Employment Cost Index Summary

NEWS RELEASE BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                      USDL-18-0152
8:30 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, January 31, 2018

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				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX – December 2017

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.6 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month period
ending in December 2017, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries (which make
up about 70 percent of compensation costs) increased 0.5 percent, and benefits (which make up the remaining
30 percent of compensation) increased 0.5 percent. (See tables A, 1, 2, and 3.)

Civilian Workers 

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.6 percent for the 12-month period ending
in December 2017. In December 2016, compensation costs increased 2.2 percent. Wages and salaries increased
2.5 percent for the 12- month period ending in December 2017 and increased 2.3 percent for the 12-month
period ending in December 2016. Benefit costs increased 2.5 percent for the 12-month period ending in
December 2017. In December 2016, the increase was 2.1 percent. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Private Industry Workers

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.6 percent over the year. In December 2016, the
increase was 2.2 percent. Wages and salaries increased 2.8 percent for the current 12-month period, a larger
increase than the December 2016 increase of 2.3 percent. The cost of benefits rose 2.3 percent for the 12-
month period ending in December 2017, higher than the 1.8 percent increase in December 2016. (See tables 
A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Employer costs for health benefits increased 1.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2017.
(For further information, see www.bls.gov/web/eci/echealth.pdf.)

Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period
ending in December 2017 ranged from 2.4 percent for management, professional, and related occupations to 3.1
percent for production, transportation, and material moving occupations. (See table 5.)

Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 12-month period
ending in December 2017 ranged from 2.0 percent for education and health services and financial activities to
3.6 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

State and Local Government 

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 2.5 percent
for the 12-month period ending in December 2017. In December 2016, the increase was 2.4 percent. Wages and
salaries increased 2.1 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2017, the same as the December 2016
increase. Benefit costs increased 3.2 percent for the 12-month period ending in December 2017. The prior
year’s increase was 3.1 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

Updated Seasonal Factors

The 2018 seasonal factors for directly adjusted series and revised seasonally adjusted series for the past five
years are scheduled for release with the March 2018 Employment Cost Index (ECI) on April 27, 2018 at 8:30 a.m. 
(EDT), see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectsfact.htm.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
Table A.  Major series of the Employment Cost Index
(Percent change)

Category                     3-month,                               12-month,
                       seasonally adjusted                   not seasonally adjusted
                         Sep.       Dec.           Dec.      Mar.      Jun.     Sep.     Dec.
                         2017       2017           2016      2017      2017     2017     2017
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
   CIVILIAN WORKERS[1]

Compensation[2]          0.7        0.6            2.2       2.4       2.4      2.5      2.6
Wages and salaries       0.7        0.5            2.3       2.5       2.3      2.5      2.5
Benefits                 0.8        0.5            2.1       2.2       2.5      2.4      2.5

   PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Compensation[2]          0.8        0.5            2.2       2.3       2.4      2.5      2.6
Wages and salaries       0.7        0.6            2.3       2.6       2.4      2.6      2.8
Benefits                 0.7        0.4            1.8       1.9       2.2      2.4      2.3

   STATE AND LOCAL
     GOVERNMENT

Compensation[2]          0.6        0.8            2.4       2.6       2.6      2.4      2.5
Wages and salaries       0.5        0.6            2.1       2.2       2.1      2.0      2.1
Benefits                 0.8        1.0            3.1       3.1       3.2      3.0      3.2
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

  [1] Includes private industry and state and local government. 2 Includes wages and salaries and benefits.
  [2] Includes wages and salaries and benefits.
  
The Employment Cost Index for March 2018 is scheduled for release on Friday, April 27, 2018, at 8:30 a.m.
(EDT).

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Last Modified Date: January 31, 2018