Table 1600. Number of earners in consumer unit: Shares of average annual expenditures and sources of income, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1997 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | Single consumers | Consumer units of two or more persons | All | | _______________________ _______________________________________________ Item | consumer | | | | | | | units | No earner |One earner | No earner |One earner |Two earners| Three or | | | | | | | more | | | | | | | ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | Number of consumer units (in thousands).........| 105,576 | 11,724 | 18,605 | 10,022 | 20,391 | 34,614 | 10,219 | | | | | | | Consumer unit characteristics: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Income before taxes 1/........................| \$39,926 | \$12,726 | \$27,635 | \$21,070 | \$36,876 | \$55,880 | \$63,775 Income after taxes 1/.........................| 36,684 | 12,265 | 24,728 | 20,214 | 33,963 | 51,092 | 59,097 Age of reference person.......................| 47.7 | 67.9 | 39.0 | 64.7 | 47.1 | 41.7 | 45.7 | | | | | | | Average number in consumer unit: | | | | | | | Persons.....................................| 2.5 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 2.4 | 3.0 | 3.1 | 4.4 Children under 18...........................| .7 | n.a. | n.a. | .5 | 1.1 | .9 | 1.3 Persons 65 and over.........................| .3 | .7 | .1 | 1.2 | .3 | .1 | .1 Earners.....................................| 1.3 | n.a. | 1.0 | n.a. | 1.0 | 2.0 | 3.3 Vehicles....................................| 2.0 | .8 | 1.2 | 1.7 | 1.9 | 2.5 | 3.3 | | | | | | | Percent distribution: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sex of reference person: | | | | | | | Male......................................| 59 | 26 | 52 | 66 | 56 | 69 | 72 Female....................................| 41 | 74 | 48 | 34 | 44 | 31 | 28 | | | | | | | Housing tenure: | | | | | | | Homeowner.................................| 64 | 57 | 37 | 74 | 65 | 71 | 81 With mortgage...........................| 38 | 10 | 24 | 14 | 39 | 55 | 61 Without mortgage........................| 26 | 47 | 13 | 60 | 27 | 16 | 20 Renter....................................| 36 | 43 | 63 | 26 | 35 | 29 | 19 | | | | | | | Race of reference person: | | | | | | | Black.....................................| 12 | 12 | 11 | 14 | 15 | 10 | 11 White and other...........................| 88 | 88 | 89 | 86 | 85 | 90 | 89 | | | | | | | Education of reference person: | | | | | | | Elementary (1-8)..........................| 7 | 20 | 2 | 18 | 7 | 4 | 5 High school (9-12)........................| 39 | 46 | 28 | 48 | 45 | 37 | 43 College...................................| 53 | 33 | 70 | 34 | 47 | 60 | 52 Never attended and other..................| (2) | 1 | (2) | 1 | (2) | (2) | (2) | | | | | | | At least one vehicle owned or leased........| 87 | 63 | 80 | 84 | 89 | 96 | 96 | | | | | | | Average annual expenditures.....................| \$34,819 | \$15,486 | \$24,304 | \$25,667 | \$35,056 | \$44,139 | \$51,745 | | | | | | | Food..........................................| 13.8 | 14.0 | 11.6 | 16.5 | 14.5 | 13.2 | 14.1 Food at home................................| 8.3 | 9.5 | 5.3 | 11.8 | 9.6 | 7.5 | 8.7 Cereals and bakery products...............| 1.3 | 1.5 | .9 | 1.8 | 1.5 | 1.2 | 1.4 Cereals and cereal products.............| .5 | .5 | .3 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .5 Bakery products.........................| .8 | 1.0 | .6 | 1.2 | 1.0 | .7 | .9 Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs............| 2.1 | 2.3 | 1.2 | 3.3 | 2.6 | 1.9 | 2.3 Beef....................................| .6 | .7 | .3 | 1.0 | .8 | .6 | .7 Pork....................................| .5 | .5 | .2 | .7 | .6 | .4 | .5 Other meats.............................| .3 | .3 | .2 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .3 Poultry.................................| .4 | .4 | .2 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .5 Fish and seafood........................| .3 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 Eggs....................................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .1 | .1 | .1 | | | | | | | Dairy products............................| .9 | 1.1 | .6 | 1.2 | 1.1 | .8 | .9 Fresh milk and cream....................| .4 | .4 | .2 | .5 | .4 | .3 | .4 Other dairy products....................| .5 | .6 | .4 | .7 | .6 | .5 | .6 Fruits and vegetables.....................| 1.4 | 1.9 | .9 | 2.2 | 1.6 | 1.2 | 1.3 Fresh fruits............................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .4 | .4 Fresh vegetables........................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .4 Processed fruits........................| .3 | .4 | .2 | .5 | .3 | .3 | .3 Processed vegetables....................| .2 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 | | | | | | | Other food at home........................| 2.6 | 2.8 | 1.8 | 3.4 | 2.9 | 2.4 | 2.7 Sugar and other sweets..................| .3 | .4 | .2 | .5 | .4 | .3 | .3 Fats and oils...........................| .2 | .3 | .1 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 Miscellaneous foods.....................| 1.2 | 1.2 | .8 | 1.4 | 1.3 | 1.1 | 1.2 Nonalcoholic beverages..................| .7 | .8 | .5 | .9 | .8 | .6 | .7 Food prepared by consumer unit | | | | | | | on out-of-town trips...................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .2 | .1 | .1 Food away from home.........................| 5.5 | 4.4 | 6.3 | 4.7 | 4.9 | 5.7 | 5.5 | | | | | | | Alcoholic beverages...........................| .9 | .8 | 1.3 | 1.2 | .6 | .9 | .6 | | | | | | | Housing.......................................| 32.4 | 39.9 | 34.9 | 32.7 | 34.1 | 31.6 | 28.2 Shelter.....................................| 18.2 | 22.2 | 22.9 | 15.3 | 18.5 | 17.9 | 15.4 Owned dwellings...........................| 11.3 | 10.3 | 9.3 | 9.3 | 11.7 | 12.3 | 11.3 Mortgage interest and charges...........| 6.4 | 2.3 | 5.4 | 2.2 | 6.3 | 7.8 | 6.9 Property taxes..........................| 2.8 | 4.0 | 2.1 | 3.8 | 3.0 | 2.7 | 2.7 Maintenance, repairs, insurance, | | | | | | | other expenses.........................| 2.1 | 4.1 | 1.8 | 3.3 | 2.4 | 1.8 | 1.7 | | | | | | | Rented dwellings..........................| 5.7 | 11.0 | 12.4 | 4.8 | 5.5 | 4.4 | 2.7 Other lodging.............................| 1.2 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.4 | | | | | | | Utilities, fuels, and public services.......| 6.9 | 10.0 | 6.5 | 9.0 | 7.6 | 6.2 | 6.6 Natural gas...............................| .9 | 1.5 | .7 | 1.4 | .9 | .7 | .8 Electricity...............................| 2.6 | 3.6 | 2.3 | 3.6 | 2.9 | 2.4 | 2.5 Fuel oil and other fuels..................| .3 | .6 | .2 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .3 Telephone services........................| 2.3 | 3.0 | 2.7 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.1 | 2.2 Water and other public services...........| .8 | 1.3 | .6 | 1.2 | .9 | .7 | .9 Household operations........................| 1.6 | 2.2 | .9 | 1.4 | 1.8 | 1.9 | .9 Personal services.........................| .8 | .8 | .1 | .3 | .9 | 1.1 | .3 Other household expenses..................| .8 | 1.5 | .8 | 1.1 | 1.0 | .7 | .6 | | | | | | | Housekeeping supplies.......................| 1.3 | 1.7 | .8 | 1.8 | 1.5 | 1.2 | 1.3 Laundry and cleaning supplies.............| .3 | .4 | .2 | .5 | .4 | .3 | .4 Other household products..................| .6 | .8 | .3 | .8 | .7 | .6 | .6 Postage and stationery....................| .4 | .6 | .3 | .5 | .4 | .4 | .3 Household furnishings and equipment.........| 4.3 | 3.7 | 3.8 | 5.3 | 4.7 | 4.4 | 4.0 Household textiles........................| .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 Furniture.................................| 1.1 | .9 | 1.1 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.2 | .9 Floor coverings...........................| .2 | .1 | .2 | .8 | .2 | .2 | .2 Major appliances..........................| .5 | .6 | .3 | .7 | .5 | .5 | .4 Small appliances, miscellaneous housewares| .3 | .3 | .3 | .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 Miscellaneous household equipment.........| 2.0 | 1.6 | 1.8 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.0 | 2.0 | | | | | | | Apparel and services..........................| 5.0 | 4.2 | 4.1 | 4.4 | 5.2 | 4.9 | 5.6 Men and boys................................| 1.2 | .7 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.2 | 1.2 | 1.4 Men, 16 and over..........................| .9 | .6 | 1.0 | .8 | .8 | .9 | 1.2 Boys, 2 to 15.............................| .2 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .4 | .3 | .3 Women and girls.............................| 2.0 | 2.3 | 1.6 | 1.9 | 1.9 | 1.9 | 2.2 Women, 16 and over........................| 1.6 | 2.2 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.5 | 1.5 | 1.9 Girls, 2 to 15............................| .3 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .4 | .3 | .3 Children under 2............................| .2 | (3) | .1 | .1 | .3 | .3 | .1 Footwear....................................| .9 | .8 | .7 | .9 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.0 Other apparel products and services.........| .7 | .4 | .6 | .5 | .7 | .8 | .8 | | | | | | | Transportation................................| 18.5 | 11.1 | 17.3 | 16.9 | 17.9 | 19.6 | 21.3 Vehicle purchases (net outlay)..............| 7.9 | 3.8 | 6.8 | 7.2 | 7.7 | 8.6 | 8.8 Cars and trucks, new......................| 3.5 | 2.1 | 3.5 | 3.7 | 3.6 | 3.8 | 3.1 Cars and trucks, used.....................| 4.2 | 1.7 | 3.2 | 3.4 | 4.0 | 4.5 | 5.7 Other vehicles............................| .1 | (4) | .1 | 5/.1 | 5/.1 | .2 | (3) Gasoline and motor oil......................| 3.2 | 2.1 | 2.9 | 3.0 | 3.1 | 3.2 | 3.8 | | | | | | | Other vehicle expenses......................| 6.4 | 4.1 | 6.0 | 5.8 | 5.9 | 6.7 | 7.6 Vehicle finance charges...................| .8 | .1 | .6 | .5 | .7 | 1.0 | 1.2 Maintenance and repairs...................| 2.0 | 1.6 | 2.0 | 2.1 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 2.3 Vehicle insurance.........................| 2.2 | 1.8 | 2.1 | 2.3 | 2.0 | 2.2 | 2.6 Vehicle rental, leases, licenses, | | | | | | | other charges............................| 1.4 | .6 | 1.4 | .9 | 1.4 | 1.6 | 1.5 Public transportation.......................| 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.4 | 1.0 | 1.2 | 1.1 | 1.0 | | | | | | | Health care...................................| 5.3 | 11.4 | 3.8 | 11.2 | 5.6 | 4.3 | 4.3 Health insurance............................| 2.5 | 5.3 | 1.7 | 5.8 | 2.6 | 2.1 | 1.9 Medical services............................| 1.5 | 3.1 | 1.2 | 2.1 | 1.6 | 1.3 | 1.5 Drugs.......................................| .9 | 2.6 | .6 | 2.8 | 1.0 | .6 | .6 Medical supplies............................| .3 | .5 | .2 | .5 | .3 | .3 | .3 | | | | | | | Entertainment.................................| 5.2 | 4.1 | 5.1 | 5.5 | 4.9 | 5.4 | 5.5 Fees and admissions.........................| 1.4 | 1.1 | 1.6 | 1.1 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.4 Television, radios, sound equipment.........| 1.7 | 1.9 | 1.9 | 1.7 | 1.7 | 1.6 | 1.6 Pets, toys, and playground equipment........| .9 | .8 | .8 | .8 | .9 | 1.0 | .9 Other entertainment supplies, equipment, | | | | | | | and services...............................| 1.3 | .3 | .9 | 1.9 | .9 | 1.4 | 1.6 | | | | | | | Personal care products and services...........| 1.5 | 1.8 | 1.3 | 1.8 | 1.5 | 1.5 | 1.6 | | | | | | | Reading.......................................| .5 | .7 | .6 | .6 | .5 | .4 | .4 | | | | | | | Education.....................................| 1.6 | 1.5 | 2.4 | 1.0 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 2.4 | | | | | | | Tobacco products and smoking supplies.........| .8 | .8 | .8 | .8 | .8 | .7 | .8 | | | | | | | Miscellaneous.................................| 2.4 | 3.1 | 3.4 | 2.1 | 2.4 | 2.3 | 2.0 | | | | | | | Cash contributions............................| 2.9 | 5.5 | 3.2 | 4.0 | 3.2 | 2.4 | 2.1 | | | | | | | Personal insurance and pensions...............| 9.3 | 1.1 | 10.3 | 1.2 | 7.6 | 11.5 | 11.2 Life and other personal insurance...........| 1.1 | 1.1 | .7 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.2 Pensions and Social Security................| 8.2 | (3) | 9.6 | 5/.2 | 6.5 | 10.3 | 10.0 | | | | | | | Sources of income and personal taxes: 1/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Money income before taxes.....................| \$39,926 | \$12,726 | \$27,635 | \$21,070 | \$36,876 | \$55,880 | \$63,775 Wages and salaries..........................| 78.9 | (4) | 87.0 | 5/.1 | 73.4 | 89.6 | 89.8 Self-employment income......................| 4.9 | (4) | 5.1 | 5/.1 | 6.3 | 5.1 | 5.6 | | | | | | | Social Security, private and government | | | | | | | retirement.................................| 11.3 | 81.7 | 3.4 | 80.7 | 14.1 | 2.8 | 2.0 Interest, dividends, rental income, other | | | | | | | property income............................| 2.1 | 9.8 | 1.7 | 8.7 | 2.6 | 1.0 | 1.0 Unemployment and workers' compensation, | | | | | | | veterans' benefits.........................| .5 | 1.3 | .6 | 1.2 | .5 | .4 | .5 Public assistance, supplemental security | | | | | | | income, food stamps........................| 1.0 | 3.9 | .1 | 6.8 | 1.7 | .3 | .3 Regular contributions for support...........| .7 | 2.6 | .9 | 2.0 | 1.0 | .4 | .4 Other income................................| .5 | .6 | 1.2 | .5 | .5 | .4 | .4 | | | | | | | Personal taxes................................| 8.1 | 3.6 | 10.5 | 4.1 | 7.9 | 8.6 | 7.3 Federal income taxes........................| 6.2 | 2.6 | 8.1 | 2.8 | 6.0 | 6.6 | 5.5 State and local income taxes................| 1.6 | .4 | 2.2 | .5 | 1.5 | 1.7 | 1.5 Other taxes.................................| .3 | .7 | .2 | .8 | .4 | .3 | .3 | | | | | | | Income after taxes............................| 91.9 | 96.4 | 89.5 | 95.9 | 92.1 | 91.4 | 92.7 | | | | | | | ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1/ Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary. 2/ Value less than 0.5. 3/ Value less than 0.05. 4/ No data reported. 5/ Data are likely to have large sampling errors. n.a. Not applicable.