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Labor Productivity and Costs
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LPC News Releases

Productivity decreases 5.2% in Q3 2021; unit labor costs increase 9.6% (annual rates)


Productivity decreased 5.2 percent in the nonfarm business sector in the third quarter of 2021; unit labor costs increased 9.6 percent (seasonally adjusted annual rates). In manufacturing, productivity decreased 1.8 percent and unit labor costs increased 4.6 percent.
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Productivity rises in 35 of 46 wholesale and retail trade industries in 2020


Retail trade productivity increased 7.7 percent in 2020, the largest increase since measurement began in 1987. Wholesale trade productivity rose 3.6 percent, led by growth in nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs fell in retail trade and increased in wholesale trade.
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Productivity falls in 13 of 29 selected service-providing industries in 2020


Labor productivity fell in 13 of 29 service-providing industries in 2020. Output decreased in 21 industries in 2020 while hours worked decreased in 24 industries.
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Productivity rises in 45 states and the District of Columbia in 2020


Labor productivity increased in 45 states and the District of Columbia in 2020. Output decreased in all 50 states and the District and hours worked decreased in all but 1 state.
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Productivity rises in 42 of 90 manufacturing and mining industries in 2020


Labor productivity increased in 41 of the 86 NAICS 4-digit manufacturing industries and in 1 of the 4 mining industries in 2020. 80 percent of the industries recorded declines in both output and hours worked.
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