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Economic News Release
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American Time Use Survey Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, June 25, 2020			    USDL-20-1275

Technical information:	atusinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2019 RESULTS


In 2019, 24 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work at home on
days they worked, and 82 percent of employed persons did some or all of their 
work at their workplace, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 

These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released
today. They include the average amount of time per day in 2019 that individuals
worked, did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports activities.
Additionally, measures of the average time per day spent providing childcare--both
as a primary (or main) activity and while doing other things--for the combined
years 2015-19 are provided. For a detailed description of ATUS data and
methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2019
  
   --On days they worked, 24 percent of employed persons did some or all of their
     work at home and 82 percent of employed persons did some or all of their work
     at their workplace. On average, those who worked at their workplace worked for
     7.9 hours, and those who worked at home did so for 3.3 hours. (See table 6.)

   --Workers employed in management, business, and financial operations occupations
     (37 percent) and workers employed in professional and related occupations (33
     percent) were more likely than those employed in other occupations to do some
     or all of their work from home on days they worked. (See table 7.)

   --Among workers age 25 and over, those with an advanced degree were more likely to
     work at home than were persons with lower levels of educational attainment--42
     percent of those with an advanced degree performed some work at home on days 
     worked, compared with 16 percent of those with a high school diploma and no 
     college. Workers with an advanced degree also were more likely to work on an 
     average day than were those with a high school diploma and no college--74
     percent, compared with 66 percent. (See table 6.)

   --Many more full-time employed persons worked on weekdays than on weekend days or
     holidays: 87 percent worked on an average weekday, compared with 34 percent on
     an average weekend day or holiday. Full-time employed persons averaged 8.5 hours
     of work time on weekdays they worked, and 5.5 hours on weekend days and holidays
     they worked. (See table 4.)

   --Multiple jobholders were nearly twice as likely to work on an average weekend day
     or holiday as were single jobholders--58 percent, compared with 31 percent. (See
     table 4.)

   --On the days they worked, employed men worked 48 minutes more than employed women.
     This difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working part time.
     However, even among full-time workers (those usually working 35 hours or more per
     week), men worked more per day than women--8.3 hours, compared with 7.7 hours.
     (See table 4.)

   --On days they worked, women were slightly more likely than men to do some or all
     of their work at home--26 percent of women, compared with 22 percent of men. (See
     table 6.)

Household Activities in 2019

   --On an average day, 85 percent of women and 71 percent of men spent some time doing
     household activities, such as housework, cooking, lawn care, or household
     management. (See table 1.)

   --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average of 2.5 hours on
     these activities, while men spent 1.9 hours. (See table 1.)

   --On an average day, 22 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning or laundry--
     compared with 46 percent of women. (See table 1.)

   --On average, more people engaged in housework on weekend days than on weekdays: 41
     percent compared with 32 percent. However, the percent of people who did food
     preparation and cleanup was about the same on weekend days as on weekdays: 59
     percent and 60 percent. (See table 2.)

   --From 2003 to 2019, the share of men doing food preparation and cleanup on an average
     day increased from 35 percent to 48 percent, and the share of women grew from 66
     percent to 70 percent. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2019

   --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (95 percent) engaged in some sort
     of leisure activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or exercising. Men spent more
     time in these activities than did women (5.5 hours, compared with 4.9 hours). (See
     table 1.)

   --On average, adults age 75 and over spent 7.7 hours engaged in leisure activities per
     day--more than any other age group; 35- to 44-year-olds spent 4.0 hours engaged in
     leisure and sports activities per day--less than other age groups. (See table 11A.) 

   --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time (2.8 hours per day),
     accounting for just over half of all leisure time, on average. (See table 11A.)

   --Socializing and communicating, such as visiting with friends or attending or hosting
     social events, accounted for an average of 38 minutes per day, and was the next most
     common leisure activity after watching TV. Individuals spent twice as much time
     socializing on weekend days (58 minutes) as on weekdays (29 minutes). (See tables
     11A and 11B.)

   --Time spent reading for personal interest varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75
     and over averaged 44 minutes of reading per day, whereas individuals ages 15 to 44
     read on average for 10 minutes or less per day. (See table 11A.)

   --Men were slightly more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, or
     recreation on any given day--21 percent, compared with 18 percent. On days they
     participated, men also spent more time doing these activities than did women--1.9
     hours, compared with 1.3 hours. (See table 1.)

   --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged in
     leisure and sports activities for 4.5 hours per day, almost an hour more than
     employed adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8B.)

Care of Household Children in 2015-19

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average of 2.2 hours
     per day providing primary childcare to household children. Adults living in households
     where the youngest child was between the ages of 6 and 17 spent less than half as
     much time providing primary childcare to household children--48 minutes per day.
     Primary childcare is childcare that is done as a main activity, such as providing
     physical care or reading to children. (See table 9.)

   --On an average day, among adults living in households with children under age 6,
     women spent 1.1 hours providing physical care (such as bathing or feeding a child)
     to household children; by contrast, men spent 27 minutes providing physical care. 
     (See table 9.)

   --On an average day in 2019, among adults living with children under age 6, those who
     were not employed spent about an hour more caring for and helping household children
     than did employed adults--2.8 hours versus 1.7 hours. (See tables 8B and 8C.)

   --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent an average of
     5.4 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they had at least one child
     in their care while doing activities other than primary childcare. Secondary childcare
     provided by adults living in households with children under age 6 was most commonly
     provided while doing leisure activities (2.0 hours) or household activities (1.4 hours).
     (See table 10.)

   --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time providing
     primary childcare on an average weekday (2.2 hours) than on an average weekend day
     (2.0 hours). However, they spent less time providing secondary childcare on weekdays
     than on weekend days--4.4 hours, compared with 7.6 hours. (See tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data 

ATUS 2019 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations and analyses.
In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that protect the privacy of survey
respondents, personally identifying information does not appear on the data files. The
2019 data files are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.



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Last Modified Date: June 25, 2020