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Economic News Release
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Employment Cost Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                 USDL-22-2061
8:30 a.m. (ET) Friday, October 28, 2022

Technical information: (202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov

				EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX  September 2022

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 1.2 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending in September 2022, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries 
increased 1.3 percent and benefit costs increased 1.0 percent from June 2022. (See tables A, 1, 
2, and 3.)

Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 5.0 percent for the 12-month period ending in 
September 2022 and increased 3.7 percent in September 2021. Wages and salaries increased 5.1 percent
for the 12-month period ending in September 2022 and increased 4.2 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2021. Benefit costs increased 4.9 percent over the year and increased 2.5 percent 
for the 12-month period ending in September 2021. (See tables A, 4, 8, and 12.)

Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 5.2 percent over the year. In September 2021, 
the increase was 4.1 percent. Wages and salaries increased 5.2 percent for the 12-month period ending 
in September 2022 and increased 4.6 percent in September 2021. The cost of benefits increased 5.0 
percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2022 and increased 2.6 percent in September 2021. 
Inflation-adjusted (constant dollar) private wages and salaries declined 2.7 percent for the 12 months
ending September 2022. Inflation-adjusted benefit costs in the private sector declined 3.0 percent over
that same period. (See tables A, 5, 9, and 12.)

Among private industry occupational groups, compensation cost increases for the 12-month period ending 
in September 2022 ranged from 4.3 percent for natural resources, construction, and maintenance 
occupations and management, professional, and related occupations to 7.7 percent for service 
occupations. Within industry supersectors, compensation cost increases ranged from 3.6 percent for 
financial activities to 7.2 percent for leisure and hospitality. (See table 5.)

Compensation costs for state and local government workers increased 4.6 percent for the 12-month period 
ending in September 2022, compared with an increase of 2.3 percent in September 2021. Wages and 
salaries increased 4.4 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2022 and 2.4 percent a year 
ago. Benefit costs increased 5.0 percent for the 12-month period ending in September 2022. The prior 
year increase was 2.1 percent. (See tables A, 7, 11, and 12.)

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Updated Employment Weights

Beginning with the December 2022 news release, the Employment Cost Index will introduce new 
employment weights based on the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/eci-2021-fixed-weights-and-2018-soc-update.htm.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Table A. Major series of the Employment Cost Index [Percent change]
Category 3-month,
seasonally adjusted
12-month, not seasonally adjusted, current dollar 12-month, not seasonally adjusted, constant dollar
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Civilian workers(1)

Compensation(2)

1.3 1.2 3.7 5.1 5.0 -1.6 -3.6 -2.9

Wages and salaries

1.4 1.3 4.2 5.3 5.1 -1.1 -3.5 -3.0

Benefits

1.2 1.0 2.5 4.8 4.9 -2.8 -3.9 -3.0

Private industry

Compensation(2)

1.5 1.1 4.1 5.5 5.2 -1.3 -3.3 -2.8

Wages and salaries

1.6 1.2 4.6 5.7 5.2 -0.7 -3.1 -2.7

Benefits

1.3 0.8 2.6 5.3 5.0 -2.6 -3.5 -3.0

Health benefits

- - 0.4 4.6 4.9 - - -

State and local government

Compensation(2)

0.8 1.9 2.3 3.4 4.6 -2.9 -5.2 -3.3

Wages and salaries

0.7 2.1 2.4 3.2 4.4 -2.7 -5.4 -3.5

Benefits

0.9 1.6 2.1 3.6 5.0 -3.1 -5.0 -3.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes private industry and state and local government.
(2) Includes wages and salaries and benefits.

Note: All estimates in the table can be found in the public database at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. Dashes indicate data not available.



					   TECHNICAL NOTE

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the influence 
of employment shifts among occupations and industries. For information on survey concepts, 
coverage, methods, nonresponse adjustment, and imputation see National Compensation Measures 
Handbook of Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 29,400 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 7,400 private industry establishments and 
approximately 7,600 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and local 
government establishments that provided data at the initial interview. Beginning December 2021, an 
additional (fourth) private industry sample is used in estimation to mitigate the impact of 
decreasing response rates.

Standard errors
To assist users in ascertaining the reliability of ECI series, standard errors of all current 
quarter not seasonally adjusted 3- and 12-month percent change series are also available, see 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ectvar.htm and the database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm. 
Standard errors provide users a measure of the precision of an estimate to ensure that it is within 
an acceptable range for their intended purpose. 

Historical listings
Historical ECI data are available in xlsx format at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. The continuous 
occupational and industry series listing uses the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual 
and Occupational Classification System (OCS) series from 1975 through 2005 and the North American 
Industry Classification System (NAICS) and Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) from 2006 to
the present. It provides the official series deemed continuous after the change in classification 
systems. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article 
published in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data
The costs per hour worked of compensation components are published as part of the Employer Costs 
for Employee Compensation (ECEC) news release. The ECEC release dates are available at 
www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Historical ECEC data are available in xlsx format at 
www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with current employment weights rather 
than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year changes in the cost levels usually
differ from those in the ECI.

Fixed employment weights
For additional information on the use of fixed employment weights in computing the ECI, see 
www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2016/article/introducing-2012-fixed-employment-weights-for-the-
employment-cost-index.htm.

Additional information
Historical tables are available in xlsx format for constant dollar, current dollar, and continuous
series, see www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/new-eci-historical-tables.htm. ECI release dates are available
on the release calendar at www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/eci.htm. Subscribe to receive the BLS 
Economic News Release email at public.govdelivery.com/accounts/USDOLBLS/subscriber/new. If you are 
deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access telecommunications 
relay services.

Table 1. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(2)

152.1 154.0 0.5 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

148.0 149.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.5 1.2 0.9

Manufacturing

147.8 149.2 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.8 1.1 0.9

Service-providing industries(4)

153.1 155.0 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.2

Education and health services

149.9 152.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.6

Educational services

148.7 151.3 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.8 1.7

Elementary and secondary schools

149.0 151.8 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

147.3 149.9 -0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.1 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.8

Health care and social assistance

151.2 153.3 1.1 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.2 1.4

Hospitals

151.6 153.8 0.5 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

151.1 154.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.9

Public administration

154.6 157.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.0 1.8

Private industry workers

All workers

152.3 153.9 0.6 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

148.4 149.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 1.3 0.8 1.3 1.3 0.7

Management, business, and financial

150.1 150.7 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.4 0.6 1.3 1.5 0.4

Professional and related

147.2 148.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0

Sales and office

155.7 157.3 0.4 1.1 1.8 0.3 1.3 1.1 1.7 2.1 1.0

Sales and related

153.7 155.1 0.1 1.4 3.3 -0.4 1.4 1.0 2.0 2.5 0.9

Office and administrative support

156.8 158.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

150.2 151.7 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

149.8 151.3 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair

150.7 152.0 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.4 0.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

155.1 156.9 0.6 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.2 1.2

Production

151.7 153.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.6 1.3 1.3

Transportation and material moving

159.4 161.1 0.7 1.0 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.1

Service occupations

162.1 164.8 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

148.0 149.3 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.5 1.2 0.9

Construction

148.6 150.0 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.5 0.9

Manufacturing

147.8 149.2 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.3 0.8 1.8 1.1 0.9

Aircraft manufacturing

138.5 130.7 0.9 0.4 0.8 0.5 7.0 0.4 2.2 0.6 -5.6

Service-providing industries(5)

153.5 155.2 0.6 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.5 1.1 1.4 1.6 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

157.4 158.8 0.5 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.5 0.9

Wholesale trade

151.3 151.9 0.1 0.4 1.0 1.6 1.1 1.5 1.9 1.8 0.4

Retail trade

161.5 163.6 0.7 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

157.0 158.2 0.4 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8

Utilities

161.5 163.3 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.6 1.1

Information

148.9 150.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.3 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.2

Financial activities

151.9 152.9 0.5 0.8 3.2 -1.6 2.1 -0.5 1.0 2.4 0.7

Finance and insurance

152.4 153.4 0.5 0.8 3.8 -2.0 2.3 -0.9 0.9 2.5 0.7

Credit intermediation and related activities

153.4 153.0 0.4 0.9 -0.1 2.1 5.3 -1.4 -0.8 3.1 -0.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

152.8 154.3 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.9 0.9 1.6 1.8 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

149.8 150.9 0.6 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.3 2.0 2.1 0.7

Professional and business services

152.4 154.0 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.7 1.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

153.7 155.3 0.1 1.0 0.5 0.8 1.6 0.7 1.1 1.9 1.0

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

152.7 154.2 0.6 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.9 1.5 1.0

Education and health services

150.1 152.0 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.7 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.3

Educational services

147.9 149.3 -0.4 0.8 0.4 0.4 1.3 0.5 1.3 1.5 0.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

147.6 149.4 -0.8 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.3 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.2

Health care and social assistance

150.6 152.6 1.2 0.5 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3

Hospitals

151.4 153.5 0.5 0.4 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.5 1.2 1.4

Nursing and residential care facilities

149.9 152.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.9

Leisure and hospitality

162.4 165.3 1.1 0.5 1.6 2.3 2.3 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.8

Accommodation and food services

166.1 168.9 1.3 0.8 1.6 2.3 2.3 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.7

Other services, except public administration

154.0 155.7 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.0 1.1

State and local government workers

All workers

151.6 154.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.9

Industry

Education and health services

149.6 152.6 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.7 2.0

Educational services

148.9 151.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.7 1.9

Schools

148.8 151.7 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 1.0 0.6 1.9

Elementary and secondary schools

149.3 152.3 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.6 2.0

Health care and social assistance

155.4 158.5 0.3 0.5 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.1 2.0

Hospitals

152.3 155.0 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.8 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.8

Public administration

154.6 157.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.0 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 2. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

151.6 153.6 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.3

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

150.4 152.3 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3

Manufacturing

150.5 152.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.2 1.3

Service-providing industries(3)

151.9 153.9 0.5 0.8 1.1 0.8 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.3

Education and health services

145.5 148.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.7

Educational services

139.7 142.3 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.8 0.7 1.9

Elementary and secondary schools

138.1 140.9 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.5 2.0

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

141.3 143.8 -0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 1.2 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.8

Health care and social assistance

151.6 154.0 1.2 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.6

Hospitals

151.4 153.8 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.6

Nursing and residential care facilities

153.3 156.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.3 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.1

Private industry workers

All workers

154.1 155.9 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

149.5 150.7 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.4 0.8 1.1 1.4 0.8

Professional and related

148.4 150.0 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

Management, business, and financial

151.0 151.6 0.1 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.7 0.4 0.9 1.6 0.4

Sales and office

157.6 159.3 0.4 1.1 2.3 0.5 1.5 1.1 1.4 2.2 1.1

Office and administrative support

157.8 159.7 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.7 1.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

150.8 152.5 0.7 0.6 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

150.5 152.4 0.6 0.7 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair

151.2 152.8 0.8 0.6 1.4 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

158.2 160.5 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.5

Production

154.1 156.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.7

Transportation and material moving

162.8 164.9 0.7 1.1 0.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3

Service occupations

166.0 168.9 0.9 1.1 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.8

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

150.5 152.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3

Construction

150.3 151.8 0.6 0.6 0.8 1.1 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.7 1.0

Manufacturing

150.5 152.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.2 1.3

Aircraft manufacturing

154.0 155.4 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.5 1.2 0.7 0.9

Service-providing industries(4)

155.0 156.8 0.6 0.8 1.3 0.9 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

158.5 159.8 0.4 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.7 0.8

Wholesale trade

149.4 149.5 0.0 0.4 1.0 2.0 1.4 1.7 1.6 2.1 0.1

Retail trade

164.2 166.4 0.6 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.8 2.5 1.5 1.8 1.3

Transportation and warehousing

159.6 160.8 0.5 1.2 0.6 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.8

Utilities

156.2 157.8 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 1.1

Information

147.5 149.3 0.7 1.2 0.9 0.6 1.4 0.8 1.5 0.6 1.2

Financial activities

153.1 154.1 0.3 1.0 4.5 -2.1 2.9 -1.3 0.5 2.4 0.7

Finance and insurance

153.9 154.9 0.3 1.2 5.3 -2.7 3.2 -1.8 0.1 2.5 0.6

Credit intermediation and related activities

153.7 152.6 0.6 1.2 -0.2 3.2 7.6 -2.3 -2.3 3.3 -0.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

151.3 152.9 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.7 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

150.2 151.2 0.4 0.2 0.6 1.2 1.0 1.6 2.2 2.2 0.7

Professional and business services

154.0 155.7 0.3 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.4 0.9 1.3 1.7 1.1

Professional, scientific, and technical services

155.0 156.7 -0.1 0.8 0.3 1.1 1.5 0.7 1.0 2.0 1.1

Education and health services

151.0 153.1 1.0 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

Educational services

146.9 148.2 -0.5 0.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 0.4 1.2 1.7 0.9

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

144.8 146.7 -0.9 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.1 0.5 0.8 1.1 1.3

Health care and social assistance

151.9 154.2 1.3 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.5

Hospitals

152.2 154.5 0.6 0.4 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.5

Nursing and residential care facilities

154.2 157.4 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

168.0 171.1 1.1 0.6 1.7 2.6 2.5 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8

Accommodation and food services

171.7 174.7 1.5 0.8 1.8 2.6 2.5 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7

Other services, except public administration

155.9 157.7 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.2

State and local government workers

All workers

141.1 144.0 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.7 2.1

Industry

Education and health services

139.3 142.2 0.1 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.6 2.1

Educational services

138.2 141.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.1

Schools

138.2 141.0 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.0

Elementary and secondary schools

137.7 140.5 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.5 2.0

Health care and social assistance

148.5 151.7 0.0 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.4 2.2

Hospitals

147.4 150.4 0.1 0.5 0.7 1.1 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.3 2.0

Public administration

144.1 147.2 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.4 0.7 1.3 1.1 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 3. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry [Seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for 3-months ended-
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2020
Dec.
2020
Mar.
2021
Jun.
2021
Sep.
2021
Dec.
2021
Mar.
2022
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

153.4 154.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.8 1.2 1.0

Private industry workers

All workers

148.0 149.2 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.3 0.8

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

145.9 146.9 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.9 1.8 1.2 0.7

Sales and office

150.7 152.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.9 1.0 2.3 1.6 1.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

149.0 149.9 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 1.4 0.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

149.0 149.8 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.5 0.6 2.1 0.9 0.5

Service occupations

149.6 151.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.6 1.3 0.9 2.2 1.6 1.2

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

142.8 143.2 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.2 0.5 2.1 0.8 0.3

Manufacturing

142.7 142.8 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.7 0.4 2.5 0.8 0.1

Service-providing industries(3)

149.8 151.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.9 1.0 1.8 1.4 1.0

State and local government workers

All workers(1)

172.3 175.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 1.5 0.9 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 4. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

All workers(2)

146.7 152.1 154.1 1.4 1.3 1.3 3.7 5.1 5.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)

146.3 151.8 153.9 1.2 1.1 1.4 3.4 5.0 5.2

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

144.2 148.4 150.3 1.3 1.0 1.3 3.0 4.3 4.2

Management, business, and financial

145.5 150.1 151.1 1.5 1.4 0.7 3.2 4.7 3.8

Professional and related

143.4 147.5 149.8 1.2 0.8 1.6 2.8 4.1 4.5

Sales and office

148.7 155.7 157.5 1.3 2.0 1.2 4.4 6.1 5.9

Sales and related

145.8 153.8 155.2 1.4 2.5 0.9 5.7 7.0 6.4

Office and administrative support

150.3 156.5 158.5 1.2 1.5 1.3 3.6 5.4 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

145.7 150.6 152.2 0.9 1.2 1.1 3.3 4.3 4.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

145.7 150.3 151.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 3.5 4.0 4.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair

145.8 151.0 152.6 1.0 1.5 1.1 3.1 4.6 4.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

149.3 155.4 157.3 1.5 1.2 1.2 4.3 5.6 5.4

Production

145.8 151.8 153.6 1.3 1.3 1.2 4.5 5.5 5.3

Transportation and material moving

153.3 159.6 161.7 1.5 1.0 1.3 4.1 5.7 5.5

Service occupations

153.2 161.0 164.0 1.9 1.4 1.9 5.3 7.0 7.0

Industry

Goods-producing industries(4)

142.9 148.2 149.4 0.9 1.4 0.8 3.4 4.7 4.5

Manufacturing

142.5 148.0 149.1 1.2 1.2 0.7 3.6 5.1 4.6

Service-providing industries(5)

147.3 152.8 154.9 1.4 1.3 1.4 3.7 5.2 5.2

Education and health services

145.1 149.4 152.4 1.4 0.8 2.0 2.9 4.4 5.0

Educational services

145.2 147.7 151.4 1.5 0.5 2.5 2.4 3.3 4.3

Elementary and secondary schools

145.7 147.8 151.9 1.5 0.3 2.8 2.4 2.9 4.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

143.9 146.7 150.1 1.6 0.6 2.3 2.3 3.6 4.3

Health care and social assistance

145.0 151.2 153.4 1.3 1.1 1.5 3.4 5.6 5.8

Hospitals

145.4 151.6 153.7 1.0 1.1 1.4 3.2 5.3 5.7

Nursing and residential care facilities

143.8 151.0 154.0 1.7 1.5 2.0 4.7 6.8 7.1

Public administration

149.6 154.0 157.4 1.1 0.7 2.2 2.3 4.1 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(4) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(5) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 5. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

All workers

146.4 152.4 154.0 1.4 1.5 1.0 4.1 5.5 5.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

145.9 152.1 153.7 1.1 1.3 1.1 3.6 5.4 5.3

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

143.5 148.5 149.6 1.3 1.3 0.7 3.2 4.8 4.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.1 147.4 148.7 0.9 1.1 0.9 2.7 4.7 4.6

Management, business, and financial

145.3 150.2 150.9 1.4 1.6 0.5 3.3 4.8 3.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.9 148.4 149.5 0.8 1.1 0.7 2.4 4.7 4.6

Professional and related

142.2 147.1 148.7 1.2 1.0 1.1 3.2 4.7 4.6

Sales and office

148.5 155.8 157.4 1.3 2.1 1.0 4.7 6.3 6.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

149.5 156.9 158.8 1.0 1.6 1.2 3.9 6.0 6.2

Sales and related

145.7 153.8 155.1 1.4 2.6 0.8 5.7 7.0 6.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

148.2 157.0 159.2 0.7 1.5 1.4 4.2 6.7 7.4

Office and administrative support

150.2 156.9 158.7 1.2 1.7 1.1 3.7 5.7 5.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

145.5 150.4 151.8 0.9 1.3 0.9 3.5 4.3 4.3

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

145.5 150.1 151.4 0.8 1.1 0.9 3.6 4.0 4.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair

145.4 150.8 152.2 0.9 1.5 0.9 3.3 4.6 4.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

149.0 155.2 157.0 1.5 1.2 1.2 4.4 5.7 5.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

148.6 154.9 156.6 1.4 1.2 1.1 4.3 5.7 5.4

Production

145.7 151.8 153.5 1.4 1.3 1.1 4.6 5.6 5.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

146.1 152.4 154.0 1.4 1.3 1.0 4.5 5.8 5.4

Transportation and material moving

153.2 159.4 161.3 1.6 1.1 1.2 4.3 5.7 5.3

Service occupations

153.1 162.1 164.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 6.1 8.0 7.7

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(3)

142.8 148.2 149.4 0.9 1.4 0.8 3.3 4.7 4.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

142.9 148.1 149.3 1.0 1.2 0.8 3.5 4.7 4.5

Management, professional, and related

138.5 143.2 143.4 0.6 0.8 0.1 2.4 4.0 3.5

Sales and office

146.6 153.9 155.4 0.3 4.0 1.0 2.8 5.3 6.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.9 149.4 150.8 1.0 1.2 0.9 3.6 4.1 4.1

Production, transportation, and material moving

144.1 150.2 152.0 1.4 1.3 1.2 4.3 5.7 5.5

Construction

143.9 149.0 150.2 0.4 2.0 0.8 3.0 4.0 4.4

Manufacturing

142.5 148.0 149.1 1.2 1.2 0.7 3.6 5.1 4.6

Management, professional, and related

139.8 144.6 144.7 0.8 0.8 0.1 2.6 4.3 3.5

Sales and office occupations

145.0 151.1 153.2 1.0 1.5 1.4 3.6 5.3 5.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

143.3 147.5 148.5 1.3 1.2 0.7 3.7 4.2 3.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

143.8 149.9 151.7 1.4 1.4 1.2 4.3 5.7 5.5

Aircraft manufacturing

136.8 141.8 130.8 9.0 0.6 -7.8 11.2 13.0 -4.4

Service-providing industries(4)

147.4 153.7 155.3 1.4 1.6 1.0 4.2 5.8 5.4

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

146.9 153.3 155.0 1.2 1.4 1.1 3.7 5.7 5.5

Management, professional, and related

144.4 149.4 150.7 1.4 1.4 0.9 3.3 4.9 4.4

Sales and office

148.7 156.0 157.6 1.4 1.9 1.0 4.9 6.4 6.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

146.4 151.9 153.3 0.8 1.5 0.9 3.2 4.6 4.7

Production, transportation, and material moving

154.4 160.7 162.6 1.5 1.0 1.2 4.5 5.7 5.3

Service occupations

153.1 162.1 164.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 6.1 8.0 7.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

150.1 157.6 158.8 1.2 1.5 0.8 4.4 6.3 5.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

150.2 157.2 158.8 1.1 1.3 1.0 3.9 5.9 5.7

Wholesale trade

143.9 151.5 152.2 1.1 1.8 0.5 4.3 6.5 5.8

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

146.1 152.9 154.7 1.0 1.3 1.2 3.5 5.7 5.9

Retail trade

152.3 161.7 163.2 1.3 1.8 0.9 5.3 7.6 7.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

150.8 159.7 161.6 1.3 1.7 1.2 4.9 7.3 7.2

Transportation and warehousing

153.0 157.0 158.4 1.3 0.4 0.9 3.2 3.9 3.5

Utilities

157.8 161.9 163.1 0.6 0.7 0.7 2.9 3.3 3.4

Information

143.9 149.2 150.6 1.1 1.4 0.9 3.5 4.8 4.7

Financial activities

147.6 152.5 152.9 1.8 2.7 0.3 4.5 5.2 3.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.8 152.1 153.2 0.6 1.9 0.7 2.3 5.7 5.8

Finance and insurance

148.8 153.1 153.3 1.9 2.9 0.1 5.0 4.9 3.0

Credit intermediation and related activities

152.8 154.3 153.7 5.2 3.9 -0.4 8.6 6.3 0.6

Excluding incentive paid

147.5 155.1 157.0 0.7 2.0 1.2 2.4 5.9 6.4

Insurance carriers and related activities

146.4 153.4 154.4 0.5 2.2 0.7 2.6 5.4 5.5

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

144.8 151.4 152.1 0.4 1.7 0.5 2.0 5.0 5.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

142.2 149.9 151.1 1.1 2.0 0.8 2.4 6.6 6.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

146.5 154.0 155.1 1.1 2.0 0.7 2.7 6.3 5.9

Professional and business services

146.7 152.4 154.1 1.5 1.5 1.1 3.7 5.4 5.0

Professional, scientific, and technical services

148.4 153.5 155.5 1.7 1.6 1.3 3.8 5.2 4.8

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

145.6 152.7 154.1 1.4 1.5 0.9 4.7 6.3 5.8

Education and health services

144.2 150.1 152.2 1.4 1.2 1.4 3.4 5.6 5.5

Educational services

143.6 147.4 149.9 2.1 1.4 1.7 2.9 4.8 4.4

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

144.1 147.1 149.8 1.8 0.9 1.8 2.6 3.9 4.0

Health care and social assistance

144.3 150.6 152.7 1.3 1.1 1.4 3.5 5.7 5.8

Hospitals

145.0 151.5 153.4 1.0 1.1 1.3 3.3 5.5 5.8

Nursing and residential care facilities

142.4 149.9 152.7 1.8 1.6 1.9 4.9 7.1 7.2

Nursing care facilities(2)

141.8 149.2 152.1 1.8 1.8 1.9 5.1 7.1 7.3

Leisure and hospitality

154.1 162.4 165.2 2.3 1.6 1.7 6.9 7.8 7.2

Accommodation and food service

157.1 166.1 168.8 2.3 1.7 1.6 7.2 8.1 7.4

Other services, except public administration

148.4 154.1 155.8 1.4 1.0 1.1 4.7 5.3 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 6. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Bargaining status

Union

150.1 154.0 155.0 1.1 0.9 0.6 3.1 3.8 3.3

Goods-producing industries(2)

145.3 148.9 149.0 1.5 0.9 0.1 3.7 4.1 2.5

Manufacturing

139.5 143.5 142.8 2.4 0.8 -0.5 4.5 5.4 2.4

Service-providing industries(3)

153.8 157.9 159.4 0.9 0.9 0.9 2.8 3.6 3.6

Nonunion

145.8 152.1 153.7 1.4 1.6 1.1 4.1 5.8 5.4

Goods-producing industries(2)

142.1 147.9 149.2 0.8 1.5 0.9 3.3 4.9 5.0

Manufacturing

143.4 149.2 150.7 1.0 1.3 1.0 3.4 5.1 5.1

Service-providing industries(3)

146.8 153.2 154.8 1.5 1.7 1.0 4.3 5.9 5.4

Census region and division(4)

Northeast

148.4 153.9 155.5 1.4 1.1 1.0 3.7 5.1 4.8

New England

152.2 158.6 160.3 1.2 1.3 1.1 3.9 5.5 5.3

Middle Atlantic

147.1 152.2 153.8 1.4 1.0 1.1 3.7 4.9 4.6

South

144.6 150.5 151.8 1.6 2.0 0.9 4.5 5.8 5.0

South Atlantic

146.3 152.2 154.5 1.2 1.9 1.5 4.0 5.3 5.6

East South Central

143.5 149.8 151.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 4.7 6.4 5.2

West South Central

142.1 147.8 147.6 2.3 2.6 -0.1 5.2 6.4 3.9

Midwest

143.5 149.9 151.8 1.2 1.4 1.3 3.8 5.7 5.8

East North Central

141.9 148.1 150.1 1.3 1.2 1.4 3.8 5.7 5.8

West North Central

147.3 154.5 155.9 1.0 1.7 0.9 3.7 6.0 5.8

West

150.1 156.4 157.8 1.2 1.4 0.9 3.9 5.5 5.1

Mountain

147.4 154.4 155.4 1.0 1.4 0.6 4.2 5.8 5.4

Pacific

151.3 157.4 158.9 1.2 1.4 1.0 3.8 5.3 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 7. Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

All workers

147.6 150.7 154.4 1.2 0.5 2.5 2.3 3.4 4.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

145.8 148.2 152.0 1.3 0.3 2.6 2.2 3.0 4.3

Professional and related

145.7 148.0 151.8 1.3 0.3 2.6 2.2 2.8 4.2

Sales and office

150.6 154.3 157.8 1.1 0.7 2.3 2.4 3.6 4.8

Office and administrative support

150.7 154.3 157.8 1.1 0.6 2.3 2.4 3.5 4.7

Service occupations

152.7 157.6 161.3 1.5 0.9 2.3 3.0 4.7 5.6

Industry

Education and health services

146.2 148.6 152.6 1.5 0.3 2.7 2.5 3.1 4.4

Educational services

145.6 147.8 151.8 1.4 0.3 2.7 2.2 2.9 4.3

Schools

145.6 147.8 151.8 1.5 0.3 2.7 2.3 3.0 4.3

Elementary and secondary schools

146.2 148.2 152.3 1.5 0.3 2.8 2.4 2.8 4.2

Health care and social assistance

150.2 154.9 158.4 1.1 0.8 2.3 3.1 4.3 5.5

Hospitals

147.3 151.9 155.0 1.0 0.7 2.0 3.0 4.2 5.2

Public administration

149.6 154.0 157.4 1.1 0.7 2.2 2.3 4.1 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 8. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

All workers(1)

146.3 151.7 153.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 4.2 5.3 5.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)

145.3 150.8 153.1 1.3 1.1 1.5 3.7 5.1 5.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

142.7 146.5 148.4 1.5 1.1 1.3 3.2 4.2 4.0

Management, business, and financial

145.8 149.9 150.9 1.7 1.6 0.7 3.6 4.6 3.5

Professional and related

141.0 144.6 147.0 1.4 0.8 1.7 2.9 4.0 4.3

Sales and office

149.5 156.4 158.2 1.5 2.1 1.2 5.3 6.2 5.8

Sales and related

148.8 156.8 158.1 1.6 2.9 0.8 6.9 7.1 6.2

Office and administrative support

149.6 155.7 157.9 1.4 1.5 1.4 4.0 5.5 5.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

145.3 150.4 152.2 1.0 1.2 1.2 3.8 4.6 4.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

145.3 150.2 151.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 4.1 4.4 4.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

145.3 150.7 152.6 1.0 1.3 1.3 3.4 4.8 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

151.3 157.7 160.1 1.5 1.2 1.5 5.0 5.8 5.8

Production

148.0 154.2 156.6 1.2 1.4 1.6 5.0 5.4 5.8

Transportation and material moving

154.9 161.6 164.0 1.8 1.1 1.5 5.0 6.2 5.9

Service occupations

153.2 161.8 165.0 2.1 1.6 2.0 6.1 7.9 7.7

Industry

Goods-producing industries(3)

145.0 150.7 152.3 0.8 1.6 1.1 3.5 4.7 5.0

Manufacturing

145.0 150.7 152.5 1.0 1.3 1.2 3.7 4.9 5.2

Service-providing industries(4)

146.5 151.8 154.0 1.7 1.3 1.4 4.3 5.3 5.1

Education and health services

141.2 145.2 148.2 1.6 0.8 2.1 3.1 4.5 5.0

Educational services

137.4 139.2 142.8 1.6 0.5 2.6 2.3 3.0 3.9

Elementary and secondary schools

136.3 137.5 141.5 1.5 0.2 2.9 2.2 2.4 3.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

138.6 140.8 144.1 1.8 0.6 2.3 2.5 3.4 4.0

Health care and social assistance

145.3 151.6 154.0 1.5 1.1 1.6 3.9 5.9 6.0

Hospitals

145.0 151.3 153.6 1.2 1.1 1.5 3.7 5.6 5.9

Nursing and residential care facilities

145.5 153.2 156.6 2.0 1.5 2.2 5.3 7.4 7.6

Public administration

139.8 143.8 147.3 1.7 0.8 2.4 2.9 4.6 5.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(3) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(4) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except public administration; and public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 9. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Index value (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

All workers

148.2 154.2 155.9 1.6 1.6 1.1 4.6 5.7 5.2

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

147.1 153.4 155.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 4.0 5.6 5.6

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

144.9 149.5 150.8 1.5 1.3 0.9 3.5 4.7 4.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.7 147.8 149.3 1.0 1.1 1.0 2.9 4.6 4.6

Management, business, and financial

146.9 151.1 151.8 1.8 1.7 0.5 3.9 4.7 3.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.8 148.0 149.4 0.8 1.1 0.9 2.5 4.4 4.6

Professional and related

143.5 148.3 150.0 1.3 1.0 1.1 3.3 4.7 4.5

Sales and office

150.4 157.7 159.4 1.5 2.2 1.1 5.5 6.4 6.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

150.8 158.2 160.3 1.2 1.6 1.3 4.4 6.2 6.3

Sales and related

148.9 156.9 158.3 1.6 2.8 0.9 6.9 7.1 6.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

150.5 159.3 161.8 0.8 1.5 1.6 4.8 6.7 7.5

Office and administrative support

151.3 157.8 159.8 1.4 1.6 1.3 4.3 5.8 5.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

145.8 151.0 152.6 1.0 1.3 1.1 3.9 4.6 4.7

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

145.9 150.7 152.4 1.0 1.1 1.1 4.1 4.3 4.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair

145.7 151.3 152.9 1.0 1.5 1.1 3.6 4.9 4.9

Production, transportation, and material moving

151.6 158.2 160.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 5.1 5.9 5.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

151.2 157.8 160.1 1.5 1.3 1.5 5.0 5.9 5.9

Production

148.0 154.3 156.7 1.2 1.4 1.6 5.1 5.5 5.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

148.5 154.9 157.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 5.0 5.6 5.8

Transportation and material moving

155.8 162.6 164.9 1.8 1.1 1.4 5.1 6.2 5.8

Service occupations

156.2 165.9 168.9 2.2 1.8 1.8 6.8 8.5 8.1

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

145.1 150.8 152.4 0.8 1.7 1.1 3.5 4.7 5.0

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

145.1 150.5 152.2 0.8 1.3 1.1 3.7 4.6 4.9

Management, professional, and related

141.7 146.5 147.2 0.3 1.0 0.5 2.1 3.7 3.9

Sales and office

150.3 158.4 159.9 0.1 5.2 0.9 3.0 5.5 6.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

145.7 150.5 152.1 1.0 1.2 1.1 4.0 4.4 4.4

Production, transportation, and material moving

146.7 153.1 155.5 1.3 1.5 1.6 4.9 5.7 6.0

Construction

145.1 150.7 151.9 0.5 2.4 0.8 3.3 4.4 4.7

Manufacturing

145.0 150.7 152.5 1.0 1.3 1.2 3.7 4.9 5.2

Management, professional, and related

142.5 147.2 148.0 0.4 0.9 0.5 2.2 3.7 3.9

Sales and office

147.1 153.5 155.8 1.1 1.9 1.5 4.3 5.5 5.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

146.5 150.7 152.3 1.1 1.4 1.1 4.0 4.0 4.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

146.5 153.0 155.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 4.9 5.8 6.1

Aircraft manufacturing

150.3 154.5 155.3 -0.3 0.7 0.5 1.5 2.5 3.3

Service-providing industries(3)

149.0 155.1 156.9 1.7 1.5 1.2 4.9 5.9 5.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

147.7 154.2 156.1 1.3 1.3 1.2 4.1 5.8 5.7

Management, professional, and related

145.4 150.0 151.4 1.6 1.4 0.9 3.7 4.8 4.1

Sales and office

150.4 157.6 159.3 1.6 1.9 1.1 5.7 6.5 5.9

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

146.0 151.7 153.3 1.0 1.4 1.1 3.8 5.0 5.0

Production, transportation, and material moving

156.5 163.3 165.5 1.6 1.1 1.3 5.3 6.0 5.8

Service occupations

156.2 165.9 168.9 2.2 1.8 1.8 6.8 8.5 8.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

150.8 158.5 159.7 1.4 1.6 0.8 5.1 6.6 5.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

150.3 157.5 159.4 1.3 1.4 1.2 4.5 6.1 6.1

Wholesale trade

141.8 149.4 149.8 1.5 2.0 0.3 4.7 6.9 5.6

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

143.0 149.6 151.6 1.1 1.3 1.3 3.7 5.8 6.0

Retail trade

154.8 164.4 166.1 1.5 1.9 1.0 5.9 7.8 7.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

152.8 161.8 163.9 1.5 1.8 1.3 5.5 7.4 7.3

Transportation and warehousing

155.0 159.3 160.8 1.4 0.6 0.9 4.2 4.3 3.7

Utilities

152.5 156.6 157.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 2.8 3.4 3.4

Information

143.3 147.8 149.3 1.1 0.7 1.0 4.1 4.3 4.2

Financial activities

150.6 153.9 154.1 2.4 2.7 0.1 6.3 4.6 2.3

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

144.7 151.3 152.7 0.8 1.4 0.9 2.7 5.4 5.5

Finance and insurance

152.8 154.8 154.8 2.7 2.9 0.0 7.2 4.0 1.3

Credit intermediation and related activities

156.7 154.8 153.4 7.4 4.2 -0.9 12.2 6.1 -2.1

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

146.4 153.2 155.4 0.8 1.5 1.4 3.1 5.4 6.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

145.7 151.8 152.9 0.6 1.9 0.7 3.0 4.8 4.9

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

142.6 148.2 148.9 0.4 1.4 0.5 2.2 4.3 4.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

141.8 150.0 151.3 1.2 1.9 0.9 3.0 7.1 6.7

Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)

146.6 154.7 155.9 1.2 1.8 0.8 3.3 6.8 6.3

Professional and business services

148.3 153.9 155.9 1.6 1.5 1.3 4.0 5.4 5.1

Professional, scientific, and technical services

149.8 154.7 156.9 1.8 1.6 1.4 3.8 5.2 4.7

Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

148.9 156.5 158.5 1.6 1.6 1.3 5.2 6.8 6.4

Education and health services

145.0 150.9 153.3 1.6 1.2 1.6 3.8 5.7 5.7

Educational services

142.8 146.3 148.9 2.2 1.5 1.8 3.3 4.7 4.3

Junior colleges, colleges, universities, and professional schools

141.8 144.3 147.1 1.8 0.9 1.9 2.9 3.6 3.7

Health care and social assistance

145.4 151.9 154.2 1.5 1.1 1.5 3.9 6.0 6.1

Hospitals

145.6 152.2 154.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 3.8 5.8 6.0

Nursing and residential care facilities

146.0 154.1 157.4 2.0 1.6 2.1 5.5 7.7 7.8

Nursing care facilities(1)

145.1 152.9 156.2 2.0 1.8 2.2 5.7 7.4 7.6

Leisure and hospitality

159.1 168.1 171.1 2.4 1.7 1.8 7.6 8.2 7.5

Accommodation and food service

162.2 171.8 174.7 2.5 1.7 1.7 8.1 8.5 7.7

Other services, except public administration

150.1 156.0 157.9 1.6 1.0 1.2 5.1 5.6 5.2

Footnotes
(1) The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 10. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status and Census region and division [Not seasonally adjusted]
Bargaining status and Census region and division Indexes (Dec.2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Bargaining status

Union

147.2 150.8 152.5 0.9 0.7 1.1 3.5 3.4 3.6

Goods-producing industries(1)

141.5 144.7 146.0 0.8 0.8 0.9 3.4 3.1 3.2

Manufacturing

139.9 143.3 144.4 1.0 0.7 0.8 3.9 3.5 3.2

Service-providing industries(2)

150.9 154.7 156.6 1.0 0.6 1.2 3.6 3.5 3.8

Nonunion

148.3 154.6 156.3 1.6 1.7 1.1 4.7 6.0 5.4

Goods-producing industries(1)

146.0 152.1 153.8 0.8 1.8 1.1 3.6 5.0 5.3

Manufacturing

146.2 152.2 154.1 1.0 1.5 1.2 3.8 5.1 5.4

Service-providing industries(2)

148.8 155.1 156.9 1.8 1.6 1.2 4.9 6.1 5.4

Census region and division(3)

Northeast

149.5 154.7 156.4 1.6 1.0 1.1 4.5 5.1 4.6

New England

155.4 161.6 163.6 1.4 1.4 1.2 4.5 5.4 5.3

Middle Atlantic

147.4 152.2 153.8 1.7 0.9 1.1 4.5 5.0 4.3

South

147.4 153.2 154.7 1.9 2.2 1.0 5.2 5.9 5.0

South Atlantic

149.3 155.1 157.6 1.3 2.1 1.6 4.6 5.2 5.6

East South Central

144.5 150.8 152.6 1.7 1.0 1.2 4.7 6.1 5.6

West South Central

145.4 151.2 150.7 3.0 3.0 -0.3 6.5 7.1 3.6

Midwest

144.4 151.0 153.0 1.3 1.3 1.3 4.1 6.0 6.0

East North Central

142.7 148.9 151.1 1.4 1.1 1.5 4.2 5.8 5.9

West North Central

148.5 156.0 157.7 1.1 1.9 1.1 4.0 6.2 6.2

West

152.1 158.6 160.4 1.3 1.5 1.1 4.3 5.6 5.5

Mountain

149.4 157.0 158.2 1.2 1.6 0.8 4.6 6.4 5.9

Pacific

153.3 159.4 161.5 1.2 1.4 1.3 4.2 5.2 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(2) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(3) The Census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.

NOTE: The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and industry series.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 11. Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for state and local government workers, by occupational group and industry [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group and industry Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

All workers

138.2 140.6 144.3 1.5 0.4 2.6 2.4 3.2 4.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

136.8 138.5 142.2 1.4 0.4 2.7 2.2 2.7 3.9

Professional and related

136.7 138.2 141.9 1.5 0.3 2.7 2.2 2.6 3.8

Sales and office

138.6 141.6 145.0 1.2 0.7 2.4 2.7 3.4 4.6

Office and administrative support

139.1 142.0 145.4 1.2 0.7 2.4 2.7 3.3 4.5

Service occupations

143.2 148.1 152.0 1.9 1.0 2.6 3.5 5.4 6.1

Industry

Education and health services

137.1 138.8 142.6 1.5 0.4 2.7 2.3 2.7 4.0

Educational services

136.3 137.7 141.6 1.5 0.3 2.8 2.1 2.5 3.9

Schools

136.3 137.7 141.6 1.5 0.3 2.8 2.1 2.5 3.9

Elementary and secondary schools

136.0 137.1 141.1 1.4 0.2 2.9 2.0 2.2 3.7

Health care and social assistance

143.5 148.1 151.6 1.6 1.0 2.4 3.6 4.9 5.6

Hospitals

142.6 147.1 150.3 1.6 1.0 2.2 3.7 4.8 5.4

Public administration

139.8 143.8 147.3 1.7 0.8 2.4 2.9 4.6 5.4

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 12. Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status [Not seasonally adjusted]
Occupational group, industry, and bargaining status Indexes (Dec. 2005=100) Percent changes for-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
3-months ended- 12-months ended-
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Civilian workers

All workers(1)

147.5 153.2 154.8 0.9 1.1 1.0 2.5 4.8 4.9

Private industry workers

All workers

142.1 148.2 149.2 0.9 1.4 0.7 2.6 5.3 5.0

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

140.3 146.0 146.9 0.9 1.2 0.6 2.5 5.0 4.7

Sales and office

143.5 151.0 152.2 0.7 1.8 0.8 2.4 6.0 6.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

144.8 149.1 150.0 0.7 1.4 0.6 2.5 3.7 3.6

Production, transportation, and material moving

143.7 149.1 149.8 1.5 1.0 0.5 3.0 5.3 4.2

Service occupations

142.6 149.6 151.3 1.3 1.6 1.1 3.3 6.2 6.1

Industry

Goods-producing industries(2)

138.2 143.0 143.3 1.2 0.8 0.2 3.0 4.8 3.7

Manufacturing

137.7 142.8 142.8 1.6 0.8 0.0 3.1 5.4 3.7

Aircraft manufacturing

122.1 127.8 104.7 23.7 0.4 -18.1 26.8 29.5 -14.3

Service-providing industries(3)

143.6 150.0 151.3 0.8 1.5 0.9 2.5 5.3 5.4

Bargaining status

Union

154.8 159.3 159.2 1.4 1.3 -0.1 2.4 4.4 2.8

Nonunion

139.7 145.9 147.1 0.9 1.4 0.8 2.7 5.3 5.3

State and local government workers

All workers

167.1 171.6 175.4 0.9 0.4 2.2 2.1 3.6 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
(3) Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation and wages and salaries, for private industry workers by area [Not seasonally adjusted]
Census region and metropolitan area(1) 12-month percent changes -
Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022
Sep.
2021
Jun.
2022
Sep.
2022

Northeast

Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT CSA

3.7 5.8 5.6 4.2 5.8 5.7

New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA

3.7 5.2 4.7 4.3 5.3 4.6

Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA

3.3 4.0 4.4 4.2 3.9 4.9

South

Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA CSA

2.3 4.3 5.0 3.0 4.4 5.2

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX-OK CSA

3.5 5.4 5.3 4.3 5.9 5.7

Houston-The Woodlands, TX CSA

2.3 5.5 5.4 2.7 6.1 5.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL CSA

4.1 6.3 6.7 4.7 6.8 7.1

Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA

4.2 4.2 4.4 4.7 3.8 4.1

Midwest

Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA

4.0 5.3 4.8 4.4 5.1 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI CSA

2.6 4.8 5.6 2.7 4.9 5.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI CSA

3.4 5.6 5.7 3.4 5.8 5.9

West

Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA

5.5 5.6 5.8 6.5 5.7 6.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA

4.6 5.5 5.5 4.4 6.5 6.6

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA

3.0 4.5 4.5 3.3 4.5 4.4

Seattle-Tacoma, WA CSA

5.2 8.7 3.0 2.5 5.4 5.9

Footnotes
(1) These areas include Consolidated Statistical Areas (CSAs) and Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). Beginning with the December 2018 release, area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013. Previous area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 04-03, dated February 18, 2004. For more information on metropolitan area definitions, see www.census.gov/programs-surveys/metro-micro.html.
(2) Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Compensation Survey


Last Modified Date: October 28, 2022