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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey
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See also PDF and XLSX versions of this table.

HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2020 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021 2020 2021

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

260,329 261,445 201,306 201,881 33,344 33,613 16,467 16,521

Civilian labor force

160,742 161,204 124,431 124,145 20,177 20,482 10,331 10,545

Participation rate

61.7 61.7 61.8 61.5 60.5 60.9 62.7 63.8

Employed

147,795 152,581 115,341 118,291 17,873 18,726 9,437 10,016

Employment-population ratio

56.8 58.4 57.3 58.6 53.6 55.7 57.3 60.6

Unemployed

12,947 8,623 9,090 5,854 2,304 1,756 894 529

Unemployment rate

8.1 5.3 7.3 4.7 11.4 8.6 8.7 5.0

Not in labor force

99,587 100,241 76,875 77,737 13,167 13,131 6,136 5,976

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,922 126,487 98,456 98,741 15,250 15,389 7,708 7,751

Civilian labor force

85,204 85,505 67,171 67,036 9,542 9,775 5,468 5,566

Participation rate

67.7 67.6 68.2 67.9 62.6 63.5 70.9 71.8

Employed

78,560 80,829 62,446 63,814 8,392 8,875 5,041 5,292

Employment-population ratio

62.4 63.9 63.4 64.6 55.0 57.7 65.4 68.3

Unemployed

6,644 4,676 4,725 3,222 1,150 900 427 275

Unemployment rate

7.8 5.5 7.0 4.8 12.1 9.2 7.8 4.9

Not in labor force

40,718 40,983 31,285 31,705 5,708 5,614 2,240 2,184

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,549 118,174 92,283 92,612 14,053 14,207 7,260 7,316

Civilian labor force

82,345 82,518 64,903 64,695 9,220 9,442 5,371 5,469

Participation rate

70.1 69.8 70.3 69.9 65.6 66.5 74.0 74.7

Employed

76,227 78,216 60,570 61,737 8,150 8,597 4,957 5,208

Employment-population ratio

64.8 66.2 65.6 66.7 58.0 60.5 68.3 71.2

Unemployed

6,118 4,302 4,334 2,957 1,069 845 414 260

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.2 6.7 4.6 11.6 8.9 7.7 4.8

Not in labor force

35,204 35,656 27,380 27,918 4,833 4,765 1,889 1,847

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

134,407 134,958 102,850 103,140 18,094 18,224 8,759 8,770

Civilian labor force

75,538 75,699 57,260 57,109 10,635 10,707 4,863 4,978

Participation rate

56.2 56.1 55.7 55.4 58.8 58.8 55.5 56.8

Employed

69,234 71,752 52,895 54,476 9,481 9,851 4,396 4,725

Employment-population ratio

51.5 53.2 51.4 52.8 52.4 54.1 50.2 53.9

Unemployed

6,304 3,948 4,365 2,632 1,155 857 467 254

Unemployment rate

8.3 5.2 7.6 4.6 10.9 8.0 9.6 5.1

Not in labor force

58,869 59,259 45,590 46,032 7,459 7,517 3,896 3,792

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,213 126,819 96,872 97,202 16,873 17,018 8,286 8,301

Civilian labor force

72,677 72,724 55,060 54,800 10,238 10,317 4,783 4,885

Participation rate

57.6 57.3 56.8 56.4 60.7 60.6 57.7 58.8

Employed

66,873 69,099 51,048 52,389 9,176 9,525 4,330 4,642

Employment-population ratio

53.0 54.5 52.7 53.9 54.4 56.0 52.3 55.9

Unemployed

5,804 3,625 4,013 2,411 1,062 791 454 243

Unemployment rate

8.0 5.0 7.3 4.4 10.4 7.7 9.5 5.0

Not in labor force

53,536 54,094 41,812 42,403 6,635 6,701 3,503 3,416

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,567 16,453 12,151 12,067 2,419 2,389 921 904

Civilian labor force

5,720 5,962 4,467 4,651 720 724 177 191

Participation rate

34.5 36.2 36.8 38.5 29.8 30.3 19.2 21.2

Employed

4,695 5,266 3,723 4,164 546 604 151 166

Employment-population ratio

28.3 32.0 30.6 34.5 22.6 25.3 16.4 18.4

Unemployed

1,025 696 744 486 173 120 26 25

Unemployment rate

17.9 11.7 16.6 10.5 24.1 16.6 14.9 13.1

Not in labor force

10,846 10,491 7,683 7,417 1,699 1,665 744 713

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: January 20, 2022