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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Tuesday, September 20, 2022			                    USDL-22-1892

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov


                       EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION - June 2022
                       
Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $41.03 per hour worked in
June 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wage and salary costs averaged
$28.31 and accounted for 69.0 percent of total costs, while benefit costs were $12.72 and accounted
for the remaining 31.0 percent. (See table 1.)

Total employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $38.91 per hour worked in 
June 2022. Wage and salary costs averaged $27.44 and accounted for 70.5 percent of employer costs, 
while benefit costs were $11.47 and accounted for 29.5 percent. (See tables 1 and 4.)

State and local government employer costs averaged $55.47 per hour worked. Wages and salaries 
averaged $34.23 per hour worked and represented 61.7 percent of total compensation costs, while 
benefit costs averaged $21.25 and accounted for the remaining 38.3 percent. (See tables 1 and 3.)

Benefit costs for private industry workers ranged from $1.33 per hour worked for retirement 
and savings to $2.96 for insurance. Insurance costs accounted for 7.6 percent of total compensation 
costs. State and local government benefit costs ranged from $0.56 for supplemental pay to 
$7.11 for retirement and savings. Retirement and savings costs accounted for 12.8 percent of total 
compensation costs. (See table 1.) 

Private industry benefit costs

Benefit costs for union workers averaged $20.60 per hour worked and accounted for 40.2 percent of 
total compensation costs. Union worker benefit costs ranged from $1.84 for supplemental pay, 
accounting for 3.6 percent of total compensation costs, to $6.99 for insurance, accounting for 13.6 
percent of total compensation costs. Benefit costs for nonunion workers averaged $10.65 and accounted 
for 28.2 percent of total compensation. Nonunion worker benefit costs ranged from $1.06 for retirement 
and savings, accounting for 2.8 percent of total compensation costs, to $2.85 for legally required 
benefits, accounting for 7.5 percent of total compensation costs. (See table 5.)

Benefit costs by establishment size ranged from $7.82 per hour worked for establishments with 1-49 
workers, accounting for 24.8 percent of total compensation costs, to $19.41 for establishments with 500 
workers or more, accounting for 35.0 percent of total compensation costs. (See table 6.)

For establishments with 1-49 workers, benefit costs ranged from $0.69 per hour worked for 
retirement and savings, accounting for 2.2 percent of total compensation costs, to $2.57 for legally 
required benefits, accounting for 8.2 percent of total compensation costs. For establishments with 500 
workers or more, benefit costs ranged from $2.75 for retirement and savings, accounting for 
5.0 percent of total compensation costs, to $5.10 for insurance, accounting for 9.2 percent of total 
compensation costs. (See table 6.)

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for September 2022 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, 
December 15, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


                                          
                                          TECHNICAL NOTE
                                          
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average employer cost for wages and salaries as well as benefits per hour
worked. The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and
state and local government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, private household 
workers, and the agricultural sector. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

Total benefit costs consist of five major categories and include 18 benefit costs:
* Paid leave - vacation, holiday, sick, and personal leave; 
* Supplemental pay - overtime and premium, shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses; 
* Insurance - life, health, short-term and long-term disability; 
* Retirement and savings - defined benefit and defined contribution; and 
* Legally required benefits - Social Security [refers to Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
  Insurance (OASDI) program], Medicare, federal and state unemployment insurance, and workers’
  compensation.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access
or do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between
employers and employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the
percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans,
including health care and retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The National Compensation Measures provides additional details on the sample design, calculation
methodology, and resources explaining changes over time, see www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 29,600 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 7,400 private industry establishments 
and approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and 
local government establishments that provided data at the initial interview. Beginning December 2021, 
an additional (fourth) private industry sample is used in estimation to mitigate the impact 
of decreasing response rates.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors (RSEs) provide users a tool to ascertain the quality of an estimate to
ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose. RSEs are available at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ecec-rse.htm and database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparisons
Compensation costs for state and local government should not be directly compared with costs
for the private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation 
in work activities and occupational structures.

Classification systems
The National Compensation Survey publishes estimates of compensation costs and trends as well as
benefit coverage by ownership, industry group, occupational group, and geographic areas, see
www.bls.gov/ncs/national-compensation-survey-classification-systems-mapping-files.htm.

Additional information
Additional and historical ECEC estimates are available in the ECEC database query tool at 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm and in xlsx format at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/tables.htm. The 2022 ECEC 
release schedule is available at www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Subscribe to receive 
the BLS Economic News Release email at public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDOLBLS/subscriber/new. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [June 2022]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

41.03 100.0 38.91 100.0 55.47 100.0

Wages and salaries

28.31 69.0 27.44 70.5 34.23 61.7

Total benefits

12.72 31.0 11.47 29.5 21.25 38.3

Paid leave

3.03 7.4 2.87 7.4 4.10 7.4

Vacation

1.48 3.6 1.47 3.8 1.56 2.8

Holiday

0.90 2.2 0.86 2.2 1.16 2.1

Sick

0.47 1.2 0.39 1.0 1.05 1.9

Personal

0.18 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.33 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.27 3.1 1.37 3.5 0.56 1.0

Overtime and premium(3)

0.35 0.8 0.36 0.9 0.25 0.5

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.85 2.1 0.94 2.4 0.26 0.5

Insurance

3.41 8.3 2.96 7.6 6.44 11.6

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.08 0.1

Health

3.24 7.9 2.79 7.2 6.28 11.3

Short-term disability

0.08 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

2.07 5.1 1.33 3.4 7.11 12.8

Defined benefit

1.25 3.0 0.46 1.2 6.64 12.0

Defined contribution

0.82 2.0 0.88 2.3 0.47 0.8

Legally Required benefits

2.94 7.2 2.93 7.5 3.03 5.5

Social Security and Medicare

2.32 5.6 2.31 5.9 2.36 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.85 4.5 1.85 4.8 1.80 3.2

Medicare

0.47 1.1 0.46 1.2 0.56 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.14 0.3 0.14 0.4 0.07 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.1 0.45 1.2 0.60 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [June 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

41.03 100.0 28.31 69.0 12.72 31.0 3.03 7.4 1.27 3.1 3.41 8.3 2.07 5.1 2.94 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

65.83 100.0 44.82 68.1 21.01 31.9 5.78 8.8 2.08 3.2 5.22 7.9 3.85 5.9 4.08 6.2

Management, business and financial

76.95 100.0 52.53 68.3 24.42 31.7 7.42 9.6 3.38 4.4 5.35 7.0 3.60 4.7 4.68 6.1

Professional and related

60.80 100.0 41.33 68.0 19.47 32.0 5.04 8.3 1.49 2.5 5.16 8.5 3.97 6.5 3.81 6.3

Teachers(3)

66.14 100.0 44.67 67.5 21.48 32.5 3.51 5.3 0.27 0.4 6.41 9.7 7.85 11.9 3.43 5.2

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

65.67 100.0 43.24 65.8 22.43 34.2 3.12 4.7 0.24 0.4 7.10 10.8 8.86 13.5 3.12 4.7

Registered nurses

63.62 100.0 41.97 66.0 21.66 34.0 6.46 10.2 2.36 3.7 5.50 8.6 3.00 4.7 4.33 6.8

Sales and office

30.58 100.0 21.75 71.1 8.83 28.9 2.04 6.7 0.80 2.6 2.70 8.8 1.05 3.4 2.23 7.3

Sales and related

30.12 100.0 23.07 76.6 7.05 23.4 1.69 5.6 0.86 2.8 1.57 5.2 0.66 2.2 2.27 7.5

Office and administrative support

30.87 100.0 20.90 67.7 9.96 32.3 2.27 7.3 0.76 2.5 3.42 11.1 1.31 4.2 2.20 7.1

Service

22.59 100.0 16.41 72.6 6.18 27.4 1.16 5.1 0.48 2.1 1.63 7.2 0.99 4.4 1.93 8.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

41.61 100.0 27.99 67.3 13.62 32.7 2.31 5.6 1.51 3.6 3.57 8.6 2.53 6.1 3.69 8.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

42.93 100.0 28.49 66.4 14.44 33.6 1.89 4.4 1.59 3.7 3.72 8.7 3.21 7.5 4.03 9.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

40.18 100.0 27.45 68.3 12.73 31.7 2.77 6.9 1.43 3.5 3.42 8.5 1.79 4.5 3.32 8.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

32.60 100.0 21.82 66.9 10.78 33.1 1.99 6.1 1.37 4.2 3.31 10.2 1.30 4.0 2.80 8.6

Production

31.51 100.0 21.04 66.8 10.47 33.2 1.95 6.2 1.58 5.0 3.34 10.6 1.02 3.2 2.58 8.2

Transportation and material moving

33.52 100.0 22.48 67.1 11.04 32.9 2.03 6.1 1.19 3.6 3.29 9.8 1.54 4.6 2.99 8.9

Industry group

Education and health services

46.47 100.0 31.55 67.9 14.91 32.1 3.60 7.7 0.73 1.6 4.37 9.4 3.25 7.0 2.96 6.4

Educational services

57.08 100.0 37.60 65.9 19.48 34.1 3.62 6.3 0.30 0.5 6.03 10.6 6.49 11.4 3.04 5.3

Elementary and secondary schools

56.25 100.0 36.50 64.9 19.75 35.1 2.97 5.3 0.24 0.4 6.42 11.4 7.29 13.0 2.83 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

64.59 100.0 42.69 66.1 21.90 33.9 5.67 8.8 0.41 0.6 6.19 9.6 5.98 9.3 3.65 5.6

Health care and social assistance

40.73 100.0 28.29 69.5 12.44 30.5 3.59 8.8 0.97 2.4 3.47 8.5 1.50 3.7 2.92 7.2

Hospitals

55.04 100.0 36.03 65.5 19.01 34.5 5.34 9.7 1.93 3.5 5.42 9.9 2.68 4.9 3.63 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [June 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

55.47 100.0 34.23 61.7 21.25 38.3 4.10 7.4 0.56 1.0 6.44 11.6 7.11 12.8 3.03 5.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

66.21 100.0 42.25 63.8 23.95 36.2 4.55 6.9 0.44 0.7 7.02 10.6 8.57 12.9 3.38 5.1

Professional and related

64.20 100.0 41.24 64.2 22.96 35.8 4.03 6.3 0.42 0.6 6.99 10.9 8.27 12.9 3.26 5.1

Teachers(2)

72.35 100.0 47.69 65.9 24.66 34.1 3.46 4.8 0.29 0.4 7.52 10.4 9.97 13.8 3.41 4.7

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

72.35 100.0 47.00 65.0 25.34 35.0 3.20 4.4 0.28 0.4 8.04 11.1 10.58 14.6 3.24 4.5

Sales and office

38.90 100.0 22.28 57.3 16.61 42.7 3.37 8.7 0.35 0.9 6.12 15.7 4.45 11.5 2.31 5.9

Office and administrative support

39.07 100.0 22.32 57.1 16.74 42.9 3.38 8.7 0.36 0.9 6.20 15.9 4.49 11.5 2.31 5.9

Service

42.02 100.0 24.07 57.3 17.95 42.7 3.53 8.4 0.92 2.2 5.15 12.3 5.75 13.7 2.60 6.2

Industry group

Education and health services

57.70 100.0 36.86 63.9 20.84 36.1 3.67 6.4 0.39 0.7 6.58 11.4 7.27 12.6 2.93 5.1

Educational services

59.14 100.0 37.99 64.2 21.15 35.8 3.48 5.9 0.28 0.5 6.69 11.3 7.78 13.1 2.92 4.9

Elementary and secondary schools

57.62 100.0 37.00 64.2 20.63 35.8 2.93 5.1 0.26 0.4 6.75 11.7 7.89 13.7 2.79 4.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

64.26 100.0 41.34 64.3 22.92 35.7 5.36 8.3 0.35 0.5 6.48 10.1 7.35 11.4 3.37 5.2

Health care and social assistance

49.78 100.0 30.64 61.6 19.14 38.4 4.76 9.6 0.98 2.0 5.94 11.9 4.45 8.9 3.00 6.0

Hospitals

52.71 100.0 33.10 62.8 19.61 37.2 5.01 9.5 1.13 2.1 5.92 11.2 4.39 8.3 3.15 6.0

Public administration

54.05 100.0 31.18 57.7 22.87 42.3 4.99 9.2 0.83 1.5 6.42 11.9 7.37 13.6 3.26 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [June 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

38.91 100.0 27.44 70.5 11.47 29.5 2.87 7.4 1.37 3.5 2.96 7.6 1.33 3.4 2.93 7.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related occupations

65.72 100.0 45.58 69.3 20.14 30.7 6.14 9.3 2.57 3.9 4.69 7.1 2.46 3.7 4.29 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.80 100.0 53.02 69.0 23.78 31.0 7.39 9.6 3.71 4.8 5.13 6.7 2.81 3.7 4.74 6.2

Professional and related occupations

59.46 100.0 41.37 69.6 18.09 30.4 5.44 9.1 1.92 3.2 4.44 7.5 2.26 3.8 4.03 6.8

Sales and office occupations

29.89 100.0 21.71 72.6 8.18 27.4 1.93 6.5 0.84 2.8 2.42 8.1 0.77 2.6 2.22 7.4

Sales and related occupations

30.10 100.0 23.08 76.7 7.02 23.3 1.69 5.6 0.86 2.9 1.56 5.2 0.64 2.1 2.27 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

29.74 100.0 20.71 69.6 9.03 30.4 2.11 7.1 0.82 2.8 3.03 10.2 0.87 2.9 2.19 7.4

Service occupations

19.91 100.0 15.35 77.1 4.56 22.9 0.83 4.2 0.42 2.1 1.15 5.8 0.33 1.6 1.83 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

41.11 100.0 27.97 68.0 13.14 32.0 2.16 5.3 1.56 3.8 3.36 8.2 2.32 5.6 3.74 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

42.56 100.0 28.55 67.1 14.01 32.9 1.71 4.0 1.66 3.9 3.48 8.2 3.05 7.2 4.11 9.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

39.56 100.0 27.35 69.1 12.21 30.9 2.65 6.7 1.45 3.7 3.23 8.2 1.53 3.9 3.34 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.16 100.0 21.68 67.4 10.47 32.6 1.95 6.1 1.39 4.3 3.19 9.9 1.15 3.6 2.80 8.7

Production occupations

31.22 100.0 20.91 67.0 10.31 33.0 1.91 6.1 1.59 5.1 3.29 10.5 0.94 3.0 2.58 8.3

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.99 100.0 22.37 67.8 10.62 32.2 1.98 6.0 1.22 3.7 3.11 9.4 1.33 4.0 2.99 9.1

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

42.90 100.0 29.00 67.6 13.90 32.4 2.75 6.4 1.94 4.5 3.75 8.7 1.97 4.6 3.49 8.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

72.38 100.0 49.59 68.5 22.79 31.5 6.48 9.0 3.02 4.2 5.17 7.1 3.32 4.6 4.79 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.18 100.0 53.27 69.9 22.91 30.1 6.77 8.9 3.09 4.1 5.02 6.6 3.01 4.0 5.01 6.6

Professional and related occupations

68.09 100.0 45.43 66.7 22.66 33.3 6.17 9.1 2.95 4.3 5.34 7.8 3.67 5.4 4.53 6.7

Sales and office occupations

36.59 100.0 26.37 72.1 10.22 27.9 2.31 6.3 1.23 3.4 3.02 8.3 0.94 2.6 2.73 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

31.70 100.0 22.49 70.9 9.21 29.1 1.96 6.2 1.05 3.3 2.96 9.3 0.78 2.5 2.46 7.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

42.55 100.0 28.62 67.3 13.92 32.7 1.87 4.4 1.78 4.2 3.48 8.2 2.74 6.4 4.05 9.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing and forestry occupations

42.95 100.0 28.80 67.1 14.15 32.9 1.67 3.9 1.73 4.0 3.47 8.1 3.10 7.2 4.20 9.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

41.18 100.0 28.03 68.1 13.15 31.9 2.56 6.2 1.98 4.8 3.50 8.5 1.54 3.7 3.57 8.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.93 100.0 21.65 65.7 11.28 34.3 2.04 6.2 1.81 5.5 3.61 11.0 1.09 3.3 2.73 8.3

Production occupations

32.99 100.0 21.63 65.6 11.35 34.4 2.10 6.4 1.82 5.5 3.73 11.3 1.02 3.1 2.67 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

32.67 100.0 21.72 66.5 10.95 33.5 1.76 5.4 1.74 5.3 3.09 9.5 1.37 4.2 2.99 9.2

Construction industry

43.56 100.0 30.39 69.8 13.16 30.2 1.97 4.5 1.61 3.7 3.21 7.4 2.34 5.4 4.03 9.3

Manufacturing industry

42.44 100.0 28.17 66.4 14.27 33.6 3.21 7.6 2.09 4.9 4.07 9.6 1.75 4.1 3.15 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

74.44 100.0 50.15 67.4 24.28 32.6 7.01 9.4 3.19 4.3 5.54 7.4 3.77 5.1 4.78 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

80.00 100.0 54.93 68.7 25.07 31.3 7.62 9.5 3.35 4.2 5.48 6.9 3.58 4.5 5.04 6.3

Professional and related occupations

69.68 100.0 46.07 66.1 23.61 33.9 6.48 9.3 3.04 4.4 5.60 8.0 3.94 5.6 4.55 6.5

Sales and office occupations

36.33 100.0 25.40 69.9 10.93 30.1 2.60 7.2 1.37 3.8 3.27 9.0 1.10 3.0 2.60 7.1

Office and administrative support occupations

32.21 100.0 22.30 69.2 9.91 30.8 2.18 6.8 1.13 3.5 3.33 10.4 0.94 2.9 2.33 7.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

46.60 100.0 29.01 62.2 17.59 37.8 3.16 6.8 2.69 5.8 4.87 10.4 3.22 6.9 3.67 7.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

45.32 100.0 29.38 64.8 15.94 35.2 3.29 7.3 2.55 5.6 4.56 10.1 1.96 4.3 3.58 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.55 100.0 21.33 65.5 11.22 34.5 2.09 6.4 1.79 5.5 3.67 11.3 1.03 3.1 2.66 8.2

Production occupations

32.81 100.0 21.47 65.4 11.34 34.6 2.12 6.5 1.81 5.5 3.75 11.4 1.00 3.1 2.65 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

30.99 100.0 20.48 66.1 10.51 33.9 1.87 6.0 1.63 5.2 3.14 10.1 1.17 3.8 2.71 8.7

Aircraft manufacturing industry

89.07 100.0 50.27 56.4 38.80 43.6 7.74 8.7 5.34 6.0 7.93 8.9 12.66 14.2 5.13 5.8

Service-providing industries(3)

38.12 100.0 27.13 71.2 10.99 28.8 2.90 7.6 1.26 3.3 2.81 7.4 1.21 3.2 2.82 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

64.98 100.0 45.13 69.5 19.85 30.5 6.10 9.4 2.51 3.9 4.64 7.1 2.36 3.6 4.23 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.91 100.0 52.98 68.9 23.93 31.1 7.50 9.7 3.81 5.0 5.15 6.7 2.77 3.6 4.69 6.1

Professional and related occupations

58.77 100.0 41.04 69.8 17.72 30.2 5.38 9.2 1.84 3.1 4.37 7.4 2.15 3.7 3.99 6.8

Sales and office occupations

29.41 100.0 21.37 72.7 8.04 27.3 1.91 6.5 0.81 2.8 2.37 8.1 0.76 2.6 2.19 7.4

Sales and related occupations

29.26 100.0 22.46 76.8 6.79 23.2 1.62 5.5 0.83 2.8 1.51 5.2 0.61 2.1 2.22 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

29.53 100.0 20.52 69.5 9.01 30.5 2.13 7.2 0.80 2.7 3.04 10.3 0.88 3.0 2.16 7.3

Service occupations

19.88 100.0 15.34 77.1 4.54 22.9 0.83 4.2 0.41 2.1 1.15 5.8 0.33 1.6 1.83 9.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

38.99 100.0 27.00 69.3 11.98 30.7 2.60 6.7 1.23 3.2 3.18 8.2 1.69 4.3 3.28 8.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.92 100.0 27.08 69.6 11.84 30.4 2.69 6.9 1.24 3.2 3.12 8.0 1.53 3.9 3.26 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

31.58 100.0 21.70 68.7 9.87 31.3 1.88 6.0 1.08 3.4 2.88 9.1 1.19 3.8 2.85 9.0

Production occupations

26.06 100.0 18.79 72.1 7.28 27.9 1.37 5.3 0.90 3.4 1.99 7.6 0.71 2.7 2.31 8.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

33.04 100.0 22.48 68.0 10.56 32.0 2.02 6.1 1.13 3.4 3.12 9.4 1.32 4.0 2.99 9.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

32.95 100.0 23.54 71.4 9.41 28.6 2.16 6.6 0.98 3.0 2.51 7.6 1.15 3.5 2.61 7.9

Management, professional, and related occupations

66.29 100.0 47.27 71.3 19.01 28.7 6.03 9.1 2.24 3.4 4.02 6.1 2.40 3.6 4.33 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

76.37 100.0 54.39 71.2 21.99 28.8 7.17 9.4 2.87 3.8 4.46 5.8 2.69 3.5 4.80 6.3

Professional and related occupations

51.94 100.0 37.15 71.5 14.78 28.5 4.40 8.5 1.34 2.6 3.41 6.6 1.98 3.8 3.65 7.0

Sales and office occupations

25.56 100.0 19.24 75.3 6.32 24.7 1.39 5.4 0.62 2.4 1.68 6.6 0.61 2.4 2.02 7.9

Sales and related occupations

24.63 100.0 19.22 78.0 5.41 22.0 1.19 4.8 0.60 2.4 1.18 4.8 0.47 1.9 1.97 8.0

Office and administrative support occupations

27.30 100.0 19.28 70.6 8.02 29.4 1.77 6.5 0.66 2.4 2.62 9.6 0.87 3.2 2.11 7.7

Service occupations

22.20 100.0 16.26 73.2 5.94 26.8 1.15 5.2 0.60 2.7 1.53 6.9 0.75 3.4 1.91 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

43.22 100.0 29.11 67.3 14.12 32.7 3.05 7.0 1.52 3.5 3.70 8.6 2.33 5.4 3.52 8.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

43.31 100.0 29.32 67.7 13.99 32.3 3.07 7.1 1.55 3.6 3.61 8.3 2.24 5.2 3.51 8.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

35.63 100.0 23.88 67.0 11.74 33.0 2.32 6.5 1.21 3.4 3.50 9.8 1.59 4.5 3.12 8.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

35.95 100.0 24.09 67.0 11.86 33.0 2.34 6.5 1.20 3.3 3.54 9.8 1.62 4.5 3.16 8.8

Wholesale trade industry

44.89 100.0 32.00 71.3 12.89 28.7 3.38 7.5 1.67 3.7 3.14 7.0 1.40 3.1 3.28 7.3

Sales and office occupations

43.53 100.0 32.00 73.5 11.53 26.5 3.05 7.0 1.16 2.7 2.99 6.9 1.29 3.0 3.04 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

29.95 100.0 21.09 70.4 8.86 29.6 2.06 6.9 1.02 3.4 2.78 9.3 0.74 2.5 2.26 7.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

30.88 100.0 21.09 68.3 9.79 31.7 1.92 6.2 1.36 4.4 2.77 9.0 0.96 3.1 2.79 9.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

30.65 100.0 21.00 68.5 9.65 31.5 1.87 6.1 1.32 4.3 2.66 8.7 1.00 3.2 2.82 9.2

Retail trade industry

23.60 100.0 18.05 76.5 5.55 23.5 1.19 5.0 0.58 2.5 1.37 5.8 0.44 1.9 1.97 8.3

Sales and office occupations

20.90 100.0 16.24 77.7 4.66 22.3 0.92 4.4 0.49 2.3 1.15 5.5 0.36 1.7 1.74 8.3

Sales and related occupations

20.25 100.0 16.02 79.1 4.23 20.9 0.81 4.0 0.50 2.5 0.92 4.5 0.29 1.4 1.72 8.5

Office and administrative support occupations

22.98 100.0 16.96 73.8 6.02 26.2 1.30 5.6 0.46 2.0 1.88 8.2 0.58 2.5 1.81 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

23.44 100.0 16.79 71.6 6.65 28.4 1.17 5.0 0.64 2.7 1.97 8.4 0.58 2.5 2.28 9.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

23.09 100.0 16.59 71.8 6.50 28.2 1.13 4.9 0.64 2.8 1.88 8.2 0.53 2.3 2.31 10.0

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.70 100.0 26.96 66.2 13.74 33.8 2.91 7.2 1.22 3.0 4.23 10.4 2.06 5.0 3.32 8.2

Utilities industry

75.56 100.0 47.57 63.0 27.99 37.0 7.21 9.5 2.23 2.9 6.83 9.0 6.63 8.8 5.09 6.7

Information industry

64.25 100.0 42.58 66.3 21.67 33.7 6.23 9.7 3.02 4.7 5.65 8.8 2.68 4.2 4.09 6.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

82.43 100.0 54.99 66.7 27.44 33.3 8.53 10.3 4.21 5.1 6.61 8.0 3.05 3.7 5.04 6.1

Professional and related occupations

75.75 100.0 50.31 66.4 25.44 33.6 7.59 10.0 3.65 4.8 6.47 8.5 2.98 3.9 4.75 6.3

Sales and office occupations

41.15 100.0 27.19 66.1 13.96 33.9 3.36 8.2 1.52 3.7 4.40 10.7 (4)1.93 4.7 2.75 6.7

Financial activities industry

54.84 100.0 36.57 66.7 18.26 33.3 4.82 8.8 3.37 6.2 4.76 8.7 1.90 3.5 3.40 6.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

81.33 100.0 53.28 65.5 28.05 34.5 7.83 9.6 6.11 7.5 6.20 7.6 3.15 3.9 4.77 5.9

Management, business, and financial occupations

81.97 100.0 53.69 65.5 28.28 34.5 7.77 9.5 6.62 8.1 6.10 7.4 3.07 3.7 4.72 5.8

Professional and related occupations

79.22 100.0 51.93 65.6 27.29 34.4 8.04 10.1 4.43 5.6 6.49 8.2 3.39 4.3 4.94 6.2

Sales and office occupations

39.36 100.0 26.81 68.1 12.56 31.9 3.07 7.8 1.76 4.5 4.03 10.2 1.21 3.1 2.50 6.3

Sales and related occupations

53.67 100.0 38.72 72.1 14.95 27.9 3.98 7.4 2.75 5.1 3.45 6.4 1.63 3.0 3.14 5.9

Office and administrative support occupations

34.13 100.0 22.45 65.8 11.68 34.2 2.74 8.0 1.39 4.1 4.24 12.4 1.05 3.1 2.26 6.6

Finance and insurance industry

62.24 100.0 40.95 65.8 21.29 34.2 5.64 9.1 4.20 6.8 5.41 8.7 2.36 3.8 3.67 5.9

Credit intermediation and related activities industry

55.01 100.0 36.60 66.5 18.41 33.5 5.15 9.4 2.96 5.4 5.02 9.1 1.97 3.6 3.31 6.0

Insurance carriers and related activities industry

56.34 100.0 37.04 65.7 19.30 34.3 5.03 8.9 3.10 5.5 5.34 9.5 2.31 4.1 3.53 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing industry

34.05 100.0 24.29 71.3 9.76 28.7 2.53 7.4 1.04 3.1 2.93 8.6 0.61 1.8 2.65 7.8

Professional and business services industry

47.81 100.0 34.05 71.2 13.76 28.8 3.88 8.1 1.89 3.9 3.20 6.7 1.41 2.9 3.39 7.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

71.93 100.0 50.28 69.9 21.65 30.1 6.69 9.3 3.12 4.3 4.68 6.5 2.51 3.5 4.65 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

79.90 100.0 55.58 69.6 24.32 30.4 7.81 9.8 3.86 4.8 4.95 6.2 2.81 3.5 4.89 6.1

Professional and related occupations

66.47 100.0 46.66 70.2 19.82 29.8 5.92 8.9 2.62 3.9 4.50 6.8 2.30 3.5 4.48 6.7

Sales and office occupations

32.43 100.0 23.59 72.7 8.84 27.3 2.20 6.8 0.91 2.8 2.64 8.1 0.69 2.1 2.40 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

29.60 100.0 21.13 71.4 8.46 28.6 2.10 7.1 0.85 2.9 2.73 9.2 0.61 2.1 2.18 7.4

Service occupations

22.42 100.0 17.18 76.6 5.24 23.4 1.00 4.5 0.66 2.9 1.32 5.9 0.20 0.9 2.07 9.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

24.28 100.0 18.21 75.0 6.07 25.0 0.91 3.7 0.99 4.1 1.45 6.0 0.35 1.4 2.37 9.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

26.56 100.0 19.48 73.4 7.08 26.6 1.04 3.9 1.29 4.9 1.76 6.6 0.37 1.4 2.62 9.9

Professional, scientific, and technical services industry

63.98 100.0 45.16 70.6 18.82 29.4 5.73 8.9 2.58 4.0 4.26 6.7 2.02 3.2 4.22 6.6

Administrative and waste services industry

27.30 100.0 20.49 75.1 6.81 24.9 1.45 5.3 0.78 2.9 1.74 6.4 0.47 1.7 2.37 8.7

Education and health services industry

41.25 100.0 29.09 70.5 12.16 29.5 3.57 8.6 0.89 2.2 3.34 8.1 1.38 3.3 2.98 7.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

55.15 100.0 38.69 70.2 16.45 29.8 5.19 9.4 1.21 2.2 4.23 7.7 2.03 3.7 3.78 6.9

Management, business, and financial occupations

66.59 100.0 46.87 70.4 19.71 29.6 7.35 11.0 0.84 1.3 4.73 7.1 2.51 3.8 4.28 6.4

Professional and related occupations

54.02 100.0 37.89 70.1 16.13 29.9 4.98 9.2 1.25 2.3 4.19 7.7 1.99 3.7 3.73 6.9

Sales and office occupations

30.85 100.0 21.74 70.5 9.11 29.5 2.50 8.1 0.42 1.4 3.04 9.8 0.84 2.7 2.31 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

29.43 100.0 20.50 69.7 8.92 30.3 2.36 8.0 0.45 1.5 3.06 10.4 0.86 2.9 2.20 7.5

Service occupations

23.80 100.0 17.13 72.0 6.67 28.0 1.46 6.2 0.58 2.4 2.05 8.6 0.58 2.4 1.99 8.4

Educational services industry

50.34 100.0 36.32 72.1 14.02 27.9 4.10 8.1 0.34 0.7 3.86 7.7 2.28 4.5 3.45 6.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

55.09 100.0 40.07 72.7 15.03 27.3 4.49 8.1 0.35 0.6 3.99 7.2 2.47 4.5 3.73 6.8

Management, business, and financial occupations

70.51 100.0 49.73 70.5 20.78 29.5 7.64 10.8 (4)0.76 (4)1.1 4.91 7.0 3.13 4.4 4.34 6.2

Professional and related occupations

52.02 100.0 38.14 73.3 13.88 26.7 3.86 7.4 0.27 0.5 3.81 7.3 2.34 4.5 3.61 6.9

Sales and office occupations

32.79 100.0 22.11 67.4 10.69 32.6 2.72 8.3 0.20 0.6 4.04 12.3 1.50 4.6 2.23 6.8

Office and administrative support occupations

32.44 100.0 21.73 67.0 10.71 33.0 2.67 8.2 0.19 0.6 4.12 12.7 1.53 4.7 2.19 6.8

Service occupations

26.30 100.0 18.33 69.7 7.97 30.3 1.97 7.5 0.33 1.2 2.26 8.6 1.26 4.8 2.15 8.2

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools industry

65.18 100.0 45.09 69.2 20.10 30.8 6.22 9.5 0.52 0.8 5.66 8.7 3.55 5.4 4.14 6.4

Health care and social assistance industry

40.00 100.0 28.10 70.2 11.90 29.8 3.49 8.7 0.97 2.4 3.27 8.2 1.26 3.1 2.91 7.3

Registered nurse occupations

63.99 100.0 42.48 66.4 21.51 33.6 6.64 10.4 2.46 3.8 5.34 8.3 2.61 4.1 4.46 7.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

55.16 100.0 38.39 69.6 16.78 30.4 5.35 9.7 1.41 2.6 4.29 7.8 1.94 3.5 3.79 6.9

Professional and related occupations

54.42 100.0 37.83 69.5 16.59 30.5 5.21 9.6 1.45 2.7 4.26 7.8 1.92 3.5 3.75 6.9

Sales and office occupations

30.66 100.0 21.71 70.8 8.95 29.2 2.48 8.1 0.45 1.5 2.93 9.6 0.77 2.5 2.32 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

29.11 100.0 20.37 70.0 8.73 30.0 2.33 8.0 0.47 1.6 2.95 10.1 0.79 2.7 2.20 7.5

Service occupations

23.72 100.0 17.09 72.1 6.63 27.9 1.45 6.1 0.59 2.5 2.05 8.6 0.56 2.4 1.99 8.4

Hospitals industry

55.53 100.0 36.64 66.0 18.89 34.0 5.41 9.7 2.10 3.8 5.32 9.6 2.33 4.2 3.73 6.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

65.41 100.0 43.62 66.7 21.79 33.3 6.58 10.1 2.43 3.7 5.69 8.7 2.74 4.2 4.35 6.6

Registered nurse occupations

66.10 100.0 43.00 65.0 23.11 35.0 6.79 10.3 2.87 4.3 6.00 9.1 2.95 4.5 4.49 6.8

Service occupations

31.18 100.0 19.43 62.3 11.75 37.7 2.43 7.8 1.53 4.9 4.11 13.2 1.41 4.5 2.26 7.2

Nursing and residential care facilities industry

26.97 100.0 19.63 72.8 7.34 27.2 1.86 6.9 0.69 2.6 2.15 8.0 0.41 1.5 2.23 8.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

40.76 100.0 29.64 72.7 11.13 27.3 3.27 8.0 1.05 2.6 2.95 7.2 0.78 1.9 3.07 7.5

Service occupations

21.66 100.0 15.79 72.9 5.88 27.1 1.30 6.0 0.59 2.7 1.82 8.4 0.26 1.2 1.91 8.8

Nursing care facilities industry

29.33 100.0 21.23 72.4 8.11 27.6 2.02 6.9 0.83 2.8 2.42 8.3 0.47 1.6 2.36 8.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

44.26 100.0 32.54 73.5 11.72 26.5 3.39 7.7 1.21 2.7 3.05 6.9 0.74 1.7 3.33 7.5

Service occupations

22.32 100.0 15.92 71.3 6.40 28.7 1.37 6.1 0.68 3.1 2.10 9.4 0.34 1.5 1.91 8.6

Leisure and hospitality industry

18.04 100.0 14.56 80.7 3.48 19.3 0.55 3.0 0.26 1.4 0.72 4.0 0.21 1.2 1.75 9.7

Sales and office occupations

20.77 100.0 15.99 77.0 4.77 23.0 0.96 4.6 0.25 1.2 1.49 7.2 0.30 1.5 1.77 8.5

Service occupations

16.39 100.0 13.43 82.0 2.95 18.0 0.36 2.2 0.23 1.4 0.54 3.3 0.17 1.0 1.64 10.0

Accommodation and food services industry

17.02 100.0 13.80 81.1 3.22 18.9 0.45 2.6 0.26 1.5 0.65 3.8 0.18 1.1 1.68 9.9

Other services industry

33.88 100.0 25.27 74.6 8.60 25.4 2.25 6.6 0.46 1.4 2.13 6.3 1.11 3.3 2.66 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific, and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [June 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union workers

51.21 100.0 30.61 59.8 20.60 40.2 3.58 7.0 1.84 3.6 6.99 13.6 4.39 8.6 3.81 7.4

Goods-producing industries(2)

56.47 100.0 32.20 57.0 24.27 43.0 3.03 5.4 2.66 4.7 7.99 14.1 6.18 10.9 4.41 7.8

Manufacturing industry

47.60 100.0 26.75 56.2 20.85 43.8 3.40 7.1 2.98 6.3 7.41 15.6 3.60 7.6 3.45 7.3

Service-providing industries(3)

48.89 100.0 29.91 61.2 18.98 38.8 3.82 7.8 1.48 3.0 6.55 13.4 3.60 7.4 3.54 7.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

47.34 100.0 28.89 61.0 18.45 39.0 3.57 7.5 1.44 3.0 6.39 13.5 3.59 7.6 3.45 7.3

Retail trade industry

26.56 100.0 16.72 62.9 9.85 37.1 1.57 5.9 0.56 2.1 3.86 14.5 1.74 6.6 2.11 8.0

Transportation and warehousing industry

56.06 100.0 34.28 61.2 21.78 38.8 4.41 7.9 1.76 3.1 7.56 13.5 4.06 7.2 3.99 7.1

Education and health services industry

58.98 100.0 35.64 60.4 23.34 39.6 5.24 8.9 1.95 3.3 7.94 13.5 4.13 7.0 4.08 6.9

Health care and social assistance industry

58.47 100.0 35.16 60.1 23.32 39.9 5.22 8.9 2.09 3.6 7.87 13.5 4.08 7.0 4.06 7.0

Nonunion workers

37.80 100.0 27.15 71.8 10.65 28.2 2.81 7.4 1.33 3.5 2.60 6.9 1.06 2.8 2.85 7.5

Goods-producing industries(2)

40.44 100.0 28.42 70.3 12.02 29.7 2.70 6.7 1.81 4.5 2.98 7.4 1.21 3.0 3.32 8.2

Manufacturing industries

41.52 100.0 28.42 68.5 13.09 31.5 3.18 7.7 1.92 4.6 3.46 8.3 1.42 3.4 3.10 7.5

Service-providing industries(3)

37.32 100.0 26.92 72.1 10.40 27.9 2.83 7.6 1.24 3.3 2.53 6.8 1.03 2.8 2.77 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities industries

30.74 100.0 22.72 73.9 8.03 26.1 1.94 6.3 0.91 3.0 1.91 6.2 0.78 2.5 2.48 8.1

Retail trade industries

23.37 100.0 18.15 77.7 5.22 22.3 1.16 5.0 0.59 2.5 1.17 5.0 0.34 1.5 1.96 8.4

Transportation and warehousing industries

33.30 100.0 23.44 70.4 9.86 29.6 2.19 6.6 0.95 2.9 2.63 7.9 1.09 3.3 3.00 9.0

Education and health services industries

40.09 100.0 28.66 71.5 11.43 28.5 3.46 8.6 0.82 2.1 3.04 7.6 1.20 3.0 2.91 7.3

Health care and social assistance industries

38.75 100.0 27.62 71.3 11.13 28.7 3.38 8.7 0.89 2.3 2.95 7.6 1.07 2.8 2.84 7.3

Full-time workers

45.11 100.0 31.14 69.0 13.97 31.0 3.59 8.0 1.72 3.8 3.73 8.3 1.67 3.7 3.26 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

68.01 100.0 46.80 68.8 21.22 31.2 6.46 9.5 2.74 4.0 5.03 7.4 2.61 3.8 4.37 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

77.44 100.0 53.38 68.9 24.06 31.1 7.49 9.7 3.76 4.9 5.19 6.7 2.84 3.7 4.77 6.2

Professional and related occupations

61.87 100.0 42.51 68.7 19.36 31.3 5.79 9.4 2.08 3.4 4.92 8.0 2.46 4.0 4.10 6.6

Sales and office occupations

34.95 100.0 24.67 70.6 10.28 29.4 2.56 7.3 1.09 3.1 3.17 9.1 1.00 2.9 2.46 7.0

Sales and related occupations

41.39 100.0 30.74 74.3 10.64 25.7 2.82 6.8 1.38 3.3 2.55 6.2 1.04 2.5 2.85 6.9

Office and administrative support occupations

31.79 100.0 21.69 68.2 10.10 31.8 2.43 7.6 0.95 3.0 3.47 10.9 0.98 3.1 2.27 7.1

Service occupations

24.37 100.0 17.72 72.7 6.65 27.3 1.39 5.7 0.66 2.7 2.03 8.3 0.53 2.2 2.04 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

41.83 100.0 28.36 67.8 13.48 32.2 2.23 5.3 1.60 3.8 3.48 8.3 2.37 5.7 3.78 9.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

42.93 100.0 28.77 67.0 14.16 33.0 1.74 4.0 1.68 3.9 3.55 8.3 3.06 7.1 4.13 9.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.63 100.0 27.91 68.7 12.72 31.3 2.78 6.8 1.52 3.7 3.41 8.4 1.62 4.0 3.40 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

34.32 100.0 22.84 66.6 11.48 33.4 2.21 6.4 1.56 4.5 3.57 10.4 1.27 3.7 2.87 8.4

Production occupations

32.31 100.0 21.41 66.3 10.89 33.7 2.04 6.3 1.69 5.2 3.52 10.9 1.01 3.1 2.63 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

36.54 100.0 24.42 66.8 12.13 33.2 2.40 6.6 1.41 3.9 3.63 9.9 1.56 4.3 3.13 8.6

Industry group

Goods-producing industries(2)

43.42 100.0 29.29 67.5 14.13 32.5 2.81 6.5 1.97 4.5 3.83 8.8 2.00 4.6 3.52 8.1

Construction industry

44.00 100.0 30.64 69.6 13.36 30.4 2.01 4.6 1.64 3.7 3.28 7.4 2.39 5.4 4.05 9.2

Manufacturing industry

42.99 100.0 28.47 66.2 14.52 33.8 3.29 7.6 2.12 4.9 4.16 9.7 1.77 4.1 3.18 7.4

Service-providing industries(3)

45.58 100.0 31.66 69.5 13.92 30.5 3.81 8.4 1.65 3.6 3.70 8.1 1.58 3.5 3.18 7.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

40.22 100.0 28.01 69.7 12.20 30.3 3.00 7.5 1.32 3.3 3.33 8.3 1.54 3.8 3.02 7.5

Information industry

69.41 100.0 45.72 65.9 23.69 34.1 6.74 9.7 3.37 4.9 6.24 9.0 2.97 4.3 4.37 6.3

Financial activities industry

57.02 100.0 37.85 66.4 19.18 33.6 5.09 8.9 3.57 6.3 5.01 8.8 2.01 3.5 3.50 6.1

Professional and business services industry

52.12 100.0 36.71 70.4 15.42 29.6 4.43 8.5 2.13 4.1 3.67 7.0 1.63 3.1 3.57 6.8

Education and health services industry

43.74 100.0 30.24 69.1 13.49 30.9 3.99 9.1 0.96 2.2 3.95 9.0 1.56 3.6 3.04 7.0

Leisure and hospitality industry

24.73 100.0 18.75 75.8 5.97 24.2 1.24 5.0 0.49 2.0 1.65 6.7 0.47 1.9 2.12 8.6

Other services industry

39.50 100.0 28.57 72.3 10.93 27.7 3.00 7.6 0.59 1.5 2.90 7.3 1.52 3.8 2.92 7.4

Part-time workers

20.78 100.0 16.60 79.9 4.18 20.1 0.77 3.7 0.36 1.7 0.73 3.5 0.34 1.6 1.98 9.6

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

45.81 100.0 34.98 76.4 10.83 23.6 3.37 7.4 1.01 2.2 1.73 3.8 1.10 2.4 3.62 7.9

Professional and related occupations

45.82 100.0 34.93 76.2 10.89 23.8 3.44 7.5 1.01 2.2 1.69 3.7 1.11 2.4 3.63 7.9

Sales and office occupations

18.45 100.0 15.01 81.3 3.44 18.7 0.53 2.9 0.26 1.4 0.71 3.9 0.26 1.4 1.68 9.1

Sales and related occupations

16.69 100.0 13.98 83.8 2.71 16.2 0.34 2.1 0.24 1.4 0.39 2.3 0.17 1.0 1.57 9.4

Office and administrative support occupations

21.40 100.0 16.73 78.2 4.67 21.8 0.84 3.9 0.30 1.4 1.26 5.9 0.41 1.9 1.86 8.7

Service occupations

15.78 100.0 13.16 83.4 2.62 16.6 0.31 1.9 0.19 1.2 0.34 2.1 0.14 0.9 1.65 10.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.04 100.0 16.26 73.8 5.78 26.2 0.73 3.3 0.61 2.7 1.42 6.5 0.56 2.5 2.47 11.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

22.96 100.0 16.58 72.2 6.37 27.8 0.78 3.4 0.67 2.9 1.66 7.2 0.68 2.9 2.58 11.2

Industry group

Service-providing industries(3)

20.70 100.0 16.55 80.0 4.15 20.0 0.77 3.7 0.35 1.7 0.73 3.5 0.33 1.6 1.97 9.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

19.47 100.0 15.24 78.3 4.24 21.7 0.60 3.1 0.36 1.8 0.98 5.0 0.44 2.2 1.86 9.6

Professional and business services industry

23.45 100.0 19.06 81.3 4.40 18.7 0.76 3.2 0.52 2.2 0.59 2.5 0.17 0.7 2.36 10.1

Education and health services industry

33.15 100.0 25.33 76.4 7.82 23.6 2.21 6.7 0.69 2.1 1.36 4.1 0.78 2.4 2.78 8.4

Leisure and hospitality industry

14.47 100.0 12.32 85.1 2.15 14.9 0.18 1.2 0.13 0.9 0.22 1.6 0.07 0.5 1.54 10.7

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [June 2022]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

38.91 100.0 27.44 70.5 11.47 29.5 2.87 7.4 1.37 3.5 2.96 7.6 1.33 3.4 2.93 7.5

1-99 workers

32.53 100.0 24.19 74.4 8.33 25.6 2.01 6.2 0.86 2.6 2.05 6.3 0.78 2.4 2.63 8.1

1-49 workers

31.49 100.0 23.67 75.2 7.82 24.8 1.89 6.0 0.78 2.5 1.89 6.0 0.69 2.2 2.57 8.2

50-99 workers

36.30 100.0 26.10 71.9 10.20 28.1 2.47 6.8 1.15 3.2 2.62 7.2 1.13 3.1 2.84 7.8

100 workers or more

46.97 100.0 31.53 67.1 15.44 32.9 3.96 8.4 2.02 4.3 4.12 8.8 2.03 4.3 3.31 7.0

100-499 workers

40.40 100.0 28.02 69.4 12.38 30.6 3.11 7.7 1.42 3.5 3.37 8.3 1.47 3.6 3.01 7.4

500 workers or more

55.48 100.0 36.08 65.0 19.41 35.0 5.05 9.1 2.80 5.1 5.10 9.2 2.75 5.0 3.70 6.7

Goods-producing industries(2)

42.90 100.0 29.00 67.6 13.90 32.4 2.75 6.4 1.94 4.5 3.75 8.7 1.97 4.6 3.49 8.1

1-99 workers

36.51 100.0 26.06 71.4 10.46 28.6 1.86 5.1 1.33 3.6 2.59 7.1 1.36 3.7 3.32 9.1

1-49 workers

34.67 100.0 25.24 72.8 9.43 27.2 1.66 4.8 1.15 3.3 2.20 6.3 1.13 3.3 3.29 9.5

50-99 workers

41.35 100.0 28.19 68.2 13.15 31.8 2.38 5.8 1.79 4.3 3.64 8.8 1.94 4.7 3.40 8.2

100 workers or more

48.87 100.0 31.76 65.0 17.11 35.0 3.58 7.3 2.51 5.1 4.83 9.9 2.54 5.2 3.65 7.5

100-499 workers

45.53 100.0 30.29 66.5 15.24 33.5 3.05 6.7 2.10 4.6 4.30 9.5 2.21 4.9 3.58 7.9

500 workers or more

53.97 100.0 34.00 63.0 19.97 37.0 4.40 8.2 3.13 5.8 5.63 10.4 3.05 5.6 3.76 7.0

Manufacturing industry

42.44 100.0 28.17 66.4 14.27 33.6 3.21 7.6 2.09 4.9 4.07 9.6 1.75 4.1 3.15 7.4

1-99 workers

33.56 100.0 23.89 71.2 9.68 28.8 2.12 6.3 1.24 3.7 2.67 8.0 0.91 2.7 2.73 8.1

1-49 workers

30.78 100.0 22.48 73.0 8.30 27.0 1.79 5.8 1.00 3.2 2.15 7.0 (3)0.76 (3)2.5 2.61 8.5

50-99 workers

38.21 100.0 26.24 68.7 11.98 31.3 2.68 7.0 1.65 4.3 3.54 9.3 1.15 3.0 2.94 7.7

100 workers or more

47.44 100.0 30.58 64.5 16.86 35.5 3.83 8.1 2.56 5.4 4.85 10.2 2.23 4.7 3.39 7.2

100-499 workers

41.69 100.0 27.80 66.7 13.90 33.3 3.22 7.7 1.96 4.7 4.07 9.8 1.51 3.6 3.14 7.5

500 workers or more

54.33 100.0 33.91 62.4 20.42 37.6 4.55 8.4 3.28 6.0 5.78 10.6 3.10 5.7 3.70 6.8

Service-providing industries(4)

38.12 100.0 27.13 71.2 10.99 28.8 2.90 7.6 1.26 3.3 2.81 7.4 1.21 3.2 2.82 7.4

1-99 workers

31.86 100.0 23.88 75.0 7.98 25.0 2.04 6.4 0.78 2.4 1.95 6.1 0.69 2.2 2.52 7.9

1-49 workers

31.01 100.0 23.43 75.6 7.58 24.4 1.93 6.2 0.72 2.3 1.84 5.9 0.62 2.0 2.46 7.9

50-99 workers

35.16 100.0 25.63 72.9 9.53 27.1 2.48 7.1 1.00 2.8 2.39 6.8 0.94 2.7 2.72 7.7

100 workers or more

46.51 100.0 31.48 67.7 15.03 32.3 4.05 8.7 1.90 4.1 3.95 8.5 1.90 4.1 3.23 6.9

100-499 workers

39.06 100.0 27.43 70.2 11.62 29.8 3.13 8.0 1.24 3.2 3.13 8.0 1.27 3.3 2.86 7.3

500 workers or more

55.81 100.0 36.52 65.4 19.29 34.6 5.19 9.3 2.73 4.9 4.98 8.9 2.69 4.8 3.69 6.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

32.95 100.0 23.54 71.4 9.41 28.6 2.16 6.6 0.98 3.0 2.51 7.6 1.15 3.5 2.61 7.9

1-99 workers

29.54 100.0 22.25 75.3 7.29 24.7 1.69 5.7 0.76 2.6 1.72 5.8 0.66 2.2 2.46 8.3

1-49 workers

29.20 100.0 22.21 76.1 6.99 23.9 1.63 5.6 0.74 2.5 1.58 5.4 0.60 2.0 2.44 8.4

50-99 workers

30.72 100.0 22.37 72.8 8.35 27.2 1.89 6.2 0.85 2.8 2.20 7.2 0.90 2.9 2.51 8.2

100 workers or more

36.95 100.0 25.05 67.8 11.90 32.2 2.71 7.3 1.24 3.4 3.43 9.3 1.72 4.7 2.80 7.6

100-499 workers

31.76 100.0 22.25 70.1 9.51 29.9 2.11 6.7 1.02 3.2 2.68 8.4 1.19 3.8 2.50 7.9

500 workers or more

47.88 100.0 30.94 64.6 16.94 35.4 3.96 8.3 1.71 3.6 5.01 10.5 2.83 5.9 3.42 7.2

Wholesale trade industry

44.89 100.0 32.00 71.3 12.89 28.7 3.38 7.5 1.67 3.7 3.14 7.0 1.40 3.1 3.28 7.3

1-99 workers

44.62 100.0 32.30 72.4 12.31 27.6 3.28 7.3 1.57 3.5 2.92 6.6 1.23 2.8 3.31 7.4

1-49 workers

45.41 100.0 33.03 72.7 12.38 27.3 3.29 7.2 1.57 3.5 2.87 6.3 1.29 2.8 3.36 7.4

100 workers or more

45.38 100.0 31.43 69.2 13.96 30.8 3.58 7.9 1.86 4.1 3.55 7.8 1.72 3.8 3.24 7.1

100-499 workers

46.41 100.0 32.55 70.1 13.85 29.9 3.60 7.8 1.71 3.7 3.55 7.6 1.70 3.7 3.29 7.1

Retail trade industry

23.60 100.0 18.05 76.5 5.55 23.5 1.19 5.0 0.58 2.5 1.37 5.8 0.44 1.9 1.97 8.3

1-99 workers

22.31 100.0 17.71 79.4 4.61 20.6 0.96 4.3 0.43 1.9 1.01 4.5 0.28 1.3 1.92 8.6

1-49 workers

21.90 100.0 17.55 80.2 4.34 19.8 0.91 4.2 0.42 1.9 0.88 4.0 0.23 1.0 1.91 8.7

50-99 workers

23.85 100.0 18.27 76.6 5.57 23.4 1.14 4.8 0.46 1.9 1.50 6.3 0.48 2.0 1.98 8.3

100 workers or more

25.47 100.0 18.54 72.8 6.93 27.2 1.53 6.0 0.81 3.2 1.89 7.4 0.68 2.7 2.03 8.0

100-499 workers

24.89 100.0 18.14 72.9 6.74 27.1 1.45 5.8 0.77 3.1 1.86 7.5 0.65 2.6 2.01 8.1

Transportation and warehousing industry

40.70 100.0 26.96 66.2 13.74 33.8 2.91 7.2 1.22 3.0 4.23 10.4 2.06 5.0 3.32 8.2

1-99 workers

30.92 100.0 22.63 73.2 8.30 26.8 1.72 5.6 0.61 2.0 2.18 7.0 0.75 2.4 3.04 9.8

1-49 workers

30.23 100.0 22.43 74.2 7.81 25.8 1.64 5.4 0.53 1.7 2.06 6.8 0.58 1.9 3.00 9.9

100 workers or more

45.61 100.0 29.14 63.9 16.47 36.1 3.51 7.7 1.52 3.3 5.26 11.5 2.71 5.9 3.47 7.6

100-499 workers

39.17 100.0 25.44 64.9 13.73 35.1 2.68 6.8 1.16 3.0 4.48 11.4 2.09 5.3 3.33 8.5

Information industry

64.25 100.0 42.58 66.3 21.67 33.7 6.23 9.7 3.02 4.7 5.65 8.8 2.68 4.2 4.09 6.4

1-99 workers

45.60 100.0 31.77 69.7 13.83 30.3 3.82 8.4 1.64 3.6 3.65 8.0 1.51 3.3 3.20 7.0

100 workers or more

77.75 100.0 50.40 64.8 27.35 35.2 7.97 10.2 4.02 5.2 7.10 9.1 3.53 4.5 4.73 6.1

100-499 workers

68.63 100.0 45.99 67.0 22.65 33.0 6.53 9.5 2.61 3.8 6.50 9.5 2.70 3.9 4.31 6.3

500 workers or more

86.86 100.0 54.82 63.1 32.04 36.9 9.41 10.8 5.44 6.3 7.70 8.9 4.36 5.0 5.14 5.9

Financial activities industry

54.84 100.0 36.57 66.7 18.26 33.3 4.82 8.8 3.37 6.2 4.76 8.7 1.90 3.5 3.40 6.2

1-99 workers

44.64 100.0 31.07 69.6 13.57 30.4 3.58 8.0 2.07 4.6 3.77 8.4 1.22 2.7 2.92 6.6

1-49 workers

43.06 100.0 30.25 70.3 12.80 29.7 3.41 7.9 1.76 4.1 3.64 8.4 1.12 2.6 2.87 6.7

100 workers or more

67.27 100.0 43.28 64.3 23.99 35.7 6.34 9.4 4.96 7.4 5.97 8.9 2.73 4.1 3.99 5.9

100-499 workers

62.89 100.0 41.75 66.4 21.15 33.6 5.85 9.3 3.44 5.5 5.69 9.0 2.34 3.7 3.83 6.1

500 workers or more

71.04 100.0 44.61 62.8 26.43 37.2 6.76 9.5 6.27 8.8 6.21 8.7 3.06 4.3 4.13 5.8

Professional and business services industry

47.81 100.0 34.05 71.2 13.76 28.8 3.88 8.1 1.89 3.9 3.20 6.7 1.41 2.9 3.39 7.1

1-99 workers

45.10 100.0 33.31 73.9 11.79 26.1 3.26 7.2 1.43 3.2 2.84 6.3 0.94 2.1 3.32 7.4

1-49 workers

42.03 100.0 31.19 74.2 10.83 25.8 2.90 6.9 1.32 3.1 2.65 6.3 0.80 1.9 3.17 7.6

50-99 workers

55.94 100.0 40.76 72.9 15.17 27.1 4.51 8.1 1.82 3.3 3.51 6.3 1.47 2.6 3.85 6.9

100 workers or more

50.53 100.0 34.80 68.9 15.73 31.1 4.50 8.9 2.34 4.6 3.57 7.1 1.87 3.7 3.45 6.8

100-499 workers

46.26 100.0 32.84 71.0 13.41 29.0 4.05 8.7 1.52 3.3 3.33 7.2 1.26 2.7 3.25 7.0

500 workers or more

55.17 100.0 36.92 66.9 18.25 33.1 4.99 9.0 3.24 5.9 3.82 6.9 2.54 4.6 3.67 6.6

Education and health services industry

41.25 100.0 29.09 70.5 12.16 29.5 3.57 8.6 0.89 2.2 3.34 8.1 1.38 3.3 2.98 7.2

1-99 workers

33.30 100.0 24.96 75.0 8.34 25.0 2.48 7.5 0.34 1.0 2.20 6.6 0.75 2.3 2.56 7.7

1-49 workers

33.35 100.0 25.24 75.7 8.10 24.3 2.46 7.4 0.31 0.9 2.04 6.1 0.74 2.2 2.55 7.6

50-99 workers

33.15 100.0 23.96 72.3 9.19 27.7 2.59 7.8 0.44 1.3 2.76 8.3 0.78 2.4 2.62 7.9

100 workers or more

48.58 100.0 32.90 67.7 15.69 32.3 4.57 9.4 1.40 2.9 4.39 9.0 1.96 4.0 3.36 6.9

100-499 workers

38.17 100.0 27.09 71.0 11.08 29.0 3.29 8.6 0.78 2.1 3.06 8.0 1.12 2.9 2.82 7.4

500 workers or more

56.74 100.0 37.45 66.0 19.30 34.0 5.56 9.8 1.89 3.3 5.44 9.6 2.62 4.6 3.79 6.7

Educational services industry

50.34 100.0 36.32 72.1 14.02 27.9 4.10 8.1 0.34 0.7 3.86 7.7 2.28 4.5 3.45 6.8

1-99 workers

36.24 100.0 28.28 78.0 7.97 22.0 2.06 5.7 0.11 0.3 1.97 5.4 0.98 2.7 2.85 7.9

100 workers or more

62.73 100.0 43.38 69.2 19.35 30.8 5.89 9.4 0.54 0.9 5.52 8.8 3.42 5.5 3.98 6.3

100-499 workers

52.65 100.0 37.79 71.8 14.86 28.2 4.55 8.6 (3)0.30 (3)0.6 4.37 8.3 2.05 3.9 3.58 6.8

500 workers or more

70.29 100.0 47.58 67.7 22.71 32.3 6.89 9.8 0.72 1.0 6.38 9.1 4.45 6.3 4.27 6.1

Health care and social assistance industry

40.00 100.0 28.10 70.2 11.90 29.8 3.49 8.7 0.97 2.4 3.27 8.2 1.26 3.1 2.91 7.3

1-99 workers

32.91 100.0 24.52 74.5 8.39 25.5 2.54 7.7 0.37 1.1 2.23 6.8 0.72 2.2 2.52 7.7

1-49 workers

33.48 100.0 25.16 75.2 8.32 24.8 2.57 7.7 0.33 1.0 2.12 6.3 0.76 2.3 2.54 7.6

50-99 workers

30.68 100.0 22.02 71.8 8.66 28.2 2.45 8.0 0.52 1.7 2.65 8.6 0.57 1.9 2.48 8.1

100 workers or more

46.60 100.0 31.42 67.4 15.17 32.6 4.38 9.4 1.53 3.3 4.23 9.1 1.76 3.8 3.28 7.0

100-499 workers

36.19 100.0 25.63 70.8 10.56 29.2 3.12 8.6 0.85 2.4 2.88 8.0 (3)1.00 2.8 2.72 7.5

500 workers or more

54.80 100.0 35.99 65.7 18.81 34.3 5.37 9.8 2.06 3.8 5.30 9.7 2.36 4.3 3.72 6.8

Leisure and hospitality industry

18.04 100.0 14.56 80.7 3.48 19.3 0.55 3.0 0.26 1.4 0.72 4.0 0.21 1.2 1.75 9.7

1-99 workers

16.96 100.0 13.99 82.5 2.96 17.5 0.41 2.4 0.22 1.3 0.54 3.2 0.11 0.6 1.68 9.9

1-49 workers

16.71 100.0 13.83 82.8 2.88 17.2 0.38 2.3 0.22 1.3 0.55 3.3 0.09 0.5 1.64 9.8

50-99 workers

17.92 100.0 14.62 81.6 3.30 18.4 0.52 2.9 0.25 1.4 0.49 2.8 (3)0.19 (3)1.1 1.85 10.3

100 workers or more

23.27 100.0 17.29 74.3 5.98 25.7 1.22 5.3 0.42 1.8 1.60 6.9 0.70 3.0 2.04 8.8

100-499 workers

22.45 100.0 17.08 76.1 5.37 23.9 1.07 4.8 0.43 1.9 1.27 5.7 0.53 2.3 2.08 9.2

500 workers or more

25.27 100.0 17.79 70.4 7.48 29.6 1.61 6.4 0.39 1.5 2.40 9.5 1.12 4.4 1.97 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [June 2022]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

43.18 100.0 29.84 69.1 13.34 30.9 3.34 7.7 1.63 3.8 3.45 8.0 1.62 3.7 3.31 7.7

New England

43.26 100.0 29.97 69.3 13.29 30.7 3.35 7.7 1.88 4.3 3.33 7.7 1.50 3.5 3.23 7.5

Middle Atlantic

43.14 100.0 29.79 69.0 13.36 31.0 3.33 7.7 1.53 3.6 3.49 8.1 1.66 3.8 3.34 7.7

South

35.06 100.0 25.41 72.5 9.65 27.5 2.53 7.2 1.16 3.3 2.33 6.7 1.06 3.0 2.57 7.3

South Atlantic

36.02 100.0 26.03 72.3 9.98 27.7 2.68 7.4 1.10 3.1 2.41 6.7 1.11 3.1 2.68 7.4

East South Central

31.83 100.0 22.92 72.0 8.91 28.0 2.23 7.0 1.05 3.3 2.35 7.4 0.96 3.0 2.32 7.3

West South Central

34.96 100.0 25.53 73.0 9.43 27.0 2.41 6.9 1.32 3.8 2.19 6.3 1.02 2.9 2.49 7.1

Midwest

37.32 100.0 25.78 69.1 11.53 30.9 2.66 7.1 1.48 4.0 3.24 8.7 1.39 3.7 2.76 7.4

East North Central

38.22 100.0 26.45 69.2 11.78 30.8 2.72 7.1 1.50 3.9 3.24 8.5 1.51 3.9 2.80 7.3

West North Central

35.32 100.0 24.32 68.9 11.00 31.1 2.53 7.2 1.44 4.1 3.25 9.2 1.12 3.2 2.66 7.5

West

42.64 100.0 30.10 70.6 12.54 29.4 3.21 7.5 1.35 3.2 3.20 7.5 1.45 3.4 3.33 7.8

Mountain

36.02 100.0 25.53 70.9 10.49 29.1 2.49 6.9 1.22 3.4 2.87 8.0 1.17 3.2 2.73 7.6

Pacific

45.60 100.0 32.14 70.5 13.46 29.5 3.53 7.8 1.41 3.1 3.34 7.3 1.58 3.5 3.60 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: September 20, 2022