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Employer Costs for Employee Compensation News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Friday, March 18, 2022			                    USDL-22-0469

Technical information:	(202) 691-6199  *  ncsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ect
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902  *  pressoffice@bls.gov


                       EMPLOYER COSTS FOR EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION – December 2021
                       
Employer costs for employee compensation for civilian workers averaged $40.35 per hour worked in
December 2021, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries cost employers
$27.83 and accounted for 69.0 percent of total costs, while benefits cost $12.52 and accounted for 
the remaining 31.0 percent. (See table 1.)

Total employer compensation costs for private industry workers averaged $38.07 per hour worked in 
December 2021. Wage and salary costs averaged $26.86 and accounted for 70.5 percent of employer costs, 
while benefit costs were $11.22 and accounted for 29.5 percent. (See tables 1 and 4.)

State and local government employer costs averaged $54.96 per hour worked. Wages and salaries averaged 
$34.09 per hour worked and represented 62.0 percent of total compensation costs, while benefit costs 
averaged $20.87 and accounted for the remaining 38.0 percent. (See tables 1 and 3.)

Within total benefits, supplemental pay costs averaged $1.21 per hour worked or 3.0 percent of total 
compensation for civilian workers, $1.32 per hour worked (3.5 percent) for private industry workers, 
and $0.52 per hour worked (0.9 percent) for workers in state and local government. (See table 1.)

Supplemental pay includes employer costs for employee shift differentials (extra payments for working 
a non-traditional work schedule), overtime and premium pay (pay in addition to the regular work 
schedules, and pay for work on weekends and holidays), and nonproduction bonuses (such as holiday 
bonuses or end-of-year bonuses which are given at the discretion of the employer and are not tied 
to a production formula).

Supplemental pay costs in private industry

For private industry workers, nonproduction bonuses cost employers $0.89 per employee hour worked or 
2.3 percent of total compensation, overtime and premium pay cost $0.36 per hour worked (0.9 percent), 
and shift differentials cost $0.07 per hour worked (0.2 percent). (See table 1.)

Supplemental pay costs by occupational group ranged from $0.43 per employee hour worked or 2.2 percent 
of total compensation for service occupations to $2.41 (3.8 percent) for management, professional, 
and related occupations. (See table 4.)

Nonproduction bonus costs ranged from $0.17 per employee hour worked or 0.9 percent of total 
compensation for service occupations to $2.12 (3.3 percent) for management, professional, and 
related occupations. Overtime and premium pay costs ranged from $0.20 per employee hour worked or 
0.7 percent of total compensation for sales and office occupations and $0.20 (1.0 percent) for service 
occupations, to $0.97 (2.4 percent) for natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations.
(See www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)

Supplemental pay costs varied by bargaining unit status. Supplemental pay costs for union workers were
$1.86 per hour worked or 3.6 percent of total compensation, while costs for nonunion workers were $1.27
(3.4 percent). Overtime and premium costs were the largest component of supplemental pay costs for union
workers at $0.98 per hour worked, while for nonunion workers the largest component was nonproduction 
bonus costs at $0.91. (See table 5 and www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.)

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for March 2022 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, 
June 16, 2022, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


                                          
                                          TECHNICAL NOTE
                                          
Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (ECEC), a product of the National Compensation Survey,
provides the average employer cost for wages and salaries as well as benefits per hour
worked. The ECEC covers the civilian economy, which includes data from both private industry and
state and local government. Excluded from private industry are the self-employed, private household 
workers, and the agricultural sector. Federal government workers are excluded from the public sector.

Total benefit costs consist of five major categories and include 18 benefit costs:
* Paid leave - vacation, holiday, sick, and personal leave; 
* Supplemental pay - overtime and premium, shift differentials, and nonproduction bonuses; 
* Insurance - life, health, short-term and long-term disability; 
* Retirement and savings - defined benefit and defined contribution; and 
* Legally required benefits - Social Security (refers to Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability
  Insurance (OASDI) program), Medicare, federal and state unemployment insurance, and Workers’
  Compensation.

All workers are included in the benefit cost estimates including those that do not have plan access
or do not participate. Costs are also affected by other factors such as cost sharing between
employers and employees, plan features, and plan generosity. For the latest information on the
percentage of workers with access to and participating in employer-sponsored benefit plans,
including health care and retirement and savings plans, see www.bls.gov/ebs.

The National Compensation Measures provides additional details on the sample design, calculation
methodology, and resources explaining changes over time, see www.bls.gov/opub/hom/ncs/home.htm.

Sample size
Data for this reference period were collected from a probability sample of approximately 30,100 
occupational observations selected from a sample of about 7,500 private industry establishments 
and approximately 7,700 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 1,400 state and 
local government establishments that provided data at the initial interview. Beginning December 2021, 
an additional (fourth) private industry sample will be used in estimation to mitigate the impact 
of decreasing response rates.

Measures of reliability
Relative standard errors (RSEs) provide users a tool to ascertain the quality of an estimate to
ensure that it is within an acceptable range for their intended purpose. RSEs are available at
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/ecec-rse.htm and database query tool at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm.

Comparisons
Compensation cost levels in state and local government should not be directly compared with levels
in private industry. Differences between these sectors stem from factors such as variation in work
activities and occupational structures.

Classification systems
The National Compensation Survey publishes estimates of compensation costs and trends as well as
benefit coverage by ownership, industry group, occupational group, and geographic areas, see
www.bls.gov/ncs/national-compensation-survey-classification-systems-mapping-files.htm.

Additional information
Additional and historical ECEC estimates are available in the ECEC database query tool at 
www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/data.htm and in xlsx format at www.bls.gov/ncs/ect/tables.htm. The 2022 ECEC 
release schedule is available at www.bls.gov/schedule/news_release/ecec.htm. Subscribe to receive 
the BLS Economic News Release email at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 

If you are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability, please dial 7-1-1 to access 
telecommunications relay services.



Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by ownership [Dec. 2021]
Compensation component Civilian workers(1) Private industry
workers
State and local
government workers
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation
Cost ($) Percent of
compensation

Total compensation(2)

40.35 100.0 38.07 100.0 54.96 100.0

Wages and salaries

27.83 69.0 26.86 70.5 34.09 62.0

Total benefits

12.52 31.0 11.22 29.5 20.87 38.0

Paid leave

3.01 7.5 2.85 7.5 4.07 7.4

Vacation

1.47 3.6 1.46 3.8 1.55 2.8

Holiday

0.89 2.2 0.84 2.2 1.15 2.1

Sick

0.48 1.2 0.39 1.0 1.05 1.9

Personal

0.17 0.4 0.15 0.4 0.32 0.6

Supplemental pay

1.21 3.0 1.32 3.5 0.52 0.9

Overtime and premium(3)

0.34 0.8 0.36 0.9 0.24 0.4

Shift differentials

0.07 0.2 0.07 0.2 0.05 0.1

Nonproduction bonuses

0.80 2.0 0.89 2.3 0.23 0.4

Insurance

3.34 8.3 2.87 7.5 6.31 11.5

Life

0.05 0.1 0.04 0.1 0.08 0.1

Health

3.17 7.8 2.70 7.1 6.15 11.2

Short-term disability

0.08 0.2 0.08 0.2 0.03 0.1

Long-term disability

0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1 0.05 0.1

Retirement and savings

2.08 5.2 1.32 3.5 6.97 12.7

Defined benefit

1.26 3.1 0.45 1.2 6.48 11.8

Defined contribution

0.82 2.0 0.88 2.3 0.49 0.9

Legally Required benefits

2.88 7.1 2.86 7.5 2.99 5.4

Social Security and Medicare

2.27 5.6 2.25 5.9 2.35 4.3

Social Security(4)

1.81 4.5 1.81 4.7 1.79 3.3

Medicare

0.46 1.1 0.45 1.2 0.56 1.0

Federal unemployment insurance

0.02 0.1 0.03 0.1 (5)- (6)-

State unemployment insurance

0.12 0.3 0.13 0.3 0.07 0.1

Workers' compensation

0.47 1.2 0.45 1.2 0.57 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(3) Includes premium pay for work (such as overtime, weekends, and holidays) in addition to the regular work schedule.
(4) Social Security refers to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.
(5) Cost per hour worked is $0.01 or less.
(6) Less than .05 percent.


Table 2. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for civilian workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Civilian workers(2)

40.35 100.0 27.83 69.0 12.52 31.0 3.01 7.5 1.21 3.0 3.34 8.3 2.08 5.2 2.88 7.1

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

64.51 100.0 43.98 68.2 20.53 31.8 5.67 8.8 1.93 3.0 5.10 7.9 3.85 6.0 3.98 6.2

Management, business and financial

75.04 100.0 51.32 68.4 23.72 31.6 7.28 9.7 3.18 4.2 5.17 6.9 3.54 4.7 4.55 6.1

Professional and related

59.84 100.0 40.73 68.1 19.11 31.9 4.96 8.3 1.37 2.3 5.06 8.5 3.98 6.7 3.73 6.2

Teachers(3)

66.54 100.0 45.08 67.8 21.46 32.2 3.63 5.5 0.24 0.4 6.38 9.6 7.76 11.7 3.45 5.2

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

65.09 100.0 43.01 66.1 22.09 33.9 3.07 4.7 0.20 0.3 7.01 10.8 8.72 13.4 3.09 4.7

Registered nurses

61.88 100.0 40.92 66.1 20.96 33.9 6.32 10.2 2.21 3.6 5.25 8.5 2.97 4.8 4.21 6.8

Sales and office

29.25 100.0 20.80 71.1 8.45 28.9 1.96 6.7 0.76 2.6 2.57 8.8 1.02 3.5 2.13 7.3

Sales and related

28.18 100.0 21.58 76.6 6.60 23.4 1.57 5.6 0.80 2.8 1.47 5.2 0.61 2.2 2.14 7.6

Office and administrative support

29.94 100.0 20.29 67.7 9.66 32.3 2.21 7.4 0.73 2.4 3.29 11.0 1.29 4.3 2.13 7.1

Service

22.16 100.0 16.03 72.3 6.14 27.7 1.18 5.3 0.49 2.2 1.63 7.4 0.98 4.4 1.86 8.4

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance

40.66 100.0 27.33 67.2 13.32 32.8 2.28 5.6 1.45 3.6 3.48 8.6 2.50 6.2 3.61 8.9

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry

42.03 100.0 27.87 66.3 14.17 33.7 1.87 4.4 1.53 3.6 3.64 8.7 3.18 7.6 3.95 9.4

Installation, maintenance, and repair

39.22 100.0 26.78 68.3 12.43 31.7 2.71 6.9 1.37 3.5 3.31 8.4 1.79 4.6 3.26 8.3

Production, transportation, and material moving

32.42 100.0 21.73 67.0 10.69 33.0 2.03 6.3 1.34 4.1 3.19 9.8 1.36 4.2 2.77 8.6

Production

30.47 100.0 20.41 67.0 10.07 33.0 1.89 6.2 1.50 4.9 3.21 10.5 0.98 3.2 2.49 8.2

Transportation and material moving

34.00 100.0 22.80 67.1 11.20 32.9 2.14 6.3 1.22 3.6 3.17 9.3 1.67 4.9 3.00 8.8

Industry group

Education and health services

46.08 100.0 31.24 67.8 14.84 32.2 3.61 7.8 0.69 1.5 4.33 9.4 3.29 7.1 2.91 6.3

Educational services

56.93 100.0 37.55 66.0 19.38 34.0 3.75 6.6 0.28 0.5 5.96 10.5 6.37 11.2 3.03 5.3

Elementary and secondary schools

55.68 100.0 36.25 65.1 19.44 34.9 2.93 5.3 0.21 0.4 6.32 11.4 7.18 12.9 2.79 5.0

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

63.39 100.0 41.95 66.2 21.44 33.8 5.66 8.9 0.39 0.6 6.02 9.5 5.81 9.2 3.56 5.6

Health care and social assistance

39.54 100.0 27.43 69.4 12.10 30.6 3.53 8.9 0.95 2.4 3.35 8.5 1.44 3.6 2.84 7.2

Hospitals

53.47 100.0 35.06 65.6 18.41 34.4 5.23 9.8 1.82 3.4 5.20 9.7 2.63 4.9 3.53 6.6

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public sector, except the federal government.
(3) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 3. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for state and local government workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

State and local government workers

54.96 100.0 34.09 62.0 20.87 38.0 4.07 7.4 0.52 0.9 6.31 11.5 6.97 12.7 2.99 5.4

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related

65.73 100.0 42.13 64.1 23.60 35.9 4.57 7.0 0.39 0.6 6.90 10.5 8.39 12.8 3.35 5.1

Professional and related

63.88 100.0 41.23 64.5 22.66 35.5 4.07 6.4 0.37 0.6 6.87 10.8 8.11 12.7 3.24 5.1

Teachers(2)

72.35 100.0 47.92 66.2 24.43 33.8 3.57 4.9 0.26 0.4 7.41 10.2 9.76 13.5 3.43 4.7

Primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

71.73 100.0 46.78 65.2 24.96 34.8 3.18 4.4 0.23 0.3 7.92 11.0 10.40 14.5 3.22 4.5

Sales and office

37.89 100.0 21.78 57.5 16.11 42.5 3.30 8.7 0.33 0.9 5.90 15.6 4.34 11.5 2.24 5.9

Office and administrative support

38.06 100.0 21.82 57.3 16.24 42.7 3.31 8.7 0.33 0.9 5.98 15.7 4.38 11.5 2.24 5.9

Service

40.52 100.0 23.23 57.3 17.28 42.7 3.38 8.4 0.87 2.2 5.01 12.4 5.52 13.6 2.49 6.1

Industry group

Education and health services

57.40 100.0 36.79 64.1 20.61 35.9 3.75 6.5 0.35 0.6 6.46 11.3 7.13 12.4 2.92 5.1

Educational services

58.79 100.0 37.88 64.4 20.91 35.6 3.59 6.1 0.26 0.4 6.57 11.2 7.57 12.9 2.91 5.0

Elementary and secondary schools

57.13 100.0 36.80 64.4 20.33 35.6 2.92 5.1 0.22 0.4 6.66 11.6 7.77 13.6 2.76 4.8

Junior colleges, colleges, and universities

63.20 100.0 40.77 64.5 22.43 35.5 5.41 8.6 0.34 0.5 6.34 10.0 7.04 11.1 3.31 5.2

Health care and social assistance

48.93 100.0 30.11 61.5 18.81 38.5 4.72 9.6 0.92 1.9 5.80 11.9 4.43 9.1 2.94 6.0

Hospitals

51.86 100.0 32.56 62.8 19.30 37.2 5.00 9.6 1.07 2.1 5.77 11.1 4.37 8.4 3.10 6.0

Public administration

52.80 100.0 30.49 57.8 22.31 42.2 4.87 9.2 0.81 1.5 6.26 11.9 7.18 13.6 3.18 6.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes postsecondary teachers; primary, secondary, and special education teachers; and other teachers and instructors.


Table 4. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by occupational and industry group [Dec. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Private industry workers

38.07 100.0 26.86 70.5 11.22 29.5 2.85 7.5 1.32 3.5 2.87 7.5 1.32 3.5 2.86 7.5

Occupational group

Management, professional, and related occupations

64.12 100.0 44.57 69.5 19.54 30.5 6.03 9.4 2.41 3.8 4.52 7.1 2.40 3.7 4.18 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

74.79 100.0 51.78 69.2 23.01 30.8 7.24 9.7 3.51 4.7 4.93 6.6 2.73 3.6 4.61 6.2

Professional and related occupations

58.11 100.0 40.52 69.7 17.59 30.3 5.35 9.2 1.80 3.1 4.29 7.4 2.22 3.8 3.94 6.8

Sales and office occupations

28.51 100.0 20.71 72.7 7.80 27.3 1.85 6.5 0.79 2.8 2.29 8.0 0.74 2.6 2.13 7.5

Sales and related occupations

28.16 100.0 21.59 76.7 6.57 23.3 1.56 5.6 0.80 2.9 1.46 5.2 0.60 2.1 2.14 7.6

Office and administrative support occupations

28.77 100.0 20.07 69.7 8.71 30.3 2.05 7.1 0.79 2.7 2.91 10.1 0.85 2.9 2.11 7.3

Service occupations

19.46 100.0 14.97 76.9 4.49 23.1 0.85 4.4 0.43 2.2 1.13 5.8 0.31 1.6 1.77 9.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.15 100.0 27.30 68.0 12.84 32.0 2.13 5.3 1.50 3.7 3.27 8.1 2.29 5.7 3.66 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

41.65 100.0 27.91 67.0 13.74 33.0 1.69 4.1 1.60 3.8 3.41 8.2 3.02 7.3 4.03 9.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

38.59 100.0 26.67 69.1 11.92 30.9 2.59 6.7 1.39 3.6 3.12 8.1 1.54 4.0 3.28 8.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.01 100.0 21.61 67.5 10.40 32.5 1.99 6.2 1.36 4.2 3.08 9.6 1.21 3.8 2.76 8.6

Production occupations

30.17 100.0 20.27 67.2 9.90 32.8 1.85 6.1 1.50 5.0 3.16 10.5 0.90 3.0 2.49 8.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

33.57 100.0 22.75 67.8 10.83 32.2 2.10 6.3 1.24 3.7 3.01 9.0 1.48 4.4 3.00 8.9

Industry and occupational group

Goods-producing industries(2)

41.67 100.0 28.21 67.7 13.47 32.3 2.69 6.4 1.82 4.4 3.65 8.8 1.92 4.6 3.39 8.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

70.40 100.0 48.33 68.6 22.07 31.4 6.34 9.0 2.79 4.0 5.01 7.1 3.28 4.7 4.65 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

74.00 100.0 51.82 70.0 22.18 30.0 6.64 9.0 2.89 3.9 4.86 6.6 2.93 4.0 4.86 6.6

Professional and related occupations

66.37 100.0 44.41 66.9 21.96 33.1 6.01 9.1 2.68 4.0 5.18 7.8 3.67 5.5 4.41 6.7

Sales and office occupations

35.18 100.0 25.35 72.1 9.83 27.9 2.24 6.4 1.13 3.2 2.93 8.3 0.90 2.5 2.64 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

30.57 100.0 21.73 71.1 8.85 28.9 1.89 6.2 0.98 3.2 2.85 9.3 0.74 2.4 2.38 7.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

41.67 100.0 28.01 67.2 13.65 32.8 1.83 4.4 1.71 4.1 3.42 8.2 2.72 6.5 3.97 9.5

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing and forestry occupations

42.09 100.0 28.19 67.0 13.90 33.0 1.63 3.9 1.66 4.0 3.40 8.1 3.08 7.3 4.11 9.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

40.28 100.0 27.43 68.1 12.85 31.9 2.50 6.2 1.88 4.7 3.47 8.6 1.50 3.7 3.50 8.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

31.76 100.0 20.94 65.9 10.83 34.1 1.97 6.2 1.70 5.4 3.50 11.0 1.03 3.2 2.62 8.3

Production occupations

31.82 100.0 20.93 65.8 10.88 34.2 2.03 6.4 1.72 5.4 3.61 11.3 0.97 3.0 2.57 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

31.50 100.0 20.94 66.5 10.55 33.5 1.70 5.4 1.63 5.2 3.01 9.6 1.32 4.2 2.89 9.2

Construction industry

42.48 100.0 29.61 69.7 12.87 30.3 1.92 4.5 1.55 3.7 3.14 7.4 2.31 5.4 3.95 9.3

Manufacturing industry

41.13 100.0 27.38 66.6 13.76 33.4 3.13 7.6 1.94 4.7 3.94 9.6 1.70 4.1 3.05 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

72.34 100.0 48.89 67.6 23.45 32.4 6.84 9.5 2.91 4.0 5.35 7.4 3.71 5.1 4.64 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

77.65 100.0 53.49 68.9 24.16 31.1 7.47 9.6 3.08 4.0 5.27 6.8 3.46 4.5 4.89 6.3

Professional and related occupations

67.83 100.0 44.99 66.3 22.84 33.7 6.30 9.3 2.76 4.1 5.43 8.0 3.93 5.8 4.43 6.5

Sales and office occupations

34.99 100.0 24.48 70.0 10.51 30.0 2.53 7.2 1.25 3.6 3.17 9.1 1.05 3.0 2.51 7.2

Office and administrative support occupations

30.99 100.0 21.48 69.3 9.50 30.7 2.11 6.8 1.05 3.4 3.21 10.4 0.89 2.9 2.24 7.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

45.61 100.0 28.55 62.6 17.07 37.4 3.10 6.8 2.53 5.5 4.75 10.4 3.10 6.8 3.59 7.9

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

44.05 100.0 28.64 65.0 15.41 35.0 3.21 7.3 2.39 5.4 4.49 10.2 1.85 4.2 3.48 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

31.39 100.0 20.62 65.7 10.77 34.3 2.01 6.4 1.68 5.4 3.55 11.3 0.97 3.1 2.55 8.1

Production occupations

31.64 100.0 20.77 65.6 10.87 34.4 2.04 6.5 1.71 5.4 3.63 11.5 0.95 3.0 2.54 8.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.88 100.0 19.75 66.1 10.12 33.9 1.80 6.0 1.52 5.1 3.07 10.3 1.12 3.7 2.62 8.8

Aircraft manufacturing industry

86.10 100.0 48.96 56.9 37.14 43.1 7.53 8.7 4.33 5.0 7.59 8.8 12.75 14.8 4.94 5.7

Service-providing industries(3)

37.37 100.0 26.59 71.2 10.78 28.8 2.88 7.7 1.22 3.3 2.72 7.3 1.20 3.2 2.76 7.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

63.42 100.0 44.15 69.6 19.26 30.4 5.99 9.4 2.37 3.7 4.47 7.0 2.30 3.6 4.13 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

74.92 100.0 51.77 69.1 23.15 30.9 7.34 9.8 3.62 4.8 4.94 6.6 2.69 3.6 4.56 6.1

Professional and related occupations

57.46 100.0 40.21 70.0 17.25 30.0 5.29 9.2 1.73 3.0 4.22 7.3 2.10 3.7 3.91 6.8

Sales and office occupations

28.05 100.0 20.39 72.7 7.66 27.3 1.82 6.5 0.77 2.8 2.25 8.0 0.73 2.6 2.09 7.4

Sales and related occupations

27.37 100.0 21.02 76.8 6.35 23.2 1.50 5.5 0.77 2.8 1.41 5.1 0.57 2.1 2.10 7.7

Office and administrative support occupations

28.59 100.0 19.90 69.6 8.69 30.4 2.07 7.2 0.77 2.7 2.91 10.2 0.86 3.0 2.08 7.3

Service occupations

19.44 100.0 14.96 77.0 4.48 23.0 0.85 4.4 0.42 2.2 1.13 5.8 0.31 1.6 1.77 9.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

38.01 100.0 26.30 69.2 11.71 30.8 2.55 6.7 1.19 3.1 3.06 8.0 1.69 4.5 3.22 8.5

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

37.94 100.0 26.38 69.5 11.56 30.5 2.62 6.9 1.20 3.2 2.99 7.9 1.55 4.1 3.19 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

32.19 100.0 22.10 68.6 10.10 31.4 2.00 6.2 1.12 3.5 2.77 8.6 1.34 4.2 2.86 8.9

Production occupations

25.37 100.0 18.34 72.3 7.03 27.7 1.35 5.3 0.87 3.4 1.86 7.3 0.70 2.7 2.25 8.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

33.91 100.0 23.04 67.9 10.87 32.1 2.16 6.4 1.18 3.5 3.00 8.9 1.50 4.4 3.02 8.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

32.07 100.0 22.91 71.4 9.16 28.6 2.11 6.6 0.96 3.0 2.36 7.4 1.17 3.7 2.55 8.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

63.21 100.0 45.09 71.3 18.12 28.7 5.63 8.9 2.20 3.5 3.80 6.0 2.33 3.7 4.15 6.6

Management, business, and financial occupations

72.39 100.0 51.50 71.1 20.89 28.9 6.67 9.2 2.83 3.9 4.19 5.8 2.60 3.6 4.60 6.4

Professional and related occupations

50.45 100.0 36.18 71.7 14.27 28.3 4.20 8.3 1.31 2.6 3.26 6.5 1.96 3.9 3.53 7.0

Sales and office occupations

24.36 100.0 18.39 75.5 5.97 24.5 1.33 5.4 0.57 2.4 1.56 6.4 0.58 2.4 1.93 7.9

Sales and related occupations

23.24 100.0 18.19 78.3 5.05 21.7 1.11 4.8 0.54 2.3 1.09 4.7 0.44 1.9 1.87 8.0

Office and administrative support occupations

26.48 100.0 18.76 70.9 7.72 29.1 1.73 6.5 0.63 2.4 2.46 9.3 0.85 3.2 2.04 7.7

Service occupations

21.30 100.0 15.69 73.7 5.60 26.3 1.10 5.2 0.56 2.6 1.43 6.7 0.68 3.2 1.83 8.6

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

41.80 100.0 28.22 67.5 13.58 32.5 2.94 7.0 1.46 3.5 3.50 8.4 2.24 5.4 3.44 8.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

41.82 100.0 28.39 67.9 13.43 32.1 2.95 7.1 1.48 3.5 3.41 8.2 2.15 5.1 3.43 8.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

36.33 100.0 24.39 67.1 11.94 32.9 2.46 6.8 1.26 3.5 3.31 9.1 1.77 4.9 3.14 8.6

Transportation and material moving occupations

36.85 100.0 24.73 67.1 12.13 32.9 2.50 6.8 1.26 3.4 3.35 9.1 1.82 4.9 3.20 8.7

Wholesale trade industry

43.26 100.0 30.82 71.2 12.44 28.8 3.29 7.6 1.61 3.7 2.99 6.9 1.37 3.2 3.18 7.3

Sales and office occupations

41.24 100.0 30.28 73.4 10.95 26.6 2.94 7.1 1.10 2.7 2.78 6.8 1.23 3.0 2.91 7.1

Office and administrative support occupations

28.99 100.0 20.49 70.7 8.50 29.3 2.03 7.0 1.01 3.5 2.55 8.8 0.72 2.5 2.18 7.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

29.93 100.0 20.49 68.4 9.44 31.6 1.87 6.2 1.34 4.5 2.59 8.7 0.95 3.2 2.69 9.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

29.51 100.0 20.30 68.8 9.21 31.2 1.80 6.1 1.27 4.3 2.47 8.4 0.95 3.2 2.71 9.2

Retail trade industry

22.69 100.0 17.42 76.8 5.27 23.2 1.15 5.0 0.54 2.4 1.27 5.6 0.43 1.9 1.89 8.3

Sales and office occupations

20.08 100.0 15.67 78.0 4.42 22.0 0.89 4.4 0.45 2.3 1.06 5.3 0.35 1.7 1.67 8.3

Sales and related occupations

19.44 100.0 15.43 79.4 4.01 20.6 0.77 4.0 0.46 2.4 0.85 4.4 0.28 1.4 1.65 8.5

Office and administrative support occupations

22.15 100.0 16.42 74.1 5.73 25.9 1.25 5.6 0.43 1.9 1.74 7.9 0.57 2.6 1.74 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

22.45 100.0 16.15 71.9 6.30 28.1 1.12 5.0 0.58 2.6 1.84 8.2 0.57 2.5 2.20 9.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

22.04 100.0 15.90 72.1 6.14 27.9 1.07 4.9 0.57 2.6 1.76 8.0 0.52 2.3 2.23 10.1

Transportation and warehousing industry

41.52 100.0 27.59 66.5 13.93 33.5 3.04 7.3 1.31 3.1 3.98 9.6 2.22 5.3 3.37 8.1

Utilities industry

72.30 100.0 44.43 61.5 27.87 38.5 6.54 9.1 2.48 3.4 6.80 9.4 7.07 9.8 4.97 6.9

Information industry

61.51 100.0 41.00 66.6 20.51 33.4 5.95 9.7 2.75 4.5 5.22 8.5 2.66 4.3 3.93 6.4

Management, professional, and related occupations

79.12 100.0 53.17 67.2 25.95 32.8 8.14 10.3 3.79 4.8 6.16 7.8 2.99 3.8 4.87 6.2

Professional and related occupations

73.13 100.0 48.98 67.0 24.15 33.0 7.31 10.0 3.24 4.4 6.01 8.2 2.98 4.1 4.60 6.3

Sales and office occupations

38.99 100.0 25.87 66.3 13.12 33.7 3.29 8.4 1.44 3.7 4.00 10.3 1.79 4.6 2.60 6.7

Financial activities industry

52.69 100.0 35.29 67.0 17.39 33.0 4.65 8.8 3.17 6.0 4.46 8.5 1.84 3.5 3.28 6.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

78.91 100.0 52.17 66.1 26.74 33.9 7.64 9.7 5.66 7.2 5.77 7.3 3.05 3.9 4.62 5.9

Management, business, and financial occupations

79.83 100.0 52.77 66.1 27.06 33.9 7.65 9.6 6.15 7.7 5.70 7.1 2.99 3.7 4.57 5.7

Professional and related occupations

75.89 100.0 50.19 66.1 25.70 33.9 7.62 10.0 4.05 5.3 6.01 7.9 3.26 4.3 4.76 6.3

Sales and office occupations

36.98 100.0 25.13 68.0 11.84 32.0 2.86 7.7 1.68 4.6 3.78 10.2 1.14 3.1 2.37 6.4

Sales and related occupations

48.75 100.0 34.81 71.4 13.94 28.6 3.59 7.4 2.61 5.4 3.29 6.7 1.50 3.1 2.95 6.1

Office and administrative support occupations

32.62 100.0 21.55 66.1 11.07 33.9 2.59 7.9 1.34 4.1 3.97 12.2 1.01 3.1 2.16 6.6

Finance and insurance industry

59.58 100.0 39.43 66.2 20.15 33.8 5.41 9.1 3.92 6.6 5.03 8.4 2.25 3.8 3.53 5.9

Credit intermediation and related activities industry

53.18 100.0 35.75 67.2 17.43 32.8 4.92 9.2 2.69 5.1 4.69 8.8 1.92 3.6 3.20 6.0

Insurance carriers and related activities industry

53.71 100.0 35.49 66.1 18.21 33.9 4.76 8.9 2.90 5.4 4.99 9.3 2.17 4.0 3.39 6.3

Real estate and rental and leasing industry

32.69 100.0 23.30 71.3 9.40 28.7 2.43 7.4 0.98 3.0 2.81 8.6 0.62 1.9 2.55 7.8

Professional and business services industry

46.46 100.0 33.17 71.4 13.30 28.6 3.79 8.2 1.77 3.8 3.09 6.6 1.36 2.9 3.29 7.1

Management, professional, and related occupations

70.40 100.0 49.35 70.1 21.05 29.9 6.60 9.4 2.92 4.2 4.56 6.5 2.43 3.5 4.54 6.5

Management, business, and financial occupations

78.26 100.0 54.70 69.9 23.56 30.1 7.72 9.9 3.60 4.6 4.82 6.2 2.66 3.4 4.77 6.1

Professional and related occupations

65.08 100.0 45.73 70.3 19.35 29.7 5.84 9.0 2.47 3.8 4.38 6.7 2.27 3.5 4.39 6.7

Sales and office occupations

31.38 100.0 22.85 72.8 8.52 27.2 2.12 6.8 0.89 2.8 2.54 8.1 0.66 2.1 2.32 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

28.67 100.0 20.51 71.5 8.16 28.5 2.03 7.1 0.81 2.8 2.62 9.1 0.59 2.1 2.10 7.3

Service occupations

21.33 100.0 16.41 76.9 4.92 23.1 0.92 4.3 0.64 3.0 1.20 5.6 0.19 0.9 1.97 9.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

23.77 100.0 17.84 75.0 5.94 25.0 0.90 3.8 0.97 4.1 1.42 6.0 0.33 1.4 2.32 9.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

25.91 100.0 18.94 73.1 6.96 26.9 1.03 4.0 1.28 4.9 1.77 6.8 0.35 1.4 2.54 9.8

Professional, scientific, and technical services industry

62.39 100.0 44.10 70.7 18.29 29.3 5.61 9.0 2.44 3.9 4.18 6.7 1.94 3.1 4.11 6.6

Administrative and waste services industry

26.31 100.0 19.79 75.2 6.52 24.8 1.39 5.3 0.75 2.8 1.64 6.2 0.45 1.7 2.28 8.7

Education and health services industry

40.33 100.0 28.42 70.5 11.91 29.5 3.54 8.8 0.87 2.2 3.25 8.1 1.34 3.3 2.91 7.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

53.97 100.0 37.90 70.2 16.07 29.8 5.13 9.5 1.16 2.1 4.10 7.6 1.98 3.7 3.70 6.8

Management, business, and financial occupations

65.25 100.0 45.82 70.2 19.44 29.8 7.25 11.1 0.93 1.4 4.62 7.1 2.49 3.8 4.15 6.4

Professional and related occupations

52.81 100.0 37.09 70.2 15.72 29.8 4.91 9.3 1.18 2.2 4.05 7.7 1.93 3.6 3.65 6.9

Sales and office occupations

29.34 100.0 20.43 69.6 8.91 30.4 2.42 8.3 0.42 1.4 3.06 10.4 0.85 2.9 2.17 7.4

Office and administrative support occupations

28.68 100.0 19.82 69.1 8.86 30.9 2.36 8.2 0.44 1.5 3.08 10.7 0.88 3.1 2.11 7.3

Service occupations

23.43 100.0 16.85 71.9 6.59 28.1 1.52 6.5 0.59 2.5 1.98 8.5 0.54 2.3 1.96 8.3

Educational services industry

50.73 100.0 36.45 71.9 14.28 28.1 4.26 8.4 0.34 0.7 3.92 7.7 2.34 4.6 3.42 6.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

55.74 100.0 40.40 72.5 15.34 27.5 4.68 8.4 0.35 0.6 4.06 7.3 2.54 4.6 3.71 6.7

Management, business, and financial occupations

70.13 100.0 49.28 70.3 20.85 29.7 7.76 11.1 (4)0.73 1.0 4.93 7.0 3.20 4.6 4.24 6.0

Professional and related occupations

52.74 100.0 38.55 73.1 14.19 26.9 4.04 7.7 0.27 0.5 3.88 7.3 2.40 4.6 3.60 6.8

Sales and office occupations

32.38 100.0 21.66 66.9 10.72 33.1 2.79 8.6 0.20 0.6 4.00 12.4 1.58 4.9 2.15 6.7

Office and administrative support occupations

32.09 100.0 21.35 66.5 10.75 33.5 2.75 8.6 0.19 0.6 4.07 12.7 1.61 5.0 2.12 6.6

Service occupations

26.00 100.0 17.88 68.8 8.12 31.2 2.03 7.8 0.33 1.3 2.40 9.2 1.29 5.0 2.08 8.0

Junior colleges, colleges, universities and professional schools industry

63.74 100.0 44.17 69.3 19.57 30.7 6.15 9.6 0.49 0.8 5.42 8.5 3.47 5.4 4.04 6.3

Health care and social assistance industry

38.77 100.0 27.21 70.2 11.55 29.8 3.44 8.9 0.95 2.4 3.15 8.1 1.19 3.1 2.83 7.3

Registered nurse occupations

62.18 100.0 41.40 66.6 20.79 33.4 6.50 10.5 2.31 3.7 5.07 8.2 2.57 4.1 4.33 7.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

53.54 100.0 37.28 69.6 16.25 30.4 5.24 9.8 1.36 2.5 4.12 7.7 1.84 3.4 3.69 6.9

Professional and related occupations

52.83 100.0 36.77 69.6 16.06 30.4 5.11 9.7 1.39 2.6 4.09 7.7 1.82 3.4 3.66 6.9

Sales and office occupations

29.00 100.0 20.29 70.0 8.71 30.0 2.38 8.2 0.45 1.5 2.95 10.2 0.76 2.6 2.17 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

28.27 100.0 19.64 69.5 8.63 30.5 2.31 8.2 0.47 1.7 2.96 10.5 0.79 2.8 2.10 7.4

Service occupations

23.35 100.0 16.81 72.0 6.53 28.0 1.50 6.4 0.59 2.5 1.97 8.4 0.52 2.2 1.95 8.4

Hospitals industry

53.80 100.0 35.58 66.1 18.22 33.9 5.28 9.8 1.98 3.7 5.08 9.4 2.27 4.2 3.61 6.7

Management, professional, and related occupations

63.48 100.0 42.45 66.9 21.03 33.1 6.42 10.1 2.28 3.6 5.44 8.6 2.67 4.2 4.22 6.6

Registered nurse occupations

64.18 100.0 41.92 65.3 22.26 34.7 6.64 10.3 2.68 4.2 5.68 8.8 2.89 4.5 4.36 6.8

Service occupations

30.13 100.0 18.77 62.3 11.35 37.7 2.39 7.9 1.49 4.9 3.92 13.0 1.37 4.6 2.18 7.2

Nursing and residential care facilities industry

26.16 100.0 19.01 72.7 7.15 27.3 1.82 7.0 0.67 2.6 2.10 8.0 0.40 1.5 2.14 8.2

Management, professional, and related occupations

39.70 100.0 28.82 72.6 10.88 27.4 3.21 8.1 1.02 2.6 2.90 7.3 0.78 2.0 2.97 7.5

Service occupations

20.88 100.0 15.18 72.7 5.70 27.3 1.27 6.1 0.57 2.7 1.77 8.5 0.26 1.2 1.83 8.7

Nursing care facilities industry

28.39 100.0 20.50 72.2 7.89 27.8 1.98 7.0 0.81 2.9 2.35 8.3 0.47 1.7 2.27 8.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

42.77 100.0 31.37 73.3 11.40 26.7 3.31 7.7 1.16 2.7 2.97 6.9 0.76 1.8 3.20 7.5

Service occupations

21.56 100.0 15.35 71.2 6.21 28.8 1.33 6.2 0.67 3.1 2.03 9.4 0.34 1.6 1.84 8.5

Leisure and hospitality industry

17.26 100.0 13.96 80.9 3.30 19.1 0.52 3.0 0.26 1.5 0.69 4.0 0.18 1.1 1.65 9.6

Sales and office occupations

20.13 100.0 15.54 77.2 4.59 22.8 0.90 4.5 0.23 1.2 (4)1.48 7.3 0.27 1.4 1.71 8.5

Service occupations

15.67 100.0 12.88 82.2 2.79 17.8 0.34 2.2 0.24 1.5 0.52 3.3 0.14 0.9 1.55 9.9

Accommodation and food services industry

16.30 100.0 13.25 81.3 3.05 18.7 0.42 2.6 0.26 1.6 0.62 3.8 0.15 0.9 1.59 9.8

Other services industry

32.77 100.0 24.42 74.5 8.35 25.5 2.16 6.6 0.44 1.3 2.06 6.3 1.13 3.4 2.56 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional, scientific, and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.
(4) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.


Table 5. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by bargaining and work status [Dec. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Union workers

51.74 100.0 31.09 60.1 20.65 39.9 3.71 7.2 1.86 3.6 6.78 13.1 4.51 8.7 3.80 7.3

Goods-producing industries(2)

55.26 100.0 31.63 57.2 23.63 42.8 2.98 5.4 2.52 4.6 7.80 14.1 6.04 10.9 4.29 7.8

Manufacturing industry

46.50 100.0 26.36 56.7 20.14 43.3 3.33 7.2 2.79 6.0 7.24 15.6 3.46 7.4 3.33 7.2

Service-providing industries(3)

50.24 100.0 30.86 61.4 19.38 38.6 4.02 8.0 1.58 3.1 6.34 12.6 3.86 7.7 3.58 7.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

50.42 100.0 30.99 61.5 19.43 38.5 3.96 7.9 1.66 3.3 6.14 12.2 4.06 8.1 3.60 7.1

Retail trade industry

25.60 100.0 16.11 62.9 9.49 37.1 1.51 5.9 0.55 2.2 3.64 14.2 1.77 6.9 2.02 7.9

Transportation and warehousing industry

62.16 100.0 38.32 61.7 23.84 38.3 5.15 8.3 2.16 3.5 7.34 11.8 4.88 7.8 4.30 6.9

Education and health services industry

58.03 100.0 35.14 60.6 22.89 39.4 5.20 9.0 1.83 3.2 7.80 13.4 4.08 7.0 3.98 6.9

Health care and social assistance industry

57.41 100.0 34.53 60.2 22.87 39.8 5.18 9.0 1.98 3.4 7.71 13.4 4.05 7.1 3.96 6.9

Nonunion workers

36.83 100.0 26.47 71.9 10.36 28.1 2.77 7.5 1.27 3.4 2.52 6.8 1.03 2.8 2.77 7.5

Goods-producing industries(2)

39.23 100.0 27.59 70.3 11.64 29.7 2.63 6.7 1.70 4.3 2.90 7.4 1.18 3.0 3.22 8.2

Manufacturing industries

40.18 100.0 27.56 68.6 12.63 31.4 3.09 7.7 1.79 4.5 3.36 8.4 1.39 3.5 3.00 7.5

Service-providing industries(3)

36.41 100.0 26.27 72.2 10.13 27.8 2.79 7.7 1.19 3.3 2.45 6.7 1.01 2.8 2.69 7.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities industries

29.32 100.0 21.70 74.0 7.62 26.0 1.83 6.3 0.86 2.9 1.79 6.1 0.74 2.5 2.39 8.2

Retail trade industries

22.47 100.0 17.52 78.0 4.95 22.0 1.12 5.0 0.54 2.4 1.09 4.9 0.33 1.5 1.88 8.4

Transportation and warehousing industries

32.45 100.0 22.88 70.5 9.57 29.5 2.12 6.5 0.93 2.9 2.51 7.7 1.05 3.2 2.97 9.1

Education and health services industries

39.15 100.0 27.97 71.5 11.17 28.5 3.43 8.8 0.80 2.1 2.94 7.5 1.16 3.0 2.83 7.2

Health care and social assistance industries

37.47 100.0 26.71 71.3 10.77 28.7 3.32 8.8 0.88 2.3 2.83 7.6 0.99 2.7 2.75 7.3

Full-time workers

43.94 100.0 30.36 69.1 13.58 30.9 3.53 8.0 1.64 3.7 3.59 8.2 1.65 3.8 3.17 7.2

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

66.27 100.0 45.72 69.0 20.55 31.0 6.32 9.5 2.58 3.9 4.85 7.3 2.55 3.9 4.25 6.4

Management, business, and financial occupations

75.38 100.0 52.11 69.1 23.27 30.9 7.33 9.7 3.56 4.7 4.98 6.6 2.76 3.7 4.63 6.1

Professional and related occupations

60.36 100.0 41.57 68.9 18.79 31.1 5.66 9.4 1.95 3.2 4.76 7.9 2.42 4.0 4.01 6.6

Sales and office occupations

33.33 100.0 23.51 70.5 9.82 29.5 2.44 7.3 1.04 3.1 3.02 9.1 0.96 2.9 2.35 7.1

Sales and related occupations

38.47 100.0 28.50 74.1 9.97 25.9 2.62 6.8 1.29 3.3 2.40 6.2 0.98 2.5 2.68 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

30.78 100.0 21.04 68.3 9.74 31.7 2.36 7.7 0.91 3.0 3.33 10.8 0.95 3.1 2.19 7.1

Service occupations

23.55 100.0 17.12 72.7 6.43 27.3 1.37 5.8 0.66 2.8 1.94 8.2 0.49 2.1 1.96 8.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

40.88 100.0 27.70 67.8 13.18 32.2 2.20 5.4 1.54 3.8 3.39 8.3 2.35 5.7 3.70 9.1

Construction, extraction, farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

42.02 100.0 28.12 66.9 13.89 33.1 1.72 4.1 1.62 3.9 3.48 8.3 3.03 7.2 4.05 9.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

39.67 100.0 27.25 68.7 12.43 31.3 2.71 6.8 1.46 3.7 3.30 8.3 1.63 4.1 3.33 8.4

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

34.18 100.0 22.77 66.6 11.41 33.4 2.25 6.6 1.52 4.5 3.45 10.1 1.35 4.0 2.83 8.3

Production occupations

31.20 100.0 20.74 66.5 10.46 33.5 1.97 6.3 1.60 5.1 3.39 10.9 0.97 3.1 2.53 8.1

Transportation and material moving occupations

37.30 100.0 24.89 66.7 12.41 33.3 2.55 6.8 1.44 3.9 3.51 9.4 1.76 4.7 3.15 8.4

Industry group

Goods-producing industries(2)

42.18 100.0 28.49 67.5 13.70 32.5 2.74 6.5 1.86 4.4 3.73 8.9 1.95 4.6 3.41 8.1

Construction industry

42.91 100.0 29.84 69.6 13.06 30.4 1.95 4.6 1.58 3.7 3.20 7.5 2.36 5.5 3.97 9.2

Manufacturing industry

41.68 100.0 27.68 66.4 14.00 33.6 3.20 7.7 1.98 4.7 4.03 9.7 1.72 4.1 3.08 7.4

Service-providing industries(3)

44.41 100.0 30.87 69.5 13.54 30.5 3.74 8.4 1.58 3.6 3.55 8.0 1.57 3.5 3.10 7.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

39.25 100.0 27.31 69.6 11.93 30.4 2.95 7.5 1.30 3.3 3.15 8.0 1.58 4.0 2.96 7.5

Information industry

66.19 100.0 43.88 66.3 22.32 33.7 6.41 9.7 3.05 4.6 5.74 8.7 2.93 4.4 4.18 6.3

Financial activities industry

54.77 100.0 36.51 66.7 18.26 33.3 4.90 9.0 3.35 6.1 4.69 8.6 1.94 3.5 3.37 6.2

Professional and business services industry

50.79 100.0 35.86 70.6 14.94 29.4 4.34 8.5 2.01 4.0 3.54 7.0 1.57 3.1 3.48 6.8

Education and health services industry

42.58 100.0 29.40 69.1 13.18 30.9 3.92 9.2 0.93 2.2 3.86 9.1 1.52 3.6 2.95 6.9

Leisure and hospitality industry

23.61 100.0 17.97 76.1 5.64 23.9 1.17 4.9 0.51 2.2 1.53 6.5 0.40 1.7 2.03 8.6

Other services industry

38.30 100.0 27.64 72.2 10.66 27.8 2.91 7.6 0.57 1.5 2.81 7.3 1.55 4.1 2.82 7.4

Part-time workers

20.48 100.0 16.33 79.8 4.14 20.2 0.80 3.9 0.35 1.7 0.71 3.5 0.34 1.7 1.94 9.5

Occupational group

Management, professional and related occupations

45.28 100.0 34.55 76.3 10.73 23.7 3.47 7.7 0.94 2.1 1.66 3.7 1.08 2.4 3.57 7.9

Professional and related occupations

45.36 100.0 34.57 76.2 10.79 23.8 3.55 7.8 0.94 2.1 1.62 3.6 1.09 2.4 3.59 7.9

Sales and office occupations

17.79 100.0 14.49 81.4 3.30 18.6 0.52 2.9 0.26 1.5 0.67 3.7 0.25 1.4 1.61 9.1

Sales and related occupations

16.12 100.0 13.52 83.9 2.60 16.1 0.33 2.1 0.24 1.5 0.36 2.2 0.16 1.0 1.51 9.4

Office and administrative support occupations

20.67 100.0 16.15 78.1 4.52 21.9 0.83 4.0 0.30 1.4 1.20 5.8 0.41 2.0 1.79 8.7

Service occupations

15.46 100.0 12.86 83.2 2.60 16.8 0.34 2.2 0.20 1.3 0.34 2.2 0.13 0.9 1.58 10.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

21.85 100.0 16.19 74.1 5.66 25.9 0.73 3.3 0.60 2.7 1.34 6.1 0.55 2.5 2.45 11.2

Transportation and material moving occupations

22.76 100.0 16.53 72.6 6.23 27.4 0.78 3.4 0.66 2.9 1.55 6.8 0.66 2.9 2.57 11.3

Industry group

Service-providing industries(3)

20.41 100.0 16.29 79.8 4.12 20.2 0.80 3.9 0.35 1.7 0.71 3.5 0.33 1.6 1.92 9.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

18.85 100.0 14.81 78.6 4.04 21.4 0.58 3.1 0.35 1.9 0.90 4.8 0.41 2.2 1.81 9.6

Professional and business services industry

22.28 100.0 18.13 81.4 4.14 18.6 0.71 3.2 0.47 2.1 0.56 2.5 0.16 0.7 2.25 10.1

Education and health services industry

33.10 100.0 25.27 76.3 7.84 23.7 2.35 7.1 0.68 2.0 1.30 3.9 0.76 2.3 2.75 8.3

Leisure and hospitality industry

13.78 100.0 11.75 85.3 2.02 14.7 0.16 1.2 0.12 0.9 0.23 1.7 0.06 0.4 1.45 10.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 6. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by establishment size and industry group [Dec. 2021]
Series Total compensation(1) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

All workers

38.07 100.0 26.86 70.5 11.22 29.5 2.85 7.5 1.32 3.5 2.87 7.5 1.32 3.5 2.86 7.5

1-99 workers

31.69 100.0 23.53 74.2 8.17 25.8 2.00 6.3 0.83 2.6 2.02 6.4 0.76 2.4 2.56 8.1

1-49 workers

30.76 100.0 23.06 74.9 7.71 25.1 1.87 6.1 0.79 2.6 1.86 6.0 0.67 2.2 2.51 8.2

50-99 workers

35.24 100.0 25.33 71.9 9.91 28.1 2.47 7.0 1.00 2.8 2.64 7.5 1.08 3.1 2.73 7.7

100 workers or more

46.19 100.0 31.09 67.3 15.10 32.7 3.93 8.5 1.94 4.2 3.96 8.6 2.04 4.4 3.24 7.0

100-499 workers

39.14 100.0 27.22 69.6 11.91 30.4 3.03 7.8 1.34 3.4 3.20 8.2 1.43 3.6 2.92 7.4

500 workers or more

55.34 100.0 36.10 65.2 19.24 34.8 5.08 9.2 2.71 4.9 4.94 8.9 2.83 5.1 3.67 6.6

Goods-producing industries(2)

41.67 100.0 28.21 67.7 13.47 32.3 2.69 6.4 1.82 4.4 3.65 8.8 1.92 4.6 3.39 8.1

1-99 workers

35.45 100.0 25.28 71.3 10.17 28.7 1.82 5.1 1.27 3.6 2.55 7.2 1.31 3.7 3.22 9.1

1-49 workers

33.98 100.0 24.66 72.6 9.32 27.4 1.65 4.9 1.12 3.3 2.21 6.5 1.13 3.3 3.20 9.4

50-99 workers

39.42 100.0 26.95 68.4 12.47 31.6 2.29 5.8 1.65 4.2 3.47 8.8 1.78 4.5 3.28 8.3

100 workers or more

47.58 100.0 30.99 65.1 16.59 34.9 3.51 7.4 2.35 4.9 4.69 9.9 2.51 5.3 3.54 7.4

100-499 workers

44.19 100.0 29.43 66.6 14.75 33.4 2.97 6.7 1.96 4.4 4.17 9.4 2.18 4.9 3.47 7.9

500 workers or more

52.85 100.0 33.40 63.2 19.45 36.8 4.34 8.2 2.96 5.6 5.50 10.4 3.02 5.7 3.65 6.9

Manufacturing industry

41.13 100.0 27.38 66.6 13.76 33.4 3.13 7.6 1.94 4.7 3.94 9.6 1.70 4.1 3.05 7.4

1-99 workers

32.54 100.0 23.15 71.1 9.39 28.9 2.07 6.4 1.19 3.7 2.60 8.0 0.88 2.7 2.65 8.1

1-49 workers

30.54 100.0 22.21 72.7 8.33 27.3 1.79 5.9 1.00 3.3 2.21 7.2 (3)0.75 (3)2.5 2.57 8.4

50-99 workers

36.06 100.0 24.80 68.8 11.26 31.2 2.55 7.1 1.53 4.3 3.28 9.1 1.10 3.1 2.79 7.7

100 workers or more

46.19 100.0 29.87 64.7 16.32 35.3 3.75 8.1 2.38 5.2 4.73 10.2 2.18 4.7 3.29 7.1

100-499 workers

40.38 100.0 26.97 66.8 13.40 33.2 3.15 7.8 1.80 4.4 3.97 9.8 1.45 3.6 3.04 7.5

500 workers or more

53.22 100.0 33.36 62.7 19.85 37.3 4.48 8.4 3.08 5.8 5.64 10.6 3.06 5.8 3.59 6.7

Service-providing industries(4)

37.37 100.0 26.59 71.2 10.78 28.8 2.88 7.7 1.22 3.3 2.72 7.3 1.20 3.2 2.76 7.4

1-99 workers

31.07 100.0 23.24 74.8 7.83 25.2 2.02 6.5 0.76 2.5 1.93 6.2 0.67 2.2 2.45 7.9

1-49 workers

30.28 100.0 22.81 75.3 7.47 24.7 1.91 6.3 0.74 2.5 1.80 6.0 0.61 2.0 2.41 8.0

50-99 workers

34.29 100.0 24.96 72.8 9.33 27.2 2.50 7.3 0.85 2.5 2.45 7.2 0.93 2.7 2.60 7.6

100 workers or more

45.87 100.0 31.12 67.8 14.75 32.2 4.03 8.8 1.84 4.0 3.78 8.3 1.93 4.2 3.17 6.9

100-499 workers

37.83 100.0 26.65 70.4 11.18 29.6 3.05 8.1 1.18 3.1 2.95 7.8 1.23 3.3 2.77 7.3

500 workers or more

55.86 100.0 36.66 65.6 19.19 34.4 5.24 9.4 2.66 4.8 4.82 8.6 2.79 5.0 3.68 6.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities industry

32.07 100.0 22.91 71.4 9.16 28.6 2.11 6.6 0.96 3.0 2.36 7.4 1.17 3.7 2.55 8.0

1-99 workers

28.45 100.0 21.47 75.4 6.99 24.6 1.63 5.7 0.71 2.5 1.64 5.8 0.63 2.2 2.38 8.4

1-49 workers

28.34 100.0 21.54 76.0 6.80 24.0 1.59 5.6 0.70 2.5 1.55 5.5 0.58 2.0 2.38 8.4

50-99 workers

28.86 100.0 21.21 73.5 7.65 26.5 1.75 6.1 0.75 2.6 1.97 6.8 0.80 2.8 2.37 8.2

100 workers or more

36.55 100.0 24.71 67.6 11.85 32.4 2.71 7.4 1.28 3.5 3.25 8.9 1.85 5.1 2.76 7.6

100-499 workers

30.51 100.0 21.35 70.0 9.16 30.0 2.04 6.7 0.98 3.2 2.52 8.3 1.20 3.9 2.42 7.9

500 workers or more

49.32 100.0 31.80 64.5 17.52 35.5 4.13 8.4 1.89 3.8 4.78 9.7 3.22 6.5 3.49 7.1

Wholesale trade industry

43.26 100.0 30.82 71.2 12.44 28.8 3.29 7.6 1.61 3.7 2.99 6.9 1.37 3.2 3.18 7.3

1-99 workers

43.30 100.0 31.34 72.4 11.96 27.6 3.18 7.3 1.52 3.5 2.84 6.6 1.21 2.8 3.20 7.4

1-49 workers

43.64 100.0 31.72 72.7 11.92 27.3 3.17 7.3 1.51 3.5 2.77 6.3 1.23 2.8 3.24 7.4

100 workers or more

43.20 100.0 29.75 68.9 13.45 31.1 3.53 8.2 1.80 4.2 3.29 7.6 1.71 4.0 3.12 7.2

100-499 workers

43.45 100.0 30.30 69.7 13.14 30.3 3.52 8.1 1.60 3.7 3.23 7.4 1.65 3.8 3.13 7.2

Retail trade industry

22.69 100.0 17.42 76.8 5.27 23.2 1.15 5.0 0.54 2.4 1.27 5.6 0.43 1.9 1.89 8.3

1-99 workers

21.55 100.0 17.12 79.5 4.43 20.5 0.94 4.3 0.40 1.8 0.96 4.5 0.28 1.3 1.85 8.6

1-49 workers

21.45 100.0 17.19 80.1 4.27 19.9 0.92 4.3 0.40 1.9 0.87 4.0 0.23 1.1 1.85 8.6

50-99 workers

21.91 100.0 16.90 77.1 5.01 22.9 1.00 4.6 0.39 1.8 1.33 6.0 0.45 2.0 1.84 8.4

100 workers or more

24.40 100.0 17.86 73.2 6.53 26.8 1.46 6.0 0.75 3.1 1.73 7.1 0.65 2.7 1.95 8.0

100-499 workers

23.93 100.0 17.52 73.2 6.41 26.8 1.40 5.8 0.74 3.1 1.71 7.2 0.63 2.6 1.92 8.0

Transportation and warehousing industry

41.52 100.0 27.59 66.5 13.93 33.5 3.04 7.3 1.31 3.1 3.98 9.6 2.22 5.3 3.37 8.1

1-99 workers

29.72 100.0 21.90 73.7 7.83 26.3 1.65 5.5 0.57 1.9 2.04 6.8 0.62 2.1 2.96 9.9

1-49 workers

29.73 100.0 22.01 74.0 7.72 26.0 1.61 5.4 0.53 1.8 2.04 6.9 0.58 1.9 2.97 10.0

100 workers or more

48.42 100.0 30.92 63.9 17.50 36.1 3.86 8.0 1.74 3.6 5.12 10.6 3.16 6.5 3.62 7.5

100-499 workers

39.57 100.0 25.62 64.7 13.95 35.3 2.70 6.8 1.24 3.1 4.42 11.2 2.24 5.7 3.35 8.5

Information industry

61.51 100.0 41.00 66.6 20.51 33.4 5.95 9.7 2.75 4.5 5.22 8.5 2.66 4.3 3.93 6.4

1-99 workers

44.57 100.0 30.73 69.0 13.84 31.0 3.77 8.5 1.60 3.6 3.56 8.0 1.80 4.0 3.11 7.0

100 workers or more

74.12 100.0 48.64 65.6 25.49 34.4 7.58 10.2 3.61 4.9 6.46 8.7 3.30 4.5 4.54 6.1

100-499 workers

63.39 100.0 43.01 67.9 20.38 32.1 6.00 9.5 2.31 3.6 5.70 9.0 2.31 3.6 4.05 6.4

500 workers or more

85.57 100.0 54.64 63.9 30.93 36.1 9.25 10.8 5.01 5.9 7.27 8.5 4.35 5.1 5.05 5.9

Financial activities industry

52.69 100.0 35.29 67.0 17.39 33.0 4.65 8.8 3.17 6.0 4.46 8.5 1.84 3.5 3.28 6.2

1-99 workers

42.69 100.0 29.78 69.7 12.92 30.3 3.38 7.9 1.97 4.6 3.58 8.4 1.17 2.7 2.80 6.6

1-49 workers

41.98 100.0 29.36 69.9 12.62 30.1 3.26 7.8 2.03 4.8 3.46 8.2 1.10 2.6 2.77 6.6

100 workers or more

64.91 100.0 42.04 64.8 22.87 35.2 6.19 9.5 4.63 7.1 5.53 8.5 2.65 4.1 3.87 6.0

100-499 workers

60.60 100.0 40.50 66.8 20.10 33.2 5.66 9.3 3.25 5.4 5.21 8.6 2.27 3.7 3.71 6.1

500 workers or more

68.30 100.0 43.25 63.3 25.05 36.7 6.61 9.7 5.72 8.4 5.79 8.5 2.95 4.3 3.99 5.8

Professional and business services industry

46.46 100.0 33.17 71.4 13.30 28.6 3.79 8.2 1.77 3.8 3.09 6.6 1.36 2.9 3.29 7.1

1-99 workers

43.52 100.0 32.12 73.8 11.41 26.2 3.19 7.3 1.37 3.2 2.76 6.3 0.87 2.0 3.20 7.4

1-49 workers

40.88 100.0 30.34 74.2 10.54 25.8 2.85 7.0 1.30 3.2 2.56 6.3 0.75 1.8 3.08 7.5

50-99 workers

55.25 100.0 40.01 72.4 15.24 27.6 4.71 8.5 1.70 3.1 3.66 6.6 1.44 2.6 3.73 6.8

100 workers or more

49.48 100.0 34.24 69.2 15.24 30.8 4.40 8.9 2.19 4.4 3.43 6.9 1.85 3.7 3.38 6.8

100-499 workers

44.45 100.0 31.72 71.4 12.72 28.6 3.85 8.7 1.37 3.1 3.15 7.1 1.21 2.7 3.14 7.1

500 workers or more

55.31 100.0 37.16 67.2 18.15 32.8 5.03 9.1 3.13 5.7 3.75 6.8 2.59 4.7 3.65 6.6

Education and health services industry

40.33 100.0 28.42 70.5 11.91 29.5 3.54 8.8 0.87 2.2 3.25 8.1 1.34 3.3 2.91 7.2

1-99 workers

32.25 100.0 24.08 74.7 8.18 25.3 2.48 7.7 0.34 1.0 2.20 6.8 0.68 2.1 2.48 7.7

1-49 workers

32.02 100.0 24.15 75.4 7.87 24.6 2.45 7.7 0.30 1.0 2.00 6.2 0.65 2.0 2.46 7.7

50-99 workers

33.04 100.0 23.84 72.2 9.20 27.8 2.57 7.8 0.44 1.3 2.84 8.6 0.79 2.4 2.55 7.7

100 workers or more

47.55 100.0 32.31 67.9 15.25 32.1 4.49 9.4 1.34 2.8 4.19 8.8 1.94 4.1 3.28 6.9

100-499 workers

36.87 100.0 26.29 71.3 10.57 28.7 3.18 8.6 0.76 2.1 2.85 7.7 1.06 2.9 2.73 7.4

500 workers or more

55.99 100.0 37.05 66.2 18.94 33.8 5.53 9.9 1.80 3.2 5.25 9.4 2.63 4.7 3.72 6.6

Educational services industry

50.73 100.0 36.45 71.9 14.28 28.1 4.26 8.4 0.34 0.7 3.92 7.7 2.34 4.6 3.42 6.7

1-99 workers

35.45 100.0 27.55 77.7 7.90 22.3 2.06 5.8 0.10 0.3 1.99 5.6 1.01 2.9 2.73 7.7

100 workers or more

62.16 100.0 43.11 69.4 19.05 30.6 5.90 9.5 0.52 0.8 5.36 8.6 3.34 5.4 3.93 6.3

100-499 workers

51.29 100.0 36.89 71.9 14.40 28.1 4.52 8.8 (3)0.29 (3)0.6 4.23 8.2 1.87 3.6 3.50 6.8

500 workers or more

69.54 100.0 47.34 68.1 22.20 31.9 6.84 9.8 0.67 1.0 6.13 8.8 4.34 6.2 4.23 6.1

Health care and social assistance industry

38.77 100.0 27.21 70.2 11.55 29.8 3.44 8.9 0.95 2.4 3.15 8.1 1.19 3.1 2.83 7.3

1-99 workers

31.83 100.0 23.61 74.2 8.21 25.8 2.54 8.0 0.37 1.2 2.22 7.0 0.63 2.0 2.45 7.7

1-49 workers

32.09 100.0 24.05 74.9 8.04 25.1 2.55 8.0 0.33 1.0 2.06 6.4 0.65 2.0 2.45 7.6

50-99 workers

30.87 100.0 22.04 71.4 8.83 28.6 2.48 8.0 0.52 1.7 2.80 9.1 0.59 1.9 2.43 7.9

100 workers or more

45.14 100.0 30.52 67.6 14.62 32.4 4.26 9.4 1.48 3.3 4.00 8.9 1.70 3.8 3.18 7.0

100-499 workers

34.72 100.0 24.72 71.2 10.00 28.8 2.98 8.6 0.83 2.4 2.64 7.6 (3)0.93 2.7 2.62 7.5

500 workers or more

53.58 100.0 35.23 65.7 18.36 34.3 5.30 9.9 2.00 3.7 5.10 9.5 2.33 4.3 3.63 6.8

Leisure and hospitality industry

17.26 100.0 13.96 80.9 3.30 19.1 0.52 3.0 0.26 1.5 0.69 4.0 0.18 1.1 1.65 9.6

1-99 workers

16.52 100.0 13.57 82.2 2.94 17.8 0.42 2.5 0.23 1.4 0.57 3.4 0.12 0.7 1.61 9.8

1-49 workers

15.99 100.0 13.24 82.8 2.75 17.2 0.35 2.2 0.21 1.3 0.53 3.3 0.08 0.5 1.58 9.9

50-99 workers

19.02 100.0 15.16 79.7 3.86 20.3 0.72 3.8 0.35 1.8 0.75 4.0 0.28 1.5 1.76 9.2

100 workers or more

21.65 100.0 16.21 74.9 5.44 25.1 1.12 5.2 0.42 1.9 1.42 6.6 0.57 2.7 1.90 8.8

100-499 workers

20.36 100.0 15.69 77.1 4.67 22.9 0.96 4.7 0.43 2.1 1.02 5.0 0.37 1.8 1.89 9.3

500 workers or more

24.76 100.0 17.48 70.6 7.28 29.4 1.52 6.1 0.40 1.6 2.36 9.5 1.07 4.3 1.93 7.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.
(2) Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing. The agriculture, forestry, farming, and hunting sector is excluded.
(3) The relative standard error for this estimate is equal to or greater than 30 percent.
(4) Includes utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services, except public administration.


Table 7. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation for private industry workers by census region and division [Dec. 2021]
Area(1) Total compensation(2) Wages and salaries Total benefits Paid leave Supplemental pay Insurance Retirement and savings Legally required benefits
Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent Cost ($) Percent

Northeast

42.31 100.0 29.25 69.1 13.06 30.9 3.35 7.9 1.54 3.6 3.36 7.9 1.60 3.8 3.21 7.6

New England

41.85 100.0 29.00 69.3 12.85 30.7 3.31 7.9 1.77 4.2 3.21 7.7 1.43 3.4 3.13 7.5

Middle Atlantic

42.49 100.0 29.34 69.1 13.15 30.9 3.36 7.9 1.45 3.4 3.42 8.1 1.66 3.9 3.25 7.6

South

34.16 100.0 24.78 72.6 9.38 27.4 2.48 7.3 1.13 3.3 2.25 6.6 1.02 3.0 2.50 7.3

South Atlantic

35.17 100.0 25.51 72.5 9.66 27.5 2.65 7.5 1.05 3.0 2.31 6.6 1.04 2.9 2.62 7.4

East South Central

31.01 100.0 22.32 72.0 8.69 28.0 2.17 7.0 0.99 3.2 2.28 7.4 0.98 3.2 2.26 7.3

West South Central

33.92 100.0 24.71 72.9 9.21 27.1 2.34 6.9 1.32 3.9 2.12 6.3 1.02 3.0 2.41 7.1

Midwest

36.73 100.0 25.41 69.2 11.32 30.8 2.63 7.2 1.43 3.9 3.14 8.5 1.41 3.8 2.71 7.4

East North Central

37.92 100.0 26.24 69.2 11.68 30.8 2.73 7.2 1.49 3.9 3.13 8.3 1.56 4.1 2.77 7.3

West North Central

34.07 100.0 23.56 69.1 10.51 30.9 2.41 7.1 1.29 3.8 3.14 9.2 1.08 3.2 2.58 7.6

West

41.69 100.0 29.40 70.5 12.29 29.5 3.18 7.6 1.31 3.1 3.12 7.5 1.44 3.5 3.24 7.8

Mountain

34.98 100.0 24.71 70.7 10.26 29.3 2.47 7.1 1.20 3.4 2.80 8.0 1.15 3.3 2.64 7.5

Pacific

44.63 100.0 31.45 70.5 13.18 29.5 3.49 7.8 1.36 3.0 3.26 7.3 1.57 3.5 3.51 7.9

Footnotes
(1) The census divisions are defined as follows: New England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
(2) Includes costs for wages and salaries and benefits.


Last Modified Date: March 18, 2022