Employment Cost Index Summary

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-18-1238
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				  EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – June 2018

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.6 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month
period ending in June 2018, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries
(which make up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.5 percent and benefit costs
(which make up the remaining 30 percent of compensation) increased 0.9 percent. (See tables A, 1, 2, 
and 3.)

Civilian Workers 

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in
June 2018 compared with a compensation costs increase of 2.4 percent in June 2017. Wages and
salaries increased 2.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2018 and increased 2.3 percent
for the 12-month period ending in June 2017. Benefit costs increased 2.9 percent for the 12-month
period ending in June 2018. In June 2017, the increase was 2.5 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.9 percent over the year, a larger
increase than the 2.4 percent increase in June 2017. Wages and salaries increased 2.9 percent for
the 12-month period ending in June 2018 and increased 2.4 percent in June 2017. The cost of
benefits rose 2.8 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2018 and increased 2.2 percent in
June 2017. (See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.6 percent for the 12-month period ending in June
2018. (For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-
month period ending in June 2018 ranged from 2.4 percent for management, professional, and
related occupations to 3.5 percent for sales and office occupations. (See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-
month period ending in June 2018 ranged from 2.2 percent for education and health services to 4.5
percent for information. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government 

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month 
period ending in June 2018. In June 2017, the increase was 2.6 percent. Wages and salaries increased 
1.9 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2018, compared with 2.1 percent a year ago. 
Benefit costs increased 3.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in June 2018. The prior year 
increase was 3.2 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)


Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018
Jun.
2017
Sep.
2017
Dec.
2017
Mar.
2018
Jun.
2018

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

0.8 0.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8

Wages and salaries

0.9 0.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.8

Benefits

0.7 0.9 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.9

Private industry

Compensation(2)

1.0 0.6 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.9

Wages and salaries

1.0 0.6 2.4 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.9

Benefits

0.8 0.8 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.8

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.4 0.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.3

Wages and salaries

0.4 0.5 2.1 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.9

Benefits

0.5 0.9 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

  
The Employment Cost Index for September 2018 is scheduled for release on October 31, 2018, at
8:30 a.m. (EDT).

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Last Modified Date: July 31, 2018