HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
45. Wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage by occupation and industry

[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation and industry 2016
Workers paid hourly rates
Total Below
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
At
prevailing
Federal
minimum
wage
Total at or below prevailing
Federal minimum
wage
Number Percent of
hourly-paid
workers

Total wage and salary workers

79,883 1,451 701 2,153 2.7

OCCUPATION

Management, professional, and related occupations

17,657 65 57 122 0.7

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

5,183 26 13 39 0.8

Management occupations

2,991 20 11 30 1.0

Business and financial operations occupations

2,193 6 3 9 0.4

Professional and related occupations

12,474 39 44 83 0.7

Computer and mathematical occupations

1,102 2 0 2 0.2

Architecture and engineering occupations

914 1 1 2 0.2

Life, physical, and social science occupations

440 0 4 4 1.0

Community and social service occupations

962 3 2 5 0.5

Legal occupations

339 1 0 1 0.2

Education, training, and library occupations

2,570 14 19 33 1.3

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

901 7 8 16 1.7

Healthcare practitioner and technical occupations

5,245 10 10 20 0.4

Service occupations

19,529 1,134 298 1,432 7.3

Healthcare support occupations

2,891 32 24 56 2.0

Protective service occupations

2,002 25 8 33 1.6

Food preparation and serving related occupations

7,513 932 189 1,121 14.9

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

3,952 57 30 87 2.2

Personal care and service occupations

3,171 89 47 135 4.3

Sales and office occupations

20,374 120 242 361 1.8

Sales and related occupations

8,046 54 147 200 2.5

Office and administrative support occupations

12,328 66 95 161 1.3

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

8,881 34 5 40 0.4

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

688 10 2 12 1.7

Construction and extraction occupations

4,874 11 0 11 0.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,318 13 3 17 0.5

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,442 98 99 197 1.5

Production occupations

6,809 25 29 54 0.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,633 73 70 142 2.1

INDUSTRY

Private sector

70,396 1,388 647 2,035 2.9

Agriculture and related industries

851 10 2 12 1.4

Nonagricultural industries

69,545 1,378 645 2,023 2.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

398 2 0 2 0.4

Construction

5,051 17 2 19 0.4

Manufacturing

9,307 41 26 67 0.7

Durable goods

5,735 14 13 28 0.5

Nondurable goods

3,572 27 13 39 1.1

Wholesale and retail trade

12,776 72 148 219 1.7

Wholesale trade

1,623 4 4 8 0.5

Retail trade

11,153 68 144 211 1.9

Transportation and utilities

3,652 32 14 46 1.2

Transportation and warehousing

3,125 29 13 42 1.3

Utilities

528 3 1 4 0.7

Information(1)

1,057 10 7 17 1.6

Publishing, except Internet

139 0 1 1 0.6

Motion pictures and sound recording industries

180 6 5 11 5.9

Radio and television broadcasting and cable subscription programming

252 1 0 1 0.5

Telecommunications

375 1 0 2 0.4

Financial activities

3,668 19 7 26 0.7

Finance and insurance

2,560 12 3 15 0.6

Finance

1,561 9 2 11 0.7

Insurance

999 2 1 4 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,108 8 4 11 1.0

Professional and business services

6,490 35 27 62 1.0

Professional and technical services

2,704 6 8 14 0.5

Management, administrative, and waste services

3,786 30 19 49 1.3

Education and health services

13,771 89 110 199 1.4

Educational services

1,771 9 24 33 1.9

Health care and social assistance

12,000 80 86 166 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

10,107 997 279 1,276 12.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,555 57 29 85 5.5

Accommodation and food services

8,552 941 251 1,191 13.9

Accommodation

1,123 29 7 36 3.2

Food services and drinking places

7,429 912 244 1,155 15.5

Other services

3,268 63 25 88 2.7

Other services, except private households

2,743 52 19 71 2.6

Private households

525 11 6 17 3.1

Public sector

9,486 63 54 118 1.2

Federal government

1,884 8 8 17 0.9

State government

2,838 20 28 48 1.7

Local government

4,764 35 18 53 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.

NOTE: The prevailing Federal minimum wage was $7.25 per hour in 2016. Data are for wage and salary workers; all self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. The data refer to a person's earnings on the sole or principal job, and pertain only to workers who are paid hourly rates. Salaried workers and other non-hourly workers are not included. Hourly earnings for hourly-paid workers do not include overtime pay, commissions, or tips received. The presence of workers with hourly earnings below the minimum wage does not necessarily indicate violation of the Fair Labor Standards Act, as there are exceptions to the minimum wage provisions of the law. In addition, some survey respondents may have rounded hourly earnings to the nearest dollar and, as a result, reported hourly earnings below the minimum wage even though they earned the minimum wage or higher. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: February 8, 2017