Paper Manufacturing: NAICS 322

About the Paper Manufacturing subsector

The paper manufacturing subsector is part of the manufacturing sector.

Industries in the Paper Manufacturing subsector make pulp, paper, or converted paper products. The manufacturing of these products is grouped together because they constitute a series of vertically connected processes. More than one is often carried out in a single establishment. There are essentially three activities. The manufacturing of pulp involves separating the cellulose fibers from other impurities in wood or used paper. The manufacturing of paper involves matting these fibers into a sheet. Converted paper products are made from paper and other materials by various cutting and shaping techniques and include coating and laminating activities.

North American Industry Classification System

The paper manufacturing subsector consists of these industry groups:

  • Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills: NAICS 3221
  • Converted Paper Product Manufacturing: NAICS 3222

Workforce Statistics

This section provides information relating to employment in paper manufacturing. These data are obtained from employer or establishment surveys. The following tables present an overview of the industry including the number of jobs, data for occupations common to the industry, and projections of occupational employment change.

Employment

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017

Employment (in thousands)

Employment, all employees (seasonally adjusted)

368.3 368.6 (p)369.8 (p)370.1

Employment, production and nonsupervisory employees (seasonally adjusted)

275.2 276.5 (p)277.9 (p)279.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Employment by Occupation

Data series Employment,
2016

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

13,890

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

14,160

Industrial production managers

4,650

Industrial truck and tractor operators

12,730

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

80,050

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Projections

For projected (future) employment estimates, see the National Employment Matrix, which includes employment estimates by industry and occupation for paper manufacturing.

(Source: Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections)

Earnings and Hours

This section presents data on employee earnings and weekly hours. The latest industry averages of hourly earnings and weekly hours are shown. In addition, recent hourly and annual earnings are shown for occupations commonly found in paper manufacturing.

Earnings and Hours of All Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$26.62 $26.74 (p)$26.56 (p)$26.36

Average weekly hours

42.1 41.8 (p)41.7 (p)41.3

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings and Hours of Production and Nonsupervisory Employees

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017

Average hourly earnings

$21.80 $21.96 (p)$21.64 (p)$21.57

Average weekly hours

43.0 42.8 (p)43.0 (p)43.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Current Employment Statistics)

Earnings by Occupation

Data series Wages, 2016
Hourly Annual
Median Mean Median Mean

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

$17.58 $17.89 $36,560 $37,200

First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers

$29.77 $30.96 $61,930 $64,400

Industrial production managers

$47.60 $51.50 $99,000 $107,120

Industrial truck and tractor operators

$17.37 $17.93 $36,140 $37,280

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

$18.31 $19.04 $38,080 $39,610

(Source: Occupational Employment Statistics)

Work-related Fatalities, Injuries, and Illnesses

This section presents data for the industry on the number of workplace fatalities and the rates of workplace injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time workers in paper manufacturing. An injury or illness is considered to be work-related if an event or exposure in the work environment either caused or contributed to the resulting condition or significantly aggravated a pre-existing condition.

Data series 2012 2013 2014 2015

Fatalities

Number of fatalities

11 12 11 10

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

Data series 2015

Rate of injury and illness cases per 100 full-time workers

Total recordable cases

2.8

Cases involving days away from work, job restriction, or transfer

1.6

Cases involving days away from work

0.8

Cases involving days of job transfer or restriction

0.9

Blank cells indicate no data reported or data that do not meet publication criteria.

(Source: Injuries, Illnesses, and Fatalities)

Prices

This section provides industry-specific pricing information. The producer price index measures the percentage change in prices that domestic producers receive for goods and services. The prices included in the producer price index are from the first commercial transaction. The import price index reflects the percentage change in prices paid to foreign producers for their goods and services within the U.S., while the export price index measures the percentage change in prices received by U.S. producers for goods and services sold outside the U.S.

Data series Back
data
Dec.
2016
Jan.
2017
Feb.
2017
Mar.
2017

Producer price index

(p)136.7 (p)137.2 (p)137.1 (p)137.2

Percent change from previous month

  (p)0.8% (p)0.4% (p)-0.1% (p)0.1%

Import index

104.5 104.2 (r)104.1 104.1

Percent change from previous month

  0.7% -0.3% (r)-0.1% (r)0.0%

Export index

118.3 (r)118.2 (r)117.5 114.6

Percent change from previous month

  0.3% (r)-0.1% (r)-0.6% (r)-2.5%

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary
(r) Revised

(Source: Producer Price Indexes, International Price Program)

Workplace Trends

This section presents data on the number of establishments in paper manufacturing. Also included in this section is information on productivity, presented as the rate of change in output per hour of workers in the industry.

Establishments

Data series Back
data
4th quarter
2015
1st quarter
2016
2nd quarter
2016
3rd quarter
2016

Number of establishments

Private industry

5,496 (p)5,466 (p)5,477 (p)5,499

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

(Source: Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages)

Productivity

Data series Back
data
2012 2013 2014 2015

Labor productivity index, output per hour

114.528 113.721 112.909 108.542

Percent change from previous year

7.7 -0.7 -0.7 -3.9

Labor index, total labor hours

82.327 82.683 82.381 81.484

Percent change from previous year

-3.0 0.4 -0.4 -1.1

Output index

94.287 94.028 93.016 88.444

Percent change from previous year

4.5 -0.3 -1.1 -4.9

Unit labor costs index

102.076 104.436 105.464 112.459

Percent change from previous year

-1.8 2.3 1.0 6.6

(Source: Productivity and Costs)

 

Data extracted on: April 26, 2017