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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
53. Certification and licensing status of the employed by occupation, 2021 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Total
employed
Percent distribution
Total
employed
With a certification or license(1) Without a
certification
or license
Total With a
certification,
but no
license
With a
license(2)

Total, 16 years and over

152,581 100.0 24.2 2.2 21.9 75.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

64,744 100.0 35.0 3.2 31.8 65.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

27,864 100.0 21.4 2.9 18.4 78.6

Management occupations

18,986 100.0 21.2 2.8 18.4 78.8

Business and financial operations occupations

8,878 100.0 21.7 3.2 18.5 78.3

Professional and related occupations

36,880 100.0 45.3 3.3 42.0 54.7

Computer and mathematical occupations

5,688 100.0 12.9 5.8 7.1 87.1

Architecture and engineering occupations

3,235 100.0 22.9 3.5 19.4 77.1

Life, physical, and social science occupations

1,640 100.0 26.7 3.0 23.7 73.3

Community and social services occupations

2,777 100.0 40.2 3.1 37.0 59.8

Legal occupations

1,805 100.0 64.6 3.0 61.6 35.4

Education, training, and library occupations

8,946 100.0 53.7 1.8 51.9 46.3

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

3,151 100.0 11.1 2.3 8.8 88.9

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

9,639 100.0 76.4 3.8 72.6 23.6

Service occupations

24,403 100.0 21.1 1.6 19.5 78.9

Healthcare support occupations

4,887 100.0 39.3 2.1 37.1 60.7

Protective service occupations

2,987 100.0 37.1 1.8 35.3 62.9

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,370 100.0 6.6 1.0 5.6 93.4

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

5,482 100.0 6.7 0.8 5.9 93.3

Personal care and service occupations

3,676 100.0 34.4 2.9 31.5 65.6

Sales and office occupations

30,166 100.0 12.9 1.4 11.5 87.1

Sales and related occupations

14,369 100.0 16.6 1.5 15.0 83.4

Office and administrative support occupations

15,797 100.0 9.5 1.2 8.2 90.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,959 100.0 18.3 2.3 16.1 81.7

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,061 100.0 8.2 0.6 7.6 91.8

Construction and extraction occupations

8,057 100.0 17.3 1.6 15.6 82.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,840 100.0 22.3 3.7 18.6 77.7

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

19,309 100.0 13.6 1.2 12.4 86.4

Production occupations

7,950 100.0 9.3 1.5 7.8 90.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

11,359 100.0 16.7 1.0 15.7 83.3

Footnotes
(1) A person may have more than one certification or license.
(2) Persons with a license may also have a certification.

NOTE: Certifications are issued by a non-governmental certification body and convey that an individual has the knowledge or skill to perform a specific job. A license is awarded by a government agency and conveys a legal authority to work in an occupation. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2020 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2018 Census occupational classification system, derived from the 2018 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2020 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.

 

Last Modified Date: January 20, 2022