Advance copies of this statement are made available to the press under lock-up conditions with the explicit understanding that the data are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time. Statement of William J. Wiatrowski Acting Commissioner Bureau of Labor Statistics Friday, September 7, 2018 Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 201,000 in August, and the unemployment rate held at 3.9 percent. Employment increased in professional and business services, health care, wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, and mining. Incorporating revisions for June and July, which decreased nonfarm payroll employment by 50,000, monthly job gains have averaged 185,000 over the past 3 months. Employment in professional and business services increased by 53,000 in August. Over the year, the industry has added 519,000 jobs. In August, health care added 33,000 jobs. Job gains occurred in ambulatory health care services (+21,000) and hospitals (+8,000). Health care employment has grown by 301,000 over the year. Employment in wholesale trade rose by 22,000 over the month and by 99,000 over the year. Durable goods wholesalers added 14,000 jobs over the month and accounted for about two-thirds of the over-the-year gain in wholesale trade. Transportation and warehousing added 20,000 jobs in August. Over the year, employment in transportation and warehousing has increased by 173,000, with about one-third of the gain occurring among couriers and messengers. Mining employment increased by 6,000 in August, after changing little in July. Since a recent low point in October 2016, mining has added 104,000 jobs, almost entirely in support activities for mining. Employment in construction continued to trend up in August (+23,000) and has increased by 297,000 over the year. In August, employment in manufacturing changed little (-3,000). Over the year, employment in manufacturing was up by 254,000, with more than three-fourths of the gain in the durable goods component. Employment in other major industries--retail trade, information, financial activities, leisure and hospitality, and government--showed little change in August. Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 10 cents in August to $27.16. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 2.9 percent. From July 2017 to July 2018, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased by 2.9 percent (on a seasonally adjusted basis). Turning to data from our survey of households, the unemployment rate remained at 3.9 percent in August, and the number of unemployed people, at 6.2 million, was little changed. Among the unemployed in August, 1.3 million had been searching for work for 27 weeks or longer. These long-term unemployed accounted for 21.5 percent of the total unemployed. The labor force participation rate, at 62.7 percent, and the employment-population ratio, at 60.3 percent, both declined by 0.2 percentage point in August. Among the employed, the number of people working part time for economic reasons, also referred to as involuntary part-time workers, was little changed in August at 4.4 million but was down by 830,000 over the year. Among those neither working nor looking for work in August, 1.4 million were considered marginally attached to the labor force, little different from a year earlier. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached who believed that no jobs were available for them, numbered 434,000 in August, also little different from a year earlier. (People who are marginally attached to the labor force had not looked for work in the 4 weeks prior to the survey but wanted a job, were available for work, and had looked for a job within the last 12 months.) In summary, nonfarm payroll employment increased by 201,000 in August, and the unemployment rate held at 3.9 percent.