $46.49 $96,690 2.3%
15-2041 Statisticians detail 21,880 4.4% 0.02% $47.27 $49.06 $102,040 1.4%
15-2051 Data Scientists detail 101,170 2.5% 0.08% $48.73 $52.88 $110,000 1.1%
15-2099 Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other detail 2,660 8.0% (7) $36.91 $42.12 $87,600 2.3%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 2,129,970 0.4% 1.78% $38.26 $44.03 $91,590 0.4%
17-1000 Architects, Surveyors, and Cartographers minor 161,130 1.3% 0.13% $37.24 $39.77 $82,720 0.8%
17-1010 Architects, Except Naval broad 112,290 1.4% 0.09% $38.05 $42.74 $88,890 0.8%
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval detail 96,480 1.5% 0.08% $38.38 $44.03 $91,590 0.9%
17-1012 Landscape Architects detail 15,820 4.4% 0.01% $31.00 $34.83 $72,440 1.5%
17-1020 Surveyors, Cartographers, and Photogrammetrists broad 48,830 2.7% 0.04% $29.51 $32.94 $68,520 1.3%
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists detail 6,920 5.2% 0.01% $30.97 $35.42 $73,670 1.9%
17-1022 Surveyors detail 41,910 3.0% 0.04% $29.32 $32.53 $67,660 1.4%
17-2000 Engineers minor 1,423,790 0.6% 1.19% $47.52 $50.02 $104,040 0.4%
17-2011 Aerospace Engineers detail 46,650 3.2% 0.04% $58.37 $59.03 $122,770 0.8%
17-2021 Agricultural Engineers detail 480 15.4% (7) $45.68 $44.74 $93,060 4.8%
17-2031 Bioengineers and Biomedical Engineers detail 15,910 5.2% 0.01% $47.01 $49.08 $102,080 4.6%
17-2041 Chemical Engineers detail 22,770 3.5% 0.02% $50.44 $58.99 $122,690 3.8%
17-2051 Civil Engineers detail 225,410 1.7% 0.19% $38.84 $46.02 $95,710 0.7%
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers detail 67,580 2.2% 0.06% $62.00 $66.48 $138,270 0.9%
17-2070 Electrical and Electronics Engineers broad 265,900 1.2% 0.22% $48.81 $53.23 $110,710 0.4%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 175,200 1.5% 0.15% $48.22 $51.99 $108,140 0.5%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer detail 90,700 1.6% 0.08% $49.23 $55.62 $115,690 0.6%
17-2081 Environmental Engineers detail 30,750 3.6% 0.03% $46.68 $49.30 $102,540 1.6%
17-2110 Industrial Engineers, Including Health and Safety broad 311,230 0.9% 0.26% $45.82 $45.95 $95,580 0.4%
17-2111 Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors detail 19,510 4.7% 0.02% $47.76 $48.89 $101,690 1.1%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 291,720 0.9% 0.24% $45.82 $45.76 $95,180 0.4%
17-2121 Marine Engineers and Naval Architects detail 6,170 10.7% 0.01% $38.68 $45.84 $95,340 4.7%
17-2131 Materials Engineers detail 19,600 2.9% 0.02% $46.75 $48.48 $100,830 0.9%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 261,470 1.1% 0.22% $45.78 $46.53 $96,770 0.6%
17-2151 Mining and Geological Engineers, Including Mining Safety Engineers detail 6,930 3.9% 0.01% $45.92 $47.71 $99,230 1.2%
17-2161 Nuclear Engineers detail 9,620 6.7% 0.01% $59.32 $61.76 $128,450 2.8%
17-2171 Petroleum Engineers detail 21,460 4.3% 0.02% $62.91 $70.47 $146,570 1.3%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other detail 111,850 2.1% 0.09% $47.76 $50.45 $104,930 0.9%
17-3000 Drafters, Engineering Technicians, and Mapping Technicians minor 545,050 0.8% 0.46% $28.90 $29.67 $61,710 0.4%
17-3010 Drafters broad 182,330 1.2% 0.15% $29.00 $29.68 $61,720 0.4%
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters detail 99,370 1.7% 0.08% $29.01 $29.14 $60,620 0.6%
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters detail 20,570 3.8% 0.02% $29.57 $32.28 $67,140 1.2%
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters detail 47,600 1.9% 0.04% $28.95 $30.13 $62,680 0.7%
17-3019 Drafters, All Other detail 14,780 3.8% 0.01% $26.53 $28.15 $58,540 1.2%
17-3020 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters broad 314,320 1.0% 0.26% $29.04 $30.62 $63,690 0.5%
17-3021 Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technologists and Technicians detail 10,820 5.2% 0.01% $35.66 $35.46 $73,770 1.7%
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 33,850 3.6% 0.03% $28.52 $28.56 $59,410 1.3%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 85,440 1.6% 0.07% $29.68 $32.19 $66,950 0.7%
17-3024 Electro-Mechanical and Mechatronics Technologists and Technicians detail 11,140 4.7% 0.01% $29.02 $30.50 $63,450 1.4%
17-3025 Environmental Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 11,500 7.3% 0.01% $23.04 $26.45 $55,010 1.9%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 60,610 2.0% 0.05% $28.94 $29.29 $60,920 0.5%
17-3027 Mechanical Engineering Technologists and Technicians detail 39,310 2.3% 0.03% $29.07 $30.46 $63,350 0.6%
17-3028 Calibration Technologists and Technicians detail 8,360 4.9% 0.01% $28.96 $30.14 $62,690 1.4%
17-3029 Engineering Technologists and Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other detail 53,300 2.5% 0.04% $28.95 $31.06 $64,600 0.9%
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians detail 48,400 3.1% 0.04% $22.42 $23.44 $48,760 1.0%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 794,460 0.8% 0.66% $35.80 $40.22 $83,650 0.6%
19-1000 Life Scientists minor 206,730 1.7% 0.17% $45.07 $48.72 $101,330 0.9%
19-1010 Agricultural and Food Scientists broad 25,510 3.8% 0.02% $37.04 $39.85 $82,890 1.6%
19-1011 Animal Scientists detail 1,960 10.2% (7) $34.05 $41.24 $85,790 9.4%
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists detail 12,790 5.1% 0.01% $37.87 $41.03 $85,340 2.0%
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists detail 10,760 7.0% 0.01% $35.64 $38.20 $79,450 2.8%
19-1020 Biological Scientists broad 75,990 3.9% 0.06% $47.50 $48.90 $101,710 1.5%
19-1021 Biochemists and Biophysicists detail 33,560 7.0% 0.03% $49.96 $55.55 $115,540 2.2%
19-1022 Microbiologists detail 14,400 5.3% 0.01% $37.79 $41.71 $86,760 1.9%
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists detail 3,750 12.7% (7) $29.13 $30.91 $64,300 2.8%
19-1029 Biological Scientists, All Other detail 24,280 5.8% 0.02% $43.81 $46.76 $97,250 2.0%
19-1030 Conservation Scientists and Foresters broad 8,780 6.8% 0.01% $29.79 $33.23 $69,120 2.5%
19-1031 Conservation Scientists detail 4,960 6.7% (7) $29.31 $32.37 $67,320 2.0%
19-1032 Foresters detail 3,820 13.6% (7) $31.13 $34.35 $71,460 5.0%
19-1040 Medical Scientists broad 92,380 2.0% 0.08% $47.99 $52.49 $109,190 0.9%
19-1041 Epidemiologists detail 2,730 6.7% (7) $47.83 $52.71 $109,630 1.7%
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists detail 89,640 2.1% 0.07% $47.99 $52.49 $109,180 0.9%
19-1099 Life Scientists, All Other detail 4,070 11.0% (7) $39.38 $48.44 $100,760 6.2%
19-2000 Physical Scientists minor 161,980 1.4% 0.14% $39.56 $47.84 $99,510 0.8%
19-2010 Astronomers and Physicists broad 15,850 6.0% 0.01% $79.30 $77.78 $161,790 1.1%
19-2011 Astronomers detail 1,050 30.3% (7) $61.62 $72.40 $150,600 5.1%
19-2012 Physicists detail 14,800 6.0% 0.01% $79.30 $78.16 $162,580 1.1%
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists detail 4,660 6.4% (7) $37.98 $43.61 $90,710 2.4%
19-2030 Chemists and Materials Scientists broad 75,500 2.0% 0.06% $38.19 $43.08 $89,600 0.8%
19-2031 Chemists detail 69,270 2.1% 0.06% $37.98 $42.31 $88,010 0.8%
19-2032 Materials Scientists detail 6,230 6.3% 0.01% $48.84 $51.55 $107,220 1.8%
19-2040 Environmental Scientists and Geoscientists broad 59,540 2.6% 0.05% $37.93 $44.49 $92,540 1.2%
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health detail 38,690 3.1% 0.03% $37.11 $40.78 $84,830 1.6%
19-2042 Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers detail 18,360 4.1% 0.02% $39.64 $51.14 $106,380 1.9%
19-2043 Hydrologists detail 2,500 13.8% (7) $47.62 $53.00 $110,230 4.6%
19-2099 Physical Scientists, All Other detail 6,420 6.0% 0.01% $60.78 $64.17 $133,460 2.1%
19-3000 Social Scientists and Related Workers minor 99,570 2.1% 0.08% $38.19 $45.59 $94,830 1.5%
19-3011 Economists detail 7,950 8.9% 0.01% $57.53 $62.84 $130,710 2.9%
19-3022 Survey Researchers detail 7,730 6.1% 0.01% $28.83 $31.42 $65,350 4.2%
19-3030 Psychologists broad 59,240 2.9% 0.05% $38.51 $46.99 $97,730 1.9%
19-3032 Industrial-Organizational Psychologists detail 220 15.7% (7) $57.85 $54.91 $114,220 4.9%
19-3033 Clinical and Counseling Psychologists detail 47,350 3.2% 0.04% $39.40 $48.40 $100,670 2.2%
19-3034 School Psychologists detail 7,580 9.5% 0.01% $31.27 $37.87 $78,780 3.2%
19-3039 Psychologists, All Other detail 4,090 11.5% (7) $47.13 $47.07 $97,910 4.6%
19-3041 Sociologists detail 1,670 18.8% (7) $47.76 $49.11 $102,150 2.2%
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners detail 6,350 8.5% 0.01% $38.24 $42.70 $88,820 4.1%
19-3090 Miscellaneous Social Scientists and Related Workers broad 16,640 5.6% 0.01% $35.53 $39.74 $82,650 1.7%
19-3091 Anthropologists and Archeologists detail 4,330 13.4% (7) $28.41 $29.62 $61,600 3.0%
19-3092 Geographers detail 220 25.1% (7) $37.08 $38.07 $79,190 3.9%
19-3093 Historians detail 1,190 11.7% (7) $29.37 $33.11 $68,870 2.8%
19-3094 Political Scientists detail 1,810 17.7% (7) $46.17 $52.56 $109,330 5.0%
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other detail 9,100 5.8% 0.01% $38.22 $42.91 $89,250 2.5%
19-4000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians minor 226,190 1.2% 0.19% $23.28 $26.38 $54,880 0.6%
19-4010 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians broad 21,100 2.8% 0.02% $21.38 $22.15 $46,070 0.8%
19-4012 Agricultural Technicians detail 9,920 5.2% 0.01% $18.70 $21.09 $43,860 1.3%
19-4013 Food Science Technicians detail 11,170 2.6% 0.01% $22.42 $23.09 $48,030 0.9%
19-4021 Biological Technicians detail 51,930 2.7% 0.04% $23.43 $25.57 $53,190 0.9%
19-4031 Chemical Technicians detail 54,670 1.8% 0.05% $23.51 $26.50 $55,120 0.7%
19-4040 Environmental Science and Geoscience Technicians broad 35,170 3.5% 0.03% $22.74 $25.61 $53,260 1.3%
19-4042 Environmental Science and Protection Technicians, Including Health detail 24,750 4.2% 0.02% $22.42 $23.58 $49,040 1.3%
19-4043 Geological Technicians, Except Hydrologic Technicians detail 8,910 6.6% 0.01% $23.14 $28.39 $59,060 2.6%
19-4044 Hydrologic Technicians detail 1,500 10.7% (7) $38.35 $42.54 $88,480 4.2%
19-4051 Nuclear Technicians detail 5,190 4.1% (7) $47.76 $46.15 $95,980 1.1%
19-4061 Social Science Research Assistants detail 13,840 3.9% 0.01% $23.99 $28.01 $58,270 1.5%
19-4071 Forest and Conservation Technicians detail 2,050 15.5% (7) $20.62 $22.78 $47,390 3.3%
19-4090 Miscellaneous Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians broad 42,250 3.6% 0.04% $23.69 $27.20 $56,580 1.2%
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians detail 1,500 12.7% (7) $23.17 $24.99 $51,980 4.3%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other detail 40,760 3.7% 0.03% $23.69 $27.28 $56,740 1.2%
19-5010 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians broad 99,990 3.2% 0.08% $35.91 $36.23 $75,360 1.3%
19-5011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists detail 81,330 2.9% 0.07% $37.29 $38.16 $79,370 1.4%
19-5012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians detail 18,660 8.2% 0.02% $24.85 $27.84 $57,900 2.6%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 1,406,890 0.5% 1.18% $22.46 $23.94 $49,800 0.4%
21-1000 Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists minor 1,328,950 0.5% 1.11% $22.42 $23.83 $49,570 0.4%
21-1010 Counselors broad 502,500 0.8% 0.42% $22.75 $24.61 $51,190 0.5%
21-1012 Educational, Guidance, and Career Counselors and Advisors detail 94,440 1.6% 0.08% $23.42 $25.63 $53,310 0.6%
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists detail 49,060 3.8% 0.04% $23.76 $27.71 $57,640 1.7%
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors detail 68,840 2.9% 0.06% $17.93 $19.82 $41,230 1.0%
21-1018 Substance Abuse, Behavioral Disorder, and Mental Health Counselors detail 268,480 1.1% 0.22% $22.87 $25.03 $52,070 0.5%
21-1019 Counselors, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $19.39 $23.18 $48,210 2.4%
21-1020 Social Workers broad 398,280 1.1% 0.33% $23.51 $26.36 $54,840 0.5%
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers detail 152,270 2.4% 0.13% $22.25 $22.92 $47,660 0.6%
21-1022 Healthcare Social Workers detail 149,670 1.3% 0.13% $29.25 $30.02 $62,440 0.6%
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers detail 82,430 2.0% 0.07% $23.35 $26.64 $55,420 1.2%
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other detail 13,910 5.1% 0.01% $22.37 $23.13 $48,110 1.4%
21-1090 Miscellaneous Community and Social Service Specialists broad 428,170 1.1% 0.36% $18.42 $20.56 $42,770 0.6%
21-1091 Health Education Specialists detail 36,740 3.4% 0.03% $29.06 $30.64 $63,740 1.5%
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists detail 2,700 10.7% (7) $18.43 $19.94 $41,480 1.5%
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants detail 296,210 1.3% 0.25% $17.80 $18.71 $38,910 0.7%
21-1094 Community Health Workers detail 44,740 2.9% 0.04% $21.65 $22.64 $47,090 0.8%
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other detail 47,780 3.2% 0.04% $21.30 $22.42 $46,640 1.1%
21-2000 Religious Workers minor 77,940 1.9% 0.07% $23.25 $25.80 $53,650 1.2%
21-2011 Clergy detail 46,920 2.1% 0.04% $23.73 $27.17 $56,510 1.3%
21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities and Education detail 20,590 4.2% 0.02% $22.55 $25.20 $52,420 2.3%
21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other detail 10,420 7.9% 0.01% $17.98 $20.78 $43,220 3.6%
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 906,640 0.6% 0.76% $38.62 $55.39 $115,200 1.2%
23-1000 Lawyers, Judges, and Related Workers minor 538,900 1.3% 0.45% $62.22 $74.48 $154,910 1.3%
23-1010 Lawyers and Judicial Law Clerks broad 534,060 1.3% 0.45% $62.41 $74.93 $155,850 1.2%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 533,990 1.3% 0.45% $62.41 $74.93 $155,860 1.2%
23-2000 Legal Support Workers minor 367,740 1.7% 0.31% $23.58 $27.41 $57,000 1.1%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants detail 295,980 2.1% 0.25% $23.80 $27.73 $57,680 1.2%
23-2090 Miscellaneous Legal Support Workers broad 71,760 2.7% 0.06% $22.95 $26.08 $54,240 1.2%
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers detail 50,010 2.8% 0.04% $22.74 $25.19 $52,400 1.3%
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other detail 21,750 6.5% 0.02% $23.53 $28.11 $58,470 2.1%
25-0000 Educational Instruction and Library Occupations major 2,090,150 0.3% 1.75% $22.42 $27.60 $57,410 0.4%
25-1000 Postsecondary Teachers minor 521,030 0.4% 0.44% (4) (4) $96,230 0.4%
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary detail 35,840 1.5% 0.03% (4) (4) $103,070 0.5%
25-1020 Math and Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary broad 20,280 1.3% 0.02% (4) (4) $97,170 0.8%
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 10,550 2.3% 0.01% (4) (4) $102,750 1.2%
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 9,730 1.0% 0.01% (4) (4) $91,110 0.7%
25-1030 Engineering and Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary broad 12,750 1.9% 0.01% (4) (4) $117,890 0.4%
25-1031 Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary detail 2,400 3.5% (7) (4) (4) $107,890 0.9%
25-1032 Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary detail 10,350 2.1% 0.01% (4) (4) $120,210 0.4%
25-1040 Life Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary broad 15,630 0.9% 0.01% (4) (4) $98,850 0.4%
25-1041 Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary detail 650 3.8% (7) (4) (4) $107,890 2.1%
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 14,900 0.9% 0.01% (4) (4) $98,580 0.4%
25-1043 Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 90 7.1% (7) (4) (4) $77,500 1.0%
25-1050 Physical Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary broad 15,190 0.7% 0.01% (4) (4) $98,190 0.4%
25-1051 Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary detail 2,740 2.0% (7) (4) (4) $109,430 0.5%
25-1052 Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary detail 7,020 1.1% 0.01% (4) (4) $92,470 0.4%
25-1053 Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 1,470 2.1% (7) (4) (4) $96,770 0.6%
25-1054 Physics Teachers, Postsecondary detail 3,960 0.5% (7) (4) (4) $101,060 0.3%
25-1060 Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary broad 39,200 1.1% 0.03% (4) (4) $98,520 0.5%
25-1061 Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary detail 1,460 0.9% (7) (4) (4) $112,390 0.7%
25-1062 Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary detail 3,600 1.4% (7) (4) (4) $94,960 0.4%
25-1063 Economics Teachers, Postsecondary detail 4,520 1.1% (7) (4) (4) $133,140 0.7%
25-1064 Geography Teachers, Postsecondary detail 420 1.7% (7) (4) (4) $96,920 0.8%
25-1065 Political Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 5,860 1.2% (7) (4) (4) $107,470 0.6%
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary detail 14,900 2.4% 0.01% (4) (4) $86,740 0.8%
25-1067 Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary detail 3,890 0.9% (7) (4) (4) $91,760 0.5%
25-1069 Social Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary, All Other detail 4,560 2.6% (7) (4) (4) $95,440 0.9%
25-1070 Health Teachers, Postsecondary broad 117,830 1.3% 0.10% (4) (4) $120,950 0.4%
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary detail 84,150 1.6% 0.07% (4) (4) $134,670 0.5%
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary detail 33,680 3.3% 0.03% (4) (4) $86,670 0.6%
25-1080 Education and Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary broad 26,290 1.8% 0.02% (4) (4) $73,000 0.5%
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary detail 25,300 1.9% 0.02% (4) (4) $73,110 0.6%
25-1082 Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 990 1.5% (7) (4) (4) $70,200 0.4%
25-1110 Law, Criminal Justice, and Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary broad 17,490 3.7% 0.01% (4) (4) $106,860 0.8%
25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary detail 2,740 3.1% (7) (4) (4) $70,090 1.0%
25-1112 Law Teachers, Postsecondary detail 9,770 6.5% 0.01% (4) (4) $131,270 1.0%
25-1113 Social Work Teachers, Postsecondary detail 4,970 4.2% (7) (4) (4) $79,150 0.4%
25-1120 Arts, Communications, History, and Humanities Teachers, Postsecondary broad 100,390 0.9% 0.08% (4) (4) $88,880 0.8%
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary detail 46,330 1.5% 0.04% (4) (4) $91,790 1.4%
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary detail 8,850 0.9% 0.01% (4) (4) $86,660 0.5%
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary detail 16,740 1.2% 0.01% (4) (4) $84,400 0.5%
25-1124 Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary detail 7,610 1.6% 0.01% (4) (4) $82,700 0.6%
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary detail 6,500 0.8% 0.01% (4) (4) $93,090 0.6%
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary detail 14,360 3.3% 0.01% (4) (4) $87,490 1.9%
25-1192 Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary detail 490 3.6% (7) (4) (4) $74,770 1.4%
25-1193 Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary detail 4,060 2.6% (7) (4) (4) $68,400 1.2%
25-1194 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Postsecondary detail 50,380 2.1% 0.04% $26.68 $29.52 $61,390 1.0%
25-2000 Preschool, Elementary, Middle, Secondary, and Special Education Teachers minor 737,830 0.8% 0.62% (4) (4) $44,990 0.5%
25-2010 Preschool and Kindergarten Teachers broad 348,000 1.5% 0.29% $14.26 $16.12 $33,530 0.7%
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education detail 332,090 1.5% 0.28% $14.20 $15.84 $32,950 0.7%
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education detail 15,900 4.7% 0.01% (4) (4) $45,660 1.5%
25-2020 Elementary and Middle School Teachers broad 198,430 1.6% 0.17% (4) (4) $51,050 0.7%
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education detail 132,910 2.0% 0.11% (4) (4) $50,250 0.8%
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education detail 64,890 2.9% 0.05% (4) (4) $52,620 0.9%
25-2023 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Middle School detail 630 18.4% (7) (4) (4) $59,260 3.1%
25-2030 Secondary School Teachers broad 145,290 2.3% 0.12% (4) (4) $59,090 0.8%
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education detail 142,540 2.4% 0.12% (4) (4) $59,080 0.8%
25-2032 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School detail 2,750 10.0% (7) (4) (4) $59,390 2.9%
25-2050 Special Education Teachers broad 46,120 4.3% 0.04% (4) (4) $60,990 1.6%
25-2051 Special Education Teachers, Preschool detail 7,330 8.7% 0.01% (4) (4) $76,940 3.3%
25-2052 Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School detail 12,870 7.2% 0.01% (4) (4) $56,420 1.7%
25-2057 Special Education Teachers, Middle School detail 4,190 8.5% (7) (4) (4) $55,830 2.2%
25-2058 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School detail 11,610 11.0% 0.01% (4) (4) $55,430 2.0%
25-2059 Special Education Teachers, All Other detail 10,120 8.1% 0.01% (4) (4) $63,790 4.6%
25-3000 Other Teachers and Instructors minor 398,170 1.2% 0.33% $18.08 $22.21 $46,190 1.0%
25-3011 Adult Basic Education, Adult Secondary Education, and English as a Second Language Instructors detail 11,040 7.6% 0.01% $22.93 $25.51 $53,060 3.1%
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Teachers detail 195,130 1.7% 0.16% $19.49 $23.33 $48,520 1.2%
25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term detail 48,400 5.1% 0.04% $14.24 $16.67 $34,660 3.0%
25-3041 Tutors detail 84,830 3.3% 0.07% $17.45 $20.75 $43,150 2.8%
25-4000 Librarians, Curators, and Archivists minor 53,490 1.6% 0.04% $23.80 $27.33 $56,840 0.8%
25-4010 Archivists, Curators, and Museum Technicians broad 18,090 2.6% 0.02% $23.71 $28.09 $58,430 1.5%
25-4011 Archivists detail 3,690 7.7% (7) $25.96 $28.57 $59,420 2.5%
25-4012 Curators detail 7,650 3.0% 0.01% $28.87 $30.94 $64,340 2.7%
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators detail 6,740 3.4% 0.01% $22.84 $24.60 $51,160 1.8%
25-4022 Librarians and Media Collections Specialists detail 25,560 1.6% 0.02% $29.02 $29.71 $61,790 0.8%
25-4031 Library Technicians detail 9,840 3.2% 0.01% $17.93 $19.75 $41,080 0.9%
25-9000 Other Educational Instruction and Library Occupations minor 379,640 1.2% 0.32% (4) (4) $40,120 0.6%
25-9021 Farm and Home Management Educators detail 840 20.5% (7) $22.96 $25.51 $53,060 5.6%
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators detail 72,750 1.8% 0.06% $29.47 $31.84 $66,240 0.7%
25-9040 Teaching Assistants broad 262,110 1.6% 0.22% (4) (4) $31,090 0.4%
25-9044 Teaching Assistants, Postsecondary detail 27,740 1.9% 0.02% (4) (4) $41,730 0.5%
25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary detail 234,360 1.8% 0.20% (4) (4) $29,830 0.4%
25-9099 Educational Instruction and Library Workers, All Other detail 43,940 2.9% 0.04% $22.47 $24.27 $50,470 1.5%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 1,631,280 0.6% 1.36% $24.34 $31.96 $66,470 1.5%
27-1000 Art and Design Workers minor 593,330 1.1% 0.50% $23.01 $28.19 $58,630 1.0%
27-1010 Artists and Related Workers broad 77,500 4.4% 0.06% $39.01 $46.42 $96,560 2.0%
27-1011 Art Directors detail 41,410 2.7% 0.03% $48.74 $55.79 $116,040 1.9%
27-1012 Craft Artists detail 3,610 7.8% (7) $16.84 $19.40 $40,350 3.7%
27-1013 Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators detail 9,060 12.4% 0.01% $29.16 $33.29 $69,240 8.1%
27-1014 Special Effects Artists and Animators detail 19,930 10.2% 0.02% $38.06 $41.77 $86,890 7.1%
27-1019 Artists and Related Workers, All Other detail 3,490 18.9% (7) $22.71 $23.87 $49,650 9.5%
27-1020 Designers broad 515,830 0.8% 0.43% $22.06 $25.45 $52,930 1.0%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers detail 27,840 3.2% 0.02% $37.03 $38.30 $79,660 3.1%
27-1022 Fashion Designers detail 19,190 5.3% 0.02% $37.24 $40.31 $83,850 2.5%
27-1023 Floral Designers detail 35,990 1.8% 0.03% $14.36 $15.43 $32,090 1.0%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 195,720 1.4% 0.16% $24.19 $28.75 $59,800 1.1%
27-1025 Interior Designers detail 61,300 2.4% 0.05% $28.90 $29.99 $62,380 1.2%
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers detail 159,770 1.4% 0.13% $15.41 $17.08 $35,520 0.8%
27-1027 Set and Exhibit Designers detail 6,010 9.1% 0.01% $26.37 $30.62 $63,690 3.0%
27-1029 Designers, All Other detail 10,010 5.8% 0.01% $29.96 $35.39 $73,600 4.6%
27-2000 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers minor 368,650 2.3% 0.31% $24.26 $36.06 $75,000 3.2%
27-2010 Actors, Producers, and Directors broad 163,000 4.9% 0.14% $37.09 $46.26 $96,220 4.7%
27-2011 Actors detail 29,580 25.1% 0.02% $23.48 $31.36 (4) 7.4%
27-2012 Producers and Directors detail 133,420 5.4% 0.11% $38.23 $49.56 $103,090 4.6%
27-2020 Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers broad 154,510 1.9% 0.13% (4) (4) $54,480 2.0%
27-2021 Athletes and Sports Competitors detail 12,210 8.9% 0.01% (4) (4) $117,450 4.9%
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts detail 136,840 1.9% 0.11% (4) (4) $48,600 1.3%
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials detail 5,460 12.8% (7) (4) (4) $60,890 23.4%
27-2030 Dancers and Choreographers broad 7,470 8.6% 0.01% $19.67 $24.46 $50,870 4.5%
27-2031 Dancers detail 3,720 11.5% (7) $19.00 $24.79 (4) 5.6%
27-2032 Choreographers detail 3,750 12.7% (7) $21.01 $24.13 $50,190 6.6%
27-2040 Musicians, Singers, and Related Workers broad 31,260 3.6% 0.03% $29.77 $39.34 (4) 3.2%
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers detail 8,770 5.1% 0.01% $23.46 $31.09 $64,660 3.5%
27-2042 Musicians and Singers detail 22,480 4.5% 0.02% $31.11 $42.56 (4) 4.2%
27-2090 Miscellaneous Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers broad 12,420 8.2% 0.01% $17.51 $23.60 (4) 5.7%
27-2091 Disc Jockeys, Except Radio detail 4,740 12.3% (7) $15.70 $21.86 (4) 6.8%
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other detail 7,680 10.5% 0.01% $17.53 $24.68 (4) 7.6%
27-3000 Media and Communication Workers minor 491,390 1.0% 0.41% $29.96 $34.83 $72,450 1.4%
27-3011 Broadcast Announcers and Radio Disc Jockeys detail 24,080 3.8% 0.02% $18.07 $27.06 $56,280 2.4%
27-3023 News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists detail 38,520 2.3% 0.03% $23.20 $30.45 $63,340 1.5%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 197,730 1.2% 0.17% $30.11 $35.55 $73,950 1.0%
27-3040 Writers and Editors broad 178,260 1.9% 0.15% $34.66 $38.08 $79,200 2.6%
27-3041 Editors detail 86,440 1.9% 0.07% $30.50 $36.91 $76,760 1.3%
27-3042 Technical Writers detail 45,370 2.9% 0.04% $37.53 $39.29 $81,720 1.1%
27-3043 Writers and Authors detail 46,440 5.9% 0.04% $33.21 $39.07 $81,260 7.8%
27-3090 Miscellaneous Media and Communication Workers broad 52,790 3.4% 0.04% $23.47 $27.93 $58,090 1.9%
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators detail 35,230 3.8% 0.03% $23.52 $28.37 $59,010 2.1%
27-3092 Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners detail 3,970 9.4% (7) $22.97 $24.41 $50,770 3.6%
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other detail 13,590 9.5% 0.01% $23.44 $27.82 $57,860 3.5%
27-4000 Media and Communication Equipment Workers minor 177,910 3.7% 0.15% $23.46 $28.10 $58,450 1.8%
27-4010 Broadcast, Sound, and Lighting Technicians broad 82,150 3.6% 0.07% $23.38 $26.98 $56,120 1.8%
27-4011 Audio and Video Technicians detail 44,060 4.5% 0.04% $23.46 $26.83 $55,810 2.1%
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians detail 23,810 6.8% 0.02% $19.49 $24.43 $50,810 3.4%
27-4014 Sound Engineering Technicians detail 10,260 10.5% 0.01% $29.16 $33.04 $68,720 3.1%
27-4015 Lighting Technicians detail 4,030 13.9% (7) $26.48 $28.26 $58,780 4.2%
27-4021 Photographers detail 37,600 4.7% 0.03% $18.63 $23.10 $48,050 1.6%
27-4030 Television, Video, and Film Camera Operators and Editors broad 46,980 7.4% 0.04% $29.04 $33.87 $70,440 3.6%
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Film detail 19,190 14.3% 0.02% $23.71 $29.88 $62,140 2.7%
27-4032 Film and Video Editors detail 27,800 8.3% 0.02% $30.16 $36.62 $76,180 4.4%
27-4099 Media and Communication Equipment Workers, All Other detail 11,170 20.3% 0.01% $23.61 $28.90 $60,110 6.8%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 7,551,190 0.2% 6.31% $36.17 $44.28 $92,100 0.3%
29-1000 Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners minor 4,920,340 0.3% 4.11% $39.69 $54.99 $114,380 0.4%
29-1011 Chiropractors detail 35,790 2.5% 0.03% $36.06 $39.05 $81,230 1.4%
29-1020 Dentists broad 119,620 2.8% 0.10% $78.43 $85.74 $178,340 1.9%
29-1021 Dentists, General detail 106,130 3.4% 0.09% $77.26 $80.53 $167,500 1.8%
29-1023 Orthodontists detail 5,100 11.4% (7) (5) $129.13 $268,580 6.0%
29-1024 Prosthodontists detail 790 30.4% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists detail 52,820 2.0% 0.04% $29.64 $31.71 $65,970 0.9%
29-1041 Optometrists detail 37,970 3.7% 0.03% $60.02 $60.64 $126,130 1.2%
29-1051 Pharmacists detail 287,420 1.1% 0.24% $61.78 $60.26 $125,340 0.3%
29-1071 Physician Assistants detail 122,900 1.7% 0.10% $58.43 $57.70 $120,020 0.6%
29-1081 Podiatrists detail 7,890 6.7% 0.01% $63.25 $76.29 $158,690 3.3%
29-1120 Therapists broad 548,800 0.6% 0.46% $38.07 $41.13 $85,560 0.3%
29-1122 Occupational Therapists detail 103,360 1.5% 0.09% $45.29 $43.87 $91,240 1.0%
29-1123 Physical Therapists detail 206,920 1.1% 0.17% $45.97 $44.67 $92,910 0.4%
29-1124 Radiation Therapists detail 14,310 3.5% 0.01% $39.89 $45.26 $94,140 1.2%
29-1125 Recreational Therapists detail 11,090 3.7% 0.01% $22.61 $23.81 $49,530 1.4%
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists detail 115,710 0.8% 0.10% $29.78 $32.81 $68,250 0.3%
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists detail 80,610 2.4% 0.07% $45.96 $44.76 $93,090 0.7%
29-1128 Exercise Physiologists detail 5,890 3.7% (7) $23.05 $25.55 $53,150 1.3%
29-1129 Therapists, All Other detail 10,920 6.6% 0.01% $26.26 $30.29 $62,990 2.7%
29-1131 Veterinarians detail 74,480 1.1% 0.06% $48.33 $53.11 $110,480 0.8%
29-1141 Registered Nurses detail 2,525,030 0.3% 2.11% $37.27 $39.66 $82,490 0.2%
29-1151 Nurse Anesthetists detail 39,900 5.2% 0.03% $94.04 $96.96 $201,690 1.2%
29-1171 Nurse Practitioners detail 215,060 1.3% 0.18% $57.99 $56.80 $118,140 0.5%
29-1181 Audiologists detail 11,800 4.7% 0.01% $37.84 $41.28 $85,870 2.3%
29-1210 Physicians broad 558,820 1.2% 0.47% (5) $124.49 $258,940 0.7%
29-1211 Anesthesiologists detail 29,910 8.4% 0.02% (5) $162.76 $338,540 2.0%
29-1212 Cardiologists detail 18,090 13.0% 0.02% (5) $172.03 $357,820 1.5%
29-1213 Dermatologists detail 9,030 13.4% 0.01% (5) $147.64 $307,100 4.2%
29-1214 Emergency Medicine Physicians detail 34,420 9.3% 0.03% (5) $152.14 $316,440 2.3%
29-1215 Family Medicine Physicians detail 96,040 3.5% 0.08% (5) $114.20 $237,530 1.8%
29-1216 General Internal Medicine Physicians detail 53,980 3.6% 0.05% (5) $119.62 $248,810 1.9%
29-1217 Neurologists detail 6,720 8.3% 0.01% (5) $130.89 $272,250 2.4%
29-1218 Obstetricians and Gynecologists detail 20,600 10.6% 0.02% (5) $144.75 $301,070 2.3%
29-1221 Pediatricians, General detail 31,910 7.5% 0.03% $84.63 $97.00 $201,770 3.7%
29-1222 Physicians, Pathologists detail 10,050 10.1% 0.01% (5) $132.39 $275,380 3.3%
29-1223 Psychiatrists detail 19,790 4.5% 0.02% (5) $122.69 $255,200 2.5%
29-1224 Radiologists detail 28,340 9.6% 0.02% (5) $149.34 $310,630 3.0%
29-1229 Physicians, All Other detail 199,950 2.0% 0.17% (5) $113.26 $235,590 0.9%
29-1240 Surgeons broad 55,330 5.1% 0.05% (5) $144.79 $301,160 2.8%
29-1241 Ophthalmologists, Except Pediatric detail 11,390 20.8% 0.01% (5) $131.11 $272,710 10.6%
29-1242 Orthopedic Surgeons, Except Pediatric detail 15,680 7.3% 0.01% (5) $149.37 $310,700 3.7%
29-1243 Pediatric Surgeons detail 810 10.4% (7) (5) $140.09 $291,390 1.7%
29-1249 Surgeons, All Other detail 27,450 5.6% 0.02% (5) $147.98 $307,800 2.7%
29-1290 Miscellaneous Healthcare Diagnosing or Treating Practitioners broad 219,490 2.1% 0.18% $37.41 $39.70 $82,570 0.7%
29-1291 Acupuncturists detail 7,210 12.8% 0.01% $29.11 $34.44 $71,640 6.0%
29-1292 Dental Hygienists detail 204,670 2.1% 0.17% $37.41 $39.19 $81,520 0.6%
29-2000 Health Technologists and Technicians minor 2,528,890 0.4% 2.11% $22.50 $24.05 $50,020 0.2%
29-2010 Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians broad 276,680 1.0% 0.23% $27.16 $27.25 $56,680 0.4%
29-2030 Diagnostic Related Technologists and Technicians broad 363,470 0.9% 0.30% $32.98 $34.04 $70,810 0.3%
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians detail 50,310 2.4% 0.04% $29.26 $30.07 $62,550 0.4%
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers detail 71,690 1.9% 0.06% $37.38 $38.72 $80,540 0.4%
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists detail 15,590 2.0% 0.01% $37.92 $40.84 $84,960 1.0%
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists and Technicians detail 188,690 1.2% 0.16% $29.50 $31.83 $66,210 0.4%
29-2035 Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists detail 35,080 1.9% 0.03% $37.24 $37.45 $77,890 0.4%
29-2036 Medical Dosimetrists detail 2,120 5.0% (7) $61.39 $60.82 $126,510 1.0%
29-2040 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics broad 173,410 1.1% 0.14% $17.65 $18.92 $39,360 0.4%
29-2042 Emergency Medical Technicians detail 114,100 1.1% 0.10% $16.56 $16.83 $35,000 0.3%
29-2043 Paramedics detail 59,310 2.2% 0.05% $22.45 $22.96 $47,760 0.7%
29-2050 Health Practitioner Support Technologists and Technicians broad 779,190 0.7% 0.65% $17.74 $19.10 $39,720 0.3%
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians detail 17,720 3.3% 0.01% $14.13 $16.17 $33,630 0.9%
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians detail 414,060 0.8% 0.35% $17.63 $18.07 $37,590 0.3%
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians detail 70,810 3.1% 0.06% $17.10 $17.28 $35,940 1.3%
29-2055 Surgical Technologists detail 96,830 1.3% 0.08% $23.53 $25.94 $53,960 0.3%
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians detail 114,880 1.5% 0.10% $17.70 $18.26 $37,980 0.4%
29-2057 Ophthalmic Medical Technicians detail 64,890 4.2% 0.05% $17.87 $19.72 $41,020 1.5%
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses detail 559,660 0.8% 0.47% $23.15 $25.02 $52,040 0.4%
29-2072 Medical Records Specialists detail 158,500 1.7% 0.13% $22.42 $23.07 $47,980 0.4%
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing detail 73,080 1.9% 0.06% $18.06 $20.70 $43,050 1.2%
29-2090 Miscellaneous Health Technologists and Technicians broad 144,900 1.7% 0.12% $22.25 $24.65 $51,270 0.7%
29-2091 Orthotists and Prosthetists detail 9,420 5.0% 0.01% $36.27 $38.47 $80,010 2.0%
29-2092 Hearing Aid Specialists detail 10,560 6.1% 0.01% $28.61 $28.94 $60,200 2.7%
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other detail 124,920 1.8% 0.10% $21.17 $23.24 $48,350 0.7%
29-9000 Other Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations minor 101,950 1.9% 0.09% $24.01 $29.10 $60,520 1.6%
29-9021 Health Information Technologists and Medical Registrars detail 33,770 2.3% 0.03% $26.97 $29.68 $61,740 1.4%
29-9090 Miscellaneous Health Practitioners and Technical Workers broad 68,180 2.6% 0.06% $23.70 $28.81 $59,920 2.4%
29-9091 Athletic Trainers detail 19,060 3.2% 0.02% (4) (4) $52,930 1.0%
29-9092 Genetic Counselors detail 2,450 6.3% (7) $38.85 $41.43 $86,170 1.3%
29-9093 Surgical Assistants detail 16,290 5.9% 0.01% $23.62 $28.86 $60,040 8.5%
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other detail 30,380 3.1% 0.03% $24.50 $29.87 $62,140 3.2%
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations major 6,291,830 0.2% 5.26% $14.34 $15.91 $33,090 0.2%
31-1100 Home Health and Personal Care Aides; and Nursing Assistants, Orderlies, and Psychiatric Aides minor 4,562,000 0.3% 3.81% $14.24 $14.52 $30,200 0.2%
31-1120 Home Health and Personal Care Aides broad 3,323,740 0.4% 2.78% $14.14 $14.03 $29,180 0.2%
31-1130 Nursing Assistants, Orderlies, and Psychiatric Aides broad 1,238,260 0.5% 1.03% $14.53 $15.84 $32,940 0.2%
31-1131 Nursing Assistants detail 1,180,730 0.6% 0.99% $14.53 $15.83 $32,920 0.2%
31-1132 Orderlies detail 39,410 1.0% 0.03% $14.40 $15.99 $33,250 0.2%
31-1133 Psychiatric Aides detail 18,120 5.4% 0.02% $14.47 $16.00 $33,290 1.4%
31-2000 Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides minor 170,880 1.3% 0.14% $28.00 $25.99 $54,050 0.7%
31-2010 Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides broad 41,640 2.5% 0.03% $29.63 $29.97 $62,330 0.7%
31-2011 Occupational Therapy Assistants detail 38,520 2.7% 0.03% $29.76 $30.87 $64,220 0.7%
31-2012 Occupational Therapy Aides detail 3,110 8.4% (7) $15.54 $18.76 $39,010 3.7%
31-2020 Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides broad 129,240 1.5% 0.11% $23.64 $24.70 $51,380 0.9%
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants detail 89,360 1.7% 0.07% $29.43 $29.24 $60,820 0.7%
31-2022 Physical Therapist Aides detail 39,880 3.1% 0.03% $14.01 $14.53 $30,220 1.0%
31-9000 Other Healthcare Support Occupations minor 1,558,960 0.6% 1.30% $17.95 $18.86 $39,240 0.3%
31-9011 Massage Therapists detail 80,660 2.6% 0.07% $22.55 $23.70 $49,300 1.2%
31-9090 Miscellaneous Healthcare Support Occupations broad 1,478,300 0.6% 1.24% $17.93 $18.60 $38,690 0.3%
31-9091 Dental Assistants detail 338,770 1.2% 0.28% $18.50 $20.41 $42,440 0.5%
31-9092 Medical Assistants detail 691,400 0.9% 0.58% $17.87 $18.33 $38,130 0.3%
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers detail 54,770 1.3% 0.05% $18.37 $20.36 $42,350 0.5%
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists detail 54,220 3.8% 0.05% $14.42 $16.34 $33,990 0.9%
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides detail 42,990 3.7% 0.04% $14.38 $16.59 $34,500 1.1%
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers detail 96,800 1.9% 0.08% $14.31 $15.22 $31,660 0.4%
31-9097 Phlebotomists detail 124,380 1.5% 0.10% $18.00 $18.52 $38,530 0.3%
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other detail 74,980 2.4% 0.06% $17.83 $18.88 $39,270 0.6%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 1,280,750 0.6% 1.07% $15.24 $17.89 $37,200 0.5%
33-1000 Supervisors of Protective Service Workers minor 67,450 1.4% 0.06% $24.38 $27.53 $57,270 0.6%
33-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Law Enforcement Workers broad 3,000 3.4% (7) $29.61 $33.22 $69,100 1.1%
33-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers detail 1,650 4.4% (7) $27.77 $29.33 $61,000 1.4%
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives detail 1,340 5.6% (7) $36.98 $38.01 $79,060 2.0%
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Firefighting and Prevention Workers detail 3,110 11.4% (7) $27.08 $29.30 $60,950 3.9%
33-1090 Miscellaneous First-Line Supervisors, Protective Service Workers broad 61,340 1.4% 0.05% $24.29 $27.17 $56,500 0.6%
33-1091 First-Line Supervisors of Security Workers detail 48,910 1.6% 0.04% $24.08 $26.35 $54,810 0.7%
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other detail 12,430 2.6% 0.01% $28.90 $30.37 $63,170 1.0%
33-2000 Firefighting and Prevention Workers minor 22,850 6.8% 0.02% $17.40 $19.80 $41,190 2.7%
33-2011 Firefighters detail 19,710 7.4% 0.02% $15.91 $17.78 $36,980 1.6%
33-2020 Fire Inspectors broad 3,140 18.6% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-2021 Fire Inspectors and Investigators detail 3,080 19.0% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
33-3000 Law Enforcement Workers minor 27,620 3.4% 0.02% $21.17 $23.09 $48,030 1.4%
33-3010 Bailiffs, Correctional Officers, and Jailers broad 20,300 4.5% 0.02% $19.15 $21.48 $44,670 2.0%
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers detail 20,130 4.4% 0.02% $19.15 $21.36 $44,420 2.0%
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators detail 90 9.9% (7) $36.83 $36.55 $76,020 1.0%
33-3050 Police Officers broad 6,800 3.4% 0.01% $24.85 $28.12 $58,490 1.4%
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers detail 6,330 3.7% 0.01% $24.45 $26.77 $55,680 1.5%
33-3052 Transit and Railroad Police detail 470 1.0% (7) $48.60 $46.52 $96,760 0.7%
33-9000 Other Protective Service Workers minor 1,162,820 0.6% 0.97% $15.00 $17.16 $35,700 0.5%
33-9011 Animal Control Workers detail 890 10.1% (7) $17.48 $18.99 $39,490 3.2%
33-9021 Private Detectives and Investigators detail 25,150 4.6% 0.02% $27.23 $28.95 $60,220 1.7%
33-9030 Security Guards and Gambling Surveillance Officers broad 958,890 0.5% 0.80% $15.00 $16.99 $35,330 0.5%
33-9031 Gambling Surveillance Officers and Gambling Investigators detail 3,480 4.1% (7) $17.08 $17.61 $36,620 1.0%
33-9032 Security Guards detail 955,420 0.5% 0.80% $15.00 $16.99 $35,330 0.5%
33-9090 Miscellaneous Protective Service Workers broad 177,890 3.1% 0.15% $14.45 $16.44 $34,190 1.3%
33-9091 Crossing Guards and Flaggers detail 39,220 5.9% 0.03% $15.35 $18.02 $37,470 1.9%
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers detail 69,060 6.6% 0.06% $11.63 $12.35 $25,690 2.0%
33-9093 Transportation Security Screeners detail 6,820 2.3% 0.01% $24.68 $24.24 $50,420 1.2%
33-9094 School Bus Monitors detail 22,800 3.3% 0.02% $14.70 $15.08 $31,360 0.8%
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other detail 39,980 4.0% 0.03% $19.05 $21.40 $44,510 1.4%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 10,759,820 0.2% 8.99% $13.63 $14.11 $29,340 0.4%
35-1010 Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers broad 1,114,290 0.9% 0.93% $17.79 $19.69 $40,960 0.7%
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks detail 123,750 2.8% 0.10% $24.06 $27.37 $56,920 1.8%
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers detail 990,530 1.0% 0.83% $17.50 $18.73 $38,960 0.6%
35-2000 Cooks and Food Preparation Workers minor 3,090,930 0.7% 2.58% $13.98 $14.09 $29,310 0.4%
35-2010 Cooks broad 2,338,470 0.9% 1.95% $14.00 $14.18 $29,500 0.5%
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food detail 767,390 2.2% 0.64% $11.62 $12.25 $25,480 0.6%
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria detail 243,490 1.1% 0.20% $14.59 $15.54 $32,310 0.5%
35-2013 Cooks, Private Household detail 420 25.3% (7) $22.22 $20.90 $43,480 12.7%
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant detail 1,185,220 1.1% 0.99% $14.42 $15.20 $31,610 0.6%
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order detail 124,340 6.2% 0.10% $13.73 $13.51 $28,110 1.3%
35-2019 Cooks, All Other detail 17,620 9.5% 0.01% $14.66 $15.94 $33,160 1.6%
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers detail 752,460 1.7% 0.63% $13.80 $13.80 $28,700 0.5%
35-3000 Food and Beverage Serving Workers minor 5,478,760 0.5% 4.58% $12.41 $13.20 $27,450 0.5%
35-3011 Bartenders detail 480,320 1.4% 0.40% $12.66 $14.59 $30,350 1.0%
35-3023 Fast Food and Counter Workers detail 2,976,450 1.0% 2.49% $12.00 $12.46 $25,910 0.4%
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses detail 1,793,860 0.8% 1.50% $12.50 $13.95 $29,010 0.7%
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant detail 228,130 1.7% 0.19% $13.78 $14.09 $29,300 0.7%
35-9000 Other Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers minor 1,075,850 1.2% 0.90% $13.09 $13.00 $27,050 0.5%
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers detail 302,840 2.7% 0.25% $12.80 $13.21 $27,470 1.1%
35-9021 Dishwashers detail 373,430 1.6% 0.31% $13.52 $13.14 $27,340 0.5%
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop detail 322,530 1.7% 0.27% $11.77 $12.48 $25,950 0.6%
35-9099 Food Preparation and Serving Related Workers, All Other detail 77,050 6.3% 0.06% $14.00 $13.75 $28,590 1.5%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 3,449,670 0.3% 2.88% $14.47 $15.91 $33,100 0.3%
37-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Workers broad 232,390 1.2% 0.19% $22.13 $22.99 $47,820 0.5%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers detail 128,880 1.2% 0.11% $18.75 $21.20 $44,100 0.5%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers detail 103,510 2.1% 0.09% $23.37 $25.22 $52,450 0.8%
37-2000 Building Cleaning and Pest Control Workers minor 2,357,280 0.4% 1.97% $14.13 $14.76 $30,690 0.3%
37-2010 Building Cleaning Workers broad 2,274,130 0.4% 1.90% $14.07 $14.58 $30,330 0.3%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 1,566,720 0.5% 1.31% $14.17 $14.72 $30,620 0.3%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 691,000 1.3% 0.58% $13.81 $14.17 $29,480 0.3%
37-2019 Building Cleaning Workers, All Other detail 16,400 7.6% 0.01% $16.62 $18.66 $38,820 3.2%
37-2021 Pest Control Workers detail 83,150 1.0% 0.07% $18.02 $19.42 $40,400 0.8%
37-3010 Grounds Maintenance Workers broad 860,000 0.6% 0.72% $17.03 $17.18 $35,730 0.3%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers detail 785,730 0.7% 0.66% $16.56 $16.83 $35,010 0.3%
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation detail 23,410 4.4% 0.02% $18.40 $19.41 $40,370 1.1%
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners detail 39,300 6.1% 0.03% $22.55 $22.55 $46,910 1.4%
37-3019 Grounds Maintenance Workers, All Other detail 11,550 10.5% 0.01% $17.12 $17.74 $36,900 2.0%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 2,230,170 0.7% 1.86% $14.12 $16.09 $33,470 0.6%
39-1000 Supervisors of Personal Care and Service Workers minor 156,380 1.1% 0.13% $19.08 $21.68 $45,100 0.7%
39-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Entertainment and Recreation Workers broad 62,360 1.9% 0.05% $19.54 $21.79 $45,320 0.7%
39-1013 First-Line Supervisors of Gambling Services Workers detail 12,170 3.5% 0.01% $23.23 $24.36 $50,660 1.1%
39-1014 First-Line Supervisors of Entertainment and Recreation Workers, Except Gambling Services detail 50,180 2.3% 0.04% $18.73 $21.17 $44,030 0.7%
39-1022 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers detail 94,030 1.6% 0.08% $19.01 $21.61 $44,950 1.0%
39-2000 Animal Care and Service Workers minor 232,110 1.3% 0.19% $13.76 $14.33 $29,810 0.6%
39-2011 Animal Trainers detail 15,660 3.4% 0.01% $15.02 $18.34 $38,150 2.9%
39-2021 Animal Caretakers detail 216,450 1.5% 0.18% $13.71 $14.04 $29,210 0.5%
39-3000 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers minor 347,960 1.8% 0.29% $11.76 $12.90 $26,840 0.6%
39-3010 Gambling Services Workers broad 60,740 2.2% 0.05% $11.67 $13.68 $28,460 1.6%
39-3011 Gambling Dealers detail 46,400 2.3% 0.04% $11.09 $13.43 $27,920 2.0%
39-3012 Gambling and Sports Book Writers and Runners detail 6,520 6.6% 0.01% $12.00 $13.88 $28,860 2.5%
39-3019 Gambling Service Workers, All Other detail 7,830 6.8% 0.01% $13.77 $15.04 $31,280 2.2%
39-3021 Motion Picture Projectionists detail 1,590 9.1% (7) $14.06 $15.73 $32,720 2.6%
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers detail 49,400 3.4% 0.04% $11.76 $12.66 $26,320 1.3%
39-3090 Miscellaneous Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers broad 236,230 2.5% 0.20% $11.80 $12.74 $26,490 0.6%
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants detail 220,720 2.7% 0.18% $11.67 $12.46 $25,920 0.5%
39-3092 Costume Attendants detail 3,100 12.6% (7) $23.69 $27.08 $56,330 4.5%
39-3093 Locker Room, Coatroom, and Dressing Room Attendants detail 8,720 6.1% 0.01% $13.73 $14.24 $29,630 1.3%
39-3099 Entertainment Attendants and Related Workers, All Other detail 3,680 13.0% (7) $10.91 $13.68 $28,450 4.0%
39-4000 Funeral Service Workers minor 63,000 1.1% 0.05% $17.50 $20.51 $42,650 0.9%
39-4010 Embalmers and Crematory Operators broad 6,060 5.1% 0.01% $21.62 $22.76 $47,340 1.8%
39-4011 Embalmers detail 4,040 5.6% (7) $22.97 $24.63 $51,230 2.1%
39-4012 Crematory Operators detail 2,030 11.9% (7) $18.03 $19.04 $39,590 1.5%
39-4021 Funeral Attendants detail 32,480 1.7% 0.03% $14.05 $15.20 $31,620 1.1%
39-4031 Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Arrangers detail 24,460 2.1% 0.02% $23.49 $26.99 $56,140 1.2%
39-5000 Personal Appearance Workers minor 481,000 1.1% 0.40% $14.22 $16.99 $35,340 1.2%
39-5010 Barbers, Hairdressers, Hairstylists and Cosmetologists broad 298,490 1.5% 0.25% $14.27 $17.30 $35,970 1.3%
39-5011 Barbers detail 12,780 8.1% 0.01% $14.38 $17.11 $35,600 3.3%
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists detail 285,710 1.6% 0.24% $14.26 $17.30 $35,990 1.3%
39-5090 Miscellaneous Personal Appearance Workers broad 182,500 3.6% 0.15% $14.16 $16.50 $34,310 1.9%
39-5091 Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance detail 1,960 39.0% (7) $64.78 $59.80 $124,380 12.2%
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists detail 120,500 2.1% 0.10% $14.05 $14.65 $30,480 1.0%
39-5093 Shampooers detail 9,560 11.2% 0.01% $11.75 $12.09 $25,160 2.6%
39-5094 Skincare Specialists detail 50,480 9.1% 0.04% $17.94 $20.05 $41,710 2.4%
39-6010 Baggage Porters, Bellhops, and Concierges broad 53,010 4.4% 0.04% $14.78 $16.71 $34,750 2.0%
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops detail 19,870 5.1% 0.02% $14.00 $14.46 $30,080 2.6%
39-6012 Concierges detail 33,150 6.2% 0.03% $16.95 $18.05 $37,550 2.2%
39-7010 Tour and Travel Guides broad 27,550 3.4% 0.02% $14.34 $16.08 $33,450 1.9%
39-9000 Other Personal Care and Service Workers minor 869,160 1.4% 0.73% $14.15 $15.97 $33,220 0.6%
39-9011 Childcare Workers detail 349,630 1.9% 0.29% $12.37 $12.81 $26,640 0.7%
39-9030 Recreation and Fitness Workers broad 370,310 1.1% 0.31% $16.10 $19.09 $39,700 0.8%
39-9031 Exercise Trainers and Group Fitness Instructors detail 207,930 1.6% 0.17% $20.20 $22.18 $46,130 1.1%
39-9032 Recreation Workers detail 162,390 1.5% 0.14% $14.27 $15.13 $31,460 0.6%
39-9041 Residential Advisors detail 80,040 2.1% 0.07% $14.87 $16.43 $34,170 0.6%
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other detail 69,180 9.8% 0.06% $14.24 $14.75 $30,670 1.0%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 13,174,710 0.3% 11.01% $14.71 $22.17 $46,110 0.2%
41-1010 First-Line Supervisors of Sales Workers broad 1,379,630 0.3% 1.15% $22.51 $26.39 $54,880 0.3%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 1,136,880 0.4% 0.95% $18.83 $22.53 $46,870 0.3%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 242,750 0.9% 0.20% $38.31 $44.43 $92,420 0.7%
41-2000 Retail Sales Workers minor 7,604,510 0.3% 6.35% $13.79 $14.44 $30,040 0.2%
41-2010 Cashiers broad 3,289,740 0.5% 2.75% $13.08 $12.83 $26,680 0.2%
41-2011 Cashiers detail 3,280,670 0.5% 2.74% $13.08 $12.83 $26,680 0.2%
41-2012 Gambling Change Persons and Booth Cashiers detail 9,070 6.2% 0.01% $13.13 $13.64 $28,370 1.9%
41-2020 Counter and Rental Clerks and Parts Salespersons broad 635,150 1.1% 0.53% $15.27 $17.54 $36,470 0.4%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks detail 370,100 1.5% 0.31% $15.06 $17.38 $36,160 0.5%
41-2022 Parts Salespersons detail 265,050 1.0% 0.22% $16.46 $17.75 $36,920 0.5%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 3,679,620 0.3% 3.07% $14.00 $15.35 $31,930 0.2%
41-3000 Sales Representatives, Services minor 2,005,230 0.6% 1.68% $29.11 $35.95 $74,780 0.4%
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents detail 96,520 2.8% 0.08% $25.20 $32.00 $66,560 1.0%
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents detail 421,830 1.1% 0.35% $23.94 $33.33 $69,330 1.2%
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents detail 426,760 1.2% 0.36% $30.24 $44.83 $93,250 0.8%
41-3041 Travel Agents detail 37,150 2.4% 0.03% $21.07 $22.40 $46,580 1.4%
41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Financial Services, and Travel detail 1,022,970 0.7% 0.85% $29.10 $34.20 $71,130 0.5%
41-4010 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing broad 1,508,070 0.6% 1.26% $30.24 $37.38 $77,750 0.4%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 266,140 1.6% 0.22% $45.60 $49.40 $102,750 0.8%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 1,241,940 0.7% 1.04% $29.61 $34.81 $72,400 0.4%
41-9000 Other Sales and Related Workers minor 677,270 1.2% 0.57% $17.45 $25.65 $53,360 1.0%
41-9010 Models, Demonstrators, and Product Promoters broad (8) (8) (8) $15.70 $19.00 $39,520 5.6%
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters detail 40,540 3.9% 0.03% $15.54 $17.77 $36,970 1.6%
41-9020 Real Estate Brokers and Sales Agents broad 217,660 2.3% 0.18% $23.36 $32.01 $66,580 1.7%
41-9021 Real Estate Brokers detail 48,130 7.0% 0.04% $29.82 $41.65 $86,620 4.6%
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents detail 169,530 3.9% 0.14% $23.14 $29.28 $60,890 1.9%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail (8) (8) (8) $49.86 $57.03 $118,620 0.9%
41-9041 Telemarketers detail (8) (8) (8) $13.90 $14.74 $30,660 1.3%
41-9090 Miscellaneous Sales and Related Workers broad 242,790 1.5% 0.20% $14.22 $18.59 $38,670 0.7%
41-9091 Door-to-Door Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers detail 7,840 8.9% 0.01% $14.13 $16.82 $34,990 2.1%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 234,950 1.5% 0.20% $14.22 $18.65 $38,800 0.7%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 15,309,290 0.2% 12.79% $18.13 $20.58 $42,810 0.1%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 1,269,130 0.4% 1.06% $29.04 $30.36 $63,140 0.2%
43-2000 Communications Equipment Operators minor 47,400 1.9% 0.04% $14.51 $16.75 $34,840 0.6%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service detail 43,330 2.0% 0.04% $14.42 $16.51 $34,330 0.6%
43-2021 Telephone Operators detail 3,500 8.1% (7) $18.13 $18.87 $39,250 2.9%
43-2099 Communications Equipment Operators, All Other detail 570 8.0% (7) $18.67 $22.15 $46,070 3.7%
43-3000 Financial Clerks minor 2,544,280 0.4% 2.13% $18.52 $20.73 $43,130 0.1%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 204,770 1.6% 0.17% $18.10 $19.76 $41,110 0.6%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 405,100 1.1% 0.34% $18.42 $20.55 $42,740 0.3%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 1,364,240 0.7% 1.14% $21.78 $21.67 $45,080 0.2%
43-3041 Gambling Cage Workers detail 5,320 5.3% (7) $14.04 $14.88 $30,960 1.6%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 126,760 1.4% 0.11% $22.85 $23.70 $49,290 0.5%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 45,910 2.1% 0.04% $20.10 $21.15 $43,990 0.8%
43-3071 Tellers detail 363,890 1.0% 0.30% $17.46 $16.79 $34,930 0.3%
43-3099 Financial Clerks, All Other detail 28,290 3.2% 0.02% $22.55 $23.15 $48,150 0.9%
43-4000 Information and Record Clerks minor 4,807,300 0.3% 4.02% $17.59 $18.32 $38,100 0.1%
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks detail 39,900 3.6% 0.03% $25.96 $27.75 $57,720 1.2%
43-4021 Correspondence Clerks detail 6,840 6.3% 0.01% $18.23 $20.05 $41,710 3.0%
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks detail 16,710 2.5% 0.01% $21.54 $21.42 $44,560 0.7%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 2,695,570 0.5% 2.25% $17.74 $18.77 $39,040 0.1%
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs detail 8,670 6.4% 0.01% $18.29 $19.91 $41,410 1.5%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 66,090 4.0% 0.06% $15.70 $17.06 $35,480 0.8%
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks detail 218,170 1.0% 0.18% $13.50 $13.48 $28,040 0.4%
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan detail 147,480 1.5% 0.12% $17.87 $18.62 $38,730 0.3%
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical detail 12,320 3.9% 0.01% $14.26 $15.66 $32,570 0.6%
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks detail 238,110 1.2% 0.20% $22.08 $21.59 $44,910 0.4%
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks detail 40,490 3.5% 0.03% $18.19 $19.83 $41,250 1.0%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 133,500 2.4% 0.11% $18.23 $20.10 $41,820 0.7%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 78,700 1.7% 0.07% $20.94 $21.05 $43,780 0.4%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 945,970 0.6% 0.79% $14.40 $15.82 $32,900 0.2%
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks detail 100,120 1.5% 0.08% $19.25 $21.95 $45,650 0.4%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 55,780 2.4% 0.05% $20.37 $21.39 $44,490 0.8%
43-5000 Material Recording, Scheduling, Dispatching, and Distributing Workers minor 1,527,100 0.5% 1.28% $18.21 $20.50 $42,630 0.2%
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents detail 85,440 2.2% 0.07% $22.55 $23.26 $48,380 1.1%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 64,490 3.8% 0.05% $15.70 $16.30 $33,900 0.6%
43-5030 Dispatchers broad 188,250 1.2% 0.16% $20.27 $22.01 $45,770 0.5%
43-5031 Public Safety Telecommunicators detail 9,740 6.0% 0.01% $18.13 $19.08 $39,690 1.4%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 178,510 1.2% 0.15% $20.75 $22.16 $46,100 0.5%
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities detail 12,890 4.4% 0.01% $22.98 $24.68 $51,330 1.3%
43-5050 Postal Service Workers broad 450 20.4% (7) $22.76 $21.94 $45,640 9.6%
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators detail 450 20.4% (7) $22.76 $21.94 $45,640 9.6%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 345,160 0.9% 0.29% $22.96 $24.85 $51,690 0.3%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Inventory Clerks detail 777,980 0.7% 0.65% $17.74 $18.28 $38,020 0.2%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping detail 52,450 1.7% 0.04% $18.09 $18.97 $39,460 0.5%
43-6010 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants broad 2,459,230 0.6% 2.05% $18.65 $21.66 $45,050 0.2%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 346,880 1.5% 0.29% $30.16 $32.86 $68,360 0.4%
43-6012 Legal Secretaries and Administrative Assistants detail 136,080 2.9% 0.11% $22.94 $25.45 $52,940 1.0%
43-6013 Medical Secretaries and Administrative Assistants detail 615,860 0.9% 0.51% $18.01 $19.12 $39,760 0.3%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 1,360,420 0.7% 1.14% $18.18 $19.58 $40,720 0.2%
43-9000 Other Office and Administrative Support Workers minor 2,654,860 0.5% 2.22% $17.83 $18.98 $39,470 0.2%
43-9020 Data Entry and Information Processing Workers broad 135,640 2.0% 0.11% $16.82 $17.18 $35,740 0.5%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 127,850 2.0% 0.11% $16.68 $17.04 $35,450 0.5%
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists detail 7,800 9.3% 0.01% $17.98 $19.52 $40,600 1.8%
43-9031 Desktop Publishers detail 7,300 14.2% 0.01% $22.55 $24.49 $50,940 7.1%
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks detail 215,720 1.5% 0.18% $21.85 $22.01 $45,770 0.5%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service detail 59,950 3.0% 0.05% $14.79 $16.22 $33,740 0.6%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 2,118,410 0.5% 1.77% $17.74 $18.77 $39,040 0.2%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer detail 29,270 3.8% 0.02% $17.48 $17.50 $36,400 0.7%
43-9081 Proofreaders and Copy Markers detail 5,120 7.1% (7) $21.29 $22.24 $46,260 2.1%
43-9111 Statistical Assistants detail 4,570 4.3% (7) $23.45 $26.86 $55,870 1.9%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 78,870 1.9% 0.07% $18.40 $20.71 $43,080 0.7%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major 429,900 0.9% 0.36% $14.33 $16.44 $34,200 0.7%
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers detail 23,560 2.9% 0.02% $23.29 $26.02 $54,110 1.0%
45-2000 Agricultural Workers minor 367,460 0.9% 0.31% $14.27 $15.31 $31,850 0.6%
45-2011 Agricultural Inspectors detail 3,820 9.7% (7) $18.01 $20.37 $42,380 2.2%
45-2021 Animal Breeders detail 930 12.3% (7) $18.86 $20.67 $43,000 4.1%
45-2041 Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products detail 24,360 4.9% 0.02% $14.25 $14.58 $30,320 0.7%
45-2090 Miscellaneous Agricultural Workers broad 338,350 0.9% 0.28% $14.27 $15.29 $31,810 0.7%
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators detail 25,860 3.3% 0.02% $17.48 $17.41 $36,220 0.9%
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse detail 275,430 1.0% 0.23% $14.25 $15.09 $31,390 0.7%
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals detail 32,240 2.8% 0.03% $14.17 $15.18 $31,570 0.9%
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other detail 4,810 9.2% (7) $14.55 $16.28 $33,850 2.7%
45-4000 Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers minor 38,390 2.9% 0.03% $21.90 $21.32 $44,350 1.5%
45-4011 Forest and Conservation Workers detail 2,390 31.3% (7) $14.47 $16.64 $34,620 5.7%
45-4020 Logging Workers broad 36,010 2.3% 0.03% $22.27 $21.63 $45,000 1.4%
45-4021 Fallers detail 4,160 10.9% (7) $22.94 $25.85 $53,770 5.0%
45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators detail 25,510 2.2% 0.02% $22.31 $21.13 $43,960 1.1%
45-4023 Log Graders and Scalers detail 3,260 4.7% (7) $18.18 $19.96 $41,530 1.3%
45-4029 Logging Workers, All Other detail 3,080 7.5% (7) $22.15 $21.84 $45,430 2.0%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 5,369,830 0.3% 4.49% $23.17 $26.94 $56,040 0.4%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers detail 614,090 0.8% 0.51% $35.13 $36.33 $75,570 0.3%
47-2000 Construction Trades Workers minor 4,148,400 0.3% 3.47% $22.99 $26.04 $54,170 0.4%
47-2011 Boilermakers detail 12,390 5.9% 0.01% $30.91 $33.25 $69,150 1.6%
47-2020 Brickmasons, Blockmasons, and Stonemasons broad 64,030 2.6% 0.05% $27.32 $28.74 $59,790 1.0%
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons detail 55,050 3.2% 0.05% $28.52 $29.50 $61,360 1.0%
47-2022 Stonemasons detail 8,980 6.8% 0.01% $22.89 $24.11 $50,150 2.0%
47-2031 Carpenters detail 654,510 1.0% 0.55% $23.18 $26.49 $55,110 0.5%
47-2040 Carpet, Floor, and Tile Installers and Finishers broad 83,400 2.4% 0.07% $22.74 $24.94 $51,870 1.3%
47-2041 Carpet Installers detail 19,740 5.6% 0.02% $22.42 $23.40 $48,670 2.0%
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles detail 18,250 5.3% 0.02% (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-2043 Floor Sanders and Finishers detail (8) (8) (8) $18.76 $21.34 $44,380 4.1%
47-2044 Tile and Stone Setters detail 41,070 3.8% 0.03% $22.97 $25.63 $53,310 1.9%
47-2050 Cement Masons, Concrete Finishers, and Terrazzo Workers broad 187,630 1.5% 0.16% $22.76 $24.49 $50,940 0.6%
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers detail 184,990 1.5% 0.15% $22.75 $24.44 $50,830 0.6%
47-2053 Terrazzo Workers and Finishers detail 2,640 17.9% (7) $23.40 $28.07 $58,380 5.7%
47-2061 Construction Laborers detail 937,530 1.1% 0.78% $18.15 $21.22 $44,130 0.5%
47-2070 Construction Equipment Operators broad 368,270 0.9% 0.31% $23.48 $27.81 $57,840 0.4%
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators detail 38,930 3.8% 0.03% $22.58 $24.30 $50,550 1.4%
47-2072 Pile Driver Operators detail 3,670 13.4% (7) $36.93 $36.97 $76,900 2.7%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators detail 325,670 0.9% 0.27% $23.69 $28.12 $58,500 0.5%
47-2080 Drywall Installers, Ceiling Tile Installers, and Tapers broad 111,600 2.2% 0.09% $23.24 $27.00 $56,160 1.1%
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers detail 97,020 2.3% 0.08% $23.09 $26.35 $54,810 1.1%
47-2082 Tapers detail 14,580 5.1% 0.01% $29.37 $31.32 $65,140 1.8%
47-2111 Electricians detail 620,280 0.9% 0.52% $28.71 $30.32 $63,070 0.5%
47-2121 Glaziers detail 52,460 2.6% 0.04% $22.67 $24.95 $51,890 1.1%
47-2130 Insulation Workers broad 57,750 3.2% 0.05% $22.47 $24.13 $50,180 1.5%
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall detail 30,300 3.9% 0.03% $19.15 $21.51 $44,750 1.5%
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical detail 27,450 5.1% 0.02% $23.17 $27.01 $56,180 2.3%
47-2140 Painters and Paperhangers broad 204,870 1.4% 0.17% $21.52 $22.35 $46,490 0.6%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance detail 202,560 1.4% 0.17% $21.47 $22.32 $46,420 0.6%
47-2142 Paperhangers detail 2,310 15.2% (7) $22.89 $24.95 $51,900 5.1%
47-2150 Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters broad 421,610 1.4% 0.35% $28.55 $30.11 $62,620 0.7%
47-2151 Pipelayers detail 26,010 3.3% 0.02% $22.23 $23.57 $49,020 1.8%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 395,600 1.5% 0.33% $28.81 $30.54 $63,510 0.7%
47-2161 Plasterers and Stucco Masons detail 26,490 5.7% 0.02% $23.16 $26.06 $54,200 3.2%
47-2171 Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers detail 16,410 7.1% 0.01% $23.48 $28.34 $58,950 2.4%
47-2181 Roofers detail 129,320 1.6% 0.11% $22.65 $23.49 $48,850 0.7%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers detail 115,390 2.4% 0.10% $24.11 $28.10 $58,450 0.9%
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers detail 68,040 2.8% 0.06% $28.11 $29.39 $61,130 1.0%
47-2231 Solar Photovoltaic Installers detail 16,420 8.7% 0.01% $22.92 $24.38 $50,710 3.2%
47-3010 Helpers, Construction Trades broad 203,370 1.5% 0.17% $17.52 $17.87 $37,160 0.4%
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters detail 18,150 4.1% 0.02% $18.19 $20.79 $43,240 1.7%
47-3012 Helpers--Carpenters detail 27,420 4.3% 0.02% $17.64 $17.95 $37,340 0.9%
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians detail 70,440 2.7% 0.06% $17.41 $17.46 $36,310 0.6%
47-3014 Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers, and Stucco Masons detail 8,890 8.4% 0.01% $16.02 $16.95 $35,260 1.3%
47-3015 Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 45,490 3.2% 0.04% $17.12 $17.42 $36,240 1.1%
47-3016 Helpers--Roofers detail 6,830 7.0% 0.01% $17.48 $17.31 $36,000 1.7%
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other detail 26,150 3.5% 0.02% $17.64 $18.09 $37,620 0.9%
47-4000 Other Construction and Related Workers minor 223,150 1.7% 0.19% $23.17 $27.67 $57,550 1.3%
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors detail 62,520 4.1% 0.05% $29.81 $34.14 $71,000 2.6%
47-4021 Elevator and Escalator Installers and Repairers detail 21,610 5.5% 0.02% $46.55 $43.84 $91,180 1.4%
47-4031 Fence Erectors detail 24,420 5.7% 0.02% $18.12 $19.79 $41,160 1.6%
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers detail 42,380 3.4% 0.04% $22.12 $23.40 $48,670 1.1%
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers detail (8) (8) (8) $18.00 $19.74 $41,070 2.6%
47-4061 Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators detail 15,620 4.8% 0.01% $28.38 $26.91 $55,970 1.7%
47-4071 Septic Tank Servicers and Sewer Pipe Cleaners detail 20,360 2.9% 0.02% $19.22 $21.17 $44,030 1.0%
47-4090 Miscellaneous Construction and Related Workers broad 27,560 4.9% 0.02% $19.25 $21.61 $44,940 1.6%
47-5000 Extraction Workers minor 180,820 1.6% 0.15% $22.88 $24.96 $51,920 0.5%
47-5010 Derrick, Rotary Drill, and Service Unit Operators, Oil and Gas broad (8) (8) (8) $23.43 $27.14 $56,460 1.2%
47-5011 Derrick Operators, Oil and Gas detail 7,880 11.6% 0.01% $22.71 $25.07 $52,140 2.6%
47-5012 Rotary Drill Operators, Oil and Gas detail 11,160 8.6% 0.01% $27.08 $29.73 $61,840 2.6%
47-5013 Service Unit Operators, Oil and Gas detail (8) (8) (8) $23.27 $26.76 $55,660 1.4%
47-5020 Surface Mining Machine Operators and Earth Drillers broad 50,770 2.2% 0.04% $22.79 $24.55 $51,050 0.8%
47-5022 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators, Surface Mining detail 35,180 2.8% 0.03% $22.47 $24.01 $49,950 1.1%
47-5023 Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas detail 15,590 4.1% 0.01% $23.17 $25.74 $53,550 1.1%
47-5032 Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts, and Blasters detail 3,820 8.6% (7) $27.76 $28.56 $59,400 2.2%
47-5040 Underground Mining Machine Operators broad 24,190 2.9% 0.02% $28.77 $27.84 $57,910 0.6%
47-5041 Continuous Mining Machine Operators detail 14,740 3.9% 0.01% $28.99 $27.61 $57,420 0.7%
47-5043 Roof Bolters, Mining detail 1,850 7.8% (7) (8) (8) (8) (8)
47-5044 Loading and Moving Machine Operators, Underground Mining detail 4,450 4.2% (7) $27.84 $27.56 $57,330 0.8%
47-5049 Underground Mining Machine Operators, All Other detail 3,150 10.6% (7) $29.45 $28.99 $60,290 2.1%
47-5051 Rock Splitters, Quarry detail 4,440 10.1% (7) $18.12 $20.03 $41,670 3.6%
47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil and Gas detail (8) (8) (8) $18.71 $21.51 $44,730 1.2%
47-5081 Helpers--Extraction Workers detail (8) (8) (8) $18.16 $19.65 $40,870 1.2%
47-5099 Extraction Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) $23.13 $24.47 $50,900 1.7%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 4,996,370 0.3% 4.17% $22.99 $25.53 $53,110 0.2%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 454,580 0.6% 0.38% $33.73 $35.49 $73,830 0.4%
49-2000 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 469,590 1.0% 0.39% $24.89 $27.16 $56,500 0.4%
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers detail 84,300 3.2% 0.07% $19.35 $21.12 $43,920 0.9%
49-2020 Radio and Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers broad 180,980 1.8% 0.15% $29.02 $28.99 $60,310 0.7%
49-2021 Radio, Cellular, and Tower Equipment Installers and Repairers detail 12,250 5.5% 0.01% $29.02 $30.03 $62,460 1.7%
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers detail 168,730 1.9% 0.14% $29.02 $28.92 $60,150 0.7%
49-2090 Miscellaneous Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers broad 204,310 1.5% 0.17% $26.57 $28.04 $58,310 0.5%
49-2091 Avionics Technicians detail 17,430 3.1% 0.01% $35.53 $33.84 $70,390 1.0%
49-2092 Electric Motor, Power Tool, and Related Repairers detail 15,380 5.1% 0.01% $22.53 $22.87 $47,560 1.2%
49-2093 Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment detail 8,870 6.0% 0.01% $36.98 $33.41 $69,500 1.8%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment detail 38,120 2.5% 0.03% $29.20 $30.21 $62,840 0.9%
49-2095 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay detail 18,590 2.9% 0.02% $46.49 $42.58 $88,570 1.0%
49-2096 Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles detail 8,710 8.3% 0.01% $19.10 $20.56 $42,760 1.4%
49-2097 Audiovisual Equipment Installers and Repairers detail 21,340 7.1% 0.02% $21.44 $22.09 $45,950 1.6%
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers detail 75,880 3.0% 0.06% $23.20 $24.99 $51,980 0.8%
49-3000 Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers minor 1,466,370 0.4% 1.23% $22.69 $23.93 $49,780 0.2%
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians detail 110,010 1.4% 0.09% $32.98 $33.70 $70,090 0.5%
49-3020 Automotive Technicians and Repairers broad 755,200 0.5% 0.63% $22.48 $23.08 $48,000 0.3%
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers detail 135,900 2.0% 0.11% $22.70 $24.29 $50,530 0.7%
49-3022 Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers detail 16,210 5.1% 0.01% $18.23 $19.56 $40,680 1.3%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics detail 603,090 0.7% 0.50% $22.43 $22.90 $47,620 0.4%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists detail 222,260 1.3% 0.19% $23.29 $25.05 $52,100 0.3%
49-3040 Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service Technicians and Mechanics broad 184,160 1.0% 0.15% $24.22 $26.59 $55,310 0.3%
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians detail 34,900 1.8% 0.03% $22.54 $22.69 $47,200 0.5%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines detail 129,670 1.3% 0.11% $27.64 $27.45 $57,090 0.4%
49-3043 Rail Car Repairers detail 19,590 2.2% 0.02% $28.50 $27.89 $58,010 0.8%
49-3050 Small Engine Mechanics broad 71,000 1.5% 0.06% $18.68 $20.45 $42,530 0.5%
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians detail 22,870 3.0% 0.02% $22.44 $22.38 $46,560 0.9%
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics detail 15,010 2.7% 0.01% $18.34 $20.17 $41,960 1.0%
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics detail 33,130 2.6% 0.03% $18.02 $19.23 $40,000 0.6%
49-3090 Miscellaneous Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers broad 123,730 1.4% 0.10% $14.60 $16.50 $34,320 0.5%
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers detail 14,760 5.1% 0.01% $16.68 $16.52 $34,360 0.8%
49-3092 Recreational Vehicle Service Technicians detail 16,030 3.0% 0.01% $20.94 $21.60 $44,930 1.2%
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers detail 92,940 1.6% 0.08% $14.22 $15.62 $32,480 0.5%
49-9000 Other Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations minor 2,605,830 0.4% 2.18% $22.69 $24.40 $50,750 0.2%
49-9010 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers broad 59,680 2.4% 0.05% $26.55 $29.13 $60,580 0.7%
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers detail 23,260 4.7% 0.02% $21.66 $21.87 $45,500 1.1%
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door detail 36,430 2.4% 0.03% $35.84 $33.76 $70,220 0.8%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers detail 338,310 1.4% 0.28% $23.32 $26.18 $54,450 0.5%
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers detail 28,040 3.5% 0.02% $21.28 $21.80 $45,340 1.1%
49-9040 Industrial Machinery Installation, Repair, and Maintenance Workers broad 455,450 0.7% 0.38% $28.53 $27.98 $58,190 0.3%
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 360,700 0.8% 0.30% $28.74 $28.17 $58,590 0.3%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail 55,180 1.6% 0.05% $23.52 $25.72 $53,490 0.5%
49-9044 Millwrights detail 38,930 3.5% 0.03% $29.00 $29.45 $61,260 1.1%
49-9045 Refractory Materials Repairers, Except Brickmasons detail 650 19.1% (7) $25.85 $26.23 $54,560 3.2%
49-9050 Line Installers and Repairers broad 207,950 1.5% 0.17% $35.56 $34.29 $71,320 0.5%
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers detail 108,300 1.7% 0.09% $37.95 $38.30 $79,660 0.6%
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers detail 99,650 2.4% 0.08% $28.94 $29.94 $62,270 0.9%
49-9060 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers broad 69,910 2.9% 0.06% $23.23 $26.16 $54,410 1.2%
49-9061 Camera and Photographic Equipment Repairers detail 1,830 17.3% (7) $20.67 $22.09 $45,940 3.4%
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers detail 51,760 3.6% 0.04% $23.84 $27.00 $56,160 1.4%
49-9063 Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners detail 5,560 5.1% (7) $17.81 $18.91 $39,320 2.0%
49-9064 Watch and Clock Repairers detail 1,960 13.8% (7) $21.25 $21.84 $45,430 5.9%
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other detail 8,790 6.6% 0.01% $24.73 $27.62 $57,440 1.9%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 1,142,270 0.5% 0.95% $19.15 $21.34 $44,390 0.3%
49-9081 Wind Turbine Service Technicians detail 10,080 8.9% 0.01% $27.05 $28.18 $58,610 1.4%
49-9090 Miscellaneous Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers broad 294,150 1.5% 0.25% $18.04 $20.45 $42,540 0.5%
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers detail 23,580 3.7% 0.02% $19.64 $20.12 $41,840 1.1%
49-9092 Commercial Divers detail 2,630 13.9% (7) $29.02 $39.50 $82,150 10.6%
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers detail 13,010 2.7% 0.01% $21.86 $22.23 $46,230 1.3%
49-9095 Manufactured Building and Mobile Home Installers detail 3,530 13.4% (7) $17.48 $17.23 $35,830 2.0%
49-9096 Riggers detail 16,270 4.8% 0.01% $22.83 $24.58 $51,130 1.8%
49-9097 Signal and Track Switch Repairers detail 6,020 2.1% 0.01% $37.74 $34.16 $71,050 0.6%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers detail 81,740 2.2% 0.07% $15.54 $16.67 $34,660 0.6%
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other detail 147,360 2.1% 0.12% $18.78 $21.18 $44,040 0.5%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 8,224,050 0.2% 6.87% $18.12 $20.54 $42,730 0.2%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 604,940 0.3% 0.51% $29.60 $32.23 $67,030 0.2%
51-2000 Assemblers and Fabricators minor 1,769,170 0.5% 1.48% $17.87 $18.75 $38,990 0.2%
51-2011 Aircraft Structure, Surfaces, Rigging, and Systems Assemblers detail 33,320 3.1% 0.03% $23.79 $26.63 $55,380 0.9%
51-2020 Electrical, Electronics, and Electromechanical Assemblers broad 282,780 1.1% 0.24% $18.01 $19.11 $39,740 0.3%
51-2021 Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers detail 11,080 4.7% 0.01% $18.42 $20.39 $42,410 1.4%
51-2028 Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Assemblers, Except Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers detail 271,700 1.1% 0.23% $18.01 $19.05 $39,630 0.3%
51-2031 Engine and Other Machine Assemblers detail 45,990 2.5% 0.04% $22.81 $23.13 $48,110 0.8%
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters detail 61,010 2.1% 0.05% $21.86 $21.98 $45,710 0.6%
51-2051 Fiberglass Laminators and Fabricators detail 17,380 3.1% 0.01% $18.10 $19.40 $40,360 0.9%
51-2061 Timing Device Assemblers and Adjusters detail 560 10.4% (7) $18.16 $21.48 $44,670 6.4%
51-2090 Miscellaneous Assemblers and Fabricators broad 1,328,120 0.6% 1.11% $17.59 $18.16 $37,780 0.2%
51-3000 Food Processing Workers minor 793,060 0.9% 0.66% $14.65 $16.25 $33,810 0.3%
51-3011 Bakers detail 180,500 3.0% 0.15% $14.31 $15.53 $32,290 0.6%
51-3020 Butchers and Other Meat, Poultry, and Fish Processing Workers broad 363,240 0.9% 0.30% $14.56 $16.01 $33,300 0.3%
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters detail 144,710 1.6% 0.12% $17.29 $17.09 $35,550 0.4%
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers detail 132,080 1.6% 0.11% $14.29 $15.23 $31,680 0.3%
51-3023 Slaughterers and Meat Packers detail 86,450 1.6% 0.07% $14.38 $15.39 $32,010 0.3%
51-3090 Miscellaneous Food Processing Workers broad 249,330 1.4% 0.21% $17.03 $17.13 $35,630 0.4%
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders detail 21,040 3.3% 0.02% $17.06 $17.44 $36,280 1.1%
51-3092 Food Batchmakers detail 155,220 1.7% 0.13% $17.20 $17.40 $36,190 0.5%
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders detail 26,700 4.2% 0.02% $17.25 $17.03 $35,420 0.8%
51-3099 Food Processing Workers, All Other detail 46,360 2.8% 0.04% $15.33 $16.16 $33,600 0.5%
51-4000 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers minor 1,620,200 0.4% 1.35% $20.36 $21.48 $44,680 0.2%
51-4020 Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 102,310 1.9% 0.09% $18.55 $20.51 $42,660 0.4%
51-4021 Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 59,490 2.5% 0.05% $18.15 $19.48 $40,520 0.5%
51-4022 Forging Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 11,170 4.3% 0.01% $20.76 $21.15 $43,990 1.0%
51-4023 Rolling Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 31,650 2.8% 0.03% $22.22 $22.22 $46,210 0.5%
51-4030 Machine Tool Cutting Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 288,780 0.9% 0.24% $18.13 $19.59 $40,740 0.2%
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 179,620 1.2% 0.15% $18.09 $19.23 $40,000 0.3%
51-4032 Drilling and Boring Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 6,790 5.7% 0.01% $18.55 $20.77 $43,210 1.5%
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 67,750 1.8% 0.06% $18.05 $19.25 $40,030 0.4%
51-4034 Lathe and Turning Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 19,690 3.7% 0.02% $21.27 $21.28 $44,270 0.9%
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 14,920 4.4% 0.01% $22.53 $22.64 $47,100 0.8%
51-4041 Machinists detail 328,450 0.9% 0.27% $22.90 $23.43 $48,730 0.3%
51-4050 Metal Furnace Operators, Tenders, Pourers, and Casters broad 22,110 1.9% 0.02% $22.42 $22.11 $45,980 0.5%
51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders detail 15,540 2.6% 0.01% $22.45 $22.33 $46,440 0.6%
51-4052 Pourers and Casters, Metal detail 6,570 2.3% 0.01% $22.04 $21.58 $44,880 0.5%
51-4060 Model Makers and Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic broad 5,750 4.9% (7) $23.79 $26.78 $55,690 1.4%
51-4061 Model Makers, Metal and Plastic detail 3,660 6.9% (7) $26.73 $28.40 $59,070 2.1%
51-4062 Patternmakers, Metal and Plastic detail 2,090 6.6% (7) $23.12 $23.93 $49,770 1.3%
51-4070 Molders and Molding Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic broad 175,580 1.4% 0.15% $17.58 $18.06 $37,560 0.4%
51-4071 Foundry Mold and Coremakers detail 13,570 3.3% 0.01% $18.13 $19.19 $39,920 0.9%
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 162,020 1.5% 0.14% $17.48 $17.96 $37,360 0.4%
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 134,870 1.8% 0.11% $18.09 $19.63 $40,830 0.5%
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers detail 63,220 1.7% 0.05% $27.18 $26.95 $56,060 0.4%
51-4120 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Workers broad 422,770 0.8% 0.35% $22.52 $22.97 $47,770 0.2%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers detail 392,820 0.8% 0.33% $22.56 $23.14 $48,140 0.2%
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 29,950 3.4% 0.03% $18.55 $20.64 $42,940 0.8%
51-4190 Miscellaneous Metal Workers and Plastic Workers broad 76,360 1.7% 0.06% $18.05 $19.42 $40,390 0.5%
51-4191 Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 14,480 4.2% 0.01% $18.46 $19.94 $41,480 1.1%
51-4192 Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic detail 5,790 7.8% (7) $23.65 $24.52 $51,000 1.8%
51-4193 Plating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 31,920 2.2% 0.03% $17.85 $18.44 $38,350 0.6%
51-4194 Tool Grinders, Filers, and Sharpeners detail 6,090 6.1% 0.01% $18.50 $21.00 $43,680 1.7%
51-4199 Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other detail 18,080 4.6% 0.02% $17.68 $18.56 $38,610 1.0%
51-5110 Printing Workers broad 207,980 1.2% 0.17% $18.12 $19.37 $40,300 0.4%
51-5111 Prepress Technicians and Workers detail 25,320 2.6% 0.02% $20.00 $20.86 $43,390 0.8%
51-5112 Printing Press Operators detail 142,420 1.2% 0.12% $18.15 $19.60 $40,770 0.4%
51-5113 Print Binding and Finishing Workers detail 40,230 4.0% 0.03% $17.58 $17.63 $36,660 1.3%
51-6000 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers minor 438,550 0.8% 0.37% $14.14 $14.97 $31,140 0.3%
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers detail 151,230 1.3% 0.13% $13.61 $13.28 $27,620 0.4%
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials detail 26,880 3.6% 0.02% $13.79 $13.52 $28,110 0.7%
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators detail 115,940 1.6% 0.10% $14.27 $14.84 $30,870 0.4%
51-6040 Shoe and Leather Workers broad 9,240 5.4% 0.01% $14.31 $15.84 $32,950 2.2%
51-6041 Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers detail 5,620 5.7% (7) $15.12 $16.77 $34,890 2.1%
51-6042 Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders detail 3,610 9.7% (7) $13.73 $14.38 $29,920 4.2%
51-6050 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Sewers broad 21,280 6.1% 0.02% $14.99 $16.64 $34,610 1.6%
51-6051 Sewers, Hand detail 4,130 9.8% (7) $14.39 $15.03 $31,260 1.5%
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers detail 17,150 7.3% 0.01% $15.11 $17.03 $35,410 1.9%
51-6060 Textile Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad 56,700 1.4% 0.05% $14.45 $15.92 $33,110 0.5%
51-6061 Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders detail 6,240 6.5% 0.01% $14.39 $15.36 $31,940 1.0%
51-6062 Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 11,960 3.0% 0.01% $14.41 $15.91 $33,100 0.8%
51-6063 Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 16,330 2.4% 0.01% $16.34 $16.17 $33,640 0.7%
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 22,160 1.9% 0.02% $14.44 $15.89 $33,050 0.8%
51-6090 Miscellaneous Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers broad 57,290 2.0% 0.05% $17.79 $18.68 $38,850 0.7%
51-6091 Extruding and Forming Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Synthetic and Glass Fibers detail 14,040 4.4% 0.01% $18.05 $19.52 $40,600 1.1%
51-6092 Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers detail 3,220 7.3% (7) $28.20 $30.81 $64,090 4.0%
51-6093 Upholsterers detail 27,860 2.7% 0.02% $17.98 $18.32 $38,100 0.7%
51-6099 Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other detail 12,180 5.8% 0.01% $14.31 $15.34 $31,900 1.2%
51-7000 Woodworkers minor 229,200 1.0% 0.19% $17.62 $18.00 $37,440 0.3%
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters detail 92,720 1.8% 0.08% $18.04 $19.24 $40,020 0.5%
51-7021 Furniture Finishers detail 16,290 2.8% 0.01% $17.59 $17.94 $37,310 0.8%
51-7030 Model Makers and Patternmakers, Wood broad 480 18.1% (7) $23.79 $25.79 $53,650 3.5%
51-7031 Model Makers, Wood detail 280 26.0% (7) $27.60 $27.36 $56,900 4.7%
51-7032 Patternmakers, Wood detail 200 19.3% (7) $22.55 $23.53 $48,930 5.1%
51-7040 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad 112,410 1.2% 0.09% $17.23 $17.04 $35,450 0.3%
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood detail 45,200 1.8% 0.04% $16.98 $16.96 $35,280 0.5%
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing detail 67,200 1.9% 0.06% $17.35 $17.10 $35,560 0.4%
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other detail 7,310 6.3% 0.01% $16.14 $16.59 $34,500 1.2%
51-8000 Plant and System Operators minor 161,840 1.1% 0.14% $36.71 $35.19 $73,190 0.4%
51-8010 Power Plant Operators, Distributors, and Dispatchers broad 35,290 1.7% 0.03% $46.49 $43.71 $90,910 0.5%
51-8011 Nuclear Power Reactor Operators detail 4,160 1.2% (7) $50.59 $53.86 $112,030 0.6%
51-8012 Power Distributors and Dispatchers detail 7,910 3.6% 0.01% $47.26 $45.88 $95,430 0.7%
51-8013 Power Plant Operators detail 23,220 2.1% 0.02% $39.48 $41.15 $85,590 0.7%
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators detail 18,330 3.5% 0.02% $30.45 $33.39 $69,460 1.0%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators detail 26,730 2.2% 0.02% $23.05 $25.23 $52,480 1.0%
51-8090 Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators broad 81,490 1.7% 0.07% $36.97 $35.17 $73,140 0.6%
51-8091 Chemical Plant and System Operators detail 21,710 3.4% 0.02% $33.82 $33.20 $69,050 1.0%
51-8092 Gas Plant Operators detail 13,880 4.0% 0.01% $37.76 $37.94 $78,920 1.2%
51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, and Gaugers detail 33,550 2.8% 0.03% $38.37 $38.92 $80,950 0.5%
51-8099 Plant and System Operators, All Other detail 12,340 4.3% 0.01% $23.16 $25.31 $52,650 1.3%
51-9000 Other Production Occupations minor 2,399,110 0.4% 2.00% $18.13 $20.08 $41,770 0.2%
51-9010 Chemical Processing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders broad 154,710 1.2% 0.13% $22.88 $24.40 $50,760 0.6%
51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders detail 106,150 1.5% 0.09% $23.12 $25.22 $52,450 0.8%
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 48,560 2.1% 0.04% $22.13 $22.62 $47,060 0.7%
51-9020 Crushing, Grinding, Polishing, Mixing, and Blending Workers broad 155,620 1.4% 0.13% $18.34 $20.13 $41,880 0.4%
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 31,520 2.4% 0.03% $18.57 $20.53 $42,700 0.7%
51-9022 Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand detail 15,670 5.1% 0.01% $17.15 $17.29 $35,970 1.2%
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 108,440 1.6% 0.09% $18.47 $20.43 $42,490 0.4%
51-9030 Cutting Workers broad 63,780 1.6% 0.05% $18.10 $18.89 $39,300 0.4%
51-9031 Cutters and Trimmers, Hand detail 7,850 5.9% 0.01% $14.52 $16.46 $34,230 1.4%
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 55,920 1.6% 0.05% $18.18 $19.23 $40,000 0.4%
51-9041 Extruding, Forming, Pressing, and Compacting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 56,520 2.1% 0.05% $18.10 $19.25 $40,050 0.4%
51-9051 Furnace, Kiln, Oven, Drier, and Kettle Operators and Tenders detail 14,150 2.5% 0.01% $21.00 $21.10 $43,880 0.7%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 545,170 0.8% 0.46% $18.47 $21.47 $44,660 0.3%
51-9071 Jewelers and Precious Stone and Metal Workers detail 24,350 3.7% 0.02% $22.42 $22.64 $47,090 1.3%
51-9080 Dental and Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians and Medical Appliance Technicians broad 67,480 2.5% 0.06% $18.69 $21.45 $44,620 1.0%
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians detail 33,530 2.6% 0.03% $21.92 $22.64 $47,090 1.0%
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians detail 15,180 6.5% 0.01% $21.77 $22.27 $46,320 1.8%
51-9083 Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians detail 18,770 4.8% 0.02% $17.92 $18.67 $38,830 1.7%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders detail 358,540 1.1% 0.30% $17.29 $17.67 $36,750 0.3%
51-9120 Painting Workers broad 156,650 1.5% 0.13% $18.57 $20.88 $43,420 0.4%
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers detail 11,530 4.6% 0.01% $17.92 $18.18 $37,820 1.2%
51-9124 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 145,120 1.6% 0.12% $18.80 $21.09 $43,870 0.4%
51-9141 Semiconductor Processing Technicians detail 24,020 2.2% 0.02% $19.17 $22.07 $45,910 0.6%
51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators detail 5,570 6.5% (7) $17.51 $19.27 $40,080 1.8%
51-9160 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators and Programmers broad 183,550 1.3% 0.15% $22.78 $23.32 $48,500 0.3%
51-9161 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Operators detail (8) (8) (8) $22.42 $22.23 $46,240 0.3%
51-9162 Computer Numerically Controlled Tool Programmers detail (8) (8) (8) $29.22 $29.98 $62,350 0.6%
51-9190 Miscellaneous Production Workers broad 589,010 0.8% 0.49% $17.23 $17.74 $36,900 0.3%
51-9191 Adhesive Bonding Machine Operators and Tenders detail 12,510 4.8% 0.01% $18.09 $18.55 $38,580 1.2%
51-9192 Cleaning, Washing, and Metal Pickling Equipment Operators and Tenders detail 13,570 3.2% 0.01% $16.86 $17.22 $35,820 0.8%
51-9193 Cooling and Freezing Equipment Operators and Tenders detail 7,480 2.4% 0.01% $19.36 $20.61 $42,880 0.5%
51-9194 Etchers and Engravers detail 7,100 10.6% 0.01% $17.59 $17.77 $36,970 1.7%
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic detail 38,340 2.7% 0.03% $18.02 $18.74 $38,990 0.6%
51-9196 Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 87,480 1.7% 0.07% $21.55 $21.24 $44,180 0.5%
51-9197 Tire Builders detail 17,240 2.2% 0.01% $23.05 $23.00 $47,840 0.6%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 202,300 1.3% 0.17% $14.42 $15.82 $32,900 0.4%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 202,990 1.6% 0.17% $15.75 $17.39 $36,170 0.5%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 12,012,890 0.2% 10.04% $17.63 $19.67 $40,910 0.2%
53-1040 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers broad 525,770 0.5% 0.44% $24.84 $27.81 $57,850 0.2%
53-1041 Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors detail 8,380 3.4% 0.01% $24.64 $29.68 $61,730 0.8%
53-1047 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers, Except Aircraft Cargo Handling Supervisors detail 517,390 0.5% 0.43% $24.85 $27.78 $57,780 0.2%
53-2000 Air Transportation Workers minor 226,900 0.6% 0.19% (4) (4) $119,820 0.4%
53-2010 Aircraft Pilots and Flight Engineers broad 119,550 1.1% 0.10% (4) (4) $171,930 0.5%
53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers detail 77,980 1.0% 0.07% (4) (4) $201,770 0.4%
53-2012 Commercial Pilots detail 41,570 2.7% 0.03% (4) (4) $115,960 1.6%
53-2020 Air Traffic Controllers and Airfield Operations Specialists broad 10,460 2.5% 0.01% $23.57 $27.54 $57,290 1.1%
53-2021 Air Traffic Controllers detail 1,390 7.1% (7) $37.07 $36.98 $76,930 2.3%
53-2022 Airfield Operations Specialists detail 9,070 2.7% 0.01% $22.30 $26.10 $54,290 1.1%
53-2031 Flight Attendants detail 96,890 0.3% 0.08% (4) (4) $62,280 0.2%
53-3000 Motor Vehicle Operators minor 3,765,430 0.4% 3.15% $20.84 $21.38 $44,470 0.3%
53-3011 Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians detail 9,740 7.0% 0.01% $13.97 $14.83 $30,850 2.7%
53-3030 Driver/Sales Workers and Truck Drivers broad 3,350,910 0.5% 2.80% $21.88 $21.84 $45,420 0.3%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail 474,950 2.5% 0.40% $14.08 $15.35 $31,920 0.8%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 1,876,290 0.5% 1.57% $23.23 $24.20 $50,330 0.3%
53-3033 Light Truck Drivers detail 999,670 0.7% 0.84% $18.40 $20.49 $42,630 0.3%
53-3050 Passenger Vehicle Drivers broad 364,640 0.6% 0.30% $17.34 $17.92 $37,270 0.7%
53-3051 Bus Drivers, School detail 137,170 1.1% 0.11% $18.56 $20.16 $41,920 1.5%
53-3052 Bus Drivers, Transit and Intercity detail 54,760 2.1% 0.05% $18.62 $20.13 $41,860 0.6%
53-3053 Shuttle Drivers and Chauffeurs detail 158,870 1.3% 0.13% $14.40 $15.53 $32,300 0.4%
53-3054 Taxi Drivers detail 13,830 4.0% 0.01% $14.09 $14.46 $30,080 1.6%
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other detail 40,140 4.0% 0.03% $14.20 $15.98 $33,250 2.3%
53-4000 Rail Transportation Workers minor 102,920 0.5% 0.09% $30.77 $32.68 $67,970 0.5%
53-4010 Locomotive Engineers and Operators broad 43,080 1.3% 0.04% $37.90 $34.32 $71,390 0.9%
53-4011 Locomotive Engineers detail 38,660 1.3% 0.03% $38.35 $35.05 $72,910 1.0%
53-4013 Rail Yard Engineers, Dinkey Operators, and Hostlers detail 4,420 4.6% (7) $29.48 $27.94 $58,110 1.0%
53-4022 Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators and Locomotive Firers detail 15,410 1.2% 0.01% $30.69 $30.03 $62,470 0.5%
53-4031 Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters detail 42,820 0.4% 0.04% $30.74 $32.35 $67,290 0.3%
53-4041 Subway and Streetcar Operators detail (8) (8) (8) $23.49 $22.92 $47,670 5.0%
53-4099 Rail Transportation Workers, All Other detail 930 15.0% (7) $20.49 $22.63 $47,070 3.4%
53-5000 Water Transportation Workers minor 61,630 2.9% 0.05% $30.45 $39.89 $82,980 1.9%
53-5011 Sailors and Marine Oilers detail 22,280 4.4% 0.02% $22.36 $28.42 $59,120 3.2%
53-5020 Ship and Boat Captains and Operators broad 33,470 3.5% 0.03% $38.73 $45.98 $95,630 1.9%
53-5021 Captains, Mates, and Pilots of Water Vessels detail 31,090 3.7% 0.03% $39.50 $47.93 $99,700 1.9%
53-5022 Motorboat Operators detail 2,380 12.1% (7) $18.45 $20.42 $42,470 3.3%
53-5031 Ship Engineers detail (8) (8) (8) $44.51 $48.72 $101,350 2.8%
53-6000 Other Transportation Workers minor 254,140 1.7% 0.21% $14.29 $15.71 $32,680 0.5%
53-6011 Bridge and Lock Tenders detail (8) (8) (8) $13.63 $17.31 $36,000 2.7%
53-6021 Parking Attendants detail 86,530 3.8% 0.07% $14.04 $13.98 $29,080 0.9%
53-6030 Transportation Service Attendants broad 121,500 1.7% 0.10% $14.19 $14.73 $30,630 0.4%
53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants detail 109,940 1.7% 0.09% $14.08 $14.32 $29,780 0.3%
53-6032 Aircraft Service Attendants detail 11,560 7.1% 0.01% $17.50 $18.60 $38,690 1.5%
53-6041 Traffic Technicians detail 1,460 31.8% (7) $22.42 $23.09 $48,020 10.8%
53-6051 Transportation Inspectors detail 12,790 4.0% 0.01% $30.23 $32.63 $67,880 2.0%
53-6061 Passenger Attendants detail 19,030 7.6% 0.02% $14.48 $16.21 $33,710 1.8%
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other detail 11,210 5.7% 0.01% $16.67 $18.45 $38,370 1.6%
53-7000 Material Moving Workers minor 7,076,090 0.3% 5.91% $14.87 $16.71 $34,760 0.2%
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders detail 28,600 2.8% 0.02% $17.51 $17.77 $36,970 0.5%
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators detail 42,460 3.8% 0.04% $29.92 $31.39 $65,300 1.5%
53-7031 Dredge Operators detail 1,550 10.9% (7) $22.04 $23.99 $49,900 2.9%
53-7041 Hoist and Winch Operators detail 2,380 7.1% (7) $23.91 $26.06 $54,210 2.3%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 753,760 0.7% 0.63% $18.45 $19.68 $40,940 0.2%
53-7060 Laborers and Material Movers broad 6,101,100 0.3% 5.10% $14.58 $16.09 $33,460 0.2%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 344,450 0.8% 0.29% $14.07 $14.42 $30,000 0.3%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 2,688,650 0.6% 2.25% $14.99 $16.78 $34,890 0.2%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 60,860 2.4% 0.05% $17.79 $17.63 $36,670 0.4%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 584,720 1.0% 0.49% $14.39 $14.87 $30,940 0.3%
53-7065 Stockers and Order Fillers detail 2,422,420 0.4% 2.02% $14.48 $15.81 $32,890 0.2%
53-7070 Pumping Station Operators broad 28,780 4.6% 0.02% $30.00 $30.26 $62,940 1.3%
53-7071 Gas Compressor and Gas Pumping Station Operators detail 2,740 6.5% (7) $36.22 $32.70 $68,020 1.7%
53-7072 Pump Operators, Except Wellhead Pumpers detail 10,000 7.5% 0.01% $23.84 $26.33 $54,760 2.5%
53-7073 Wellhead Pumpers detail 16,040 7.0% 0.01% $30.64 $32.29 $67,170 1.7%
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors detail 85,190 2.1% 0.07% $18.64 $20.38 $42,400 0.9%
53-7121 Tank Car, Truck, and Ship Loaders detail 12,080 6.8% 0.01% $23.75 $26.62 $55,360 2.6%
53-7199 Material Moving Workers, All Other detail 20,190 5.0% 0.02% $17.48 $19.45 $40,450 1.9%


About May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.

(7) The value is less than .005 percent of industry employment.

(8) Estimate not released.




Other OEWS estimates and related information:

May 2021 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates (cross-industry estimates)

May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2021 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2022