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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
IIF IIF Program Links
Table EH3. Median days of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker and case characteristics and medical treatment facility visits, all U.S., private industry, 2018
CharacteristicTotal
Median days away[1],[2]
Total medical
treatment
facility visits[3]
Emergency room
visits only[4]
In-patient overnight
hospitalizations
(with or without ER visits)

Total:

88741

Sex:

  Men

99741

  Women

76638

Age:

  Under 14

--------

  14 to 15

122--

  16 to 19

54414

  20 to 24

55415

  25 to 34

65530

  35 to 44

87638

  45 to 54

1111960

  55 to 64

15151152

  65 and over

14181256

Length of service with employer:

  Less than 3 months

66538

  3 to 12 months

77545

  1 to 5 years

78740

  Over 5 years

1312945

Race or ethnic origin:

  White

77636

  Black or African American

87744

  Hispanic or Latino

89750

  Asian

710686

  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander

1011782

  American Indian or Alaska Native

632180

  Hispanic and other

10303023

  Multi-race

44421

  Not reported

109742

Number of days away from work:

  Cases involving 1 day

1111

  Cases involving 2 days

2222

  Cases involving 3-5 days

4444

  Cases involving 6-10 days

7778

  Cases involving 11-20 days

14141514

  Cases involving 21-30 days

25262627

  Cases involving 31 or more days

81807694

Industry sector:

  Goods producing industries[5]

910750

    Natural resources and mining[5],[6]

77534

      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting[5]

77533

      Mining[6]

25191155

    Construction

1015855

    Manufacturing

89748

  Service providing industries

87639

    Trade, transportation and utilities[7]

1110847

      Wholesale trade

1012835

      Retail trade

77542

      Transportation and warehousing[7]

21211771

      Utilities

168653

    Information

22141352

    Financial activities

10141074

      Finance and insurance

119735

      Real estate and rental and leasing

101511118

    Professional and business services

77531

      Professional, scientific, and technical services

54325

      Management of companies and enterprises

810109

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

89841

    Education and health services

66630

      Educational services

55525

      Health care and social assistance

66630

    Leisure and hospitality

65531

      Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77638

      Accommodation and food services

65531

    Other services

64414

Occupation[8]:

  Management, business, financial

710540

  Computer, engineering, and science

65512

  Education, legal, community service, arts, and media

55542

  Healthcare practitioners and technical

66621

  Service

66526

  Sales and related

87644

  Office and administrative support

107532

  Farming, fishing, and forestry

77512

  Construction and extraction

1114940

  Installation, maintenance, and repair

108735

  Production

78645

  Transportation and material moving

13131066

Nature of injury, illness[9]:

  Fractures

35413176

  Sprains, strains, tears

108830

  Amputations

32332177

  Cuts, lacerations, punctures

44314

    Cuts, lacerations

45421

    Punctures (except gunshot wounds)

33212

  Bruises, contusions

54417

  Chemical burns and corrosions

33317

  Heat (thermal) burns

610634

  Multiple traumatic injuries

810872

    With sprains and other injuries

76621

    With fractures and other injuries

40462372

  Soreness, pain

87653

  Carpal tunnel syndrome

30452

  Tendonitis

141111--

  All other

65427

Musculoskeletal disorders[10]:

  Musculoskeletal disorders

128830

Part of body affected[9]:

  Head

33325

    Eye

22227

  Neck

65558

  Trunk

88653

    Back

77684

  Upper extremities

109731

    Shoulder

27161530

    Arm

13151329

    Wrist

15141456

    Hand

67631

  Lower extremities

11151261

    Knee

15171538

    Ankle

9141361

    Foot

812958

      Toe, toenail

77760

  Body systems

4325

  Multiple

910761

  All other

45342

Source of injury, illness[9]:

  Chemicals, chemical products

33314

  Containers

108760

  Furniture, fixtures

76534

  Machinery

911842

  Parts and materials

77631

  Person, injured or ill worker

129825

    Worker motion or position

1310925

  Person, other than injured or ill workers

65523

    Health care patient

76616

  Floors, walkways, ground surfaces

11141154

  Handtools

44312

  Ladders

253424101

  Vehicles

1112960

    Trucks

18211466

    Cart, dolly, hand truck--nonpowered

97680

  All other

54419

Secondary source of injury, illness[9]:

  Containers, furniture, and fixtures

98747

  Machinery

119648

    Computers and peripheral equipment

30111090

  Tools, instruments, and equipment

99653

    Firearms, law enforcement, and other self-defense equipment

318223

  Vehicles

1012853

    Highway vehicle, motorized

910845

  Ice, sleet, snow

11131141

  Liquids-nonchemical

89841

Event or exposure[9]:

  Violence and other injuries by persons or animal

44414

    Intentional injury by other person

54423

    Injury by person unintentional or intent unknown

75558

    Animal and insect related incidents

33214

  Transportation incidents

1112958

    Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles

89842

  Fires, explosions

10121050

  Falls, slips, trips

12161269

    Slips, trips without fall

12121270

    Fall on same level

10131053

    Fall to lower level

183016100

  Exposure to harmful substances or environments

44314

  Contact with object, equipment

56538

    Struck by object

55430

    Struck against object

55519

    Caught in object, equipment, material

12151059

  Overexertion and bodily reaction

128830

    Overexertion in lifting or lowering

128830

    Repetitive motion involving microtasks

23782

  All other

11151431

Footnotes

[1] Median days away from work is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of absences from work among the cases with days away from work. Half the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days away from work are represented in actual values.

[2] Days away from work include those that result in days away from work with or without job transfer or restriction.

[3] Total medical treatment facility visits include in-patient overnight hospitalization only, emergency room treatment only, and visits treated both in the emergency room and in-patient overnight hospitalization.

[4] The following are not considered to be an emergency room: urgent care facility, health unit (within an establishment), infirmary, and clinic.

[5] Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

[6] Data for mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System -- United States, 2012) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in oil and gas extraction and related support activities. Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[7] Data for employers in railroad transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[8] Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget

[9] Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01

[10] Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve; herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases and disorders, when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside sources; repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.


Notes:
Because of rounding and data exclusion of non-classifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals. Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines. The scientifically selected probability sample used was one of many possible samples, each of which could have produced different estimates. A measure of sampling variability for each estimate is available upon request -- please contact iifstaff@bls.gov or call (202) 691-6170. For additional information about methodology and coding structures, see the BLS Handbook of Methods chapter 9: https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.htm.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

 

Last Modified Date: November 7, 2019