HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
7. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 25 years and over by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status,
sex, race, and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity
2018
Less than a
high school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some college or associate degree Bachelor's degree and higher
Total Some college,
no degree
Associate
degree
Total(2) Bachelor's
degree
only
Advanced
degree

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,250 62,592 57,405 34,880 22,525 77,540 48,798 28,742

Civilian labor force

10,278 36,010 37,585 21,937 15,649 57,217 35,824 21,393

Participation rate

46.2 57.5 65.5 62.9 69.5 73.8 73.4 74.4

Employed

9,701 34,550 36,338 21,128 15,209 55,995 35,026 20,970

Employment-population ratio

43.6 55.2 63.3 60.6 67.5 72.2 71.8 73.0

Unemployed

576 1,461 1,248 808 440 1,222 799 423

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.1 3.3 3.7 2.8 2.1 2.2 2.0

Men

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,110 31,216 26,508 16,679 9,829 36,711 23,098 13,613

Civilian labor force

6,537 21,145 19,050 11,667 7,383 28,670 18,206 10,464

Participation rate

58.8 67.7 71.9 70.0 75.1 78.1 78.8 76.9

Employed

6,201 20,294 18,460 11,279 7,182 28,066 17,803 10,263

Employment-population ratio

55.8 65.0 69.6 67.6 73.1 76.5 77.1 75.4

Unemployed

336 850 590 388 202 604 403 201

Unemployment rate

5.1 4.0 3.1 3.3 2.7 2.1 2.2 1.9

Women

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,140 31,375 30,897 18,201 12,696 40,829 25,700 15,129

Civilian labor force

3,741 14,866 18,535 10,269 8,266 28,548 17,619 10,929

Participation rate

33.6 47.4 60.0 56.4 65.1 69.9 68.6 72.2

Employed

3,501 14,256 17,877 9,850 8,028 27,929 17,223 10,706

Employment-population ratio

31.4 45.4 57.9 54.1 63.2 68.4 67.0 70.8

Unemployed

240 610 658 420 238 619 396 223

Unemployment rate

6.4 4.1 3.5 4.1 2.9 2.2 2.2 2.0

White

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,900 49,050 45,277 27,256 18,021 61,121 38,744 22,377

Civilian labor force

8,126 27,859 29,201 16,818 12,383 44,669 28,302 16,367

Participation rate

48.1 56.8 64.5 61.7 68.7 73.1 73.0 73.1

Employed

7,713 26,870 28,348 16,281 12,067 43,772 27,708 16,064

Employment-population ratio

45.6 54.8 62.6 59.7 67.0 71.6 71.5 71.8

Unemployed

413 989 853 537 316 897 594 303

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.5 2.9 3.2 2.5 2.0 2.1 1.9

Black or African American

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,139 8,927 8,012 5,174 2,838 7,011 4,522 2,490

Civilian labor force

1,126 5,343 5,558 3,479 2,079 5,451 3,504 1,947

Participation rate

35.9 59.8 69.4 67.2 73.2 77.7 77.5 78.2

Employed

1,009 4,986 5,271 3,276 1,994 5,291 3,395 1,895

Employment-population ratio

32.1 55.8 65.8 63.3 70.3 75.5 75.1 76.1

Unemployed

117 357 287 203 84 161 109 52

Unemployment rate

10.4 6.7 5.2 5.8 4.1 2.9 3.1 2.7

Asian

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,218 2,549 2,085 1,171 914 7,814 4,455 3,359

Civilian labor force

493 1,504 1,412 770 641 5,827 3,176 2,651

Participation rate

40.5 59.0 67.7 65.8 70.2 74.6 71.3 78.9

Employed

479 1,468 1,373 752 621 5,687 3,099 2,588

Employment-population ratio

39.3 57.6 65.9 64.2 68.0 72.8 69.6 77.1

Unemployed

14 36 39 19 20 139 77 62

Unemployment rate

2.9 2.4 2.8 2.5 3.1 2.4 2.4 2.3

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,737 10,637 7,480 4,734 2,745 6,198 4,335 1,863

Civilian labor force

5,753 7,439 5,554 3,469 2,085 4,911 3,417 1,494

Participation rate

59.1 69.9 74.2 73.3 75.9 79.2 78.8 80.2

Employed

5,488 7,145 5,354 3,341 2,012 4,770 3,312 1,459

Employment-population ratio

56.4 67.2 71.6 70.6 73.3 77.0 76.4 78.3

Unemployed

265 293 200 128 72 141 105 36

Unemployment rate

4.6 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.5 2.9 3.1 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor`s, master`s, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 18, 2019