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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
IIF IIF Program Links
Table EH2. Incidence rates of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker and case characteristics and medical treatment facility visits, all U.S., private industry, 2018
CharacteristicTotal
Rate[1],[2]
Total medical
treatment
facility visits[3]
Emergency room
visits only[4]
In-patient overnight
hospitalizations
(with or without ER visits)

Total:

89.733.229.43.9

Sex:

  Men

94.337.2325.2

  Women

83.428.326.12.2

Age:

  Under 14

--------

  14 to 15

--------

  16 to 19

110.353.3494.2

  20 to 24

99.339.436.52.8

  25 to 34

79.830.627.92.7

  35 to 44

81.230.426.63.7

  45 to 54

92.932.128.53.6

  55 to 64

102.836.630.36.3

  65 and over

9036.830.86

Number of days away from work:

  Cases involving 1 day

12.34.74.60.1

  Cases involving 2 days

9.743.90.1

  Cases involving 3-5 days

15.85.75.30.3

  Cases involving 6-10 days

10.73.63.40.3

  Cases involving 11-20 days

9.53.530.4

  Cases involving 21-30 days

5.421.60.3

  Cases involving 31 or more days

26.29.77.52.2

Industry sector:

  Goods producing industries[5]

103.24436.87.3

    Natural resources and mining[5],[6]

123.244.836.68.2

      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting[5]

170.166.254.411.8

      Mining[6]

56.914.611.53.1

    Construction

115.45443.510.5

    Manufacturing

93.938.633.25.4

  Service providing industries

86.130.427.43

    Trade, transportation and utilities[7]

126.537.933.24.7

      Wholesale trade

99.833.527.85.6

      Retail trade

107.630.827.73.2

      Transportation and warehousing[7]

208.360.553.37.2

      Utilities

65.528.625.33.3

    Information

60.113.512.70.8

    Financial activities

30.29.68.21.4

      Finance and insurance

12.53.93.40.5

      Real estate and rental and leasing

80.425.821.54.3

    Professional and business services

42.317.615.32.3

      Professional, scientific, and technical services

19.5108.51.4

      Management of companies and enterprises

20.375.91.1

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

88.334.230.14.1

    Education and health services

100.338.836.62.3

      Educational services

58.419.917.92

      Health care and social assistance

10641.439.12.3

    Leisure and hospitality

91.338.235.32.9

      Arts, entertainment, and recreation

113.242.338.34

      Accommodation and food services

87.837.534.82.7

    Other services

7834.930.54.4

Occupation[8]:

  Management, business, financial

20.48.26.21.9

  Computer, engineering, and science

8.23.12.60.5

  Education, legal, community service, arts, and media

44.816.515.60.9

  Healthcare practitioners and technical

72.928.727.11.6

  Service

99.139.636.72.9

  Sales and related

46.61311.71.3

  Office and administrative support

38.49.78.71.1

  Farming, fishing, and forestry

120.246.336.99.4

  Construction and extraction

127.357.347.210.1

  Installation, maintenance, and repair

148.156.448.18.3

  Production

106.543385

  Transportation and material moving

193.766.557.68.9

Nature of injury, illness[9]:

  Fractures

7.94.83.61.2

  Sprains, strains, tears

30.77.370.3

  Amputations

0.60.50.40.1

  Cuts, lacerations, punctures

9.25.54.90.5

    Cuts, lacerations

7.74.74.30.4

    Punctures (except gunshot wounds)

1.50.80.60.2

  Bruises, contusions

7.92.52.40.1

  Chemical burns and corrosions

0.40.20.20

  Heat (thermal) burns

1.40.80.70.1

  Multiple traumatic injuries

2.31.10.90.2

    With sprains and other injuries

1.20.40.40

    With fractures and other injuries

0.30.30.20.1

  Soreness, pain

15.95.24.70.5

  Carpal tunnel syndrome

0.5------

  Tendonitis

0.2------

  All other

12.65.24.40.8

Musculoskeletal disorders[10]:

  Musculoskeletal disorders

27.25.350.3

Part of body affected[9]:

  Head

7.73.83.50.3

    Eye

20.80.7--

  Neck

1.10.40.3--

  Trunk

19.35.34.60.7

    Back

14.23.43.20.2

  Upper extremities

28.611.510.51

    Shoulder

6.81.71.60.1

    Arm

4.31.61.50.2

    Wrist

3.51.110.1

    Hand

12.36.660.6

  Lower extremities

21.57.46.40.9

    Knee

7.92.22.10.1

    Ankle

4.91.71.60.1

    Foot

4.71.61.40.2

      Toe, toenail

1.10.30.3--

  Body systems

1.70.90.70.3

  Multiple

8.73.73.10.6

  All other

10.30.20.1

Source of injury, illness[9]:

  Chemicals, chemical products

1.20.60.50.1

  Containers

10.82.62.50.2

  Furniture, fixtures

41.31.20.1

  Machinery

5.12.72.30.4

  Parts and materials

7.73.12.80.4

  Person, injured or ill worker

12.22.72.50.2

    Worker motion or position

11.72.42.30.2

  Person, other than injured or ill workers

6.52.32.20.1

    Health care patient

4.71.71.60

  Floors, walkways, ground surfaces

14.65.95.20.7

  Handtools

4.42.220.2

  Ladders

210.80.3

  Vehicles

104.43.70.7

    Trucks

2.61.310.3

    Cart, dolly, hand truck--nonpowered

1.40.40.3--

  All other

11.14.43.80.6

Secondary source of injury, illness[9]:

  Containers, furniture, and fixtures

3.91.51.40.2

  Machinery

1.40.50.40.1

    Computers and peripheral equipment

0.3------

  Tools, instruments, and equipment

1.80.60.50.1

    Firearms, law enforcement, and other self-defense equipment

0.1------

  Vehicles

4.42.11.80.3

    Highway vehicle, motorized

3.41.71.40.2

  Ice, sleet, snow

2.10.90.80.1

  Liquids-nonchemical

2.10.80.80.1

Event or exposure[9]:

  Violence and other injuries by persons or animal

4.41.91.70.2

    Intentional injury by other person

2.10.90.9--

    Injury by person unintentional or intent unknown

10.30.3--

    Animal and insect related incidents

1.30.60.50.1

  Transportation incidents

52.72.20.5

    Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles

3.41.91.60.3

  Fires, explosions

0.10.10.1--

  Falls, slips, trips

23.99.68.21.3

    Slips, trips without fall

3.50.90.9--

    Fall on same level

14.75.95.20.6

    Fall to lower level

5.22.720.7

  Exposure to harmful substances or environments

421.60.4

  Contact with object, equipment

23.511101.1

    Struck by object

13.76.45.80.6

    Struck against object

52.22.10.1

    Caught in object, equipment, material

3.31.91.60.3

  Overexertion and bodily reaction

28.25.85.40.4

    Overexertion in lifting or lowering

9.11.71.60.1

    Repetitive motion involving microtasks

1.90.20.1--

  All other

0.50.10.1--

Footnotes

[1] Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers and were calculated as: (N / EH) X 20,000,000 where, N = number of injuries and illnesses, EH = total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year, 20,000,000 = base for 10,000 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

[2] Days away from work include those that result in days away from work with or without job transfer or restriction.

[3] Total medical treatment facility visits include in-patient overnight hospitalization only, emergency room treatment only, and visits treated both in the emergency room and in-patient overnight hospitalization.

[4] The following are not considered to be an emergency room: urgent care facility, health unit (within an establishment), infirmary, and clinic.

[5] Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

[6] Data for mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System -- United States, 2012) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in oil and gas extraction and related support activities. Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[7] Data for employers in railroad transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[8] Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget

[9] Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01

[10] Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve; herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases and disorders, when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside sources; repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.


Notes:
Because of rounding and data exclusion of non-classifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals. Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines. The scientifically selected probability sample used was one of many possible samples, each of which could have produced different estimates. A measure of sampling variability for each estimate is available upon request -- please contact iifstaff@bls.gov or call (202) 691-6170. For additional information about methodology and coding structures, see the BLS Handbook of Methods chapter 9: https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.htm.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

 

Last Modified Date: November 7, 2019