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Economic News Release
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Table 9 U.S. Terms of Trade Indexes, by Locality

Table 9. U.S. terms of trade indexes and percent changes by locality: September 2019 to September 2020(1) [December 2017=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Index Percent change
Aug.
2020
Sep.
2020
Annual Monthly
Sep.
2019
to
Sep.
2020
May
2020
to
Jun.
2020
Jun.
2020
to
Jul.
2020
Jul.
2020
to
Aug.
2020
Aug.
2020
to
Sep.
2020

Industrialized Countries(2)

99.2 99.3 0.0 -2.1 0.1 -1.6 0.1

Canada

100.2 99.6 1.3 -10.6 -1.9 -4.3 -0.6

European Union

100.6 100.2 -2.8 1.3 0.4 0.1 -0.4

Germany

109.0 108.1 1.3 0.1 1.1 0.5 -0.8

Latin America(3)

97.7 98.3 -3.1 1.0 0.2 -1.3 0.6

Mexico

96.3 96.6 -4.5 -0.3 0.8 -0.9 0.3

Pacific Rim(4)

98.6 98.8 -1.7 1.9 0.2 0.5 0.2

China

99.5 99.4 0.4 3.0 1.2 0.8 -0.1

Japan

97.1 97.8 -1.2 4.1 0.9 0.4 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Terms of trade indexes are derived by dividing the export price index by the corresponding import price index and multiplying by 100.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
(3) Mexico, Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
(4) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available

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Last Modified Date: October 15, 2020