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Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey

People are Asking


  1. Are annual estimates available?

    Yes, beginning with the release of January 2006 data on March 14, 2006, annual estimates of rates and levels of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total separations are released with the January news release each year. The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of the 12 published monthly levels. The annual rate estimates are computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates. Note that both the JOLTS and CES annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual estimates are calculated. Consistent with BLS practices, annual estimates will be published only for not seasonally adjusted data. Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last business day of each month. Only jobs still open on the last day of the month are counted. For the same reason job openings cannot be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates. Hires and separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with a total reported for the month. Therefore, the annual figures can be created by summing the monthly estimates.

    Annual estimates are issued each year in March with the release of January data. Annual estimates are located in tables 13-22 of the press release. The annual estimates are also available by selecting 'not seasonally adjusted' data in the One-Screen data search tool on the JOLTS homepage under the title 'JOLTS Databases'.

  2. Are seasonally adjusted JOLTS data available?

    Seasonally adjusted data are available for all series.

  3. What dates are the JOLTS data released?

    For a schedule of upcoming releases, please click What dates are JOLTS data released?

  4. Does JOLTS have estimates by occupation, by state, or by metropolitan area?

    JOLTS publishes estimates by state at the total nonfarm level. JOLTS released historical one-time MSA research estimates for the 18 largest MSAs from February 2001 through December 2019 on June 16, 2020. JOLTS does not publish estimates by occupation.

  5. JOLTS is not a job placement service; it does not have information about individual job openings. You can find helpful job search information at CareerOneStop.

  6. What is the cost of turnover?

    JOLTS does not collect information regarding the cost of turnover.

  7. What is the average number of jobs a person holds over a lifetime?

    JOLTS does not collect information on the number of jobs held in a lifetime. The National Longitudinal Survey produces estimates on the number of jobs individuals hold over time; the Current Population Survey produces estimates on employee tenure.


Last Modified Date: January 26, 2022