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Economic News Release
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Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2020-2021 annual averages

Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2020-2021 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2020 2021
Total Men Women Total Men Women

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

63,242 28,569 34,673 62,258 27,990 34,269

Civilian labor force

51,063 26,361 24,702 50,308 25,902 24,406

Participation rate

80.7 92.3 71.2 80.8 92.5 71.2

Employed

47,742 24,892 22,850 48,091 24,912 23,179

Full-time workers(1)

42,008 23,796 18,212 42,253 23,802 18,451

Part-time workers(2)

5,734 1,097 4,638 5,838 1,110 4,728

Employment-population ratio

75.5 87.1 65.9 77.2 89.0 67.6

Unemployed

3,321 1,469 1,852 2,217 989 1,228

Unemployment rate

6.5 5.6 7.5 4.4 3.8 5.0

Total married, spouse present(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

48,799 24,511 24,287 47,140 23,645 23,495

Civilian labor force

39,673 22,858 16,816 38,413 22,120 16,293

Participation rate

81.3 93.3 69.2 81.5 93.5 69.3

Employed

37,542 21,760 15,782 37,188 21,432 15,756

Full-time workers(1)

33,329 20,878 12,451 33,073 20,561 12,512

Part-time workers(2)

4,213 882 3,331 4,115 871 3,244

Employment-population ratio

76.9 88.8 65.0 78.9 90.6 67.1

Unemployed

2,131 1,097 1,034 1,225 688 537

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.8 6.1 3.2 3.1 3.3

Other marital status(4)

Civilian noninstitutional population

14,443 4,057 10,385 15,118 4,344 10,774

Civilian labor force

11,389 3,504 7,886 11,895 3,782 8,113

Participation rate

78.9 86.3 75.9 78.7 87.0 75.3

Employed

10,200 3,132 7,068 10,903 3,480 7,423

Full-time workers(1)

8,679 2,918 5,762 9,180 3,241 5,939

Part-time workers(2)

1,521 215 1,306 1,723 240 1,484

Employment-population ratio

70.6 77.2 68.1 72.1 80.1 68.9

Unemployed

1,189 371 818 992 301 690

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.6 10.4 8.3 8.0 8.5

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,666 15,967 19,699 35,127 15,644 19,483

Civilian labor force

29,437 14,588 14,848 29,019 14,310 14,710

Participation rate

82.5 91.4 75.4 82.6 91.5 75.5

Employed

27,621 13,825 13,797 27,823 13,791 14,032

Full-time workers(1)

24,433 13,233 11,200 24,588 13,199 11,390

Part-time workers(2)

3,189 592 2,597 3,234 592 2,642

Employment-population ratio

77.4 86.6 70.0 79.2 88.2 72.0

Unemployed

1,815 764 1,052 1,197 519 678

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.2 7.1 4.1 3.6 4.6

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

27,575 12,602 14,973 27,131 12,345 14,786

Civilian labor force

21,626 11,773 9,853 21,289 11,592 9,697

Participation rate

78.4 93.4 65.8 78.5 93.9 65.6

Employed

20,121 11,068 9,053 20,268 11,121 9,147

Full-time workers(1)

17,575 10,563 7,012 17,665 10,603 7,061

Part-time workers(2)

2,546 505 2,041 2,604 518 2,085

Employment-population ratio

73.0 87.8 60.5 74.7 90.1 61.9

Unemployed

1,505 705 800 1,020 471 550

Unemployment rate

7.0 6.0 8.1 4.8 4.1 5.7

WITH NO OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

197,087 97,353 99,734 199,187 98,498 100,689

Civilian labor force

109,680 58,843 50,837 110,896 59,603 51,293

Participation rate

55.7 60.4 51.0 55.7 60.5 50.9

Employed

100,053 53,668 46,385 104,490 55,917 48,573

Full-time workers(1)

81,180 45,666 35,515 84,907 47,709 37,197

Part-time workers(2)

18,872 8,002 10,870 19,583 8,207 11,376

Employment-population ratio

50.8 55.1 46.5 52.5 56.8 48.2

Unemployed

9,627 5,175 4,452 6,406 3,686 2,720

Unemployment rate

8.8 8.8 8.8 5.8 6.2 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes persons in both opposite-sex and same-sex marriages.
(4) Includes persons who are never married; widowed; divorced; separated; and married, spouse absent.

NOTE: Own children include biological, step-, and adopted children of the husband, wife, or person maintaining the family. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Estimates for 2020 introduced a change in the classification of marital status; estimates of married persons refer to those in opposite-sex and same-sex marriages. As a result, data by marital status are not strictly comparable with data prior to 2020.

Last Modified Date: April 20, 2022