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Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities
IIF IIF Program Links
Table EH1. Number of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected worker and case characteristics and medical treatment facility visits, all U.S., private industry, 2018
CharacteristicTotal
cases[1]
Total medical
treatment
facility visits[2]
Emergency room
visits only[3]
In-patient overnight
hospitalizations
(with or without ER visits)

Total:

900,380333,830294,75039,080

Sex:

  Men

541,330213,690183,99029,700

  Women

353,440119,990110,6309,360

Age:

  Under 14

--------

  14 to 15

250100100--

  16 to 19

25,78012,45011,460990

  20 to 24

88,84035,24032,7002,540

  25 to 34

191,65073,50066,9606,550

  35 to 44

174,02065,10057,0708,030

  45 to 54

193,65066,99059,4107,580

  55 to 64

168,52060,02049,68010,340

  65 and over

42,55017,41014,5702,840

Length of service with employer:

  Less than 3 months

106,98047,49041,8105,680

  3 to 12 months

193,32076,95069,2307,720

  1 to 5 years

314,120115,420103,18012,240

  Over 5 years

273,47092,25078,94013,300

Race or ethnic origin:

  White

298,030136,280117,78018,490

  Black or African American

71,60029,35026,6502,700

  Hispanic or Latino

123,39043,44037,4406,000

  Asian

12,7504,3703,2701,090

  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander

2,300820720100

  American Indian or Alaska Native

3,2701,6301,280340

  Hispanic and other

1,06051049020

  Multi-race

78047044030

  Not reported

387,220116,980106,69010,280

Number of days away from work:

  Cases involving 1 day

123,95047,68046,3501,330

  Cases involving 2 days

97,35040,38038,9001,480

  Cases involving 3-5 days

158,54057,00053,5703,430

  Cases involving 6-10 days

107,62036,59033,8702,720

  Cases involving 11-20 days

95,44034,90030,4604,440

  Cases involving 21-30 days

54,37019,71016,5303,180

  Cases involving 31 or more days

263,10097,57075,08022,490

  Median days away from work[4]

88741

Industry sector:

  Goods producing industries[5]

217,57092,80077,49015,310

    Natural resources and mining[5],[6]

21,5007,8206,3901,430

      Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting[5]

17,3906,7705,5601,210

      Mining[6]

4,1101,050830220

    Construction

77,49036,25029,2107,040

    Manufacturing

118,58048,73041,8906,830

  Service providing industries

682,810241,030217,26023,770

    Trade, transportation and utilities[7]

290,30086,90076,22010,670

      Wholesale trade

56,18018,84015,6603,170

      Retail trade

126,85036,38032,6603,720

      Transportation and warehousing[7]

103,62030,08026,4903,590

      Utilities

3,6401,5901,410190

    Information

15,5803,5003,290210

    Financial activities

23,0307,3306,2301,100

      Finance and insurance

7,0402,2001,950250

      Real estate and rental and leasing

15,9905,1304,280850

    Professional and business services

67,49028,00024,3403,650

      Professional, scientific, and technical services

16,3008,3607,1501,210

      Management of companies and enterprises

4,6901,6201,360260

      Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services

46,50018,02015,8302,190

    Education and health services

167,16064,70060,9503,760

      Educational services

11,5903,9503,550400

      Health care and social assistance

155,57060,75057,3903,360

    Leisure and hospitality

93,74039,21036,2602,940

      Arts, entertainment, and recreation

15,9705,9705,410570

      Accommodation and food services

77,77033,23030,8602,380

    Other services

25,51011,4009,9701,430

Occupation[8]:

  Management, business, financial

29,00011,5908,8302,760

  Computer, engineering, and science

5,8602,2101,880330

  Education, legal, community service, arts, and media

25,1009,2408,720510

  Healthcare practitioners and technical

50,81020,01018,9301,080

  Service

213,44085,37079,0606,310

  Sales and related

59,61016,62014,9201,700

  Office and administrative support

64,80016,41014,6301,770

  Farming, fishing, and forestry

15,3905,9304,7301,210

  Construction and extraction

73,63033,11027,2705,840

  Installation, maintenance, and repair

79,38030,22025,7904,440

  Production

98,14039,63035,0004,620

  Transportation and material moving

184,47063,36054,8708,490

Nature of injury, illness[9]:

  Fractures

79,47048,50036,33012,170

  Sprains, strains, tears

308,63072,84070,2402,600

  Amputations

5,9205,4504,0601,390

  Cuts, lacerations, punctures

92,84054,83049,5905,240

    Cuts, lacerations

77,34046,79043,2703,520

    Punctures (except gunshot wounds)

15,5008,0406,3201,720

  Bruises, contusions

79,25025,19024,0101,190

  Chemical burns and corrosions

3,7902,1101,940160

  Heat (thermal) burns

14,5508,3707,1701,190

  Multiple traumatic injuries

23,37011,2909,5301,760

    With sprains and other injuries

12,3404,4004,300110

    With fractures and other injuries

3,3502,5801,5801,000

  Soreness, pain

159,60052,23047,4804,760

  Carpal tunnel syndrome

5,050400210180

  Tendonitis

1,81030029010

  All other

126,10052,33043,9008,430

Musculoskeletal disorders[10]:

  Musculoskeletal disorders

272,78053,37050,2203,150

Part of body affected[9]:

  Head

77,66038,40035,1503,250

    Eye

19,9507,7107,500210

  Neck

11,1403,7303,470270

  Trunk

194,08053,18045,8307,350

    Back

142,23034,09031,8502,230

  Upper extremities

286,810115,090105,2709,820

    Shoulder

68,07016,71015,5901,120

    Arm

43,65016,49014,5901,890

    Wrist

34,76010,6309,910720

    Hand

123,99066,05060,4105,650

  Lower extremities

215,50073,94064,5409,400

    Knee

79,38022,17020,6701,500

    Ankle

49,21017,21015,8301,380

    Foot

47,18016,33014,2502,080

      Toe, toenail

10,8803,0402,820220

  Body systems

17,3709,2706,6202,650

  Multiple

87,79037,17031,4405,730

  All other

10,0203,0402,430610

Source of injury, illness[9]:

  Chemicals, chemical products

12,4406,1505,290860

  Containers

108,13026,48024,7301,750

  Furniture, fixtures

40,28012,64011,670970

  Machinery

51,00026,77022,8503,920

  Parts and materials

77,63031,39027,6803,710

  Person, injured or ill worker

122,03027,03024,7002,330

    Worker motion or position

117,01024,56022,9501,610

  Person, other than injured or ill workers

65,65023,41022,490920

    Health care patient

46,98016,68016,190490

  Floors, walkways, ground surfaces

146,75059,33052,4406,890

  Handtools

43,91021,94019,9402,000

  Ladders

20,25010,3207,8102,520

  Vehicles

100,74044,22037,3806,840

    Trucks

26,06013,27010,3802,890

    Cart, dolly, hand truck--nonpowered

14,2803,5903,420170

  All other

111,58044,16037,7906,360

Secondary source of injury, illness[9]:

  Containers, furniture, and fixtures

39,13015,46013,6801,780

  Machinery

14,4604,8904,190700

    Computers and peripheral equipment

2,97017015020

  Tools, instruments, and equipment

18,3505,5704,790780

    Firearms, law enforcement, and other self-defense equipment

600300150150

  Vehicles

44,31020,78017,9102,870

    Highway vehicle, motorized

33,83016,97014,5002,470

  Ice, sleet, snow

21,5009,1208,200920

  Liquids-nonchemical

20,8308,3007,720570

Event or exposure[9]:

  Violence and other injuries by persons or animal

44,00018,97017,2101,760

    Intentional injury by other person

20,7909,1708,730440

    Injury by person unintentional or intent unknown

9,5803,4103,280120

    Animal and insect related incidents

13,5506,3705,1701,190

  Transportation incidents

50,65027,37022,4704,900

    Roadway incidents involving motorized land vehicles

34,06019,25016,1703,070

  Fires, explosions

1,4801,190810370

  Falls, slips, trips

240,16096,06082,79013,270

    Slips, trips without fall

35,3309,2208,930290

    Fall on same level

147,39058,80052,5206,280

    Fall to lower level

52,51026,64020,0606,580

  Exposure to harmful substances or environments

40,13020,07016,3803,680

  Contact with object, equipment

235,740110,940100,08010,860

    Struck by object

137,65064,34058,3306,010

    Struck against object

49,93021,84020,8101,030

    Caught in object, equipment, material

33,45019,54016,0303,510

  Overexertion and bodily reaction

282,86058,37054,3104,060

    Overexertion in lifting or lowering

91,02017,52016,4901,030

    Repetitive motion involving microtasks

19,2901,5301,170350

  All other

5,350870690180

Footnotes

[1] Days away from work include those that result in days away from work with or without job transfer or restriction.

[2] Total medical treatment facility visits include in-patient overnight hospitalization only, emergency room treatment only, and visits treated both in the emergency room and in-patient overnight hospitalization.

[3] The following are not considered to be an emergency room: urgent care facility, health unit (within an establishment), infirmary, and clinic.

[4] Median days away from work is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of absences from work among the cases with days away from work. Half the cases involved more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days away from work are represented in actual values.

[5] Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

[6] Data for mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System -- United States, 2012) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) rules and reporting, such as those in oil and gas extraction and related support activities. Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining industries. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[7] Data for employers in railroad transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. These data do not reflect the changes Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002; therefore estimates for these industries are not comparable with estimates for other industries.

[8] Standard Occupational Classification Manual, 2010, Office of Management and Budget

[9] Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System 2.01

[10] Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve; herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue diseases and disorders, when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside sources; repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.


Notes:
Because of rounding and data exclusion of non-classifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals. Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines. The scientifically selected probability sample used was one of many possible samples, each of which could have produced different estimates. A measure of sampling variability for each estimate is available upon request -- please contact iifstaff@bls.gov or call (202) 691-6170. For additional information about methodology and coding structures, see the BLS Handbook of Methods chapter 9: https://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch9.htm.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor

 

Last Modified Date: November 7, 2019