Table 1902. Occupation of reference person: Shares of average annual expenditures and sources of income, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1996 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | Wage and salary earners | | | | | | ___________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | |All other, | Self- | Total | Mana- |Techni- | |Construc-| Opera- | |including Item |employed| wage | gers | cal, | | tion |tors, fab-| Retired | not |workers | and | and | sales | Service | workers | ricators | |reporting | | salary | profes- | and | workers | and me- | and | | | | earners | sionals |clerical| | chanics | laborers | | | | | |workers | | | | | | | | | | | | | | __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | | Number of consumer units (in thousands).| 5,694 | 67,928 | 21,683 | 18,765 | 8,923 | 6,244 | 12,313 | 19,172 | 11,417 | | | | | | | | | Consumer unit characteristics: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Income before taxes 1/................|\$47,380 | \$45,019 | \$63,104 |\$39,935 | \$27,256 | \$41,874 | \$34,952 | \$20,666 | \$19,266 Income after taxes 1/.................| 44,839 | 40,831 | 56,408 | 36,524 | 25,435 | 37,840 | 32,253 | 19,762 | 18,470 Age of reference person...............| 48.8 | 40.8 | 42.3 | 39.3 | 40.2 | 40.7 | 41.1 | 72.6 | 46.2 | | | | | | | | | Average number in consumer unit: | | | | | | | | | Persons.............................| 2.8 | 2.7 | 2.6 | 2.5 | 2.7 | 2.9 | 3.0 | 1.8 | 2.7 Children under 18...................| .8 | .8 | .8 | .7 | .9 | .9 | 1.0 | .1 | 1.0 Persons 65 and over.................| .3 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | 1.2 | .2 Earners.............................| 1.8 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.7 | 1.7 | 1.9 | 1.9 | .2 | .5 Vehicles............................| 2.3 | 2.1 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 1.7 | 2.8 | 2.2 | 1.5 | 1.3 | | | | | | | | | Percent distribution: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sex of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Male..............................| 76 | 65 | 67 | 49 | 53 | 95 | 80 | 53 | 35 Female............................| 24 | 35 | 33 | 51 | 47 | 5 | 20 | 47 | 65 | | | | | | | | | Housing tenure: | | | | | | | | | Homeowner.........................| 78 | 61 | 69 | 55 | 47 | 71 | 59 | 79 | 47 With mortgage...................| 48 | 45 | 56 | 41 | 31 | 53 | 40 | 15 | 24 Without mortgage................| 30 | 15 | 13 | 14 | 16 | 19 | 19 | 64 | 24 Renter............................| 22 | 39 | 31 | 45 | 53 | 29 | 41 | 21 | 53 | | | | | | | | | Race of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Black.............................| 4 | 12 | 7 | 12 | 20 | 6 | 15 | 9 | 23 White and other...................| 96 | 88 | 93 | 88 | 80 | 94 | 85 | 91 | 77 | | | | | | | | | Education of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Elementary (1-8)..................| 5 | 4 | 1 | 2 | 7 | 6 | 11 | 18 | 14 High school (9-12)................| 37 | 38 | 18 | 35 | 50 | 56 | 60 | 48 | 53 College...........................| 58 | 58 | 81 | 63 | 43 | 38 | 29 | 33 | 32 Never attended and other..........| (2) | (3) | (4) | (3) | (3) | (2) | (3) | 1 | 1 | | | | | | | | | At least one vehicle owned..........| 92 | 89 | 92 | 87 | 81 | 93 | 89 | 80 | 65 | | | | | | | | | Average annual expenditures.............|\$43,238 | \$37,487 | \$48,907 |\$34,124 | \$27,740 | \$34,877 | \$30,556 | \$23,739 | \$22,832 | | | | | | | | | Food..................................| 12.9 | 13.5 | 12.2 | 13.5 | 15.5 | 14.5 | 14.5 | 14.6 | 16.4 Food at home........................| 7.2 | 8.0 | 6.7 | 8.1 | 9.5 | 9.2 | 9.5 | 10.2 | 11.8 Cereals and bakery products.......| 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.1 | 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.6 | 1.8 Cereals and cereal products.....| .4 | .5 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .5 | .5 | .6 | .7 Bakery products.................| .7 | .8 | .7 | .8 | .9 | .9 | .9 | 1.1 | 1.1 Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs....| 1.7 | 2.0 | 1.6 | 2.1 | 2.7 | 2.6 | 2.6 | 2.7 | 3.2 Beef............................| .5 | .6 | .4 | .6 | .8 | .9 | .8 | .7 | .9 Pork............................| .3 | .4 | .3 | .4 | .6 | .5 | .6 | .7 | .7 Other meats.....................| .2 | .3 | .2 | .3 | .3 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .4 Poultry.........................| .3 | .4 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .4 | .5 | .5 | .7 Fish and seafood................| .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .3 | .2 | .3 | .3 | .4 Eggs............................| .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | | | | | | | | | Dairy products....................| .8 | .9 | .7 | .9 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.2 Fresh milk and cream............| .3 | .4 | .3 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .5 | .5 | .6 Other dairy products............| .5 | .5 | .5 | .5 | .5 | .6 | .5 | .6 | .6 Fruits and vegetables.............| 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.9 | 2.0 Fresh fruits....................| .4 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .5 | .4 | .5 | .6 | .6 Fresh vegetables................| .4 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .6 | .6 Processed fruits................| .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .4 | .3 | .4 | .4 | .4 Processed vegetables............| .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .3 | .2 | .3 | .3 | .3 | | | | | | | | | Other food at home................| 2.3 | 2.5 | 2.1 | 2.5 | 2.9 | 2.8 | 3.0 | 2.9 | 3.5 Sugar and other sweets..........| .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .5 | .5 Fats and oils...................| .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .4 Miscellaneous foods.............| 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.4 Nonalcoholic beverages..........| .6 | .7 | .6 | .7 | .9 | .8 | .9 | .8 | 1.1 Food prepared by consumer unit | | | | | | | | | on out-of-town trips...........| .2 | .1 | .2 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .2 | .1 Food away from home.................| 5.7 | 5.5 | 5.5 | 5.4 | 6.0 | 5.3 | 5.0 | 4.5 | 4.6 | | | | | | | | | Alcoholic beverages...................| 1.2 | .9 | 1.0 | .9 | .9 | .9 | .8 | .7 | .7 | | | | | | | | | Housing...............................| 32.3 | 31.4 | 32.0 | 32.3 | 31.5 | 28.9 | 29.4 | 32.7 | 35.0 Shelter.............................| 17.8 | 18.1 | 18.9 | 18.7 | 18.1 | 16.2 | 16.3 | 16.5 | 19.6 Owned dwellings...................| 13.0 | 11.4 | 12.9 | 10.9 | 9.3 | 11.2 | 9.3 | 10.8 | 9.0 | | | | | | | | | Mortgage interest and charges...| 7.5 | 7.0 | 8.1 | 6.7 | 5.3 | 7.2 | 5.4 | 2.4 | 4.8 Property taxes..................| 2.9 | 2.6 | 3.0 | 2.4 | 2.2 | 2.4 | 2.3 | 4.1 | 2.3 Maintenance, repairs, | | | | | | | | | insurance, other expenses......| 2.5 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 1.8 | 1.7 | 1.6 | 1.6 | 4.3 | 1.8 Rented dwellings..................| 3.2 | 5.6 | 4.3 | 6.9 | 7.9 | 4.3 | 6.3 | 4.1 | 9.6 Other lodging.....................| 1.6 | 1.2 | 1.7 | .9 | .9 | .7 | .8 | 1.5 | .9 Utilities, fuels, and public | | | | | | | | | services...........................| 6.7 | 6.4 | 5.6 | 6.6 | 7.7 | 7.0 | 7.3 | 9.0 | 9.0 Natural gas.......................| .7 | .8 | .7 | .8 | 1.0 | .8 | .8 | 1.3 | 1.1 Electricity.......................| 2.7 | 2.4 | 2.1 | 2.5 | 2.9 | 2.9 | 2.8 | 3.6 | 3.6 Fuel oil and other fuels..........| .4 | .3 | .2 | .2 | .3 | .4 | .4 | .5 | .4 Telephone services................| 2.1 | 2.2 | 2.0 | 2.4 | 2.7 | 2.2 | 2.5 | 2.3 | 3.0 Water and other public services...| .8 | .7 | .7 | .7 | .8 | .8 | .8 | 1.2 | 1.0 Household operations................| 2.1 | 1.5 | 1.9 | 1.5 | 1.0 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.8 | 1.5 Personal services.................| .9 | .8 | .9 | .9 | .6 | .7 | .6 | .4 | .8 Other household expenses..........| 1.1 | .7 | .9 | .6 | .3 | .3 | .3 | 1.4 | .7 | | | | | | | | | Housekeeping supplies...............| 1.7 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.6 | 1.6 Laundry and cleaning supplies.....| .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .5 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .4 Other household products..........| .7 | .6 | .5 | .6 | .6 | .6 | .6 | .7 | .7 Postage and stationery............| .7 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .4 | .5 | .5 Household furnishings and equipment.| 4.0 | 4.1 | 4.5 | 4.2 | 3.3 | 3.5 | 3.5 | 3.9 | 3.4 Household textiles................| .3 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 Furniture.........................| .8 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.1 | .6 | .8 | .9 | .9 | .9 Floor coverings...................| 5/.1 | .3 | .3 | .6 | .1 | .1 | .1 | .4 | .1 Major appliances..................| .6 | .5 | .5 | .4 | .4 | .5 | .5 | .6 | .5 Small appliances, miscellaneous | | | | | | | | | housewares.......................| .2 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .3 Miscellaneous household equipment.| 2.0 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 1.7 | 1.7 | 1.7 | 1.7 | 1.5 | 1.4 | | | | | | | | | Apparel and services..................| 5.0 | 5.3 | 5.1 | 5.8 | 5.4 | 5.4 | 4.8 | 3.7 | 5.4 Men and boys........................| 1.2 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.3 | 1.2 | 1.4 | 1.3 | .8 | 1.1 Men, 16 and over..................| .9 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.1 | .8 | 1.1 | .9 | .7 | .8 Boys, 2 to 15.....................| .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .4 | .4 | .3 | .1 | .3 Women and girls.....................| 2.0 | 2.1 | 2.0 | 2.5 | 2.0 | 2.0 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 2.6 Women, 16 and over................| 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.7 | 2.2 | 1.7 | 1.5 | 1.3 | 1.6 | 2.2 Girls, 2 to 15....................| .3 | .4 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .5 | .5 | .1 | .4 Children under 2....................| .3 | .3 | .2 | .2 | .4 | .4 | .3 | .1 | .3 | | | | | | | | | Footwear............................| 0.8 | 0.9 | 0.8 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.2 | 1.0 | 0.7 | 0.8 Other apparel products and services.| .7 | .7 | .8 | .7 | .9 | .5 | .5 | .4 | .6 | | | | | | | | | Transportation........................| 15.7 | 19.5 | 17.7 | 19.4 | 21.4 | 22.0 | 22.3 | 17.6 | 19.1 Vehicle purchases (net outlay)......| 5.7 | 8.7 | 7.4 | 8.5 | 10.6 | 10.6 | 10.6 | 7.1 | 9.6 Cars and trucks, new..............| 3.3 | 3.6 | 3.7 | 3.7 | 2.4 | 4.3 | 3.4 | 3.8 | 3.9 Cars and trucks, used.............| 2.4 | 5.0 | 3.5 | 4.8 | 8.2 | 6.1 | 7.0 | 3.3 | 5.7 Other vehicles....................| (4) | .2 | .2 | (4) | 5/.1 | 5/.2 | 5/.1 | (4) | (4) Gasoline and motor oil..............| 3.0 | 3.3 | 2.8 | 3.3 | 3.6 | 4.4 | 4.1 | 2.9 | 3.2 Other vehicle expenses..............| 5.9 | 6.3 | 5.9 | 6.6 | 6.3 | 6.4 | 6.7 | 5.7 | 5.3 Vehicle finance charges...........| .7 | .9 | .7 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.2 | 1.3 | .5 | .6 Maintenance and repairs...........| 2.0 | 1.9 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 1.7 Vehicle insurance.................| 1.8 | 2.1 | 1.9 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 2.2 | 2.2 | 2.3 | 1.8 Vehicle rental, leases, licenses, | | | | | | | | | other charges....................| 1.4 | 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.5 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.1 Public transportation...............| 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.6 | 1.0 | .9 | .6 | .9 | 1.8 | 1.0 | | | | | | | | | Health care...........................| 5.4 | 4.1 | 4.0 | 3.9 | 4.5 | 4.8 | 4.2 | 11.3 | 5.6 Health insurance....................| 2.7 | 1.9 | 1.8 | 1.9 | 1.8 | 2.0 | 2.0 | 5.7 | 2.1 Medical services....................| 1.6 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.2 | 1.6 | 1.8 | 1.3 | 2.8 | 1.8 Drugs...............................| .8 | .6 | .5 | .6 | .8 | .8 | .7 | 2.3 | 1.5 Medical supplies....................| .2 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .3 | .2 | .2 | .5 | .2 | | | | | | | | | Entertainment.........................| 5.8 | 5.4 | 5.9 | 5.3 | 4.4 | 4.6 | 5.6 | 5.0 | 5.4 Fees and admissions.................| 1.5 | 1.4 | 1.8 | 1.3 | .9 | .9 | .9 | 1.4 | .9 Television, radios, sound equipment.| 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.5 | 1.8 | 1.8 | 1.7 | 1.8 | 1.6 | 1.8 Pets, toys, and playground | | | | | | | | | equipment..........................| 1.1 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.0 | 1.3 | .8 | .9 Other entertainment supplies, | | | | | | | | | equipment, and services............| 1.6 | 1.4 | 1.7 | 1.1 | .8 | 1.0 | 1.6 | 1.2 | 1.9 | | | | | | | | | Personal care products and services...| 1.2 | 1.5 | 1.4 | 1.6 | 1.7 | 1.4 | 1.4 | 1.8 | 1.5 | | | | | | | | | Reading...............................| .5 | .5 | .5 | .4 | .4 | .4 | .3 | .6 | .4 | | | | | | | | | Education.............................| 1.7 | 1.7 | 1.9 | 1.9 | 1.4 | 1.1 | 1.2 | .5 | 1.9 | | | | | | | | | Tobacco products and smoking supplies.| .6 | .7 | .4 | .7 | 1.0 | 1.3 | 1.3 | .7 | 1.3 | | | | | | | | | Miscellaneous.........................| 2.8 | 2.5 | 2.4 | 2.5 | 2.3 | 2.8 | 2.5 | 3.1 | 1.9 | | | | | | | | | Cash contributions....................| 3.0 | 2.6 | 3.4 | 1.9 | 1.6 | 2.2 | 2.1 | 4.8 | 1.5 | | | | | | | | | Personal insurance and pensions.......| 11.9 | 10.5 | 12.0 | 9.8 | 8.0 | 9.6 | 9.5 | 2.7 | 4.0 Life and other personal insurance...| 1.3 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.0 | 1.0 | .9 | 1.0 | 1.1 | .8 Pensions and Social Security........| 10.6 | 9.4 | 10.9 | 8.8 | 7.0 | 8.7 | 8.5 | 1.7 | 3.2 | | | | | | | | | Sources of income and personal taxes: 1/| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Money income before taxes.............|\$47,380 | \$45,019 | \$63,104 |\$39,935 | \$27,256 | \$41,874 | \$34,952 | \$20,666 | \$19,266 Wages and salaries..................| 26.1 | 91.7 | 91.7 | 92.0 | 86.9 | 94.5 | 92.4 | 15.1 | 54.6 Self-employment income..............| 60.7 | 2.6 | 3.5 | 2.6 | 2.2 | .7 | 1.2 | 5/.6 | 1.8 Social Security, private and | | | | | | | | | government retirement..............| 9.0 | 2.8 | 2.3 | 2.5 | 6.2 | 2.6 | 3.0 | 73.2 | 22.0 Interest, dividends, rental income, | | | | | | | | | other property income..............| 2.9 | 1.0 | 1.4 | .8 | .6 | .6 | .6 | 8.8 | 2.2 Unemployment and workers' | | | | | | | | | compensation, veterans' benefits...| .4 | .4 | .2 | .4 | .5 | .8 | .9 | .6 | 2.8 Public assistance, supplemental | | | | | | | | | security income, food stamps.......| .3 | .5 | .1 | .4 | 1.9 | .2 | 1.1 | 1.2 | 13.1 Regular contributions for support...| .6 | .6 | .4 | .9 | .9 | .5 | .4 | .3 | 2.6 Other income........................| .1 | .4 | .3 | .4 | .9 | .2 | .5 | .2 | .9 | | | | | | | | | Personal taxes........................| 5.4 | 9.3 | 10.6 | 8.5 | 6.7 | 9.6 | 7.7 | 4.4 | 4.1 Federal income taxes................| 4.2 | 7.0 | 8.0 | 6.6 | 4.9 | 7.3 | 5.8 | 3.0 | 3.0 State and local income taxes........| .8 | 2.0 | 2.4 | 1.7 | 1.6 | 2.1 | 1.7 | .6 | .8 Other taxes.........................| .3 | .2 | .3 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .2 | .7 | .3 | | | | | | | | | Income after taxes....................| 94.6 | 90.7 | 89.4 | 91.5 | 93.3 | 90.4 | 92.3 | 95.6 | 95.9 | | | | | | | | | __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1/ Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary. 2/ No data reported. 3/ Value less than 0.5. 4/ Value less than 0.05. 5/ Data are likely to have large sampling errors.