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Economic News Release

Commissioner's Statement on the Employment Situation News Release

Advance copies of this statement are made available to the press
under lock-up conditions with the explicit understanding that the
data are embargoed until 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time.
                          Statement of
                           Keith Hall                                
                   Bureau of Labor Statistics
                           before the
                    Joint Economic Committee
                     UNITED STATES CONGRESS

                      Friday, July 2, 2010

Madam Chair and Members of the Committee:

     Thank you for the opportunity to discuss the employment and
unemployment data we released this morning.
     Nonfarm payroll employment fell by 125,000 in June, and the
unemployment rate edged down to 9.5 percent.  The decline in
employment reflects a large drop in the number of temporary
workers for Census 2010.  The number of jobs in the private
sector edged up (+83,000), due to modest increases in several
industries.  Private sector employment has risen by 593,000 so
far in 2010, but in June was 7.9 million below its prerecession
     Over the month, federal government employment declined
sharply.  The number of temporary Census 2010 workers dropped by
225,000, leaving 339,000 temporary workers on the Census payroll.
     In the private sector, temporary help services employment
continued to grow over the month (+21,000).  The industry has
added 379,000 jobs since September 2009.  Employment also rose in
management and technical consulting (+11,000) and in business
support services (+7,000) in June.  Amusements, gambling, and
recreation gained 28,000 jobs, while transportation and
warehousing employment was up by 15,000.
     Mining employment continued to trend up (+6,000), and the
industry has gained 56,000 jobs since October 2009.  Employment
in manufacturing also continued to trend up in June (+9,000).
The industry has added 136,000 jobs so far this year.  The
manufacturing workweek declined by half an hour in June, more
than offsetting an increase in May.  Nonetheless, factory hours
remained 1.3 hours above their recent trough.  Employment in
health care edged up in June (+9,000).
     Construction employment fell by 22,000; specialty trade
contractors accounted for most of the decline.  On net,
construction employment has shown little change over the last 4
     Average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls decreased by 2 cents in June to $22.53.  Over the past
12 months, average hourly earnings have increased by 1.7 percent.
From May 2009 to May 2010, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban
Consumers (CPI-U) rose by 2.0 percent.
     Turning to measures from the survey of households, the
unemployment rate edged down by 0.2 percentage point to 9.5
percent in June.  Of the 14.6 million unemployed individuals,
about 6.8 million had been jobless for 27 weeks or more. In
comparison, 1.3 million persons were unemployed for 27 weeks or
longer when the recession began.
     The labor force declined in June (-652,000).  Following
increases earlier in the year, the labor force participation rate
has declined by half a percentage point over the last 2 months.
     The employment-population ratio edged down to 58.5 percent
in June.  Among the employed, there were 8.6 million individuals
working part time who preferred full-time work.  The number of
such workers has fallen by 525,000 over the past 2 months.
     In summary, payroll employment fell by 125,000 in June, as
modest growth in the private sector (+83,000) was more than
offset by a large decline in temporary census workers
(-225,000).  The unemployment rate edged down to 9.5 percent.
     My colleagues and I now would be glad to answer your

Last Modified Date: July 02, 2010