Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics

Table 1. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2016-17 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2016 2017
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

136,101 14,555 10.7 16,271 12.0 137,890 14,817 10.7 16,444 11.9

16 to 24 years

18,556 816 4.4 988 5.3 18,757 877 4.7 1,014 5.4

25 years and over

117,545 13,739 11.7 15,283 13.0 119,133 13,940 11.7 15,430 13.0

25 to 34 years

31,750 2,924 9.2 3,296 10.4 32,407 3,061 9.4 3,426 10.6

35 to 44 years

28,515 3,423 12.0 3,782 13.3 28,729 3,421 11.9 3,806 13.2

45 to 54 years

28,807 3,846 13.3 4,269 14.8 28,655 3,771 13.2 4,145 14.5

55 to 64 years

21,778 2,903 13.3 3,209 14.7 22,382 3,032 13.5 3,329 14.9

65 years and over

6,696 643 9.6 726 10.8 6,960 655 9.4 723 10.4

Men, 16 years and over

70,589 7,888 11.2 8,704 12.3 71,469 8,166 11.4 8,930 12.5

16 to 24 years

9,412 484 5.1 568 6.0 9,486 529 5.6 609 6.4

25 years and over

61,177 7,404 12.1 8,136 13.3 61,983 7,637 12.3 8,321 13.4

25 to 34 years

16,930 1,640 9.7 1,833 10.8 17,199 1,755 10.2 1,940 11.3

35 to 44 years

15,102 1,881 12.5 2,051 13.6 15,220 1,900 12.5 2,088 13.7

45 to 54 years

14,775 2,048 13.9 2,253 15.3 14,693 2,040 13.9 2,189 14.9

55 to 64 years

10,957 1,511 13.8 1,633 14.9 11,318 1,617 14.3 1,745 15.4

65 years and over

3,412 323 9.5 365 10.7 3,554 324 9.1 359 10.1

Women, 16 years and over

65,512 6,667 10.2 7,567 11.6 66,421 6,651 10.0 7,514 11.3

16 to 24 years

9,143 332 3.6 420 4.6 9,271 348 3.8 405 4.4

25 years and over

56,368 6,335 11.2 7,147 12.7 57,150 6,303 11.0 7,109 12.4

25 to 34 years

14,820 1,284 8.7 1,463 9.9 15,208 1,306 8.6 1,486 9.8

35 to 44 years

13,412 1,542 11.5 1,731 12.9 13,509 1,521 11.3 1,718 12.7

45 to 54 years

14,032 1,797 12.8 2,016 14.4 13,962 1,731 12.4 1,956 14.0

55 to 64 years

10,820 1,392 12.9 1,576 14.6 11,065 1,415 12.8 1,584 14.3

65 years and over

3,283 320 9.8 361 11.0 3,406 330 9.7 364 10.7

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY,
AND SEX

White, 16 years and over

106,160 11,120 10.5 12,436 11.7 107,121 11,358 10.6 12,589 11.8

Men

56,007 6,153 11.0 6,769 12.1 56,545 6,432 11.4 7,025 12.4

Women

50,153 4,967 9.9 5,667 11.3 50,576 4,926 9.7 5,564 11.0

Black or African American, 16 years and over

17,014 2,209 13.0 2,475 14.5 17,498 2,210 12.6 2,459 14.1

Men

7,852 1,104 14.1 1,229 15.7 8,042 1,101 13.7 1,205 15.0

Women

9,163 1,105 12.1 1,245 13.6 9,456 1,109 11.7 1,254 13.3

Asian, 16 years and over

8,340 752 9.0 839 10.1 8,561 763 8.9 843 9.8

Men

4,368 355 8.1 404 9.3 4,457 365 8.2 402 9.0

Women

3,972 397 10.0 435 10.9 4,105 398 9.7 441 10.7

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 16 years and over

23,085 2,032 8.8 2,308 10.0 23,656 2,201 9.3 2,476 10.5

Men

13,125 1,209 9.2 1,348 10.3 13,342 1,261 9.5 1,410 10.6

Women

9,960 823 8.3 960 9.6 10,315 940 9.1 1,067 10.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

111,091 13,119 11.8 14,593 13.1 113,272 13,396 11.8 14,812 13.1

Part-time workers

24,832 1,415 5.7 1,655 6.7 24,433 1,403 5.7 1,611 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 19, 2018