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Economic News Release
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Table 4. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry

Table 4. Median weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by union affiliation, occupation, and industry, 2021-2022 annual averages
Occupation and industry 2021 2022
Total Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Non-
union(3)
Total Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Non-
union(3)

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

$1,390 $1,360 $1,345 $1,400 $1,465 $1,406 $1,388 $1,477

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

1,482 1,450 1,430 1,487 1,569 1,503 1,487 1,573

Management occupations

1,546 1,545 1,535 1,547 1,658 1,639 1,598 1,662

Business and financial operations occupations

1,382 1,301 1,267 1,391 1,464 1,346 1,339 1,470

Professional and related occupations

1,335 1,346 1,330 1,337 1,392 1,388 1,369 1,398

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,660 1,463 1,474 1,673 1,789 1,531 1,513 1,819

Architecture and engineering occupations

1,641 1,770 1,745 1,633 1,735 1,750 1,740 1,734

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,407 1,336 1,348 1,416 1,463 1,494 1,444 1,468

Community and social service occupations

1,065 1,342 1,333 1,010 1,128 1,304 1,296 1,080

Legal occupations

1,586 1,728 1,591 1,586 1,763 1,882 1,893 1,750

Education, training, and library occupations

1,138 1,273 1,256 1,025 1,148 1,332 1,304 1,050

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

1,229 1,434 1,532 1,215 1,273 1,509 1,480 1,257

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

1,273 1,402 1,389 1,259 1,354 1,450 1,434 1,342

Service occupations

644 929 909 619 697 994 986 673

Healthcare support occupations

637 705 711 629 685 778 789 676

Protective service occupations

998 1,278 1,263 846 1,024 1,329 1,304 875

Food preparation and serving related occupations

573 652 645 570 622 725 724 620

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

623 732 731 612 671 787 784 654

Personal care and service occupations

618 622 687 617 686 747 765 683

Sales and office occupations

826 933 929 817 880 973 963 871

Sales and related occupations

887 808 839 890 941 883 888 944

Office and administrative support occupations

806 961 951 791 847 995 974 829

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

919 1,262 1,237 872 965 1,295 1,280 910

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

623 - - 615 645 - - 643

Construction and extraction occupations

904 1,262 1,227 837 943 1,288 1,275 890

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

1,017 1,287 1,273 983 1,043 1,346 1,322 1,007

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

774 968 954 746 821 1,052 1,041 797

Production occupations

809 957 944 789 862 1,046 1,052 829

Transportation and material moving occupations

738 976 961 713 796 1,058 1,032 770

INDUSTRY

Private sector

973 1,098 1,080 965 1,026 1,153 1,145 1,018

Agriculture and related industries

675 - - 673 709 - - 710

Nonagricultural industries

978 1,100 1,082 969 1,032 1,155 1,147 1,021

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1,317 - - 1,315 1,504 - - 1,488

Construction

966 1,344 1,322 922 1,007 1,319 1,306 976

Manufacturing

1,033 1,016 1,015 1,036 1,102 1,116 1,126 1,098

Durable goods

1,061 1,041 1,051 1,062 1,133 1,112 1,125 1,133

Nondurable goods

995 981 976 998 1,048 1,124 1,127 1,038

Wholesale and retail trade

790 776 773 791 859 812 823 861

Wholesale trade

1,003 910 876 1,014 1,057 1,012 993 1,063

Retail trade

744 763 766 742 814 780 797 815

Transportation and utilities

973 1,199 1,170 934 995 1,261 1,246 958

Transportation and warehousing

914 1,147 1,120 883 943 1,203 1,178 909

Utilities

1,390 1,482 1,425 1,369 1,501 1,531 1,530 1,492

Information(4)

1,378 1,568 1,527 1,370 1,501 1,610 1,587 1,492

Publishing, except Internet

1,271 - - 1,332 1,495 - - 1,517

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

1,325 1,884 1,885 1,230 1,388 2,276 2,277 1,300

Broadcasting (except internet)

1,213 - - 1,199 1,479 - - 1,475

Telecommunications

1,367 1,302 1,297 1,374 1,418 1,690 1,611 1,397

Financial activities

1,233 1,017 1,019 1,239 1,326 1,337 1,271 1,327

Finance and insurance

1,317 1,012 1,037 1,328 1,377 1,667 1,348 1,378

Finance

1,367 1,022 1,072 1,372 1,451 1,835 1,663 1,450

Insurance

1,209 - 1,003 1,222 1,274 - - 1,275

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,000 1,027 995 1,001 1,088 1,160 1,228 1,082

Professional and business services

1,241 1,023 1,017 1,249 1,353 1,091 1,112 1,362

Professional and technical services

1,515 1,527 1,365 1,518 1,641 1,531 1,529 1,644

Management, administrative, and waste services

742 766 767 740 796 842 835 794

Education and health services

$982 $1,140 $1,134 $966 $1,032 $1,157 $1,149 $1,018

Educational services

1,110 1,143 1,133 1,105 1,152 1,197 1,180 1,146

Health care and social assistance

953 1,139 1,134 939 1,004 1,141 1,134 995

Leisure and hospitality

650 752 756 645 707 788 813 703

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

824 904 864 818 886 808 844 889

Accommodation and food services

618 725 735 615 678 781 803 675

Accommodation

691 735 752 683 731 764 786 726

Food services and drinking places

609 709 725 607 668 791 812 665

Other services(4)

858 1,200 1,166 847 910 1,239 1,231 899

Other services, except private households

894 1,258 1,206 885 938 1,249 1,243 923

Public sector

1,133 1,237 1,229 1,055 1,168 1,271 1,260 1,121

Federal government

1,319 1,209 1,219 1,372 1,394 1,269 1,279 1,452

State government

1,088 1,231 1,224 1,007 1,138 1,250 1,237 1,084

Local government

1,102 1,246 1,235 969 1,136 1,291 1,270 1,019

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) Data refer to workers who are neither members of a union nor represented by a union on their job.
(4) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 50,000).

Last Modified Date: January 19, 2023