Productivity increased 5.4 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the first quarter of 2021; unit
labor costs increased 1.7 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing,
productivity decreased 1.7 percent and unit labor costs increased 10.7 percent.
Labor productivity increased in 45 states and the District of Columbia in 2020. Output decreased in all 50 states and the District and hours worked decreased in all but 1 state.
Labor productivity increased in 41 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in 1 of the 4 mining industries in 2020. 80 percent of the industries recorded declines in both output and hours worked.
Retail trade productivity increased 5.3 percent in 2019, the largest increase since 1999. Wholesale trade productivity rose 0.4 percent, carried by growth in nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs fell in retail trade and increased in wholesale trade.
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