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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
CPS CPS Program Links

See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
40. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by selected characteristics
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2020 2021
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

132,174 14,253 10.8 15,939 12.1 136,393 14,012 10.3 15,802 11.6

16 to 24 years

16,744 741 4.4 865 5.2 18,083 763 4.2 954 5.3

25 years and over

115,430 13,512 11.7 15,074 13.1 118,311 13,249 11.2 14,849 12.6

25 to 34 years

31,444 3,071 9.8 3,455 11.0 32,360 3,041 9.4 3,449 10.7

35 to 44 years

28,473 3,475 12.2 3,836 13.5 29,260 3,326 11.4 3,740 12.8

45 to 54 years

26,364 3,469 13.2 3,868 14.7 26,851 3,521 13.1 3,880 14.4

55 to 64 years

21,838 2,842 13.0 3,175 14.5 22,210 2,696 12.1 3,028 13.6

65 years and over

7,311 656 9.0 740 10.1 7,629 665 8.7 751 9.8

Men, 16 years and over

68,711 7,582 11.0 8,432 12.3 70,739 7,523 10.6 8,416 11.9

16 to 24 years

8,463 433 5.1 488 5.8 9,069 475 5.2 571 6.3

25 years and over

60,249 7,149 11.9 7,944 13.2 61,670 7,047 11.4 7,845 12.7

25 to 34 years

16,648 1,662 10.0 1,865 11.2 17,145 1,713 10.0 1,916 11.2

35 to 44 years

15,073 1,836 12.2 2,016 13.4 15,503 1,763 11.4 1,967 12.7

45 to 54 years

13,591 1,847 13.6 2,035 15.0 13,716 1,799 13.1 1,962 14.3

55 to 64 years

11,125 1,473 13.2 1,649 14.8 11,290 1,417 12.6 1,595 14.1

65 years and over

3,812 331 8.7 379 10.0 4,015 355 8.8 405 10.1

Women, 16 years and over

63,462 6,672 10.5 7,507 11.8 65,654 6,490 9.9 7,386 11.3

16 to 24 years

8,281 308 3.7 377 4.6 9,013 288 3.2 383 4.2

25 years and over

55,181 6,363 11.5 7,129 12.9 56,641 6,202 10.9 7,003 12.4

25 to 34 years

14,796 1,409 9.5 1,590 10.7 15,216 1,328 8.7 1,533 10.1

35 to 44 years

13,401 1,639 12.2 1,820 13.6 13,757 1,563 11.4 1,774 12.9

45 to 54 years

12,773 1,622 12.7 1,833 14.3 13,135 1,721 13.1 1,918 14.6

55 to 64 years

10,713 1,370 12.8 1,526 14.2 10,919 1,279 11.7 1,433 13.1

65 years and over

3,499 324 9.3 360 10.3 3,613 310 8.6 346 9.6

RACE AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

White

102,142 10,944 10.7 12,221 12.0 104,921 10,774 10.3 12,142 11.6

Men

54,042 5,950 11.0 6,597 12.2 55,408 5,882 10.6 6,571 11.9

Women

48,100 4,994 10.4 5,624 11.7 49,513 4,892 9.9 5,572 11.3

Black or African American

16,726 2,055 12.3 2,321 13.9 17,338 1,993 11.5 2,232 12.9

Men

7,704 990 12.9 1,123 14.6 8,037 1,003 12.5 1,125 14.0

Women

9,022 1,065 11.8 1,198 13.3 9,300 990 10.6 1,107 11.9

Asian

8,573 766 8.9 855 10.0 9,119 706 7.7 818 9.0

Men

4,551 375 8.2 421 9.3 4,749 337 7.1 389 8.2

Women

4,021 392 9.7 434 10.8 4,369 368 8.4 429 9.8

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

23,562 2,315 9.8 2,586 11.0 24,738 2,221 9.0 2,551 10.3

Men

13,270 1,336 10.1 1,485 11.2 13,938 1,282 9.2 1,468 10.5

Women

10,291 980 9.5 1,101 10.7 10,799 939 8.7 1,083 10.0

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS(3)

Full-time workers

110,387 12,987 11.8 14,486 13.1 114,316 12,654 11.1 14,275 12.5

Part-time workers

21,616 1,247 5.8 1,430 6.6 21,877 1,336 6.1 1,502 6.9

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.
(3) The distinction between full- and part-time workers is based on hours usually worked. These data will not sum to totals because full- or part-time status on the principal job is not identifiable for a small number of multiple jobholders. Full time is 35 hours or more per week; part time is less than 35 hours.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 20, 2022