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Economic News Release
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Productivity by State News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, May 25, 2023                                               USDL-23-1090

Technical information: 	(202) 691-5606    productivity@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/productivity 
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


				PRODUCTIVITY BY STATE - 2022
 
Labor productivity in the private nonfarm sector declined in 37 states and the District of Columbia in 
2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Output increased in 43 states and the District. 
Hours worked increased in 48 states and the District, and declined in Minnesota and Nebraska. Idaho 
experienced the highest growth in labor productivity, an increase of 4.0 percent. 

Labor productivity, output, and hours worked for select states, percent change, 2022
	* Idaho was the only state to see productivity rise more than 2.0 percent (+4.0 percent). 
	* Output growth exceeded 5.0 percent in Idaho (+5.4 percent) and Tennessee (+5.1 percent).
	* Nevada and Hawaii saw the highest growth in hours worked (+10.7 percent and +7.5 percent, 
	respectively).
	* All seven states experiencing declines in output also recorded increases in hours worked: Alaska, 
	Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Dakota, and Oklahoma.
	* Eleven states saw labor productivity increase due to a rise in output that outpaced growth in hours 
	worked: Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, South Dakota, 
	Tennessee, Vermont, and Wisconsin. 
	* Labor productivity growth in Minnesota (+1.7 percent) and Nebraska (+1.6 percent) was the result 
	of increasing output and declining hours worked. 

Contributions to national labor productivity, 2022

Each state's annual contribution to national productivity growth is calculated by multiplying the state's 
productivity growth rate by its average share of total current dollar national output. The economic size of 
each state influences its contribution to national and regional estimates. With a 4.5-percent decline in 
labor productivity in 2022, California had the largest influence on the national change, contributing to 
over one-third of the 1.9-percent decline at the national level. 

2019-22 trends
While increases in output and hours worked were widespread in 2022, not all areas have fully recovered 
to levels seen before the COVID-19 pandemic. Note that percent changes for periods of more than 1 year 
are annual percent changes. 
	* Three areas saw annualized labor productivity growth of more than 3.0 percent - the District of 
	Columbia (+4.8 percent), Washington (+3.3 percent), and Iowa (+3.1 percent).
	* Labor productivity has declined from 2019 to 2022 in nine states:
		o Alaska (-1.6 percent)
		o Hawaii (-0.8 percent)
		o Louisiana (-2.1 percent)
		o Nevada (-0.4 percent)
		o North Dakota (-0.4 percent)
		o Oklahoma (-0.8 percent)
		o Texas (-0.6 percent)
		o West Virginia (-0.2 percent)
		o Wyoming (-0.4 percent)
	* Annualized rates of hours worked declined for 24 states and the District of Columbia from 2019 to 
	2022. 
	* The District of Columbia saw the largest decrease in hours worked (-2.6 percent).
	* Idaho saw the highest growth in both output and hours worked (+5.8 percent and +3.0 percent, 
	respectively). 
	* Eight states have not yet returned to 2019 levels of output. 

Long term trends
	* From 2007 to 2022, labor productivity rose in 47 states and the District of Columbia. 
	* North Dakota experienced the highest rate of labor productivity growth of 2.7 percent per year. 
	* Three states had productivity declines from 2007 to 2022: Alaska (-0.3 percent), Louisiana (-0.6 
	percent), and Wyoming (-0.5 percent).
	* Output grew in 46 states and the District of Columbia while hours worked grew in 34 states and 
	the District of Columbia. 

Contributions to national labor productivity, 2007-22
 
California, New York, and Texas, which have the largest economies, contributed the most to national 
productivity growth, nearly 40 percent of the 1.3-percent increase. 

Additional Information

Measures of hours worked and employment for all states reflect a change in methods and are revised 
historically. Data from the BLS Current Population Survey (CPS) have been used to adjust measures of 
Current Employment Statistics (CES) all-employee hours paid to account for unpaid hours worked, also 
known as off-the-clock hours. These adjustments are also made for national measures of hours worked. 
For more information on the new hours worked methodology, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2022/article/improving-estimates-of-hours-worked-for-us-
productivity-measurement.htm. In addition, a scaling adjustment has been applied to state hours worked 
and employment measures to improve consistency between state and national labor measures.

Measures of output for all states reflect a change in methods and are revised historically. Estimates of 
owner-occupied housing, which are subtracted from output, are now based on imputed rent data provided 
by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). 

Output and compensation measures for 2021 and earlier years reflect revisions to GDP by state and 
industry data published by the BEA. Hours and employment data through 2021 have been revised to 
incorporate the BLS 2022 CES benchmark. 

Access the following productivity data at www.bls.gov/productivity/tables/labor-productivity-by-state-
and-region.xlsx
	* Detailed data series: indexes of productivity and related measures; rates of change; and levels of state 
	employment, hours worked, value-added output, and labor compensation 
	* Additional years and long-term data

Subscribe to productivity news releases on the BLS website at 
https://public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDOLBLS/subscriber/new.

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services. 
	

Technical Note

Labor Productivity: Labor productivity describes the relationship between real output and the 
labor hours involved in its production. These measures show the changes from period to period in 
the amount of goods and services produced per hour worked. Although the labor productivity 
measures relate output in a state to hours worked of all persons in that state, they do not measure 
the specific contribution of labor to growth in output. Rather, they reflect the joint effects of many 
influences, including: changes in technology; capital investment; utilization of capacity, energy, 
and materials; the use of purchased services inputs, including contract employment services; the 
organization of production; the characteristics and effort of the workforce; and managerial skill. 

Output: Measures of real value-added output for the private nonfarm sector are created using 
GDP by state and industry data published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). BEA does 
not produce a private nonfarm sector measure of real output by state. To create the necessary 
output series, several industry components are subtracted - the farm sector, private households, 
and owner-occupied housing - from GDP by state using a Fisher ideal index formula. 

Labor Hours: Hours are the number of hours worked by all employed persons, including wage 
and salary workers, self-employed persons, and unpaid family workers. Hours for wage and salary 
workers are primarily from BLS Current Employment Statistics (CES) and hours for self-
employed and unpaid family workers are from the BLS Current Population Survey (CPS). The 
hours are adjusted from an hours paid basis to an hours worked basis using data from the BLS 
National Compensation Survey (NCS).

Unit Labor Costs: Unit labor costs represent the cost of labor required to produce one unit of 
output. The unit labor cost indexes are computed by dividing an index of nominal industry labor 
compensation by an index of real industry output. Unit labor costs also describe the relationship 
between compensation per hour worked (hourly compensation) and real output per hour worked 
(labor productivity). When hourly compensation growth outpaces productivity, unit labor costs 
increase. Alternatively, when productivity growth exceeds hourly compensation, unit labor costs 
decrease.

Labor Compensation: Labor compensation, defined as payroll plus supplemental payments, is a 
measure of the cost to the employer of securing the services of labor. Labor compensation 
measures are constructed using BEA nonfarm compensation less private household 
compensation. Compensation for self-employed and unpaid family workers are imputed by 
assuming that hourly compensation for these workers is the same as the average wage and salary 
worker in each state. 

Contributions to Labor Productivity: Each state's contribution to national productivity growth 
is calculated by multiplying the state's productivity growth rate by its average share of total 
current dollar national output. Adding up these contributions will approximate, but may not 
exactly equal, growth rates of national productivity. Contributions measures used in this release 
capture the effects of within-state productivity changes but do not include the effects of shifting 
shares of output and labor among states.

Annual Percent Change: The annual percent change is the compound annual growth rate in an 
index series over a period of more than one year. The change of an index series varies from year 
to year. However, the annual percent change is the constant rate that can be applied to each year 
in a period, from the start to the end, that would give the same total result. It is calculated as 
(Ending Value/Starting Value)^(1/Number of Years)-1.

Table 1. Recent labor productivity and related data, private nonfarm sector
Area Name 2022
Employment
(thousands)
Percent change, 2021-22
Labor
productivity
Output Hours
worked
Unit labor
costs
Labor
compensation
Hourly
compensation

States

Alabama

1,847.629 -1.0 1.4 2.4 8.9 10.5 7.9

Alaska

272.925 -7.1 -2.7 4.7 13.7 10.6 5.6

Arizona

2,945.814 -2.1 3.0 5.2 7.6 10.8 5.4

Arkansas

1,206.792 -0.3 2.5 2.7 6.5 9.1 6.2

California

16,928.862 -4.5 0.1 4.9 4.9 5.1 0.2

Colorado

2,658.039 0.6 3.9 3.3 6.7 10.8 7.3

Connecticut

1,596.229 1.5 3.0 1.6 4.4 7.6 5.9

Delaware

427.178 -1.8 2.4 4.3 7.0 9.6 5.1

District of Columbia

545.355 -0.6 4.4 5.0 4.1 8.6 3.4

Florida

9,027.580 0.7 4.9 4.1 7.1 12.3 7.9

Georgia

4,453.823 -0.9 3.1 4.0 8.7 12.0 7.7

Hawaii

548.708 -5.3 1.8 7.5 8.7 10.6 2.9

Idaho

772.038 4.0 5.4 1.3 6.6 12.3 10.8

Illinois

5,549.841 0.1 2.4 2.3 6.2 8.8 6.3

Indiana

2,982.150 -0.4 1.9 2.3 8.5 10.6 8.1

Iowa

1,420.232 0.5 1.4 0.9 8.1 9.6 8.6

Kansas

1,253.921 -1.4 1.9 3.4 7.1 9.1 5.6

Kentucky

1,775.956 1.1 2.1 1.0 7.2 9.4 8.3

Louisiana

1,759.027 -6.1 -2.0 4.4 11.9 9.7 5.1

Maine

619.384 -2.0 1.8 3.9 8.9 10.9 6.7

Maryland

2,381.065 -2.6 -0.7 1.9 8.6 7.8 5.7

Massachusetts

3,461.933 -2.6 1.9 4.6 5.5 7.4 2.7

Michigan

4,019.395 -3.5 1.6 5.2 8.1 9.8 4.4

Minnesota

2,680.459 1.7 1.2 -0.5 6.0 7.3 7.9

Mississippi

1,014.979 -4.9 -0.2 4.9 11.7 11.5 6.2

Missouri

2,698.236 -2.9 1.6 4.7 7.9 9.7 4.8

Montana

471.961 -2.5 1.8 4.4 10.2 12.2 7.5

Nebraska

915.460 1.6 1.3 -0.2 6.5 7.9 8.1

Nevada

1,433.336 -5.9 4.1 10.7 10.4 15.0 3.9

New Hampshire

654.392 -4.0 -0.2 4.0 5.5 5.4 1.3

New Jersey

3,909.163 -2.1 2.6 4.8 6.8 9.5 4.5

New Mexico

732.159 -1.7 1.8 3.6 9.8 11.9 7.9

New York

8,687.612 -2.6 3.0 5.7 5.8 8.9 3.1

North Carolina

4,430.224 -1.4 2.3 3.8 8.6 11.1 7.1

North Dakota

366.428 -5.1 -1.6 3.7 12.1 10.4 6.4

Ohio

5,075.767 -1.3 1.6 3.0 6.5 8.3 5.1

Oklahoma

1,465.302 -1.0 -0.9 0.2 8.4 7.4 7.3

Oregon

1,857.078 -1.9 3.4 5.4 4.8 8.3 2.8

Pennsylvania

5,664.451 -0.9 2.4 3.3 6.4 9.0 5.5

Rhode Island

468.776 -1.5 1.2 2.8 9.4 10.7 7.7

South Carolina

2,045.171 -2.1 3.0 5.3 8.9 12.2 6.5

South Dakota

404.396 1.1 1.3 0.2 6.9 8.3 8.1

Tennessee

3,058.778 0.3 5.1 4.8 5.8 11.1 6.1

Texas

12,588.259 -2.3 3.8 6.2 9.7 13.8 7.2

Utah

1,527.161 -0.8 2.7 3.5 9.3 12.3 8.5

Vermont

280.889 0.3 3.7 3.4 7.3 11.3 7.7

Virginia

3,575.548 -0.3 1.7 2.0 6.6 8.5 6.3

Washington

3,241.985 -2.9 1.4 4.5 7.1 8.7 4.0

West Virginia

585.333 -2.9 0.2 3.2 10.0 10.2 6.8

Wisconsin

2,778.464 0.8 1.7 0.9 5.1 6.9 5.9

Wyoming

236.398 -1.6 0.3 2.0 8.0 8.4 6.3

Regions

Midwest

30,144.748 -0.8 1.7 2.5 7.0 8.8 6.1

Northeast

25,342.827 -1.8 2.6 4.4 6.0 8.7 4.1

South

52,188.000 -1.2 2.9 4.1 8.3 11.5 7.0

West

33,626.465 -3.4 1.2 4.8 6.1 7.4 2.5

Table 2. Long run labor productivity and related data, private nonfarm sector
Area Name 2022
Employment
(thousands)
Annual percent change, 2007-22
Labor
productivity
Output Hours
worked
Unit labor
costs
Labor
compensation
Hourly
compensation

States

Alabama

1,847.629 1.1 1.0 -0.1 2.3 3.3 3.4

Alaska

272.925 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1 3.4 3.0 3.1

Arizona

2,945.814 0.9 1.9 1.0 2.2 4.2 3.1

Arkansas

1,206.792 0.8 1.3 0.5 2.2 3.5 2.9

California

16,928.862 2.0 2.7 0.7 1.5 4.3 3.6

Colorado

2,658.039 1.8 2.7 0.9 2.0 4.7 3.8

Connecticut

1,596.229 0.2 0.0 -0.2 2.2 2.2 2.4

Delaware

427.178 0.5 0.6 0.1 2.3 2.8 2.7

District of Columbia

545.355 1.2 1.8 0.6 2.1 3.9 3.3

Florida

9,027.580 1.0 2.0 1.0 2.6 4.6 3.6

Georgia

4,453.823 1.2 2.1 0.9 2.1 4.2 3.3

Hawaii

548.708 0.6 0.5 0.0 2.5 3.0 3.1

Idaho

772.038 1.7 2.9 1.2 1.7 4.7 3.4

Illinois

5,549.841 1.0 1.0 -0.1 1.9 2.9 2.9

Indiana

2,982.150 0.6 1.1 0.5 2.4 3.5 3.0

Iowa

1,420.232 1.1 1.2 0.1 2.2 3.4 3.3

Kansas

1,253.921 1.6 1.6 0.0 1.4 3.0 3.0

Kentucky

1,775.956 1.3 1.2 -0.1 2.2 3.4 3.5

Louisiana

1,759.027 -0.6 -0.5 0.1 3.3 2.8 2.7

Maine

619.384 1.2 1.4 0.2 2.2 3.6 3.4

Maryland

2,381.065 1.4 1.4 0.0 1.8 3.2 3.3

Massachusetts

3,461.933 1.7 2.3 0.6 1.6 3.9 3.3

Michigan

4,019.395 0.8 0.9 0.1 1.9 2.8 2.7

Minnesota

2,680.459 1.3 1.6 0.3 1.8 3.5 3.1

Mississippi

1,014.979 0.5 0.4 -0.1 2.5 2.9 3.0

Missouri

2,698.236 0.9 1.0 0.0 2.2 3.1 3.1

Montana

471.961 1.2 1.6 0.4 3.0 4.7 4.3

Nebraska

915.460 1.8 2.0 0.1 1.5 3.5 3.4

Nevada

1,433.336 0.3 1.0 0.7 2.7 3.8 3.0

New Hampshire

654.392 1.6 1.9 0.4 1.8 3.8 3.4

New Jersey

3,909.163 0.7 1.0 0.3 2.0 3.1 2.8

New Mexico

732.159 1.2 0.9 -0.3 2.0 2.8 3.2

New York

8,687.612 1.5 1.9 0.5 1.4 3.3 2.8

North Carolina

4,430.224 0.9 1.8 0.9 2.5 4.3 3.4

North Dakota

366.428 2.7 4.1 1.4 1.2 5.4 3.9

Ohio

5,075.767 1.1 1.3 0.2 1.6 2.9 2.8

Oklahoma

1,465.302 1.2 1.6 0.4 1.8 3.4 3.0

Oregon

1,857.078 2.0 2.5 0.6 1.4 4.0 3.4

Pennsylvania

5,664.451 1.2 1.4 0.2 1.8 3.2 3.0

Rhode Island

468.776 0.8 0.8 0.0 2.3 3.1 3.1

South Carolina

2,045.171 1.0 1.8 0.8 2.4 4.2 3.4

South Dakota

404.396 1.3 2.0 0.7 2.5 4.6 3.9

Tennessee

3,058.778 1.4 2.3 0.9 1.6 4.0 3.1

Texas

12,588.259 0.9 2.6 1.7 2.3 5.0 3.2

Utah

1,527.161 1.7 3.3 1.6 2.0 5.4 3.8

Vermont

280.889 1.7 1.3 -0.4 1.7 3.0 3.4

Virginia

3,575.548 1.5 1.6 0.0 1.7 3.3 3.3

Washington

3,241.985 2.4 3.5 1.0 1.8 5.3 4.3

West Virginia

585.333 1.0 0.6 -0.4 1.9 2.5 2.9

Wisconsin

2,778.464 0.9 1.3 0.3 1.9 3.2 2.9

Wyoming

236.398 -0.5 -1.0 -0.5 3.2 2.1 2.6

Regions

Midwest

30,144.748 1.0 1.2 0.2 1.9 3.1 2.9

Northeast

25,342.827 1.2 1.6 0.3 1.7 3.3 2.9

South

52,188.000 1.0 1.9 0.8 2.2 4.1 3.3

West

33,626.465 1.8 2.6 0.8 1.7 4.4 3.6

Table 3. Labor productivity in selected periods, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Annual percent change
2007-19 2019-22 2007-22

States

Alabama

1.0 1.2 1.1

Alaska

0.1 -1.6 -0.3

Arizona

0.7 1.8 0.9

Arkansas

0.6 1.4 0.8

California

2.1 1.9 2.0

Colorado

1.8 1.9 1.8

Connecticut

0.0 0.7 0.2

Delaware

0.4 0.6 0.5

District of Columbia

0.4 4.8 1.2

Florida

0.7 1.9 1.0

Georgia

1.3 0.9 1.2

Hawaii

0.9 -0.8 0.6

Idaho

1.4 2.7 1.7

Illinois

0.8 1.7 1.0

Indiana

0.6 0.7 0.6

Iowa

0.6 3.1 1.1

Kansas

1.5 1.8 1.6

Kentucky

1.2 1.6 1.3

Louisiana

-0.2 -2.1 -0.6

Maine

0.9 2.6 1.2

Maryland

1.5 1.1 1.4

Massachusetts

1.5 2.3 1.7

Michigan

0.5 1.8 0.8

Minnesota

1.1 2.1 1.3

Mississippi

0.4 0.8 0.5

Missouri

0.9 1.1 0.9

Montana

1.2 1.1 1.2

Nebraska

1.7 2.3 1.8

Nevada

0.5 -0.4 0.3

New Hampshire

1.3 2.6 1.6

New Jersey

0.6 1.2 0.7

New Mexico

1.4 0.4 1.2

New York

1.3 2.1 1.5

North Carolina

0.8 1.4 0.9

North Dakota

3.5 -0.4 2.7

Ohio

0.9 2.1 1.1

Oklahoma

1.7 -0.8 1.2

Oregon

1.7 2.9 2.0

Pennsylvania

1.0 2.0 1.2

Rhode Island

0.8 0.9 0.8

South Carolina

1.0 0.7 1.0

South Dakota

1.2 1.8 1.3

Tennessee

1.1 2.5 1.4

Texas

1.2 -0.6 0.9

Utah

1.5 2.6 1.7

Vermont

1.5 2.6 1.7

Virginia

1.3 2.5 1.5

Washington

2.2 3.3 2.4

West Virginia

1.3 -0.2 1.0

Wisconsin

0.8 1.4 0.9

Wyoming

-0.5 -0.4 -0.5

Regions

Midwest

0.9 1.7 1.0

Northeast

1.1 1.9 1.2

South

1.1 0.8 1.0

West

1.8 1.9 1.8

Table 4. Contributions to national labor productivity, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Share Weight (percent) Annual percent change, 2007-22
Labor Productivity Contribution to National

National

  1.3  

Alabama

1.1 1.1 0.012

Alaska

0.3 -0.3 -0.001

Arizona

1.7 0.9 0.015

Arkansas

0.6 0.8 0.005

California

13.7 2.0 0.273

Colorado

1.8 1.8 0.032

Connecticut

1.5 0.2 0.003

Delaware

0.4 0.5 0.002

District of Columbia

0.5 1.2 0.007

Florida

5.0 1.0 0.050

Georgia

2.9 1.2 0.035

Hawaii

0.4 0.6 0.002

Idaho

0.4 1.7 0.006

Illinois

4.5 1.0 0.045

Indiana

1.9 0.6 0.011

Iowa

0.9 1.1 0.010

Kansas

0.8 1.6 0.013

Kentucky

1.0 1.3 0.014

Louisiana

1.4 -0.6 -0.008

Maine

0.3 1.2 0.004

Maryland

1.8 1.4 0.025

Massachusetts

2.8 1.7 0.048

Michigan

2.6 0.8 0.021

Minnesota

1.9 1.3 0.024

Mississippi

0.6 0.5 0.003

Missouri

1.7 0.9 0.015

Montana

0.2 1.2 0.003

Nebraska

0.6 1.8 0.011

Nevada

0.9 0.3 0.003

New Hampshire

0.4 1.6 0.007

New Jersey

3.2 0.7 0.022

New Mexico

0.4 1.2 0.005

New York

8.5 1.5 0.127

North Carolina

2.8 0.9 0.025

North Dakota

0.3 2.7 0.007

Ohio

3.4 1.1 0.038

Oklahoma

1.0 1.2 0.012

Oregon

1.1 2.0 0.022

Pennsylvania

4.0 1.2 0.048

Rhode Island

0.3 0.8 0.002

South Carolina

1.1 1.0 0.011

South Dakota

0.2 1.3 0.003

Tennessee

1.8 1.4 0.025

Texas

9.2 0.9 0.083

Utah

0.9 1.7 0.014

Vermont

0.2 1.7 0.003

Virginia

2.5 1.5 0.037

Washington

2.6 2.4 0.062

West Virginia

0.4 1.0 0.004

Wisconsin

1.7 0.9 0.015

Wyoming

0.2 -0.5 -0.001

Table 5. Contributions to national labor productivity in selected periods, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Annual percent change
2007-19 2019-22 2007-22 2021-22

National

1.2 1.5 1.3 -1.8

Alabama

0.011 0.012 0.012 -0.010

Alaska

0.000 -0.004 -0.001 -0.016

Arizona

0.012 0.032 0.015 -0.038

Arkansas

0.004 0.009 0.005 -0.002

California

0.282 0.276 0.273 -0.655

Colorado

0.031 0.035 0.032 0.011

Connecticut

0.000 0.009 0.003 0.020

Delaware

0.002 0.002 0.002 -0.006

District of Columbia

0.002 0.026 0.007 -0.003

Florida

0.035 0.100 0.050 0.038

Georgia

0.037 0.027 0.035 -0.027

Hawaii

0.003 -0.003 0.002 -0.018

Idaho

0.005 0.010 0.006 0.016

Illinois

0.036 0.072 0.045 0.004

Indiana

0.012 0.013 0.011 -0.007

Iowa

0.006 0.028 0.010 0.004

Kansas

0.013 0.015 0.013 -0.011

Kentucky

0.013 0.016 0.014 0.011

Louisiana

-0.003 -0.024 -0.008 -0.068

Maine

0.003 0.008 0.004 -0.006

Maryland

0.027 0.019 0.025 -0.043

Massachusetts

0.042 0.066 0.048 -0.074

Michigan

0.013 0.045 0.021 -0.086

Minnesota

0.021 0.038 0.024 0.030

Mississippi

0.002 0.004 0.003 -0.025

Missouri

0.015 0.017 0.015 -0.045

Montana

0.003 0.003 0.003 -0.006

Nebraska

0.010 0.014 0.011 0.009

Nevada

0.004 -0.003 0.003 -0.050

New Hampshire

0.005 0.011 0.007 -0.017

New Jersey

0.019 0.036 0.022 -0.063

New Mexico

0.006 0.002 0.005 -0.007

New York

0.110 0.181 0.127 -0.220

North Carolina

0.022 0.039 0.025 -0.040

North Dakota

0.009 -0.001 0.007 -0.014

Ohio

0.031 0.070 0.038 -0.043

Oklahoma

0.017 -0.007 0.012 -0.009

Oregon

0.018 0.033 0.022 -0.022

Pennsylvania

0.040 0.076 0.048 -0.034

Rhode Island

0.002 0.003 0.002 -0.004

South Carolina

0.011 0.008 0.011 -0.023

South Dakota

0.003 0.005 0.003 0.003

Tennessee

0.020 0.047 0.025 0.006

Texas

0.110 -0.055 0.083 -0.216

Utah

0.012 0.025 0.014 -0.008

Vermont

0.002 0.004 0.003 0.000

Virginia

0.032 0.060 0.037 -0.007

Washington

0.055 0.095 0.062 -0.084

West Virginia

0.005 -0.001 0.004 -0.010

Wisconsin

0.013 0.023 0.015 0.013

Wyoming

-0.001 -0.001 -0.001 -0.003

Table 6. Contributions to regional labor productivity, private nonfarm sector
Area Name Share Weight (percent) Percent change, 2021-22
Labor Productivity Contribution to Region

Northeast

  -1.8  

Connecticut

6.4 1.5 0.096

Maine

1.6 -2.0 -0.031

Massachusetts

13.9 -2.6 -0.360

New Hampshire

2.1 -4.0 -0.084

New Jersey

14.5 -2.1 -0.305

New York

41.2 -2.6 -1.072

Pennsylvania

18.2 -0.9 -0.164

Rhode Island

1.3 -1.5 -0.020

Vermont

0.7 0.3 0.002

South

  -1.2  

Alabama

3.0 -1.0 -0.030

Arkansas

1.9 -0.3 -0.006

Delaware

1.0 -1.8 -0.019

District of Columbia

1.5 -0.6 -0.009

Florida

15.8 0.7 0.110

Georgia

8.9 -0.9 -0.080

Kentucky

2.9 1.1 0.032

Louisiana

3.3 -6.1 -0.200

Maryland

4.8 -2.6 -0.126

Mississippi

1.5 -4.9 -0.073

North Carolina

8.3 -1.4 -0.117

Oklahoma

2.6 -1.0 -0.026

South Carolina

3.2 -2.1 -0.068

Tennessee

5.6 0.3 0.017

Texas

27.6 -2.3 -0.634

Virginia

7.0 -0.3 -0.021

West Virginia

1.0 -2.9 -0.030

Midwest

  -0.8  

Illinois

21.5 0.1 0.021

Indiana

9.4 -0.4 -0.037

Iowa

4.6 0.5 0.023

Kansas

4.1 -1.4 -0.058

Michigan

12.6 -3.5 -0.440

Minnesota

9.1 1.7 0.155

Missouri

7.9 -2.9 -0.228

Nebraska

3.0 1.6 0.048

North Dakota

1.4 -5.1 -0.071

Ohio

17.1 -1.3 -0.222

South Dakota

1.3 1.1 0.014

Wisconsin

8.1 0.8 0.065

West

  -3.4  

Alaska

0.9 -7.1 -0.063

Arizona

6.9 -2.1 -0.146

California

56.2 -4.5 -2.531

Colorado

7.2 0.6 0.043

Hawaii

1.3 -5.3 -0.068

Idaho

1.5 4.0 0.062

Montana

0.9 -2.5 -0.023

Nevada

3.3 -5.9 -0.195

New Mexico

1.6 -1.7 -0.027

Oregon

4.4 -1.9 -0.084

Utah

3.8 -0.8 -0.030

Washington

11.2 -2.9 -0.325

Wyoming

0.7 -1.6 -0.011

Last Modified Date: June 09, 2023