Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, first quarters 2012 and 2013 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total bus. process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procure., logistics, dist. Ops. Product development Mktg., sales, account mgmt. Customer and after
-sales
service
General mgmt. and firm infra-structure HR mgmt. Tech. and process develop.
First quarter 2013(p)                      

Total business process

914 1,112 8 76 723 47 42 60 111 31 14
Business demand
361 454 4 21 347 11 12 13 27 12 7
Contract cancellation
16 35 - 5 15 2 1 1 5 3 3
Contract
completion
235 260 - 7 230 4 8 3 4 3 1
Domestic competition
- - - - - - - - - - -
Excess inventory/
saturated market
(2) 1 - - 1 - - - - - -
Import
competition
(2) 2 - 1 1 - - - - - -
Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
108 156 4 8 100 5 3 9 18 6 3
Organizational changes
49 113 - 5 44 1 7 13 31 8 4
Business-
ownership
change
9 19 - - 7 - 2 1 6 3 -
Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company
40 94 - 5 37 1 5 12 25 5 4
Financial issues
59 135 2 11 55 8 9 13 29 6 2
Bankruptcy
7 14 - 2 7 - - 2 3 - -
Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability
28 62 2 5 26 2 6 5 14 2 -
Financial difficulty
24 59 - 4 22 6 3 6 12 4 2
Production
specific
12 22 - 4 12 1 - 1 3 - 1
Disaster/Safety
(2) 6 - - 3 1 1 1 - - -
Seasonal
253 351 2 34 239 24 12 18 18 4 -
Other/
Miscellaneous
177 31 - 1 23 1 1 1 3 1 -
First quarter 2012                      

Total bus. process

1,294 1,689 23 115 1,019 82 75 124 176 47 28
Business demand
519 712 9 33 501 42 21 23 52 24 7
Contract cancellation
20 36 1 4 18 1 3 3 4 2 -
Contract
completion
359 423 2 10 347 11 9 4 25 13 2
Domestic competition
(2) 8 1 1 2 1 1 ?? 1 1 -
Excess inventory/
saturated market
(2) 3 - - 3 - - - - - -
Import
competition
- - - - - - - - - - -
Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown
135 242 5 18 131 29 8 16 22 8 5
Organizational changes
75 178 5 15 61 4 16 17 45 7 8
Business-
ownership
change
15 35 3 3 13 - 2 3 9 1 1
Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company
60 143 2 12 48 4 14 14 36 6 7
Financial issues
115 257 7 26 102 16 15 29 44 10 8
Bankruptcy
16 38 2 3 13 2 4 5 6 2 1
Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability
53 109 2 12 45 8 5 10 19 3 5
Financial difficulty
46 110 3 11 44 6 6 14 19 5 2
Production
specific
16 25 1 2 13 1 1 2 2 - 3
Disaster/Safety
4 7 - 1 4 - - 1 1 - -
Seasonal
325 459 - 37 309 17 20 44 26 5 1
Other/
Miscellaneous
240 51 1 1 29 2 2 8 6 1 1

(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.