Department of Labor Logo United States Department of Labor
Dot gov

The .gov means it's official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Economic News Release
PRINT:Print

Table 3. Labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data, 2019-2021

Table 3. Labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data, 2019-2021
Industry 2017 NAICS code 2021
Employment
(thousands)
Average annual percent change, 2019-2021
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours
worked
Labor compen-
sation
Hourly compen-
sation

Wholesale trade

42 5,832.5 4.6 1.8 2.8 -1.7 4.6 6.5

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423 3,190.0 5.0 1.5 3.4 -1.5 4.9 6.5

Motor vehicles and parts

4231 347.1 3.8 4.4 -0.4 -4.0 4.0 8.3

Furniture and furnishings

4232 115.2 5.2 -1.7 3.4 -1.6 1.7 3.4

Lumber and construction supplies

4233 249.2 1.2 5.1 1.0 -0.2 6.2 6.4

Commercial equipment

4234 695.7 5.0 0.7 5.7 0.7 6.4 5.8

Metals and minerals

4235 126.8 1.7 6.6 -4.1 -5.7 2.2 8.4

Appliances and electric goods

4236 352.6 10.7 -4.3 8.7 -1.8 4.0 5.9

Hardware and plumbing

4237 293.5 2.7 4.7 2.2 -0.5 7.0 7.5

Machinery and supplies

4238 700.7 3.7 0.9 1.5 -2.1 2.4 4.6

Miscellaneous durable goods

4239 309.2 14.5 -3.8 12.6 -1.7 8.4 10.2

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424 2,155.3 4.2 2.5 1.8 -2.3 4.4 6.8

Paper and paper products

4241 117.5 6.7 -1.8 0.9 -5.4 -0.9 4.8

Druggists' goods

4242 246.5 4.3 2.3 5.6 1.3 8.0 6.6

Apparel and piece goods

4243 144.1 3.1 3.4 -0.4 -3.4 3.0 6.6

Grocery and related products

4244 783.9 6.3 0.8 3.4 -2.8 4.2 7.2

Farm product raw materials

4245 71.2 -4.6 6.9 -3.6 1.0 3.0 1.9

Chemicals

4246 150.0 4.7 2.8 0.7 -3.8 3.5 7.6

Petroleum

4247 101.2 -1.5 1.7 -2.9 -1.5 -1.3 0.2

Alcoholic beverages

4248 199.7 11.8 -4.1 7.6 -3.7 3.2 7.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods

4249 341.2 1.2 7.0 0.0 -1.2 7.0 8.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

425 487.2 5.6 -0.9 4.5 -1.0 3.6 4.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

4251 487.2 5.6 -0.9 4.5 -1.0 3.6 4.7

Retail trade

44-45 16,208.4 7.0 0.9 7.0 0.0 7.9 7.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441 1,998.8 6.1 8.3 3.0 -2.9 11.5 14.9

Automobile dealers

4411 1,255.9 5.8 10.4 2.0 -3.6 12.5 16.7

Other motor vehicle dealers

4412 174.3 17.1 -0.3 15.0 -1.8 14.6 16.7

Auto parts, accessories, and tire stores

4413 568.6 6.5 1.5 4.6 -1.8 6.1 8.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442 469.3 6.1 2.3 5.2 -0.8 7.7 8.6

Furniture stores

4421 224.6 7.6 2.7 5.8 -1.6 8.6 10.4

Home furnishings stores

4422 244.7 4.5 1.9 4.5 0.0 6.5 6.5

Electronics and appliance stores

443 447.2 9.0 2.3 2.7 -5.7 5.1 11.5

Electronics and appliance stores

4431 447.2 9.0 2.3 2.7 -5.7 5.1 11.5

Building material and garden supply stores

444 1,453.3 -2.1 4.5 6.0 8.4 10.8 2.3

Building material and supplies dealers

4441 1,251.6 -2.3 4.7 5.5 8.0 10.5 2.3

Lawn and garden equipment and supplies stores

4442 201.7 -0.8 3.1 10.1 11.0 13.4 2.2

Food and beverage stores

445 3,214.0 3.9 3.0 3.4 -0.4 6.6 7.0

Grocery stores

4451 2,794.1 3.3 3.4 3.0 -0.3 6.6 6.9

Specialty food stores

4452 240.7 2.6 4.4 2.5 -0.1 7.0 7.1

Beer, wine and liquor stores

4453 179.2 12.3 -2.3 8.8 -3.1 6.4 9.8

Health and personal care stores

446 1,070.3 7.6 -2.6 6.2 -1.4 3.4 4.9

Health and personal care stores

4461 1,070.3 7.6 -2.6 6.2 -1.4 3.4 4.9

Gasoline stations

447 949.0 0.5 6.0 0.9 0.4 7.0 6.6

Gasoline stations

4471 949.0 0.5 6.0 0.9 0.4 7.0 6.6

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448 1,135.9 14.0 -6.4 5.6 -7.4 -1.1 6.8

Clothing stores

4481 805.2 10.2 -7.4 2.9 -6.6 -4.8 2.0

Shoe stores

4482 164.8 19.9 -2.6 3.0 -14.1 0.3 16.8

Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores

4483 165.9 25.9 -9.5 21.3 -3.7 9.8 14.0

Sports, hobby, music instruments, book stores

451 574.3 14.9 -7.7 14.9 0.0 6.0 6.0

Sporting goods and musical instrument stores

4511 505.9 17.1 -8.3 17.5 0.3 7.8 7.5

Book stores and news dealers

4512 68.4 -3.9 -0.5 -6.2 -2.4 -6.6 -4.3

General merchandise stores

452 3,099.8 2.7 2.2 4.7 2.0 7.0 5.0

Department stores

4522 937.0 5.9 0.2 0.3 -5.3 0.5 6.1

Other general merchandise stores

4523 2,162.8 0.5 4.0 5.7 5.2 10.0 4.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

453 959.5 9.5 -2.0 8.6 -0.8 6.4 7.2

Florists

4531 79.0 1.1 13.2 5.0 3.8 18.8 14.4

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532 207.8 11.5 -4.5 -0.3 -10.6 -4.8 6.5

Used merchandise stores

4533 231.8 5.6 -0.4 8.1 2.4 7.7 5.1

Other miscellaneous store retailers

4539 440.9 10.4 -2.2 12.1 1.6 9.7 8.0

Nonstore retailers

454 837.0 18.1 -8.1 23.1 4.2 13.1 8.5

Electronic shopping and mail-order houses

4541 588.7 14.0 -7.4 25.6 10.2 16.3 5.6

Vending machine operators

4542 33.4 19.0 -7.9 -7.7 -22.4 -14.9 9.6

Direct selling establishments

4543 214.9 10.7 -1.1 5.5 -4.7 4.3 9.5
Last Modified Date: July 28, 2022